The process of extracting geographic, statistical, geometric, or scientific information from one or more related collections of GIS features and data.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

26
votes
8answers
2k views

When is a 3D Visualisation in GIS Useful?

I can currently only think of two cases: to visualise potential changes in a landscape, such as the effect of adding windfarms, or the addition of a new building to an urban area. However both these ...
19
votes
2answers
311 views

Ways of expressing geographic questions in machine readable form

A core concept of GIS is answering questions about datasets. From the point of view of a database; SQL with spatial extensions is a way of asking such questions. What other ways can questions be ...
17
votes
7answers
6k views

Nearest neighbor between a point layer and a line layer

I've asked this question several times on stackoverflow and irc between #qgis and #postgis and I also tried to code it or implement it my self in postgis with no real answer. Using programming (most ...
16
votes
4answers
854 views

What are the benefits of hexagonal sampling polygons?

I am always on the lookout for useful methods to sample or partition study areas (usually in the form of raster datasets) into smaller units. Recently, I read an ESRI blog post about a new tool for ...
16
votes
1answer
302 views

What GIS analysis techniques were used in determining Gale Crater as the landing site for the Curiosity Rover?

What specific GIS analysis was used in determining Gale Crater as the landing site for the Curiosity Rover? I'm assuming factors such as slope, elevation, ruggedness, etc were used as well as ...
15
votes
1answer
673 views

Heatmap algorithm to visualise point diversity

Can anyone suggest an algorithm to generate a heatmap for visualising point diversity? An example application would be for mapping areas of high species diversity. For some species, every single plant ...
12
votes
4answers
15k views

Extract coordinates of polygon vertices in ArcMap 10?

I've got about a dozen polygons in a feature class loaded in ArcMap 10, all in geographic WGS 1984. How do I easily obtain the coordinates associated with each vertex of each polygon in that feature ...
12
votes
3answers
275 views

What practices are available for modelling land suitability?

I currently use a "classic" raster based approach of dividing a study area into cells. All input layers are converted to rasters at the same cell resolution and given a suitability rating. A final ...
11
votes
1answer
492 views

QGis raster terrain analysis - The curvature filter puzzles me

I am a french Master student at university Grenoble INP, and during my master project I have worked on DEM (raster) terrain analysis. Thus, I have read the source code of several QGis-1.7.4 raster ...
11
votes
2answers
173 views

How could I rate roads for scenic drives?

relative GIS newbie here. I've been working on a personal project to rate roads on how nice a ride they'd be on a motorcycle. I wrote a Python program to work through road data in the TIGER dataset ...
11
votes
1answer
182 views

What spatial analysis did the US Supreme Court review in the Perry v. Perez opinion?

The Supreme Court recently issued an opinion on Perry v. Perez which seems like it must have involved evidence based on spatial analysis. The L.A. Times reports: The 9-0 decision set aside a new ...
10
votes
4answers
705 views

Point Pattern Analysis Algorithms

I'm looking for point pattern analysis algorithms and literature on point pattern analysis, online resources and book titles welcome. The topics may range from general descriptions of algorithms to ...
10
votes
1answer
403 views

Spatial operators in R?

How can I do spatial selections or filters in R? I can do this in PostGIS using (e.g.): SELECT * FROM mypoint, mypoly WHERE ST_Within(mypoint.geom, mypoly.geom); and it is similarly a piece of cake ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

Multicriteria Analysis : how to?

I have to do a multi-criteria analysis to answer the question : "which is the best lot to develop". A few of the criterias are : distance of the nearest bus stop (point layer with bus stops) ...
9
votes
1answer
191 views

When dealing with rasters of varying resolutions should one resample to the highest or lowest resolution?

I'm looking for recommendations on best practices for dealing with raster data layers with different resolutions and projections. The advice I've been given is to always resample to the layer with the ...
9
votes
1answer
382 views

Open source GIS tool for mapping health data

Im looking for an open source desktop gis tool that can be used for visualization and exploratory analysis. I want it to be interactive and perhaps display two or more maps at the same time to allow ...
9
votes
1answer
239 views

Looking for a trajectory similarity measure

For my final academic work I have developed a compression algorithm for GPS trajectories. I can estimate the quality of the spatio-temporal compression by computing the syncronized euclidean distance ...
8
votes
4answers
274 views

Advice on choosing ideal software for consultancy

I am taking the step to start a small business consultancy using digital map technology to assist retail business to better understand their environment and make informed location based decision. My ...
8
votes
3answers
576 views

Identification of consecutive points within a specified buffer

I have a point file, hourly relocations of an animal, and I want to be able to place a buffer around each point and calculate the number of subsequent points which are within the buffer zone. I am ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

How to represent bimodal attribute value distributions on a map

I'm looking for a visualisation method that enables me to represent bimodal or even multimodal attribute value distributions on line features. A bimodal distribution has two different modes that ...
8
votes
2answers
385 views

Finding polygons without right angles

Now we are digitizing some buildings in specified area. The obligatory rule for this work - in most cases buildings should have right angles. We are using QGIS with CAD tools for this work. But ...
8
votes
3answers
718 views

Temporal Analysis Tool: Seeking

I am looking for an alternative tool (proprietary or FOSS) that matches the functionality of Temporal Analyst for ArcGIS by DHI Software. The best I could get was the QGIS plugin Time Manager ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How to emulate Google Maps driving directions using pgRouting?

Would like to emulate google maps' driving directions functionality but use pgRouting instead. google's data over the project area & scale is quite a bit off so we want to use our own transport ...
7
votes
4answers
929 views

Spatial query tool for laymen

I know nothing about GIS, but I have what I think is a GIS problem. From spending a few hours googling my problem, I think what I need to do is perform a spatial query, but I'm not sure how to go ...
7
votes
3answers
307 views

How to check if parcel is located by golf course

Is there any simple way for me to run millions of parcels through some type of script to see if a shape file parcel is on a golf course? For example if I have a layer that has all the golf courses and ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How to calculate average slope in a grid?

This is actually a two part question: Which methods are there to calculate average slope by unit (say km²) for a given area? Are there any special requirements on the data - like additional ...
7
votes
3answers
596 views

How to get a list of adjacent lots to a road in ArcMAP and PostGIS/QGIS?

In the following map, I have: A line / road layer A parcel / lot layer The Task: Find and count the list of lots adjacent to the road with their types (parcel_type is a field in the parcel ...
7
votes
2answers
570 views

TRI, TPI, or Roughness

I am working on a site selection projection where I will be unable to perform any in situ observations. A key component of the selection process is the ruggedness of the underlying terrain. I plan ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

How to interpret GRASS v.kernel results?

GRASS manual reads: v.kernel - Generates a raster density map from vector points data using a moving 2D isotropic Gaussian kernel ... Ok, but how do I interpret the results? I understand that ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

How to analyze differences between two shape files and put results into a new shape?

I have two polygon shape files of the same region from two different years (1985 and 1997) and I need to analyse the differences between the two shapes resulting in a third polygon shape file ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

GIS Project Workflow?

If you had to teach someone the key stages to a typical GIS Analysis project, what would be the best generic answer? I would like to see diagrams to illustrate this point. Do not think it requires ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Creating noise maps using ArcGIS for Desktop or Open Source Desktop GIS?

In a previous role I helped create Noise Maps for Northern England. The predicted noise levels was done using the IMMI package (which I can recommend) and the cartographic output was done in ArcMap. ...
7
votes
2answers
428 views

Looking for advice regarding solar potential applications

I have the task of looking into whether it is possible to build a solar potential application which would inform the user whether a roof is suitable for solar panels and a brief report about the ...
7
votes
2answers
690 views

Is there a described GIS method for creating catchment areas based on nearest driving distance?

ie. a combination of Voronoi polygons with isochrones, so that the Voronoi polygons are based on driving distance instead of Euclidean distance. Is there a name or a described method for this?
7
votes
1answer
191 views

Analysis of GPS error

I'm wondering if there have been any studies which attempt to analyze or characterize GPS error distribution over different situations/conditions (e.g. surrounded by tall buildings/mountains, ...
6
votes
6answers
1k views

How to calculate the maximum distance within a polygon in x-direction (east-west direction) in PostGIS?

I am interested in the maximum width of a polygon, e.g. a lake, in the east-west direction. Bounding boxes will help only in simple polygons but not in complex concave polygons.
6
votes
2answers
111 views

Finding lines in point patterns?

I have a point pattern (see below) in which I assume to find "significant" lines of points. However, I did not find any method that is integrated in a GIS or in R that searches for such line pattern ...
6
votes
2answers
162 views

What multiplier would you use for calculating estimated population?

Given a number of address points in a given area, what multiplier would you use for calculating estimated population? I have seen 2.5 in a few places, but I was wondering what the generally accepted ...
6
votes
1answer
966 views

Nearest Neighbor calculation in PostGIS

I'm learning how to use PostGIS and spatial databases for analysis. What I am trying to do is perform a calculation to get the distance for the nearest polygon in a file, using the edge calculation, ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Calculating Length of Linestrings in WGS84 in Miles

I have a few thousand LINESTRING features in a MySQL database. I'm trying to figure out the cumulative length of all the lines -- in miles. Using the GLength function I can retrieve the length in ...
5
votes
2answers
435 views

Disaggregating aggregate GIS data using remote sensing

I haven't really done much with remote sensing imagery. I have census data for an area, and a TIFF raster image of the area. I'm sure this is possible, is there a simple way to disaggregate the ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Spatial Join on two point featureclasses produces empty output featureclass

I have two point featureclasses that intersect each other. They are in the same projection and dataframe. The issue is, when I perform a Spatial Join the output point featureclass is empty. The file ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

How to calculate polygon length and width using open source GIS?

How can I calculate the length and with of polygons using open source tools? By "polygon length" I mean the length of the longest line within the polygon (update: to be correct, I just need the ...
5
votes
2answers
392 views

Spatial Analysis with Factors/Classifications

When doing analysis on spatial data with associated information that is numeric, it is possible to use techniques such as Kriging or Interpolation or Cluster Analysis to find out interesting ...
5
votes
1answer
521 views

Split polylines at polygon boundaries in QGIS

I have a set of contour lines and a polygon set containing glaciers. Because I want the glaciers to have blue contours, I need to split the contour lines at the glacier boundaries. I can achieve this ...
5
votes
1answer
336 views

How to find upstream - lateral and downstream zones around urban areas?

I've a DTM and a shapefile of built-up areas. For a fire risk model, I've to find (within a defined buffer zone) two zones around built-up areas: one that is above/higher and lateral and the other ...
4
votes
2answers
223 views

Which GIS best for this problem?

This problem is similar to retail presence optimization. I'd like to know which GIS's could help us do the following: Given a set of point locations, create a circle of radius n meters around each. ...
4
votes
2answers
297 views

Vector Analysis: Determining area of county land mass without water features

Here are the layers that I have: State / Province polygon file (With Area Field) County / Ward polygon (with no area field), but all the polygons are within the state boundaries Water ways for the ...
4
votes
1answer
754 views

How can I calculate the vertical distance to the nearest water?

Summary: I would like to create a raster where each cell contains the vertical distance to the nearest water (a decent approximation would be acceptable). The problem is that I'm not sure how to go ...
4
votes
1answer
185 views

What is the FME Equivalent to the ArcGIS Union tool?

I'm attempting to union 2 large featureclasses in ArcCatalog, QGIS, and FME. What is the transformer that would be equivalent to the ArcGIS Union tool?