The process of sorting or arranging entities into groups or categories; on a map, the process of representing members of a group by the same symbol, usually defined in a legend.

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19
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9answers
4k views

Which Tools do you use for Classification of Remote Sensing Data?

Which tool do you prefer to use for classification of remote sensing data, e.g. classifying land use, and why? Which other tools have you tried, and why did you decide against them?
13
votes
6answers
2k views

Freeware alternatives to eCognition?

Does anyone know any good freeware alternatives to eCognition? I need to do image segmentation and classification. I tryed the ecognition trial and it was really good. I'm doing the job with SPRING, ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Land Cover Feature Extraction from Satellite Imagery

I'm interested in a low-cost or open source solution for creating land cover GIS layers that utilize both spectral and textural extraction algorithms. I have used PCI Geomatica, ENVI, and Feature ...
10
votes
6answers
1k views

What is this “brown spot” in Google maps?

I was in Google maps today and noticed near Baltimore, US where the river is, there's a huge brown spot. Is this due to all of the waste? If so, will this keep going all the way into the ocean?
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Open software tool or QGIS plug-in to make land cover classification

Is there any tool or plugin for QGIS/GRASS to make an automatic land cover classification from satellite imagery --- based on CLC nomenclature for example? Of course, it will not be 100% sure but it ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Best source for high-resolution satellite images free/low-cost?

I am doing a household survey in Kenya, and I need to ensure that my survey team visits every house within a given area. I've been going to google maps and right-clicking on roofs to get coordinates ...
7
votes
2answers
126 views

How to classify agriculture employment data?

I have employment data which are huge - about 500 data for each category, like agriculture field, fishing field etc. Now I want to categorise this data in to 7 ranges. Suppose <50=1, >50-100=2, ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Permanently Change ArcMap's “Maximum Sample Size” Setting?

I've lately been working on feature classes with a huge number of polygons (e.g. all of the Census blocks within the Chicago metro area). I've been needing to symbolize them by quantities a fair ...
7
votes
1answer
185 views

View data of a particular year in Google Earth

For my region in India, Google Earth tiles belong to different years, 2003 - 2010. I don't mean GE's historical view feature but the imagery updates for different areas my region. I classify Landsat ...
6
votes
2answers
133 views

what's the difference between spectral signature and features in remote sensing?

I would like to understand if is there any difference or relation between spectral signature concept and features in remote sensing?
6
votes
3answers
301 views

Is it possible to automate the detection of clearcut areas in optical satellite imagery?

Given optical satellite or aerial imagery of a resolution similar to the image below, is it possible to accurately detect clearcut areas? Is their research or documentation that supports a specific ...
6
votes
3answers
184 views

Classifying small structure in water using IR band

I was wondering how to identify small structures (eg. beacons) in a water body. I have worked with RGB images and its almost impossible to classify waterbodies in these images. How does IR band help ...
6
votes
3answers
178 views

Best practices for identifying training sites

Prior to image classification, collection of training sites and obtaining a signature file is the most critical step. Field visits with a reliable GPS Unit is usually the first step followed by ...
6
votes
1answer
666 views

How to perform unsupervised classification of LANDSAT time series using Grass?

I'm using GRASS to perform an unsupervised classification on a time series of LANDSAT images (monthly temporal res, over 30 years), in order to compare land cover change in a particular area. I'm ...
6
votes
0answers
393 views

Land Classification with Spectral Python (SPy) [closed]

Does anyone have experience working with the Spectral Python module for land classification? The following k-means clustering example takes an iterative approach to classification through pixel ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Which methods are most suited to classifying urban areas from Landsat imagery?

I am trying to use Landsat data to map urban extents over time. I need to perform a classification into built up / non built up areas. I am new to image classification. I have access to the following ...
5
votes
3answers
212 views

How to generalize training data for a random forest classifier?

I am working with a random forest classifier in eCognition (new with eCognition 9.0). The image shows 8 NAIP tiles I am attempting to classify using approximately 100 training points. The training ...
5
votes
1answer
263 views

ArcMap Natural Breaks Classification

I realize that ESRI is calling their implementation of Fisher-Jenks proprietary. Given the performance with mid-sized datasets, either a significant optimization or a sampling method are being ...
5
votes
2answers
262 views

How to know what spectrum image layers are in eCognition?

I'm learning to use eCognition (8.1) and my teacher has provided me with some example tif files to segment and classify. The tif files have multiple layers, each of which are supposed to represent a ...
5
votes
1answer
127 views

How to design class breaks for a time series of choropleth maps?

I'm working with a time series of choropleth maps showing the same indicator for the same administrative boundaries, but spanning period of nine years. What would be the most appropriate strategy of ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Reclass for vector data in ArcGIS

I've got a vector dataset (in fact, OS MasterMap data) and I want to set the value of a certain field based on the value of another field. For example: Field1 Field2 Building 20 Grass ...
4
votes
3answers
632 views

Remote sensing: How to define landuse from remote sensing data?

I am trying to research ways into obtaining landuse data for a project which calculates the visual impacts of wind parks. I have a DEM and DOPs for a relatively large region (5000km²), but I have no ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to train a signature file for supervised classification in ArcGIS 9.3

I wanna do supervised classification in ArcGIS 9.3. I have a 321RGB composite of a pretty good quality which I want to use for supervised classification. How can I create signature file which contains ...
4
votes
3answers
96 views

Extracting tree crown areas from remote sensing data (visual images and LiDAR)

I am looking for a method to process a remote sensing image and extract the crown areas of the individual trees from the image. I have both visual wavelength areal imagery, and lidar data from the ...
4
votes
1answer
176 views

How do I manually classify graduated data in QGIS?

Is there any way to manually classify Graduated Data in Qgis. In ArcGIS I always used to apply first the natural breaks method to find adequate group sizes for good visual interpretation. Afterwards I ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

Identify shadow on Landsat image by Hillshade Tool (spatial analysis) in ArcGIS?

I would like to automaticaly identify shadows on Landsat scene in mountaineus area using Hillshade Tool (ArcGIS 10.1). I have 1 Landsat image from one date DEM (SRTM) from the same area To create ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

Is it possible, and if so how, to effectively classify vegetation types using false near infra red imagery?

Background : I use near infra-red imagery to delineate wetlands and water bodies with good success. It's also obvious to distinguish between new healthy vegetation and older growth and land areas with ...
4
votes
1answer
290 views

Creating management zones in NDVI ortho maps with contour like lines

This question is hard to explain so if you have a possible answer I would love to hear it. I work in the precision agriculture business which heavily relies on NDVI calculations but need to create ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

What does Error 000885: Input Signature file does not have file extension indicate?

I can't run a Maximum Likelihood Classification because an Error 000885 says my input signature file does not have a file extension but it actually does as you can see in the picture. What am I ...
3
votes
1answer
349 views

Cloud and Snow Differentiation

I am doing unsupervised classification of a mountaneous terrain and I have used 500 classes to classify the land use. In my result, cloud and the snow are categorized in the same class. How do I ...
3
votes
1answer
211 views

QGIS 2.4.0 Chugiak How to remove topographic effects like shadows from landsat image

I am using QGIS 2.4.0 Chugiak on my windows 8.1, for classification of landsat 5-7 image that contains hilly mountains with dense forest and 60% area are plains. I am classifying through ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

How do I classify number values in Python to assign it to a group?

I have calculated the number of points that exists for a SqMi area and am trying now to assign it to a certain group based on where it falls in the classification. Does anyone know a tool that I can ...
3
votes
2answers
257 views

calculate coastline at risk

I have an idea of what I want to do but I don't know yet what tools will bring me there. I have administrative boundaries in one layer and coastline in another layer. The coastline is categorized in ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

How to easily identify/classify coniferous forest from one date Landsat image?

I am pretty new in remote sensing and I am trying to identify/classify coniferous forest cover from single date Landsat scene. According to my preliminary web research I have these possibilities: ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Standard Terminology for User's and Producer's Accuracy

In the literature I see terms such as, User's accuracy Pr( Y = c | X = c); Producer's accuracy Pr( X = c | Y = c); where X is the estimator of a particular land use, Y is the random variable ...
3
votes
1answer
290 views

Questions regarding the processing of mosaic Landsat 8

Approximate Translation of Original Question: A question of theoretical and practical about the mosaic of satellite images. I have 3 different months of Landsat images, which need to accomplish the ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

QGIS Quantile method

I have a question about the quantile classification in QGIS (2.6 and master, windows or linux). I used the points in polygon fonction. I have 100 polygons. In the attributes of my 100 polygon I get ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Spatial Classification

I am not sure what to call my problem. From this image, I have a set of classified polygons (colored). I would like a way to classify the white polygons in the image. I don’t have any attributes to ...
3
votes
1answer
427 views

How to build a confusion matrix for image classification using SAGA or QGIS?

I did a supervised classification of a Landsat image subset using my training data polygons. I used SAGA GIS for that and everything worked out fine. Now I am stuck since I have no clue how to ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Sample classification datasets?

I was looking for some publicly available ground data classification datasets, specifically, locations in e.g. latitude/longitude with a description of the land cover/land use, and a reference e.g. ...
3
votes
1answer
376 views

Standard Colors for Landcover Maps

I have classified Landsat images into five classes - A variety of Palm, Water bodies, built-up/open area, other vegetation and miscellaneous. I used GRASS GIS for the process and the final classified ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Is there another way to acces the histogram in ArcGis 10

i need the histogram of the frequency to heights distribution like in the attached picture. Is there another toolkit to access this data? A screenshot is not suitable :) The attribute table is not ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Convex Hull in SAGA Gis

How does one go about creating a convex hull from a set of points in SAGA GIS? I read that this is possible in QGIS, but I prefer SAGA and would like to see if it is possible. Furthermore, if it is ...
3
votes
0answers
28 views

Appropriate resolution of images for image classification?

I am attempting to perform image classification on some maps that I have in PNG format. This classification is failing due to there being too many many pixels in the training samples (I appear to be ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Handling mountain shadows when classifying Landsat 8

I'm trying to classify some area in northern Mongolia using Landsat 8 satellite images from 2013. Since the recordings were made in winter, the sun is very low at the acquisition time. Therefore there ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

How to use WEKA J48 classifier for satellite image classifications

Basically I am trying to build a tool from WEKA software using the J48 classifier for automatic satellite image classification to build landuse land cover maps. Could somebody please help, as I am not ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

ISOdata classifier in QGIS?

Is there a function that produces an ISODATA unsupervised classification in QGIS? The only unsupervised classification function I can find is a KMeans.
3
votes
0answers
378 views

What is the convergence threshold for ArcGIS Iso Cluster?

The ArcGIS tool Iso Cluster Unsupervised Classification does not seem to have any documentation on the convergence threshold used in the tool. To compare, Erdas Imagine has all of the necessary ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Classified Images of RandomForest-Classification look clustered

I performed a RF-classification. I have 6 bands, ~250 trainingpoints in a shapefile, OOB estimate of error rate: 1.56% Picture of take trainingpoints added. My code: ...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

Standard deviation classification in QGIS

Is it possible to implement Standard deviation classification in QGIS symbology of a layer like in ArcGIS: http://webhelp.esri.com/arcgisdesktop/9.3/index.cfm?TopicName=Standard_deviation I need to ...