The process of extracting geographic, statistical, geometric, or scientific information from one or more related collections of GIS features and data.

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27
votes
8answers
2k views

When is a 3D Visualisation in GIS Useful?

I can currently only think of two cases: to visualise potential changes in a landscape, such as the effect of adding windfarms, or the addition of a new building to an urban area. However both these ...
21
votes
7answers
8k views

Nearest neighbor between a point layer and a line layer

I've asked this question several times on stackoverflow and irc between #qgis and #postgis and I also tried to code it or implement it my self in postgis with no real answer. Using programming (most ...
19
votes
2answers
326 views

Ways of expressing geographic questions in machine readable form

A core concept of GIS is answering questions about datasets. From the point of view of a database; SQL with spatial extensions is a way of asking such questions. What other ways can questions be ...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

What are the benefits of hexagonal sampling polygons?

I am always on the lookout for useful methods to sample or partition study areas (usually in the form of raster datasets) into smaller units. Recently, I read an ESRI blog post about a new tool for ...
16
votes
1answer
350 views

What GIS analysis techniques were used in determining Gale Crater as the landing site for the Curiosity Rover?

What specific GIS analysis was used in determining Gale Crater as the landing site for the Curiosity Rover? I'm assuming factors such as slope, elevation, ruggedness, etc were used as well as ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

Heatmap algorithm to visualise point diversity

Can anyone suggest an algorithm to generate a heatmap for visualising point diversity? An example application would be for mapping areas of high species diversity. For some species, every single plant ...
14
votes
3answers
710 views

Using GIS tools for non-geographical problems

Many other fields have visual/"spatial" problems that can potentially be solved with GIS tools. I know I've used GIS tools for the odd non-geographical task and was wondering how much this happens and ...
12
votes
3answers
318 views

What practices are available for modelling land suitability?

I currently use a "classic" raster based approach of dividing a study area into cells. All input layers are converted to rasters at the same cell resolution and given a suitability rating. A final ...
11
votes
1answer
613 views

QGis raster terrain analysis - The curvature filter puzzles me

I am a french Master student at university Grenoble INP, and during my master project I have worked on DEM (raster) terrain analysis. Thus, I have read the source code of several QGis-1.7.4 raster ...
11
votes
2answers
186 views

How could I rate roads for scenic drives?

relative GIS newbie here. I've been working on a personal project to rate roads on how nice a ride they'd be on a motorcycle. I wrote a Python program to work through road data in the TIGER dataset ...
11
votes
1answer
185 views

What spatial analysis did the US Supreme Court review in the Perry v. Perez opinion?

The Supreme Court recently issued an opinion on Perry v. Perez which seems like it must have involved evidence based on spatial analysis. The L.A. Times reports: The 9-0 decision set aside a new ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

Multicriteria Analysis : how to?

I have to do a multi-criteria analysis to answer the question : "which is the best lot to develop". A few of the criterias are : distance of the nearest bus stop (point layer with bus stops) ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

How to calculate average slope in a grid?

This is actually a two part question: Which methods are there to calculate average slope by unit (say km²) for a given area? Are there any special requirements on the data - like additional ...
10
votes
4answers
774 views

Point Pattern Analysis Algorithms

I'm looking for point pattern analysis algorithms and literature on point pattern analysis, online resources and book titles welcome. The topics may range from general descriptions of algorithms to ...
10
votes
1answer
448 views

When dealing with rasters of varying resolutions should one resample to the highest or lowest resolution?

I'm looking for recommendations on best practices for dealing with raster data layers with different resolutions and projections. The advice I've been given is to always resample to the layer with the ...
10
votes
1answer
448 views

Spatial operators in R?

How can I do spatial selections or filters in R? I can do this in PostGIS using (e.g.): SELECT * FROM mypoint, mypoly WHERE ST_Within(mypoint.geom, mypoly.geom); and it is similarly a piece of cake ...
10
votes
1answer
422 views

Looking for a trajectory similarity measure

For my final academic work I have developed a compression algorithm for GPS trajectories. I can estimate the quality of the spatio-temporal compression by computing the syncronized euclidean distance ...
9
votes
5answers
808 views

GIS analysis to find duplicate geometries

I have a big shapefile that contains all the buildings and houses of the town that I work in (approx. 90,000 features). The data of the buildings/houses are saved by the town's surveying engineers and ...
9
votes
1answer
430 views

Open source GIS tool for mapping health data

Im looking for an open source desktop gis tool that can be used for visualization and exploratory analysis. I want it to be interactive and perhaps display two or more maps at the same time to allow ...
9
votes
2answers
882 views

Is there a described GIS method for creating catchment areas based on nearest driving distance?

ie. a combination of Voronoi polygons with isochrones, so that the Voronoi polygons are based on driving distance instead of Euclidean distance. Is there a name or a described method for this?
8
votes
4answers
323 views

Advice on choosing ideal software for consultancy

I am taking the step to start a small business consultancy using digital map technology to assist retail business to better understand their environment and make informed location based decision. My ...
8
votes
3answers
733 views

Identification of consecutive points within a specified buffer

I have a point file, hourly relocations of an animal, and I want to be able to place a buffer around each point and calculate the number of subsequent points which are within the buffer zone. I am ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

TRI, TPI, or Roughness

I am working on a site selection projection where I will be unable to perform any in situ observations. A key component of the selection process is the ruggedness of the underlying terrain. I plan ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

How to represent bimodal attribute value distributions on a map

I'm looking for a visualisation method that enables me to represent bimodal or even multimodal attribute value distributions on line features. A bimodal distribution has two different modes that ...
8
votes
2answers
546 views

Finding polygons without right angles using Open Source GIS or ArcGIS for Desktop?

Now we are digitizing some buildings in specified area. The obligatory rule for this work - in most cases buildings should have right angles. We are using QGIS with CAD tools for this work but ...
8
votes
3answers
916 views

Temporal Analysis Tool: Seeking

I am looking for an alternative tool (proprietary or FOSS) that matches the functionality of Temporal Analyst for ArcGIS by DHI Software. The best I could get was the QGIS plugin Time Manager ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How to emulate Google Maps driving directions using pgRouting?

Would like to emulate google maps' driving directions functionality but use pgRouting instead. google's data over the project area & scale is quite a bit off so we want to use our own transport ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

What is spatial query tool for laymen?

I know nothing about GIS, but I have what I think is a GIS problem. From spending a few hours googling my problem, I think what I need to do is perform a spatial query, but I'm not sure how to go ...
7
votes
3answers
320 views

How to check if parcel is located by golf course

Is there any simple way for me to run millions of parcels through some type of script to see if a shape file parcel is on a golf course? For example if I have a layer that has all the golf courses and ...
7
votes
3answers
639 views

How to get a list of adjacent lots to a road in ArcMAP and PostGIS/QGIS?

In the following map, I have: A line / road layer A parcel / lot layer The Task: Find and count the list of lots adjacent to the road with their types (parcel_type is a field in the parcel ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How to interpret GRASS v.kernel results?

GRASS manual reads: v.kernel - Generates a raster density map from vector points data using a moving 2D isotropic Gaussian kernel ... Ok, but how do I interpret the results? I understand that ...
7
votes
3answers
9k views

Analyzing differences between two shapefiles to put results into new shapefile?

I have two polygon shapefiles of the same region from two different years (1985 and 1997) and I need to analyse the differences between the two shapefiles resulting in a third polygon shapefile ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

GIS Project Workflow?

If you had to teach someone the key stages to a typical GIS Analysis project, what would be the best generic answer? I would like to see diagrams to illustrate this point. Do not think it requires ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

How to calculate polygon length and width using open source GIS?

How can I calculate the length and with of polygons using open source tools? By "polygon length" I mean the length of the longest line within the polygon (update: to be correct, I just need the ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

Creating noise maps using ArcGIS for Desktop or Open Source Desktop GIS?

In a previous role I helped create Noise Maps for Northern England. The predicted noise levels was done using the IMMI package (which I can recommend) and the cartographic output was done in ArcMap. ...
7
votes
2answers
773 views

Looking for advice regarding solar potential applications

I have the task of looking into whether it is possible to build a solar potential application which would inform the user whether a roof is suitable for solar panels and a brief report about the ...
7
votes
1answer
231 views

Analysis of GPS error

I'm wondering if there have been any studies which attempt to analyze or characterize GPS error distribution over different situations/conditions (e.g. surrounded by tall buildings/mountains, ...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

How to calculate the maximum distance within a polygon in x-direction (east-west direction) in PostGIS?

I am interested in the maximum width of a polygon, e.g. a lake, in the east-west direction. Bounding boxes will help only in simple polygons but not in complex concave polygons.
6
votes
2answers
150 views

Finding lines in point patterns?

I have a point pattern (see below) in which I assume to find "significant" lines of points. However, I did not find any method that is integrated in a GIS or in R that searches for such line pattern ...
6
votes
2answers
182 views

What multiplier would you use for calculating estimated population?

Given a number of address points in a given area, what multiplier would you use for calculating estimated population? I have seen 2.5 in a few places, but I was wondering what the generally accepted ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Nearest Neighbor calculation in PostGIS

I'm learning how to use PostGIS and spatial databases for analysis. What I am trying to do is perform a calculation to get the distance for the nearest polygon in a file, using the edge calculation, ...
6
votes
1answer
191 views

PostGIS polygon edge analysis (orientation, edge length)

I am rather new to the world of GIS and especially PostGIS, so please excuse me if the answer seems evident... I would like to do analysis on a number of buildings. One thing I am interested in is ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Calculating Length of Linestrings in WGS84 in Miles

I have a few thousand LINESTRING features in a MySQL database. I'm trying to figure out the cumulative length of all the lines -- in miles. Using the GLength function I can retrieve the length in ...
5
votes
2answers
556 views

Disaggregating aggregate GIS data using remote sensing

I haven't really done much with remote sensing imagery. I have census data for an area, and a TIFF raster image of the area. I'm sure this is possible, is there a simple way to disaggregate the ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Are GIS Analyst salaries going to always be so low? [closed]

I regularly see GIS Analyst job postings (often in very expensive cities) asking for a plethora of experience paying in the $40k - 60k a year range, many are even below $40k or $30k. Considering the ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

Spatial Join on two point featureclasses produces empty output featureclass

I have two point featureclasses that intersect each other. They are in the same projection and dataframe. The issue is, when I perform a Spatial Join the output point featureclass is empty. The file ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

ArcGIS - make linear regression across multiple raster layers

I have a series of 5 rasters which represent a value for 5 consecutive years. Is there a way to create a linear regression for each cell over the 5 layers and output the slope? The result would be a ...
5
votes
2answers
167 views

Calculating edge length of polygon within overlapping polygon

I have a layer of wetland polygons and a layer of lakes. I basically want to find the total length of lake shoreline contained within each wetland and add these values as an attribute of the wetlands. ...
5
votes
4answers
675 views

How to computational efficiently check if there are any overlapping polygons in a group of polygons?

I need to do some processing with groups of polygons. If any of the polygons in the group overlaps other polygon the result is unpredictable and don't throw any error. So, I need to detect if there is ...
5
votes
2answers
682 views

Spatial Analysis with Factors/Classifications

When doing analysis on spatial data with associated information that is numeric, it is possible to use techniques such as Kriging or Interpolation or Cluster Analysis to find out interesting ...