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Working for a consulting firm has introduced me to many hot topic technologies, and key words/lingo. One of which is BIM, or building information modelling. It is definitely a popular topic among architects, structural and civil engineers that praise its utility, as well as software developers and architects that are data-savvy. There is definite talk about developing GIS workflows to support BIM project deliverables.

What it the case for BIM in GIS and where do we currently stand? How is BIM slated to improve GIS workflow, quality of deliverables, etc. Since when did GIS analysis become concerned with the "inside of buildings". Traditionally speaking, autocad/microstation technicians were left to design the interiors, and GIS was used for those exterior applications (zoning, land use managements), macro in retrospect.

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Isn't BIM in this context Building Information Modeling, and not Business? –  user3461 Jul 10 '12 at 0:47
    
fixed! lol. sorry guys –  Michael Markieta Jul 10 '12 at 1:02
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some discussion about it here: spatiallyadjusted.com/2012/07/09/… –  user3461 Jul 10 '12 at 10:26
    
Google has created some interior models for several Museums and says that there are more to come. –  Roy Jul 13 '12 at 14:05
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I personally think that BIM is a convergence of multiple technologies, and I am yet to be convinced that it will take off.

I presume you know what it is, but my understainding is that it is a fusion of architectural drawings, CAD, GIS and asset management systems. They talk about 5D models, i.e., 3 spatial, 1 temporal and 1 cost.

GIS has 2.5 dimensions, usually. But could have 3. (I.e., we could have points, lines and polygons that have 3D coordinates and that overlap each other.) BIM brings along the fine detail that CAD building plans have, and joins in with GIS attributes.

To answer your questions:

  1. How can GIS be leveraged to represent the physical and functional characteristics of a facility?
    • it can represent the 3D physical characteristics of a building with 3D CAD/Architectural models. The functional is represented with pipes, wiring, equipment etc. being incorporated. (Think Sketchup, but with numbers.)
  2. How can GIS be used to control building project and data life-cycle information?
    • By knowing what the building looks like now (in the form of a BIM model), and ensuring that all proposed and actual changes are supplied in BIM format, an up-to-date, and actually proposed or future, model of a building can be visualised and costed etc.
  3. How can a GIS-based approach to BIM offer better decision-making value?
    • I guess that BIM must be GIS, in that the model should have proper schema and domains, so that attributes are handled in a standard manner between all people working on the project.

I'm not a BIM proponent, so I can't really comment on how it will/is/should be used, but, while it sounds like a great thing, getting people to actually use it (i.e., contractors, and even architects) is apparently a hard thing to do. A friend worked on making a bespoke model, then the architects wanted flat plans to work with! So information was destroyed, in practice!

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It is Esri centric, but the ArcGIS BIM Industries forum & portal is active:

http://www.esri.com/industries/facilities-management/business/bim.html

Some good detail and conceptual trends.

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I wonder whether I can help here? I wrote a paper on this a year ago - and currently writing the update for this to present at the AGI Conference in September. The link is here: http://www.agi.org.uk/storage/GeoCommunity/AGI2011/Presentations/AnneKemp.pdf

The UK Gov BIM Strategy is geared towards infrastructure - not just buildings - and whole life cycle - not just design. We are definitely looking at the role of GIS in helping solve the challenges of most effectively managing relevant information through the whole life cycle of an infrastructure asset - and within the context of the whole estate/portfolio of the owner - whether that be an airport, or highway, or the wider transport network, a waste water treatment works - or its context within the wider supply/demand network.

So - in the UK - I think its more a matter of how BIM is employed - and how much geospatial approaches will contribute to that - rather than if.

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