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I have a map image that I have reprojected from OSGB36 to googleMaps projection (EPSG:900913). When I run gdal2tiles on the reprojected map, the results are not alligned with the google maps images (its not just out by a little bit but by 10's of miles).

If I run it through MapTiler (from it is aligned fine. MapTiler asks for an SRS which I dont specify when using gdal2tiles. So I'm thinking I've missied out a stage?

Also when I run gdalinfo on the warped file, the coords of the corners seem wrong. E.g. for the bottom-left corner the latitude is 51.143906, but it should be 50.955887 for google maps.

I'm usign gdal16 installed by OSGeo4W on Windows7 64-bit.

Warped file here..

gdalinfo on warped file...

C:\OSGeo4W\apps\gdal-16\bin>gdalinfo e:buckland_WARPED.tiff
Driver: GTiff/GeoTIFF
Files: e:buckland_WARPED.tiff
Size is 611, 419
Coordinate System is:
PROJCS["Google Maps Global Mercator",
    GEOGCS["WGS 84",
            SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.2572235630016,
Origin = (-474051.292871501410000,6617009.987366309400000)
Pixel Size = (8.392224865731517,-8.392224865731517)
Image Structure Metadata:
Corner Coordinates:
Upper Left  ( -474051.293, 6617009.987) (  4d15'30.51"W, 51d 9'49.57"N)
Lower Left  ( -474051.293, 6613493.645) (  4d15'30.51"W, 51d 8'38.06"N)
Upper Right ( -468923.643, 6617009.987) (  4d12'44.69"W, 51d 9'49.57"N)
Lower Right ( -468923.643, 6613493.645) (  4d12'44.69"W, 51d 8'38.06"N)
Center      ( -471487.468, 6615251.816) (  4d14'7.60"W, 51d 9'13.82"N)
Band 1 Block=611x3 Type=Byte, ColorInterp=Red
Band 2 Block=611x3 Type=Byte, ColorInterp=Green
Band 3 Block=611x3 Type=Byte, ColorInterp=Blue
Band 4 Block=611x3 Type=Byte, ColorInterp=Alpha

The sequence of commands I run are...

Georeference the OSGB PNG images...

gdal_translate -a_srs EPSG:27700 
-gcp 0 400 241538.5 119812 
-gcp 600 0 244713.5 121928.66666667 
-gcp 0 0 241538.5 121928.66666667 
-gcp 600 400 244713.5 11981
bucklands1.png bucklands1.tiff

Warp into googleMaps projection (EPSG:900913) ...

gdalwarp -s_srs EPSG:27700 -t_srs EPSG:900913 -of GTiff
bucklands1.tiff bucklands1_warped.tiff

Tile (make into googleMap 256x256 tiles) ...

gdal2tiles bucklands1_warped.tiff gmTiles

It works if I by-pass the gdalwarp stage and make google tiles directly from the OSGB36 images. But the image quality is poor as the interpolation is not so good.

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GDAL doesn't agree with you that the map is in OSGB (EPSG:27700) but thinks that it is in EPSG:900913 so I don't know what a reprojection and tiling to the same project will do.

If in doubt use -a_srs to specify the correct projection to gdal.

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I've added the sequence of commands I run to the question incase that helps spot what I'm doing wrong. – spiderplant0 Dec 19 '10 at 19:49
The map isnt OSGB it is EPSG:900913. The original map was OSGB36, then I warped it to googlemaps EPSG:900913. The map link and gdalinfo dump are for the warped map in EPSG:900913. – spiderplant0 Dec 20 '10 at 12:17
I don't think the output coordinate system, "Google Maps Global Mercator" is correct. As it stands, I would assume that the ellipsoidal math was used when converting to Mercator. Google Maps uses spherical math, so you either needs to use a Mercator implementation that supports only the sphere-based equations (or has a projection parameter that will trigger the correct equations), or the geographic coordinate system needs to be based on a sphere of R = 6378137.0 m. The different equations will cause a north-south offset. – mkennedy Dec 21 '10 at 1:23
up vote 3 down vote accepted

It turns out that if you replace EPSG:900913 with either EPSG:3857 or EPSG:3785 in the gdal warping you get the google-map tiles correctly aligned. Apparently these codes are alternatives for the unofficial googleMaps EPSG:900913. Though there seems to be lots of confusion about which is the correct code - e.g. MapTiler doesnt recognise EPSG:3857.

Anyway this works...

gdalwarp -s_srs EPSG:27700 -t_srs EPSG:3857 -of GTiff
bucklands1.tiff bucklands1_warped.tiff
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