A region enclosing a point, line, or polygon at a specified distance.

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2answers
948 views

Creating polyline buffer with ArcPy?

I'm trying to write a python script with ArcPy that draws arcs and I've achieved something with creating a buffer and then clipping it with a bounding box so I only keep the length I need (I thought ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Why are my buffers not circular?

I would like to select areas under a particular circular radius in QGis. I believe this is accomplished with the buffer tool, but when I specify the radius the area is not circular. How to make it ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

How to create a polygon (fixed width buffer) around a polygon in QGIS?

I have created a polygon in QGIS (in this case it describes a country's maritime baseline). I need to create a second polygon whose boundary is a fixed distance from the original polygon. (in this ...
5
votes
1answer
827 views

What is the unit of measurement for buffer calculation?

What is the unit of measurement used by Geometry class for it's buffer calculation ? Api doc currently defines it as " distance - the width of the buffer (may be positive, negative or 0)" I need to ...
5
votes
1answer
975 views

QGIS inside buffer with attributes

Fairly similar to ArcGIS: inside buffer with attributes? but in QGIS. It would be convenient if the buffer layer inherited the attributes of the parent. Also I am doing inside buffers (-ve distance ...
5
votes
1answer
275 views

What is the width of the beach of a little island polygon?

This is a "classic" problem, that have no practical utility (see note-1 for applications), but illustrate another GIS problems... We can do some approximations to modeling the situation, the real ...
5
votes
1answer
724 views

Calculate population within radius

I have population data matched with polygons and a set of points that I have drawn buffers around. Assuming that the population within each geographical area, i.e. the polygons, is evenly distributed, ...
5
votes
1answer
666 views

How can I create a pollutant dispersion raster in QGIS?

As my previous questions have indicated, I am working on an air quality problem where I have a dataset of industrial emissions that consists of a location (long, lat), and an annual volume of ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculating forest cover within buffer that overlaps with other buffers?

I'm new to ArcGIS. I have a layer showing forest cover in a landscape. I'm trying to create a 5km buffer around every forest patch in the landscape and then calculate the amount of forest within ...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

How do I find location of minimum value within a buffer (around a point)

I have a digital elevation model (DEM) with a point location defined. I want to locate the lowest height values at a set distance from this point. I envisaged creating a buffer around the point ...
5
votes
1answer
375 views

Geodesic buffers for polygons in ArcObjects?

How can I create geodesic buffers around polygons? I'm on 9.3.1 ArcMap, but I need a programatic solution. IBUfferConstruction only does geodesic buffers for points. What are my options?
5
votes
0answers
30 views

QGIS Renders Buffer Polygons from ArcGIS Feature Class Differently

I have a polygon feature class stored in an ArcGIS geodatabase. All of the shapes are buffers of a point layer created using the editor menu's 'Buffer' command. In ArcMap 10.3.1 the data looks like ...
4
votes
5answers
146 views

How to visualize point accuracy with buffers in QGIS?

I have a CSV file that contains 3 columns - Lat, Long, and Accuracy. The Lat and Long fields contain point data in decimal format. The Accuracy fields contain a numeric values that indicate the ...
4
votes
3answers
227 views

How to shrink polygon on two sides?

I have a polygon which I know is a rectangle, although it may be at any orientation: I want to shrink this polygon by a third of the width from two sides, so that I just get the strip in the middle ...
4
votes
4answers
759 views

How to convert result of dissolved buffer into individual polygons?

I am wondering if there is a way to easily split results of a disolved buffer into individual polygons? E.g in the screenshot below all of these buffers are one item, can I split them into individual ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Summing attributes intersected by under a radius

Apologies - new user. I am working with QGIS on Mac OS X and with shapefiles downloaded from the US Census Bureau that show population data by state and by county. How do I: select certain points ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Creating polygons as % of original area using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a polygon shapefile and need to create new polygons, within the originals, as % of original area. I used buffer by field (Field= new area as %) but the buffers are created in circles around ...
4
votes
3answers
557 views

Buffering with physical barrier using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I don't think it is possible, but I'm looking for a way to stop my buffer at a certain physical barrier. For example, I have point near a river and I'm creating a buffer around my point that is ...
4
votes
2answers
708 views

Need Projection Help to Buffer Lines in QGIS

I need to create buffers (1km, 3km, and 5km) around the rivers of this shapefile from NOAA, something I remember being relatively simple in my GIS class. However no matter what I do the buffers I ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Multiple ring buffer with attributes

Building on ArcGIS: inside buffer with attributes?, I'd like to be able to create multiple ring buffers, while retaining (and possibly dissolving on) attribute values. How can this be done?
4
votes
2answers
476 views

PostGIS algorithm to unite points of two geometries that are within specified radius

I want to find an PostGIS algorithm to unite points of two geometries that are "near" to each other. That is: I want a function, that takes as input two geometries, and returns 1 geometry, that ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How to invert a Buffer(get the inside of a ring buffer)?

I have a line layer of a road network around which I create a buffer zone of 1000 m with Analysis Tools>Proximity>Buffer. But I am interested in the areas outside the buffer zone, and not the buffer ...
4
votes
1answer
295 views

Surface covered by buffers in QGIS

In QGIS, I have plotted buffers around points. I would like to calculate the area which falls under buffers without over counting due to buffer overlaps. Is there a quick and easy way to do this?
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Best way to get Convex Hull/Boundary of millions of points

I've been trying to do some point analysis on some xyz data, I'm at the point where I've decided it is best to produce a boundary of my xyz files and put this with the metadata for each survey. Now ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

How to create a cluster of crashes?

I have a shapefile with 52K points of road accidents, between 2007 and 2012. Each accident has a severity index. I want show clusters of 5 accidents (at least), for each year, that have a severity ...
4
votes
2answers
514 views

How to extract values from intersection of different size buffers with raster?

I have a polygon shape with buffers. However, the buffers are of different size from 4m radius to 15m. In total I have 7 different buffers. I have a landcover raster and I would like to extract ...
4
votes
1answer
933 views

FME remove polygon holes of under size ### sqft and chop the ends off

Quetion #1 I have a wokspace that takes the latest version of my data and creates buffers and then merges those to one polygon. When 2 buffer polygons are near each other and close to create a hole. I ...
4
votes
1answer
310 views

Selecting points within 2 buffers?

I have 2 huge files of points (hundreds of thousands of points). I need to determine a way to loop through all the points in one file and find all the points in the second file that are only a ...
4
votes
1answer
34 views

Extracting the cell size of a Raster as a value to use in buffering

I am creating a model in ArcGIS modelbuilder to buffer a line. I would like the buffer distance to be based on the cell size of a raster. The cell size may change depending upon which raster the user ...
4
votes
1answer
364 views

Distance from waterways using SDC file?

I have an sdc file with water bodies, i.e. oceans-rivers-lakes. I want to combine it with a shapefile with the boundaries of countries all over the world and produce two measures: 1) The average ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

find location details within circle buffer

Wondering how would i go about getting this to work. I have a table with location data (lat, long, homevalue) in sql server 2008. Given a lat long say (32.113, -81.3225), i want to draw a 50 mile ...
4
votes
1answer
67 views

Find Co-located points in single layer

I have a layer (currently the source is a csv file) with 130,000 points. Many of these points are co-located in a building room. How can I identify points that are within a small distance of another ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

Using each feature of vector layer as clip mask over separate point layer, storing results in either a Python list or in-memory scratch layer

I have a point layer (representing cities), and a set of vector layers whose features are hundreds of concentric discs, each of which I'd like to use as a clipping layer to select only the cities that ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Create uneven, different diameter ellipse around point in QGIS 2.10

I am trying to make an attribute to show the uneven spread of the crown of a tree using the four cardinal points. I can use a buffer to show one feature, in this case a root protection area. But I ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Buffering Points Directionally

I have about 10,000 points that I want to apply a partial circular buffer to based on an angle, from -30 to 135°. A similar question for polygons seems to have been answered here, but I cannot make ...
4
votes
3answers
315 views

How to compute the outline of multiple tracks?

I have multiple gps tracks with depth data gathered from the lake. The tracks are overlapping/intersecting. I want to get an outline polygon. I have a multi-line shp. I've tried to diffuse it in qgis ...
4
votes
1answer
666 views

How to maintain right-angles when buffering?

When buffering some polygons I am trying to avoid the curved buffered area like this: I'm trying to do thins within an FME workbench but if someone knows how its done in other software that would ...
4
votes
2answers
598 views

How to delimit hinterland boundaries among multiple city centers?

I need to delimit city boundaries basing on centers'magnitude. CenterA's employment/CenterB's employment = (Distance from centerA to break-point E/Distance from centerB to break-point E)^2. AB=AE+BE. ...
4
votes
2answers
593 views

Getting buffer wizard-like speed in Python (vs using MultipleRingBuffer_analysis)

I've got a script that takes a single input polygon feature, throws 10 buffers around it at tenths of a specified input distance, and then symbolises the output based on an existing layer file. ...
4
votes
1answer
459 views

automating forest cover calculations with Python

I have a layer of forest cover comprising ~ 30,000 individual forest patches, and I need to calculate the amount of forest cover within a 5 km buffer of each patch. The buffers all overlap each other, ...
4
votes
1answer
33 views

How to extract a buffer layer from a vast amount of individual buffers around polygons using ArcMap?

I have a vector layer containing nearly 8000 singlepart polygons. It looks like this: I want statistics on the area that is further than 2,5m away from any border. I thought I could do this by ...
4
votes
1answer
206 views

How to Buffer selected polygons within same feature class using ArcGIS Pro?

When editing in ArcMap a workflow I used to create a polygon feature with a donut polygon in the same feature class around it was to: Digitize the polygon Use the Buffer from the pulldown on the ...
4
votes
1answer
579 views

How to create a buffer on a linestring with varying or increasing/decreasing width

I want to buffer rivers/streams for a topographic map. I'm using a PostgreSQL/PostGIS database. Usually, I create buffer with ST_Buffer with a constant width. For example, the width of a river buffer ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

Problems with Buffer tool. Looking for help please

I am trying to create a buffer around different series of lines. I have a polylines file with 1 location shown below: I want an equal spaced buffer that is dissolved around all the lines at this ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to create fixed length (and width) buffer around a polyline in ArcMap 10?

Could someone please help me? I would need to create 100 buffers (500m x 1km) along a stream polylines. I know how to do it by using shortest distance but the buffers should follow the curves of the ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How to join number of point features into attribute of nearest line segment using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have point shapefile with lot of attributes, that represent road accidents and line shapefile with highways. What i want is to join attribute into line shapefile with value, that represent number of ...
4
votes
0answers
63 views

Buffer neighbouring polygons without overlap using QGIS

Is it possible to create a buffer around neighbouring polygons, so that the new polygons do not overlap? Preferably in QGIS but any other tool will do. So instead of the first result I would like ...
4
votes
0answers
436 views

How to create multi-ring buffers automatically in QGIS? [duplicate]

I'm wondering if anyone knows of a tool or plugin for QGIS that allows for multi-ring buffers. I've found a post about doing multiple buffers one by one, but was hoping there was a way to do this all ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Conflicting measurement units with buffer ftools

I am new to qgis and I would like to create a buffer around point features. My goal is to create a quarter mile buffer (402.336m) around each point feature, using Geoprocessing Tools -> Buffer(s), ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Using Buffer Wizard in ModelBuilder?

I am creating a model in ArcMap 10 and I need to use the Buffer Wizard tool to create multiple buffers within a polygon feature class. The problem is, I can't seem to place the Buffer Wizard within my ...