# Tagged Questions

In geometry, the centroid, geometric center, or barycenter of a plane figure or two-dimensional shape X is the intersection of all straight lines that divide X into two parts of equal moment about the line. Informally, it is the "average" (arithmetic mean) of all points of X. The definition extends ...

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### Polygon Centroid Options and Appropriateness (FeatureToPoint, Labels, etc)?

I've found a couple of other Stack Exchange questions related to this, but they were not satisfying. For example: How does ArcGIS Desktop calculate INSIDE point for Feature to Point? does not tell ...
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### How to find multiple centers of gravity?

Say I have a number of customers in a geographical area, marked "c": Each customer has a Lat/Long. I would like to find x number of points, in the same space, that best serve the customers, ie. ...
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### Calculate The Minimum Distance from Polygon Centroid to Edge

I am looking to calculate the minimum distance from the Center of a polygon (A crescent shaped polygon would have a center inside the polygon) to its edge. I have parcel data and I am trying to ...
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### Obtaining Centroid from Polygon in SQL Server 2008 R2

I have several spatial layers created in QGIS that are held as spatial data in SQL Server 2008 R2. What I want to do is to find the centroid (OS Easting and Northing) of the polygon from the geometry. ...
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### How to select centroid of multiple nearby points with same attribute

This question is very similar to #131823, that is not solved yet. I want to merge several points like bus stops into one single point in the centroid of all selected points. The bus stops have a ...
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### How to automate calculation of distance between a zip code (centroid) and an address within one line of data?

I have a large data set of federal contracts which includes two pieces of spatial data per entry (or line): the zip code in which the project took place and the address of the contractor. I am ...
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### How exactly is the centroid of polygons calculated?

I would like to know how exactly QGIS Geometry tools -> polygon centroid is calculating the point coordinates. For example does it divide the boarder of the polygon into small points, take two pairs ...
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### Where can I obtain an up-to-date list of US ZIP Codes with Latitude and Longitude Geocodes?

NOTE: This began as a question on Stack Overflow, which has subsequently been closed. I also noticed a similar question about Most Up-To-Date Source for US Zip Code Boundaries, but I believe this ...
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### How to add Lat/long columns to a point layer which is not in WGS84?

I need to extract the Lat/long coordinates of the centroids of districts. My QGIS project SCR and the different layers have all been set on "WGS 84 / UTM zone 18N". I've created the centroids using ...
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### What is the difference between data access's “SHAPE@XY” and “SHAPE@TRUECENTROID” tokens?

Data Access Search Cursor. What, if anything, is the difference between the tokens "SHAPE@XY" and "SHAPE@TRUECENTROID"? They returned the same coordnates on a test polygon: >>> cursor = ...
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### Referencing a raster by center coordinate

I'm concerned with producing mosaics from UAV thermal IR video frames. I exported several several frames containing the temperature values in a matrix (.csv). From camera specifications and flight ...
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### Identify polygons greater than n-th percentile and perform further analyses using arcpy

My goal is to identify tracts that are above the 99 percentile of a variable (xvar), to dissolve contiguous tracts by summing a variable (yvar), and to get the coordinates of the centroids ...
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### Coordinates of cities and villages in The Gambia/Senegal

I am looking for sources of geo-referenced data on villages and cities (or all other things there are) in The Gambia (and Senegal if available). One issue with geocoding in rural West Afrika is the ...
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### Zip + 4 Centroids

I have a data set with ZIP +4 codes, and ideally, I'd like to map them (their centroids) as points. I'm not interested in their boundaries (since they're not really geographies anyway). Does anyone ...
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### Calculating population statistics for postcode centroids

Perhaps this isn't really specifically a GIS question, but I've been using ArcMap to measure distances from the access points of green spaces in Bristol to postcode centroids and would like to use ...
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### How do I find the centroid of each patch in a raster?

I am trying to get the centroid of a several areas in a large raster data set. The output needs to be raster format, with one pixel representing the center of each patch, in the same resolution as ...
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### How does ArcGIS Desktop calculate INSIDE point for Feature to Point?

Let me back up and say that from what I understand there are two common ways to calculate the centroid of a polygon in ArcGIS Desktop: Using Calculate Geometry on fields within the attribute table ...
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### how to assign the same centroid to polygons grouped by ID , R

I have a SpatialPolygonDataFrame object from a shapefile of different zip codes in New York state, many zip codes are represented by several polygons( for different reasons) so I want to assign the ...
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### Finding centroids for icosahedral gnomonic projection?

I've been trying to create an icosahedral gnomonic projection, like this example by Jason Davies or this one (the Fisher projection). The method that I initially used was using the centroid of each ...
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### Distance to nearest hub output not correct

In QGIS 2.6, I'm working with two point layers: center of the population per census tract and stores that accept food stamps. I'm using "distance to nearest hub" to calculate nearest food stamp outlet ...
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### Error adding feature to centroids in QGIS [closed]

I want to map forest stands. I have the compartments as centroids and I am trying to add a feature by snapping to them and creating polygons. Each time I click, however, it displays a box titled ...
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### How to move a point shapefile to the centroid of a polygon?

I have this point shapefiles on top of a bounded polygon. I would like to move each point to the centroid of each bounded polygon. Is there an automatic way in ArcGis 10.1 of solving this? Like in the ...
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### How to take polygon centroid in Postgis

I have table with column name,Latitude and Longitude.I want to update this with polygon name and its centroid latitude longitude.I know there is a function in postgis st_centroid(geometry). But I want ...
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### Combining different geometry types into same feature class?

I've searched the question in this blog. Maybe I don't use the right words but anyway my problem is not present in any post so I'll try to explain my question by opening a new one. I have a polygon ...
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### Color polygon centroid according to attribute value in GRASS

I have many polygons in GRASS and want to color them according to their T-value. I can use v.colors and define a color table. That works fine when I plot the areas of the polygons. However, I would ...
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### How to determine the centroid of polygons?

I have a polygon vector and I want to quickly attain the centroid of this polygon for insertion in a text document. I am working with QGIS. I searched through other questions and although some are ...
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### Problem with MySQL CENTROID() in 5.6

We're testing out an upgrade to MySQL 5.6 to take advantage of it's enhanced GIS functionality, and we ran into this problem: SET @mpoly = GeomFromText('MULTIPOLYGON(((0 0,0 2,2 2,2 0,0 0)),((0 4,0 ...
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### Why does qgis give multiple centroids per polygon?

I have a shapefile for the boundaries of European NUTS regions, and I would like to compute the centroid for each of those regions. When I do this in QGIS (2.6.1 on OSX, using polygon centroids from ...
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### Arc - how do I find the coordinates of the centroid of a raster?

How do I find the coordinates of the centre / centroid of a raster? I have tried Zonal Geometry but this does not give me the coordinates. I need to find the centroids of two rasters and create ...
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### Routes through centroids and array functions

I have a table stopcentroids4 like in figure with the following fields: gid, routes, geom and i want to draw a line for each route that runs through centroids. In my code there is a mistake. ...
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### Drawing routes through centroids

According with this link http://workshops.boundlessgeo.com/postgis-intro/advanced_geometry_construction.html I'm creating lines that describe routes. I have a table stopcentroids4 like in figure with ...
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### Finding census block with highest pop. value within the census tract

In QGIS, I'm trying to plot a centroid of only the census block with the highest population within each census tract. So there should only be one point per tract- that of the block with the greatest ...
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### Postgis routes diagram point-to-point

I have a set of centroids to which are related a set of points characterized by linename. The table with the points contains these fields: id ¦ linename ¦ lat ¦ lon¦ I would like to make a diagram ...
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### How to connect centroids of lines sharing the same intersection in QGIS?

I'm looking for a big help to accomplish the following task: I have this street network of the center of Turin (IT), composed by lines representing streets, and black points representing ...
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### Shortest distance from polygon centroids to a line in QGIS

To get the distance of each polygon centroid from a line, I have tried the Distance to nearest hub algorithm from the Processing Toolbox. The distances I got from the algorithm did not seem correct, ...
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### How can I find the center of the circle or ellipse I just created

I need to draw circles and ellipses with a certain length/width/ radius. I used the rectangles ovals digitizing plugin to create them, but only measured roughly the circles' radiuses. It would be ...
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### How to compute weighted centroids in PostGIS?

I have a group of points and each point has an associated count value. How can I calculate the centroid of the group weighted by the values associated to each point?
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### Looking for information on methods or algorithms used to calculate centroid from polygons across software

Looking for information on methods or algorithms used to calculate point centroids from polygons across software. ArcGIS uses a "gravity model" but can someone point me to the math or a paper on the ...
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### Buffering points bounded within polygons

I've checked around and didn't see this one yet, hoping somebody can help me out (preferably without code, but I'm all ears). I'm using arcGIS 10.1 on an i5 win7 machine with 16g RAM. Not a xeon but ...
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### List of central coordinates for all countries?

I need a list of the central points for all countries: China: lat/long (coordinates of the most central point in China) France: lat/long (coordinates of the most central point in France) etc...
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### OpenLayers: How to get *real* centroid of a Line Geometry/Feature?

I have declared a line geometry as: var lineString = new OpenLayers.Geometry.LineString([source,target]); then I am trying to get the centroid of this lineString as lineString.getCentroid(). But ...
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### How to get the centroid of a set of points in POSTGIS?

I use PostgreSQL with POSTGIS extension. I have a set of points in the_geom column from a table myshema.myobjects I would want create a select statement to get the centroid of this cluster, so from a ...
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### Calculating Centroids with Zonal Geometry in ArcGIS

I have a shapefile containing polygons. Each polygon is defined by its postal code. I want to calculate the centroid of each polygon using Zonal Geometry. Sadly, for some polygons there are no ...
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### assign and move centroids to their polygons

I m using QGIS 1.8 Lisboa. After calculating the centroids from a polygon shapefile, if some of them lie outside the polygon outlines, I'd like to move them on the polygon they came from. The ...
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### How to calculate a population weighted centroid using a raster and shape file in QGIS?

I am very new to QGIS so please help me with a step by step answer. I have a raster file with population count and a shape file based on a large population and shape file. I have successfully created ...
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### How to get a set of all buildings of an OpenStreetMap section in form of single points / Multiple polygons as one point

The objective is to get a set of all buildings of an Open Street Map section in form of single points in a shapfile. I downloaded the section from osm. Imported the section into QGIS (and later ...
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### Qgis creating point within complex shapes (with holes) [duplicate]

I'm looking for a tool to create a point in every polygon, that will be placed in the polygon. these are complex shapes with holes. the point must not put in those holes! the "plugin RealCentroid" ...
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### Find the vertices of an ROI in XROI using IDL

I need to find the vertices of an ROI shape created in IDL's XROI, so that I can redraw the ROI on multiple images. I know you can find the centroid, area and perimeter with the GEOMETRY command, but ...