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I have a shape file with nature preservation areas (Biosphärenreservate) in Germany. I think the projection must be something like gauss-krüger zone 4 Pulkovo or something like that. When I reproject it to UTM-33N WGS84 it reprojects but is not exactly accurate. The borders don't quite match my other shape (the other file)

http://www.projektidee.org/images/extern/biosph-res-2010.prj.zip http://www.projektidee.org/images/extern/gebiet_UTM33.dbf.zip

Could anyone here help me with that problem. That would be nice!

best regards desputin

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Are you sure the projection of the other file is ok? –  johanvdw May 18 '12 at 8:56
3  
You may want to mark some of the answers to questions you've asked as "accepted", otherwise you might find you get fewer answers in the future. –  MerseyViking May 18 '12 at 8:57
    
Thanks for the advice. I don't see a "accept" button anywhere. (who created this stackexchange anyway? Half the time here has to be spent with burocracy!) –  desputin May 18 '12 at 9:07
    
No I'm not 100% sure the biosphärenreservate are projected correctly. –  desputin May 18 '12 at 9:15
1  
accept button is here - cdn.sstatic.net/img/faq/faq-accept-answer.png –  vinayan May 18 '12 at 9:32

1 Answer 1

up vote 6 down vote accepted

Opening up biosph-res-2010.prj in a text editor, I get:

PROJCS["DHDN_3_Degree_Gauss_Zone_3",
  GEOGCS["GCS_Deutsches_Hauptdreiecksnetz",
    DATUM["D_Deutsches_Hauptdreiecksnetz",
    SPHEROID["Bessel_1841",6377397.155,299.1528128]],
    PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],
    UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]],
  PROJECTION["Gauss_Kruger"],
  PARAMETER["False_Easting",3500000.0],
  PARAMETER["False_Northing",0.0],
  PARAMETER["Central_Meridian",9.0],
  PARAMETER["Scale_Factor",1.0],
  PARAMETER["Latitude_Of_Origin",0.0],
  UNIT["Meter",1.0]]

So you were almost right - I get the (apparently deprecated) DHDN / 3-degree Gauss zone 3 (EPSG:31463)

What I think your problem is, is not one of projection, but of digitization and simplification. Overlaying biosph-res-2010 (red) and gebiet_UTM33 (blue) on Google aerial imagery gives me this:

enter image description here

So your biosphärenreservate line matches the coast quite closely, but the blue line has far fewer points, and isn't shifted by a uniform amount. So the quality of your data is questionable rather than your projection.

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Thank you very much! –  desputin May 18 '12 at 13:56

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