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Is there a way to get the corner coordinates (in degrees lat/long) from a raster file using gdal's Python bindings?

A few searches online have convinced me that there is not, so I have developed a work around by parsing the gdalinfo output, it's somewhat basic but I thought it might save some time for people who might be less comfortable with python. It also only works if gdalinfo contains the geographic coordinates along with the corner coordinates, which I don't believe is always the case.

Here's my workaround, does anyone have any better solutions?

gdalinfo on an appropriate raster results in something like this midway through the output:

Corner Coordinates:
Upper Left  (  -18449.521, -256913.934) (137d 7'21.93"E,  4d20'3.46"S)
Lower Left  (  -18449.521, -345509.683) (137d 7'19.32"E,  5d49'44.25"S)
Upper Right (   18407.241, -256913.934) (137d44'46.82"E,  4d20'3.46"S)
Lower Right (   18407.241, -345509.683) (137d44'49.42"E,  5d49'44.25"S)
Center      (     -21.140, -301211.809) (137d26'4.37"E,  5d 4'53.85"S)

This code will work on files who's gdalinfo look like that. I believe sometimes the coordinates will be in degrees and decimals, rather than degrees, minutes and seconds; it ought to be trivial to adjust the code for that situation.

import numpy as np
import subprocess

def GetCornerCoordinates(FileName):
    GdalInfo = subprocess.check_output('gdalinfo {}'.format(FileName), shell=True)
    GdalInfo = GdalInfo.split('/n') # Creates a line by line list.
    CornerLats, CornerLons = np.zeros(5), np.zeros(5)
    GotUL, GotUR, GotLL, GotLR, GotC = False, False, False, False, False
    for line in GdalInfo:
        if line[:10] == 'Upper Left':
            CornerLats[0], CornerLons[0] = GetLatLon(line)
            GotUL = True
        if line[:10] == 'Lower Left':
            CornerLats[1], CornerLons[1] = GetLatLon(line)
            GotLL = True
        if line[:11] == 'Upper Right':
            CornerLats[2], CornerLons[2] = GetLatLon(line)
            GotUR = True
        if line[:11] == 'Lower Right':
            CornerLats[3], CornerLons[3] = GetLatLon(line)
            GotLR = True
        if line[:6] == 'Center':
            CornerLats[4], CornerLons[4] = GetLatLon(line)
            GotC = True
        if GotUL and GotUR and GotLL and GotLR and GotC:
            break
    return CornerLats, CornerLons 

def GetLatLon(line):
    coords = line.split(') (')[1]
    coords = coords[:-1]
    LonStr, LatStr = coords.split(',')
    # Longitude
    LonStr = LonStr.split('d')    # Get the degrees, and the rest
    LonD = int(LonStr[0])
    LonStr = LonStr[1].split('\'')# Get the arc-m, and the rest
    LonM = int(LonStr[0])
    LonStr = LonStr[1].split('"') # Get the arc-s, and the rest
    LonS = float(LonStr[0])
    Lon = LonD + LonM/60. + LonS/3600.
    if LonStr[1] in ['W', 'w']:
        Lon = -1*Lon
    # Same for Latitude
    LatStr = LatStr.split('d')
    LatD = int(LatStr[0])
    LatStr = LatStr[1].split('\'')
    LatM = int(LatStr[0])
    LatStr = LatStr[1].split('"')
    LatS = float(LatStr[0])
    Lat = LatD + LatM/60. + LatS/3600.
    if LatStr[1] in ['S', 's']:
        Lat = -1*Lat
    return Lat, Lon

FileName = Image.cub
# Mine's an ISIS3 cube file.
CornerLats, CornerLons = GetCornerCoordinates(FileName)
# UpperLeft, LowerLeft, UpperRight, LowerRight, Centre
print CornerLats
print CornerLons

And that gives me:

[-4.33429444 -5.82895833 -4.33429444 -5.82895833 -5.081625  ] 
[ 137.12275833  137.12203333  137.74633889  137.74706111  137.43454722]
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1 Answer 1

up vote 7 down vote accepted

Here's another way to do it without calling an external program.

What this does is get the coordinates of the four corners from the geotransform and reproject them to lon/lat using osr.CoordinateTransformation.

from osgeo import gdal,ogr,osr

def GetExtent(gt,cols,rows):
    ''' Return list of corner coordinates from a geotransform

        @type gt:   C{tuple/list}
        @param gt: geotransform
        @type cols:   C{int}
        @param cols: number of columns in the dataset
        @type rows:   C{int}
        @param rows: number of rows in the dataset
        @rtype:    C{[float,...,float]}
        @return:   coordinates of each corner
    '''
    ext=[]
    xarr=[0,cols]
    yarr=[0,rows]

    for px in xarr:
        for py in yarr:
            x=gt[0]+(px*gt[1])+(py*gt[2])
            y=gt[3]+(px*gt[4])+(py*gt[5])
            ext.append([x,y])
            print x,y
        yarr.reverse()
    return ext

def ReprojectCoords(coords,src_srs,tgt_srs):
    ''' Reproject a list of x,y coordinates.

        @type geom:     C{tuple/list}
        @param geom:    List of [[x,y],...[x,y]] coordinates
        @type src_srs:  C{osr.SpatialReference}
        @param src_srs: OSR SpatialReference object
        @type tgt_srs:  C{osr.SpatialReference}
        @param tgt_srs: OSR SpatialReference object
        @rtype:         C{tuple/list}
        @return:        List of transformed [[x,y],...[x,y]] coordinates
    '''
    trans_coords=[]
    transform = osr.CoordinateTransformation( src_srs, tgt_srs)
    for x,y in coords:
        x,y,z = transform.TransformPoint(x,y)
        trans_coords.append([x,y])
    return trans_coords

raster=r'somerasterfile.tif'
ds=gdal.Open(raster)

gt=ds.GetGeoTransform()
cols = ds.RasterXSize
rows = ds.RasterYSize
ext=GetExtent(gt,cols,rows)

src_srs=osr.SpatialReference()
src_srs.ImportFromWkt(ds.GetProjection())
#tgt_srs=osr.SpatialReference()
#tgt_srs.ImportFromEPSG(4326)
tgt_srs = src_srs.CloneGeogCS()

geo_ext=ReprojectCoords(ext,src_srs,tgt_srs)

Some code from the metageta project, osr.CoordinateTransformation idea from this answer

share|improve this answer
    
Awesome, thanks. And it works regardless of whether the appropriate lines exist in the gdalinfo output. –  EddyThe B Apr 16 '13 at 18:01
    
I think this will be better with tgt_srs = src_srs.CloneGeogCS(). My initial rasters are images of Mars, so using EPSG(4326) isn't ideal, but CloneGeogCS() appears to just change from projected to geographic coordinates. –  EddyThe B Apr 19 '13 at 0:49
    
For sure. I've updated the answer to use CloneGeogCS. However, I was just trying to demonstrate the use of the GetExtent and ReprojectCoords functions. You can use anything you want as target srs. –  Luke Apr 19 '13 at 1:17
    
Yes, thank you, I'd have never found those otherwise. –  EddyThe B Apr 19 '13 at 2:28

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