A region enclosing a point, line, or polygon at a specified distance.

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6
votes
2answers
744 views

How to create an oriented buffer using arcpy?

I would like to create an oriented buffer for every polygon in my shapefile using arcpy. By oriented I mean that I have two angles a1 and a2 that constraint the direction of the buffer. This is ...
10
votes
1answer
6k views

Understanding QGIS buffer tool units?

I have been trying to figure this out for a couple weeks now and have had no luck getting the buffer tool to accept anything but degrees as units of measure. I have found lots of stuff saying the ...
13
votes
4answers
3k views

How to create one-sided buffers or parallel lines in PostGIS?

I'm looking for a way to create so-called one-sided buffers or parallel lines in PostGIS. Example: 1. buffer, 2. one-side, 3. both-sides I've found some discussion on the mailing list from 2009 and ...
13
votes
4answers
12k views

Creating square buffer around point feature using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I would like to create a square buffer from a point feature but I do not understand the code that goes into it. Similar questions have been asked on the forums.esri website but that was over 10 ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Calculate population within radius

I have population data matched with polygons and a set of points that I have drawn buffers around. Assuming that the population within each geographical area, i.e. the polygons, is evenly distributed, ...
7
votes
3answers
605 views

Is there a st_buffer inverse function, that returns a width estimation?

When you supply a geometry g1 and a width w to the standard OGC function ST_Buffer, it returns a new geometry g2, g2 = ST_Buffer(g1,w) This question is about the inverse: a function where you ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

How to improve upon ArcGIS Buffer/Dissolve performance?

I'm wondering if anyone else has experienced significant performance penalties when using the ArcGIS buffer function with the 'dissolve' option on point features. My dataset is a shapefile of 260 ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Creating multiple buffers using QGIS?

I'm new to QGIS and have no programming skills. Is there an easy/uncomplicated way to create multiple buffers around a line feature?
6
votes
1answer
1k views

ArcGIS: inside buffer with attributes?

How can I create buffers for polygons that a) lie only inside the polygon boundary, and b) know who their parent is? An example of where this is useful is First Nation Traditional Territories. There ...
5
votes
1answer
252 views

What is the width of the beach of a little island polygon?

This is a "classic" problem, that have no practical utility (see note-1 for applications), but illustrate another GIS problems... We can do some approximations to modeling the situation, the real ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Creating a Polyline Buffer in OpenLayers

I was wondering if there was a way to create a buffer around a polyline feature in OpenLayers. I have created a tool that allows the user to draw a circle buffer zone of whatever size and style they ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Growing a PostGIS geometry by a percentage

I'm looking for a way to add a buffer around a PostGIS geometry, but the size of the buffer should depend on size of the geometry. That is, I want each geometry to be enlargened by, say, 5%. The idea ...
4
votes
2answers
409 views

Getting buffer wizard-like speed in Python (vs using MultipleRingBuffer_analysis)

I've got a script that takes a single input polygon feature, throws 10 buffers around it at tenths of a specified input distance, and then symbolises the output based on an existing layer file. ...
4
votes
3answers
431 views

Buffering with physical barrier using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I don't think it is possible, but I'm looking for a way to stop my buffer at a certain physical barrier. For example, I have point near a river and I'm creating a buffer around my point that is ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

For every point create a wedge

How does one create a wedge polygon from a point? If I have 2000 points, I want each to have a wedge starting at each point with each point having a defined azimuth that the wedge points toward. That ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Creating “Inner Buffer” using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I am currently searching for how to create an "Inner Buffer" in ArcGIS for Desktop? I have a lot of polygons (houses) in one feature class, and one big polygon (in another feature class). I want so ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

projection change to create buffer in QGIS

I am about to become desperate... I like to create buffer around several points - if possible - with a declaration of the size in km of these buffers. Just to show you what I am working with: My ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the Workflow for buffering in meters/km using WGS84 layers?

I'm a little bit new to GIS, so bear with me a minute.... I'm using QGIS 1.7.4-Wroclaw and working with an SHP layer in WGS84. I want to buffer out to a certain number of kilometers from this layer ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How to calculate the size of a particular area below a buffer in QGIS

I have a point shapefile of villages where data was collected in Northern Kenya. I created a buffer around those villages. The second vector layer contains polygons defining areas according to ...
4
votes
4answers
513 views

ArcGis 10 - create polygons as % of original

Could someone help me with the following? I have a polygon shapefile and need to create new polygons, within the originals, as % of original area. I used buffer by field (Field= new area as %) but the ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Conflicting measurement units with buffer ftools

I am new to qgis and I would like to create a buffer around point features. My goal is to create a quarter mile buffer (402.336m) around each point feature, using Geoprocessing Tools -> Buffer(s), ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to create a polygon (fixed width buffer) around a polygon in QGIS?

I have created a polygon in QGIS (in this case it describes a country's maritime baseline). I need to create a second polygon whose boundary is a fixed distance from the original polygon. (in this ...
2
votes
1answer
297 views

Large Dataset Buffer Help

Using ArcGIS 10.1. I have a large polygon feature class (130,000 records). I need to do an inside/outside buffer (+5 then -5 to fill in some gaps)... the process takes so long, I'm looking for a way ...
10
votes
5answers
6k views

Performing a reverse clip in ArcMap?

Is there a way to perform a 'reverse' of the clip function in ArcMap, I'm not exactly sure how to explain this so here's a diagram:
6
votes
2answers
768 views

memory issue when trying to buffer/union large dataset using postgis

I am trying to generated a dissolved buffer of a large point dataset (Ideally 29 million points - Address data in Great-Britain, but I receive the data by chunks of 1 million points, so these could be ...
5
votes
1answer
481 views

How can I create a pollutant dispersion raster in QGIS?

As my previous questions have indicated, I am working on an air quality problem where I have a dataset of industrial emissions that consists of a location (long, lat), and an annual volume of ...
2
votes
2answers
226 views

What's the best way to determine if a point is within a certain distance of a GEOJSON polygon?

What's the best way to determine if a point is within a certain distance of a GEOJSON polygon? Should one use TurfJS buffer method (https://github.com/Turfjs/turf-buffer#turf-buffer)? Can one perform ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

When should I use ST_Buffer?

I would like to know what is the sense of using st_buffer operation. In PostGIS reference guide there is only the syntax and a short description of this operation. Could you give some examples to ...
1
vote
1answer
210 views

calculate the population inside a buffer with census data

I have population data matched with polygons and a set of points that I have drawn buffers around. Assuming that the population within each geographical area, i.e. the polygons, is evenly distributed, ...
1
vote
2answers
268 views

Buffer point dataset based on compared value

I am creating polygons from the dissolved buffers of points and need to control the dissolve process. In the model the first stage is to assign high/med/blackspot using the following f2='ERROR' def ...
0
votes
6answers
3k views

batch buffer with python in arcgis 10

Hi friends: i have some feature class(7 feature classes) and I want to batch buffer in ArcGIS 10 . I don't know how can I buffer at once. Please help me. sincerely
12
votes
4answers
2k views

How to buffer in pyQGIS?

I'm looking for some examples to do simple python scripts in QGIS. How would I do a buffer analysis on a dataset? I can't seem to find much in the manual and QGIS python that quite matches the Esri ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

Buffering Points Directionally

I have about 10,000 points that I want to apply a partial circular buffer to based on an angle, from -30 to 135°. A similar question for polygons seems to have been answered here, but I cannot make ...
4
votes
2answers
216 views

How to achieve “Flat-End” line buffers in QGIS?

I need to buffer a series of lines by 40m, however I only want the buffer to come off the sides and not off either end of the line. I know in ArcGIS there is a "flat-ends" tickbox that achieves ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Multiple ring buffer with attributes

Building on ArcGIS: inside buffer with attributes?, I'd like to be able to create multiple ring buffers, while retaining (and possibly dissolving on) attribute values. How can this be done?
3
votes
1answer
3k views

creating a buffer in a raster layer

I've got a raster layer separated into 3 zones, representative of marine park zones. What i'm trying to do is make it so that where zone 1 is adjacent to zone 3, there is a "buffer" between them, of ...
3
votes
2answers
581 views

How to do a Point to Polygon analysis with multiple variables?

I have a database of almost 10k crimes, which are divided in to 10 categories and plotted on a map I also have a database of 12k addresses, which are also plotted on the map. I aim to perform a ...
2
votes
2answers
60 views

Buffer Problems While Using Model Builder

I've created a model that is supposed to allow a user to select an area of road and will then highlight the attributes within a user-specified buffer distance from the selected area. This is what I've ...
2
votes
1answer
306 views

create polygons and fishnets of specific size and orientation and buffers

I want to study 6 areas in the field and in order to do so I want to divide each one of them into smaller areas/parts. What I would like to do is find an average square or rectangle area surface ...
2
votes
1answer
280 views

How to create multiple buffers around line at equal intervals without typing in every value?

I have a line in ArcMap 10.2, and want to create lines to the right of it at 100 m, 200 m, 300 m etc. up until 1.7 km. Obviously typing in these values under 'multiple ring buffers' will take too much ...
2
votes
2answers
255 views

Why does the buffer take up whole screen?

I am trying to create buffers around the Hurricane Sandy path I created in QGIS (points are lat/long). I have both points from each day she was tracted and the line I created from it with Points2One. ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How to set linear units for Buffer distance from arcpy.GetParametersAsText()?

I am trying to run a buffer tool as part of script that I will both use as a standalone script and import into ArcToolbox. I'm just wondering, if I use GetParametersAsText for the buffer distance, how ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

polygons won't buffer in ArcMap

I have been trying to buffer 15 polygons (-15m) in ArcMap. I did a batch buffer and 13 polygons worked fine, the other 2 have not buffered, an error occurs: WARNING 000117: Warning empty output ...
2
votes
1answer
272 views

how to extract overlap from non-dissolved buffer zones in qgis 1.7.4

I have a shapefile with the inventory of all limetree in a region. I made a buffer around each tree. So, the place where buffers overlap each other is the best place to put beehives. Is there a way ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

ERROR 000800 when trying to snap points layer to line or buffer layer

I am very new to GIS, so go easy on me. I am using ArcCatalog 10.0 and trying to snap a set of points to another layer that has roads in it. The points represent 10th miles along the road. Here are ...
1
vote
2answers
217 views

Correct use of buffering by field (distance) in ArcGIS for Desktop?

I am trying to create a buffer in meters around some points using a field with the distance. However I cannot assign a distance type to use and by default I assume it's doing decimal degrees (I am ...
1
vote
2answers
138 views

How can I calculate how many of a certain feature lie within my various buffer rings?

I am using ArcMap and I have a series of real estate parcels mapped along with a series of wind turbines. I have created multiple buffer rings around each real estate parcel with distances (0.5, 1, ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Sum a field in buffer intersection

I have looked and do not see this answered in any other discussions. Purpose: Site suitability analysis for brewers spent grain processing facility Method: Locate intersecting buffers with greatest ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

How to Buffer with Dissolve ALL on very large polyline dataset? [duplicate]

So I have a fairly large polyline network covering a decent chunk of North America, containing just shy of 900,000 table records. I want to do some very simple "GIS 101" kind of processing to it -- I ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Select point with highest value within a buffer

I work with ArcMap 10.2.1 and I created buffers around points. Some buffers contain many points and others just one. I would like to select one point for each buffer, but the points can represent ...