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Can someone please tell if it is possible to rename legend items in the map layout in ArcGIS for Desktop?

If yes, how can I do it?

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several ways... – Brad Nesom Mar 11 '11 at 22:34
manually or programmatically? – Kirk Kuykendall Mar 11 '11 at 22:54
I know this is a old posting, but since this is still active, I thought I would add additional information on this subject. By simply changing the layer name in the table of contents will not change the way the Legend displays that layer's name. What you have to do is select the layer's properties, and select the Symbology tab and select Features from the left hand navigation tree. Once there you will see a text box next to "Label appearing next to the symbol in the table of contents". Enter the description of the layer you want to show in the Legend in this box. Hope this helps. – user29688 Apr 29 '14 at 14:57
up vote 2 down vote accepted

You could also convert the legend to graphics and explode it to individual graphic and text elements. You will loose the dynamic link to the layers but you will be able to easily control all properties of each item in the legend.

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You can change the values under the Label heading in the Symbology tab (not the Label tab). You can rename the layers in the Table of Contents. You can convert your legend to graphics and do various things with them.

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several ways...
In the layer properties dialog on the general tab you can change the name and description.
in the table of contents select the name and click again. you will be able to type anything you want. You should also note that when in the legend if you slect the layer and thenthe style button changing the style to layer name with label, heading with label, heading with label description. so on so forth... legend

also in the layer dialog

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