The degree of closeness of measurements of a quantity to that quantity's actual value

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28
votes
2answers
2k views

How accurate is approximating the Earth as a sphere?

What level of error do I encounter when approximating the earth as a sphere? Specifically, when dealing with the location of points and, for example, the great circle distances between them. Are ...
4
votes
1answer
871 views

Probability of iOS/Android device location accuracy

I'm working with Android and iOS apps that report location. Both iOS and Android can derive location from a combination of cell tower triangulation, visible wifi access points, and assisted GPS. The ...
19
votes
2answers
438 views

Precision when working with spatial data in GIS

Is there a basic or introductory study that examines and compares the precision of spatial data when working with varying precison of the data input, like having 1, 2, ... decimal places? with the ...
34
votes
12answers
25k views

Tablet or smart phone GPS vs “real” GPS

I've been reading a lot today about android and iphone devices being used for spatial data collection in the field and it sure seems to be that single purpose devices such as the extremely popular ...
4
votes
1answer
567 views

Does a geotagged image contain information about its accuracy?

When i view my current location on Google maps on my android it shows me a circle of uncertainty. If i take a geotagged picture it will off course contain information about its Lat or Lon. Does it ...
4
votes
1answer
583 views

Which interpolation method is the most suitable for DEMs?

Which interpolation method is the best suitable for hill/valley areas and normal ground with undulations and rivers? When working with Aster 30mX30m DEMs, which method will give the most realistic ...
5
votes
0answers
310 views

How to store Large Raster Images of Equipotential Surface Generation Using Monte Carlo Simulation?

I have a large (1GB+) raster that I am using as the base for the generation of an equipotential surface. This is to assess the accuracy of DEMs derived from another source. In situ observation is ...
12
votes
3answers
990 views

GPS Elephant Tracking: Utilizing A-GPS, WAAS, DGPS and Understanding HDOP, NSAT, and ZDA

*I'm using a GPS data logger (qstarz bt-q1000xt) to track the movement of zoo elephants, and I have a variety of technical questions. I've had limited success receiving answers from the vendor. You ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

how to calculate RMS 2D and RMS 1D, using python?

I would like to calculate: RMS 2D: standard deviation for the two coordinates of flat (67% confidence level) and RMS 1D: standard deviation for height (67% confidence level) What is the formula and ...
4
votes
4answers
229 views

Is city-supplied GIS data sufficient for transit operators or do they need their own set of GIS data?

City GIS data is usually built in a format where streets/avenues/boulevards/etc are modeled as lines that are geographically located in the middle of the streets/avenues/boulevards/etc. Is that ...
6
votes
1answer
291 views

Accuracy of planimetric geometry vs. ellipsoidal model

I'm examining the two geospatial options for IBM's DB2 database. In particular I am interested in the accuracy between these two options and whether it's worth it (the more accurate representation ...
9
votes
2answers
5k views

How accurate are measurements in Google Earth?

Can anyone point to a resource that lists the accuracy of measurements taken in Google Earth?
8
votes
3answers
9k views

Generally accepted root mean square (RMS) error for rectifying topographic maps

This is a generic inquiry on the common practice/standard for determining the acceptable values of RMS when georeferencing topographic maps. Is there an absolute value? Some literature suggests that ...
101
votes
4answers
84k views

How to measure the accuracy of latitude and longitude?

I am very new to GPS stuff. Suppose I have latitude and longitude as 19.0649070739746 and 73.1308670043945 respectively. In this case both coordinates are 13 decimal places long, but sometimes I also ...
22
votes
6answers
822 views

How to cope with the newly discovered GPS bug? [closed]

Today the New York Times broke the news that after the Clinton Administration turned off Selective Availability in the GPS system, a bug had been introduced into the GPS satellite software itself, ...
4
votes
2answers
273 views

Is there a way to distinguish data precision in KML?

Here's my problem (and I was inspired to ask this from this question)... I create a KML file recording where upcoming training courses will be for the next year. The cities might be Atlanta, Calgary, ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

What sample size should be used when applying the National Standard Spatial Data Accuracy (NSSDA)?

I'm less interested in what is recommended by FGDC, and more interested in information like this: SAMPLE SIZE AND CONFIDENCE WHEN APPLYING THE NSSDA, which suggests you need a sample of 100. Is there ...
17
votes
5answers
3k views

How correct is the “Accuracy” value given by GPS devices?

I have a Garmin Forerunner 305 and a Google Nexus One Android phone. From the GPS on both these devices I can get a "Accuracy" value that is usually between 6-20 meters. How much can I trust this ...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

How does ArcGIS compute the distance between two points with a non-equidistant projection?

This is a follow-up question to my previous one, Can you suggest some well-written introductory texts about coordinate system projections? Let's assume I'm working with the CH1903 map projection, ...
21
votes
6answers
3k views

Is GPS more accurate on specific hours of the day?

I have heard that the GPS system is more accurate, and less accurate on some specific hours on the day. If this is true, how can I get the information on when GPS is more or less accurate at my ...