Besides gaining reputation with your questions and answers, you receive badges for being especially helpful. Badges appear on your profile page, flair, and your posts.

Question Badges

First bounty you manually awarded on another person's question
31 awarded
First bounty you manually awarded on your own question
146 awarded
Asked a well-received question on 5 separate days, and maintained a positive question record
1k awarded
First bounty you offered on another person's question
52 awarded
Question score of 10 or more
1.2k awarded
Asked a question with 1,000 views
5.5k awarded
First bounty you offered on your own question
306 awarded
Asked a question and accepted an answer
5.2k awarded
Asked first question with score of 1 or more
12.2k awarded
Asked a question with no votes, no answers, no comments, and low views for a week
2k awarded

Answer Badges

Edited and answered 1 question (both actions within 12 hours, answer score > 0)
195 awarded
Answer score of 10 or more
1.5k awarded
Answered more than 30 days later as first answer scoring 2 or more
816 awarded
Answered your own question with score of 3 or more
399 awarded
Answered first question with score of 1 or more
5.1k awarded

Participation Badges

Completed "About Me" section of user profile
6.6k awarded
Visited an election during any phase of an active election and had enough reputation to cast a vote
969 awarded
Left 10 comments
1.8k awarded
Earned at least 200 reputation (the daily maximum) in a single day
34 awarded
Followed the Area 51 proposal for this site before it entered the commitment phase
89 awarded
One post with score of 2 on meta
252 awarded
Posted 10 messages, with 1 or more starred, in chat
29 awarded

Tag Badges

You must have a total score of 100 in at least 20 non-community wiki answers to achieve this badge.
258 awarded

Moderation Badges

First flagged post
432 awarded
First rollback
62 awarded
First down vote
703 awarded
Completed at least one review task. This badge is awarded once per review type
983 awarded
Deleted own post with score of 3 or higher
37 awarded
First edit
6k awarded
Edited first post that was inactive for 6 months
281 awarded
First retag
409 awarded
Deleted own post with score of -3 or lower
42 awarded
Approved or rejected 100 suggested edits
30 awarded
Used 30 votes in a day
120 awarded
First up vote
6.2k awarded
First approved tag synonym
13 awarded
First tag wiki edit
152 awarded
Used the maximum 40 votes in a day
76 awarded

Other Badges

Visited every section of the FAQ (retired)
310 awarded
Shared a link to a question that was visited by 25 unique IP addresses
125 awarded
Read the entire about page
1.3k awarded