(its particularly for indian states,i need.....,but kindly quote if any other info you have) the raster data may also work for me in above aspects.
For soils you might take a look at the Harmonized World Soil Database (1km pixel size), and for vegetation you might be able to use the MODIS land cover product (500m pixel size). I would recommend the ESA's Globcover product for vegetation (300m), but their site seems to be under maintenance.
As for water resources, I'm not familiar with any raster products for India.
I am assuming you that you want satellite data that can be used for classification.
Have you looked at the LISS-III & AWIFS data that is available from Bhuvan? This data can be downloaded at http://bhuvan-noeda.nrsc.gov.in/download/download/download.php
If this isn't what you are looking for, please clarify your question. I know quite a lot of NRSC websites inside out, and might be able to help you better.