# How to draw circle of 3 km radius in ArcGIS for ESRI?

I am able to draw the circle but I want a circle of radius 3 kms

I have checked all the previous posts.

I want to know what is the units of radius in the below code.

var radius, circle, ring, pts, angle;
var currentPoint = new esri.geometry.Point(longitude, latitude, this.parent.esriMap.spatialReference);

currentPoint = esri.geometry.geographicToWebMercator(currentPoint);
circle = new esri.geometry.Polygon(this.parent.esriMap.spatialReference);

ring = []; // point that make up the circle
pts = 40; // number of points on the circle
angle = 360 / pts; // used to compute points on the circle

for (var i = 0; i <= 360; i = i + 10) {
var radian = i * (Math.PI / 180.0);
var circlePoint = new esri.geometry.Point(x1, y1, this.parent.esriMap.spatialReference);
circlePoint = esri.geometry.geographicToWebMercator(circlePoint);

points[i] = new esri.geometry.Point(
parseFloat(circlePoint.x) + parseFloat(currentPoint.x), parseFloat(circlePoint.y) + parseFloat(currentPoint.y),
this.parent.esriMap.spatialReference);
ring.push(points[i]);
}
//rest code to add the layers to map
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do you wish to do this using programming or manually in ArcMap? – vinayan Aug 20 '14 at 7:15
there is not much I can say from the code you provided. I don't see where radius is initialised. You say "var radius = radius * Math.cos(radian); But radius should still be null at this point. Further I don't see where the radius goes in the point calculation for your circle. Where do the point parameters (x1, y1) come from? – Chris P Aug 20 '14 at 11:45
Given that the ground will not be flat, what do you mean by a 3km radius? – Ian Aug 20 '14 at 12:07
Sorry for the errors,I have corrected the code.I want to know what value i have to give for radius so that i can draw a circle with radius as 3 kms.To explain the 3 kms-let me take an example,lets consider a chemical factory on earth and within three kms there is a residential building.This building is at risk.I want to depict the same on the Map.I want to draw a circle of 3 kms radius around the chemical factory to intimate the users. – user36020 Aug 27 '14 at 10:19

Creating a 3km radius circle is quite easy in ArcGIS:

1. Create a point featureclass marking the center of your area of interest.
2. Use the Buffer (Analysis) tool to create the 3km radius buffer around the point featureclass.

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When solving it programmatically I would start with this Snippet from ESRI:

Create Graphic Buffers around Selected Features Snippet:

///<summary>Draws graphic buffers around the selected features in the map using distance units specified.</summary>
///
///<param name="activeView">An IActiveView interface.</param>
///<param name="distance">A System.Double that is the distance in map units around the select features to draw a graphic buffer. Example: 10</param>
///
///<remarks></remarks>
public void CreateGraphicBuffersAroundSelectedFeatures(ESRI.ArcGIS.Carto.IActiveView activeView, System.Double distance)
{
//parameter check
if (activeView == null || distance < 0)
{
return;
}
ESRI.ArcGIS.Carto.IMap map = activeView.FocusMap;
// Clear any previous buffers from the screen
ESRI.ArcGIS.Carto.IGraphicsContainer graphicsContainer = (ESRI.ArcGIS.Carto.IGraphicsContainer)map; // Explicit Cast
graphicsContainer.DeleteAllElements();

// Verify there is a feature(s) selected
if (map.SelectionCount == 0)
{
return;
}

// Reset to the first selected feature
ESRI.ArcGIS.Geodatabase.IEnumFeature enumFeature = (ESRI.ArcGIS.Geodatabase.IEnumFeature)map.FeatureSelection; // Explicit Cast
enumFeature.Reset();
ESRI.ArcGIS.Geodatabase.IFeature feature = enumFeature.Next();

// Buffer all the selected features by the buffer distance and create a new polygon element from each result
ESRI.ArcGIS.Geometry.ITopologicalOperator topologicalOperator;
ESRI.ArcGIS.Carto.IElement element;
while (!(feature == null))
{
topologicalOperator = (ESRI.ArcGIS.Geometry.ITopologicalOperator)feature.Shape; // Explicit Cast
element = new ESRI.ArcGIS.Carto.PolygonElementClass();
element.Geometry = topologicalOperator.Buffer(distance);
feature = enumFeature.Next();
}

activeView.PartialRefresh(ESRI.ArcGIS.Carto.esriViewDrawPhase.esriViewGraphics, null, null);
}

this takes a feature point geometry as input but you could create your own geometry with the coordinates of the buffer you want to draw. The distance is in map units but following site might help you get the relation to the geographic distance:

ArcGis Desktop Help: About setting distance units

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Thank you so much for the very quick reply.Actually I am very new to arcgis and esri related programming.I am yet to get the basics right.I have pasted the code I have which draws a circle.I want to draw a circle of 3 kms.Hence I set the var radius=3000 as mentioned in the arcgis site.But it drew many polygons.Please help me in the getting the radius converted from kilometers to the required units. – user36020 Aug 20 '14 at 9:30
var pt = new Point(long,lat,wkid); pt = geographicToWebMercator(pt), circle = new Polygon(); ring = []; pts = 40; angle = 360 / pts; for(var i = 1; i <= pts; i++) { var radians = i * angle * Math.PI / 180; ring.push([pt.x + RADIUS* Math.cos(radians), pt.y + RADIUS* Math.sin(radians)]); } ring.push(ring[0]); circle.addRing(ring); map.graphics.add(new esri.Graphic(circle, sym)); – user36020 Aug 20 '14 at 9:34
when adding code please modify your original post. Code in the comment is hard to read. – Chris P Aug 20 '14 at 9:52