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I am trying to create a google earth like wep application. My problem is that I can't get to render a full view of the earth.

The zoom_all() function generates the following error :

RuntimeError: could not zoom to combined layer extents using zoom_all because proj4 could not back project any layer extents into the map srs (set map 'maximum-extent' to override layer extents)

And if I define an envelope, I can only manage to have a cropped view of the earth with

mapnik.Envelope(-4500000, -4500000, 4500000, 4500000)

or a blank image with

mapnik.Envelope(-4600000, -4600000, 4600000, 4600000)

EDIT : I also tried specifying maximum-extent in the xml file but the result was the same as specifying the envelope in the python script.

What am I doing wrong ? Any hint will be appreciated :)

My configuration is :

This is the python script that renders the image :


import mapnik

image = 'world-xml.png'
map_config = 'world.xml'
m = mapnik.Map(1000, 1000)
mapnik.load_map(m, map_config)
bbox = mapnik.Envelope(-4500000, -4500000, 4500000, 4500000)
mapnik.render_to_file(m, image)

And this is the xml config file :

<Map background-color="#ffffff" srs="+proj=ortho +lat_0=0 +lon_0=0 +ellps=WGS84 +units=m +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +no_defs">
        <Style name="projet-carte">
                        <PolygonSymbolizer fill="#ffffff" />
                        <LineSymbolizer stroke="#000000" stroke-width="0.1" />
        <Layer name="world" srs="+proj=longlat +ellps=WGS84 +datum=WGS84 +no_defs">
                        <Parameter name="type">shape</Parameter>
                        <Parameter name="file">lines.shp</Parameter>
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The ortho projection does not cover the whole world, only the visible half.

Using the QGIS GUI, your globe would look like this:

enter image description here

What you see as nasty artefacts will kill the python script.

So you have to clip the world to the visible extent.

See these Q&A for more advice:

Where did the polygons go after projecting a map in QGIS?

Ortho Projection produces artifacts

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