Take the 2-minute tour ×
Geographic Information Systems Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for cartographers, geographers and GIS professionals. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I have two shape files containing height information of a certain area and I need to create a raster DEM with GRASS using them.

  • file 1 consists of height information in contours (isolines)
  • file 2 consists of height information with spot heights

What would be the best technique to generate raster DEM with these two types of data?

Do i need to generate some spot heights from contours and then integerate with existing spot heights for DEM generation or any other method?

share|improve this question
1  
What is the density of the spot elevations? –  Jay Laura Jan 12 '13 at 18:07
    
No regular density as such (almost irregular-random) –  Sanjeewa Jan 13 '13 at 6:33
    
Consider altering the title of this qestion to be more precise as to what is the source data from which to generate a DEM. –  Nikos Alexandris Nov 11 '13 at 13:54
add comment

1 Answer 1

up vote 5 down vote accepted

I would highly recommend going through the Contour lines to DEM tutorial, available from GRASS wiki. Essentially, they describe different interpolation methods used to produce a DEM. Avoid IDW interpolation using contour lines (i.e. described in one segment of the tutorial) since this is an inappropriate use of the interpolation method. The GRASS module r.surf.contour is probably what you are looking for--more details about the module available here. Their tutorial shows a pretty good interpolated DEM from rasterized contour lines:

enter image description here

share|improve this answer
3  
As an analysis step you could then compare the contours to the spot elevations to start to develop an error metric. –  Jay Laura Jan 12 '13 at 18:07
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.