A region enclosing a point, line, or polygon at a specified distance.

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2
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1answer
296 views

Large Dataset Buffer Help

Using ArcGIS 10.1. I have a large polygon feature class (130,000 records). I need to do an inside/outside buffer (+5 then -5 to fill in some gaps)... the process takes so long, I'm looking for a way ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

How to improve upon ArcGIS Buffer/Dissolve performance?

I'm wondering if anyone else has experienced significant performance penalties when using the ArcGIS buffer function with the 'dissolve' option on point features. My dataset is a shapefile of 260 ...
7
votes
1answer
613 views

Is there a significantly faster way to buffer than arcmap? [duplicate]

I hope this question is appropriate here and I apologize if it is more of a discussion question than a specific technical problem. I have to buffer 150,000 polygons for a real estate project. While ...
2
votes
1answer
269 views

How to Buffer based on SQL expression?

Is there any way to optimize this code? It creates two buffer feature classes based on two different fields in the shapefile attribute table import arcpy from arcpy import env ## Set Workspace ...
0
votes
1answer
623 views

Geodjango: Using Lat / Lon to Buffer from Point

I want to have a radius based distance search. To do this, I want to create a buffer around a point object so that I can filter objects that are inside this buffer, a method that I learned based on a ...
1
vote
2answers
239 views

QGIS radius buffer question, can it be more circular?

Conundrum for the day, When I request a radius buffer in QGIS (Dufor). my buffer comes out as a 20-sided polygon rather than a true "circle". This has lead to some missed blocks when clipping ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

How to extract information from a buffer in ArcMap

I have a buffer in ArcMap 10 extending from a polyline, with numerous 5 km intervals (multiple buffer tool). I also have many layers already in raster format in ArcMap, including slope angle, geology, ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

USGS Earthquake GPS Metadata: Buffer Zones & Python

I'm making a python web crawler that gets USGS earthquake GPS data, and I'm wondering how I should process the latitude longitude pairs to see if it falls within a specified radius of a specified GPS ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Summing the number of intersections with a separate buffer layer

I have dabbled with ArcGIS and QGIS a bit, and I consider myself a self-taught beginner with a whole lot to learn. So, I have two layers: 1) census blocks, and 2) point data. My goal is to calculate ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

What's the use of the buffer function in field calculator?

I'm trying to find out how the buffer command in the filed calculator works. I tried to create a new field to my point shapefile (integer) with the following: buffer ($geometry, 100) but no ...
4
votes
3answers
160 views

How to shrink polygon on two sides?

I have a polygon which I know is a rectangle, although it may be at any orientation: I want to shrink this polygon by a third of the width from two sides, so that I just get the strip in the middle ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Creating Many Uneven Buffers

Qgis 2.2, Windows 7 I am looking to create buffers around city lights (the raster). Currently, I have simple polygon buffers around the point layer (oecdminusa), but this is not accurately capturing ...
7
votes
1answer
224 views

How can I conduct Geographically Weighted Analysis using an exponential decay function?

I have some points (representing 30 study sites) and I want to calculate the weighted mean of several variables (landscape layers) using a negative exponential decay (weights function) to give more ...
2
votes
0answers
162 views

How to use buffer() in QGIS Value Relation field

When adding a point, I'd like to auto-populate one of its fields (the street address) setting it to a field in the nearest point in another layer (a layer containing all existing addresses). It ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Why are my buffers not circular?

I would like to select areas under a particular circular radius in QGis. I believe this is accomplished with the buffer tool, but when I specify the radius the area is not circular. How to make it ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

Zonal Statistics Freezing QGIS 2.2

Running on Windows; 8gb memory, 500gb HD, i5 cpu; Raster file: 250mb I am having a problem with zonal statistics advancing past 17%. I am trying to run statistics on a crop grown in certain counties. ...
2
votes
1answer
157 views

Problem with matching a buffer in Openlayers and the same buffer in PostGIS query

I am using a buffer tool to create a buffer on my base map in Openlayers. In addition to creating and visualizing this buffer, I pass the center point and radius to a query. The query collects all ...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

Remove buffers of overlapping buffers

I work with ArcMap 10.2 and would like to remove buffers of the overlapping buffers, but not all overlapping buffers. So for example: I would like to remove the buffer in the middle and remain the ...
0
votes
2answers
134 views

Low resolution raster conversions to vector yielding millions of single pixel polygons. Trying to merge all directly adjacent polygons

I'm trying to scan plain pdf maps containing color-coded geographic regions and convert them into undifferentiated (I don't actually need them to contain any attribute data) overlays. My workflow is ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Select point with highest value within a buffer

I work with ArcMap 10.2.1 and I created buffers around points. Some buffers contain many points and others just one. I would like to select one point for each buffer, but the points can represent ...
2
votes
1answer
246 views

Remove overlapping buffers

I have put a buffer around points from a point data set. But some buffers overlap each other. Now I would like to remove all the buffers (from the data set) which overlap another buffer. Does ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

How to find most common classification within buffers?

I have a point shapefile that identifies the location of incinerators in England and an output area classification shapefile. I have created a buffer for all the points in the shapefile because i ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

how to mark certain distance alongside a coastline and saved as kml to import to google earth?

Hi all I would like to mark the region of 200 nautical miles away from the coastline, how can i do this? Thanks in advanced...i already try the buffering function on qgis but dont know how to create a ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

How to Simulate Venn Diagram of Buffers using QGIS?

For the sake of simplicity, suppose I have only 2 points on one layer. Point A have population of 100, and point B have population of 150. I do find buffer of these 2 points and it is intersect. I ...
0
votes
4answers
316 views

Buffer in QGIS/R is 650-670 m wide instead of 500 m

I am trying to make a 500 m buffer for my polyline layer. Unexpectedly, I receive buffer varying from 650 to 670 m, depending on location. As many resources recommend to use UTM before making a ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Zonal statistics won't work after re-projecting vector layer

I have qgis 2.0. I want to analyze raster information within a buffer of 30 miles around a vector layer of cities across the world. However, both the raster and the vector are in WGS84. I have no ...
3
votes
2answers
522 views

Creating square buffer in qgis

How can I create a buffer with square ends along a line segment in qgis? I've buffered lines using v.buffer in the GRASS plugin, but the -c option for square ends is not exposed in that interface. ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

Problems with Buffer tool. Looking for help please

I am trying to create a buffer around different series of lines. I have a polylines file with 1 location shown below: I want an equal spaced buffer that is dissolved around all the lines at this ...
2
votes
0answers
15 views

Eliminating/minimizing distortion in 200 NM EEZ buffers [duplicate]

I frequently need to calculate buffers of 200 nautical miles from country or baseline polygons in order to map maritime Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs). However, I've noticed that when generating the ...
0
votes
1answer
437 views

Units of gBuffer from rgeos package

I have this polygon: library(maptools); library(sp) setwd(system.file("shapes", package="maptools")) columbus <- readShapeSpatial("columbus.shp") proj4string(columbus) <- CRS("+proj=longlat ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Is there a tool to buffer features with more than one distance value in GRASS GIS?

I´m looking for a tool like Multiple-Ring-Buffer in ArcGIS, but for GRASS GIS to be able to buffer with different distances but only having to start the process once.
0
votes
0answers
194 views

Why does ArcGIS 10 Buffer not provide accurate geodesic buffer?

I created a shapefile following these criteria as recommended for Performing Geodesic Buffering: The input feature class must be a point or multipoint dataset. (shapefile is a point) The input ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Analyzing Raster Data From Vector Layer Buffer

I am using QGIS 2.0. I have satellite images of night-time lights all over earth. I also have a vector shapefile of country boundaries including the largest cities on earth. I want to use buffers to ...
4
votes
1answer
277 views

How to maintain right-angles when buffering?

When buffering some polygons I am trying to avoid the curved buffered area like this: I'm trying to do thins within an FME workbench but if someone knows how its done in other software that would ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

How to compute drive access to a station based on vehicle origin points? [closed]

I have a shapefile that contains station locations and another shapefile that is the geocoded origins of those who drove to the station. I would like to make a buffer around the station that shows the ...
5
votes
1answer
553 views

What is the unit of measurement for buffer calculation?

What is the unit of measurement used by Geometry class for it's buffer calculation ? Api doc currently defines it as " distance - the width of the buffer (may be positive, negative or 0)" I need to ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

Buffer Zip Region Polygon with GeoTools

What I want to achieve is to buffer a zip region geometry with a distance in meters and than get the coordinates of the new (expanded) polygon. The original geometry polygon is parsed from a kml file. ...
13
votes
4answers
1k views

Is there Python library (other than ArcPy) for geoprocessing such as buffer?

Excluding ArcPy, is there any python library which can do geoprocessing, such as buffer/intersect, with shapefiles?
0
votes
1answer
236 views

Sum of values within a buffer polygon

I need to do the following in QGIS and hope so much anyone could help. I have a vector layer with points. Each point represents a firm with the number of employees in the attribute table. I want to ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

why are my buffers not lining up with their original points despite setting the layer crs as all the same crs when I reopen my project [closed]

I am having my entire project in pseduo mercator (google earth raster image) and when I create buffers for points and then open back up my project all the buffers are offset from their points. ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Calculating loss of value from a wind turbine on surrounding properties depending on distance

I have to evaluate where installing a turbine would be most efficient, depending on wind speed and price of properties surrounding each cell in a raster. The cost on value of properties is computed ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Can I “undo” buffering of a point layer in QGIS?

I have point layer, where each point is one tree, about 1300 trees in total. I made buffers around each tree, the buffer being the height of each tree in QGIS 2.0.1. My next step was to use Spatial ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Create new layer by selection within ModelBuilder in ArcMap 10?

I have a basic abutters model built so far. Right now I have it set up to: Select a parcel by an expression. Buffer parcel by a value. Select by location which highlights all parcels within the ...
1
vote
2answers
747 views

How can I create a merged buffer in QGIS then count points that fall within it

I have a QGIS plan which shows ponds (as points in a shape file with an OS tile as a background) within a survey area. I need to calculate the total number of ponds within 1 km of each of the on-site ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

Creating a point buffer along a road network [duplicate]

I have a road network and have added points indicating fire hall locations. How would i go about creating buffers on those points following the road line. The result am i looking for would create a ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

How to restrict buffer extent within land area only?

I need to create buffer for a point feature, but the buffer area will be restricted within the land area only. For example consider the following: A buffer of say 500 km radius is to be generated ...
0
votes
2answers
662 views

postGIS union multiple tables, big dataset, faster approach?

my goal is simple. I want to union a given set of shapefiles. In the shapefile are stored polygons. The data bounding box is germany, so the data is relatively big. I tried to use all functions ...
1
vote
1answer
598 views

Creating Buffer from field in Attribute table

I have a shapefile in ArcMap with about 30 polygons and want create an inside buffer, using a different value for the distance of each buffer on each polygon. I was wondering if there was a way to use ...
2
votes
2answers
172 views

Set projection/CRS in map and shapefile to produce buffer

I simply want to create a buffer of a specific size, around a single point. When I create a buffer it uses degrees/ or radians, or whatever, and the buffer is created that covers the whole screen. I ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

Clipping multipart polygons iteratively

I have a shapefile of buffers (n=10) and a shapefile of watersheds (n=10). Both shapefile contain overlapping features. I would like to clip each watershed feature with it's corresponding buffer, ...