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I have a shapefile of landuse in different catchments. I want to calculate the percentage of each landuse category in each catchment using Tabulate Intersection. Before using this tool, I had dissolved the polygons in landuse shapefile using dissolve tool, dissolve field as the landuse category, checked create multipart feature, unchecked unsplit lines.

After using Tabulate intersection, I found out that the percentage of total landuse in some catchments are larger than 100% (around 103%). I think this means that polygons are overlapping each others in these catchment. As a result, I'd like to identify where polygons overlap each others to fix these errors. Any suggestions would be much appreciated.

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i think this will help you. gis.stackexchange.com/questions/29977/… or this one gis.stackexchange.com/questions/82597/… –  iRfAn Jan 16 at 10:33

1 Answer 1

up vote 2 down vote accepted

For finding overlapping polygons/slivers in ArcGIS 10 you want the to use the Data Review toolbar. Specifically you want to go: Data Reviewer toolbar > Feature on Feature Checks > Polygon Overlap/Gap is Sliver Check.

Specifically:

The Polygon Overlap/Gap is Sliver check finds overlaps and gaps that can be considered slivers

http://help.arcgis.com/en/arcgisdesktop/10.0/help/index.html#//0102000000mt000000

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If it is an issue of aligning overlapping polygons properly then you can use the information here to help deal with that issue:

Correcting gaps and overlapping polygon (parcels) geometry

The best way is to convert this shape file to file-geodatabase and build the topology in ArcGIS for "Must Not Gaps" and "Must Not Overlap".

The following tools may be of interest depending on the specifics of the situation:

Eliminate: http://resources.esri.com/help/9.3/arcgisdesktop/com/gp_toolref/data_management_tools/eliminate_data_management_.htm

Merges the selected polygons with neighboring polygons with the largest shared border or the largest area

Intergrate: http://resources.arcgis.com/en/help/main/10.1/index.html#//00170000002s000000

Integrate is used to maintain the integrity of shared feature boundaries by making features coincident if they fall within the specified x,y tolerance.

Snapping: http://resources.arcgis.com/en/help/main/10.1/index.html#//001v00000007000000

Moves points or vertices to coincide exactly with the vertices, edges, or end points of other features.

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