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Most GIS are layer based. But I am looking for open-source object-oriented GIS. Is there any out there?

By object-oriented I mean logical data model for vector GIS. Here's explanation of my definitions.

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Interesting question, I like very much this idea of object oriented representation because that is much more natural way of representing things than the layer-based system and that makes programming a lot easier. –  Pablo Jun 4 '12 at 18:52

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Neo4j is a graph-based database (where nodes are akin to objects) and Neo4j Spatial is a "library of utilities for Neo4j that faciliates the enabling of spatial operations on data". Some slides here and here.

Also see this related question on StackOverflow: NoSQL and spatial data

Other examples of object-oriented spatial databases are listed in this Wikipedia article: Object-based spatial database

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I know very little about the theory but I think you can get a pseudo object-oriented solution with Postgis and an ORM like Django framework or SqlAlchemy.

I use a combination of Postgis and Django and the way of dealing with the geographic models is object oriented, but they are stored as a relational database.

For example, you can have a 'point' model and a 'data' (key:value) model.
Any 'point' instance has an add_data() method and also geographic methods like is_near(), contains(), get_xy(), etc.

Than you can have a 'BurgerShop(point)' and BusStop(point) class with special methods like BurgerShop.get_burger_types(), BurgerShop.get_nearest_busstop() or BusStop.get_nearest_burgershop().

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