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I need help... I'm having problems with QGIS. I have some rasters that appear to have null values, even though I reclassified them to obtain a boolean raster :( How can I change the NULL values to 0?

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3 Answers 3

up vote 8 down vote accepted

beside @R.K. answer, you can use r.null in grass too.

r.null - Manages NULL-values of given raster map.


Set specific values of a classified map to NULL:

r.null map=landcover.30m setnull=21,22

Set NULL-values of a map to a specific value:

 r.null map=fields null=99

i hope it helps you...

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I don't know if you solved this? There may be a more streamlined way but this works fine for me in the latest QGIS (v2.8.1):

  1. Create a new polygon with an attribute column for height/level. draw a polygon shape with a larger extent than the raster extent you want to change.
  2. rasterise this polygon using raster > conversion > rasterise tool.
  3. using GDAL Analysis tools > fill no data > and the rasterised polygon as the validity layer.
  4. The resultant raster file should now have values where previously there was no data. These will either be some random value below 0 (-9999 for example) or 0. If it is 0 then great you've got what you wanted. If it is not, carry out step 5.
  5. using SAGA > Grid -Tools > Mosaick Raster Layers input the filled raster layer and the rasterised polygon. in overlapping areas select [3] Maximum and set the output extent to your original raster. This should result in a new raster that retains all of your values over 0 while giving your previous no data values a new value of 0.
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I think the RasterCalc plugin should be able to solve your problem. Once you've installed it, you can use the following query (assuming that NULL values corresponds to -9999; you can check this value in Transparency tab of the Layer Properties):

eq( [your_raster]@1, -9999, 0 )

eq means equal to. This tells RasterCalc that all pixels in your raster with NULL values should have their values set to 0. I'm assuming you have a single band raster.

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I will try it THANKS!!! – Nadia Sep 19 '12 at 5:53
This doesn't seem to work (QGIS 1.8 / Rastercalc 0.2.5) - giving "expression invalid" with a loaded raster, e.g. eq( EL_hm@1, NULL, 0 ) – Simbamangu Nov 10 '12 at 4:35
@Simbamangu, if you will use actual value used as NULL (-9999 for example) - this will work. e.g eq( EL_hm@1, -9999, 0 ) – SS_Rebelious Mar 6 '13 at 20:47
@SS_Rebelious - you might want to mention in your edit that the NULL value can be set in the preferences (General|Representation for NULL values) and this should be reflected in the expression. – Simbamangu Mar 7 '13 at 4:53

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