I'm an ArcGIS Desktop user who is stepping into the world of web mapping for the first time. Following advice I found here on GIS.SE, I started with the free tutorials from OpenGeo.
However, I began to realize that most of the demos and examples were geared towards vector data. My main project involves the display of a 300 frame time series of 5000 x 5000 pixel rasters. On my desktop computer these are stored in a single 5000x5000x300 16-bit integer BIP binary, which totals around 8GB. My goal is to be able to click on a cell (of a single raster in the time series) and have a graph pop up showing the values of that pixel in the 300-element time series. The raster data used for each time series graph must be stored losslessly, though the overlay maps that are clicked on can be lossy caches.
Is there anything that may be better suited for this project (for a novice web GIS developer) than OpenGeo? Or should I just keep going with this setup?
For reference, I have programming experience in Python, Java, and PHP. I don't have much experience with SQL. This is an open-ended project so I have plenty of time to learn new languages if need be. I already have a web server, though I'll probably have to switch hosts because GoDaddy doesn't seem to support PostgreSQL without getting a VPS.
Thanks for your help!
EDIT: (Jan 13) I'm still seeking information on exactly how best to store a 3 dimensional 16-bit integer BIP raster and be able to efficiently query a single z-axis "column" of data. I don't want to convert it to a 32-bit format (because that would double its file size from its current 16-bit form).