0
votes
0answers
31 views

What projected coordinate system to use for whole of USA? [duplicate]

I need to determine a projected coordinate system for a wide area that exceeds more than one zone? For Example: If I want to give US a UTM projection which zone will be represent the whole US? ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

which Coordinate system should I use for 3D analysis?

I am creating 3D surface below the earth's surface using ArcGIS and then I need to find distances to the plane from the surface. Which coordinate system shall I use? 3D interfaces like IProximity3D ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Why can't I reproject from HARN State Plane Ft Intl to State Plane Ft?

I'm attempting to reproject a feature class that is: NAD_1983_HARN_StatePlane_Oregon_North_FIPS_3601_Feet_Intl to our standard, which is: NAD_1983_StatePlane_Oregon_North_FIPS_3601_Feet When I ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

What's the correct way to reproject a population raster?

I'm working with a population raster that is in the WGS84 coordinate system, and I want to get it into a projected coordinate system (Albers Equal Area), using ArcGIS 10.1. According to the metadata, ...
3
votes
2answers
41 views

Choosing projection to use for Least-Cost Path analysis at continental scale?

I am trying to find least cost paths from the southern USA to the Great Lakes region (for example). My resistance layers are currently in an equal area projection but I'm wondering if I should convert ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Creating a custom Lambert Conformal Conic projection in ArcGIS 10.1 and/or 10.2.2

referring to the table below, I am trying to use the values on the left from another program that uses different terms for the parameters of a custom projection. I just wanted to make sure that ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Coordinate System Alignment

I have four shapefiles with different original projections that I am trying to bring into ArcMap 10.2. How do I set these four shapefiles to a single projection that will display the layers correctly? ...
0
votes
2answers
46 views

How to set a coordinate transformation GRID

Does anyone know how to set a coordinate transformation in qgis so I can measure the distances in meters or kilometers? If anyone has a clue, would be just great. Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Project one layer in qgis using projection CRS of another layer

I am using QGIS 1.6 and have imported a set of latitude, longitude points from a csv file as a layer. I also have another layer from a shape file. When I go to layer->properties for the second layer I ...
0
votes
3answers
45 views

Defining custom projection using baseline survey coordinates

I have CAD data that I need to incorporate into a GIS analysis. The CAD data does not have a defined projection, but the drawings include a table of survey baseline points. I need to know if I can ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Changing layer extent to decimal degrees?

Using ArcMap or ArcGIS 10 ... In the photo below, you can see my extent is in meters while my projected coordinate system is in decimal degrees. How can I convert my layer extent to decimal degrees? ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

How to find Latitudes and Longitudes of projections of the vertices of a rectangular plane below earth's surface?

I want to find out the latitudes and longitudes of projections of the vertices of a rectangular plane inside the earth's surface. I know dimensions of rectangle, angles of orientation and latitude and ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

which map projection should be used for global map with geography and human demographics

I am working on a project to try to identify the most threatened populations (on a global scale) of having a limited access to freshwater. I want to compare those most at risk currently and then add ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Problem with projection in meters with ArcGIS 10.1 [duplicate]

I hope you can help with the following problem. I have a shapefile and want to project it using a projected coordinate system with meters as unit. What I did was to change the projection from ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

QGIS Digitizing in Cartesian

I have a client, that needs some geological maps digitized (polygons) in a Cartesian grid. It would be a basic, square grid with North up, and coordinates in x and y. Some of the maps will need to ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Calculating closest distances in meters/kilometers given lat/long coordinates?

I am using ArcGIS 10.2 for Desktop. I have a shape file containing points worldwide with lat and long, and another world map polygon file whose Geographic Coordinate System is GCS_WGS_1984 and Datum ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

How to fix shape file projections

I have a project with several shape files. The files overlapping however. I have to go to unusable extents to even see the file on the same screen. I have tried using to project to as suggested here ...
8
votes
2answers
364 views

How to get a “classical” globe projection

I have a shapefile of the world continents in EPSG 4326. To what reference system do I have to reproject my file to get a projecting like this globe below?
1
vote
1answer
129 views

How to create polygon that goes over +/-180 (dateline) in ArcMap?

I want to create a polygon feature that will go through the dateline (180 long.) in ArcMap. I am using WGS_1984_Web_Mercator_Auxiliary_Sphere (WKID: 3857) for my data frame and my polygonal feature ...
0
votes
2answers
126 views

Help, I have 10,000+ .shp files covering 3 UTM zones with unknown projections

I was handed a ton of property files with no projections attached but was told they are all in UTM zone 21S. Well once I merged them all together and projected them I realized that the data covers 3 ...
2
votes
3answers
94 views

Geodesic measurements for short distances throughout US?

My ArcGIS experience has been limited to working on large-scale maps with planar projections. I'm moving to a project in which I want to calculate the distance between pro sports facilities throughout ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Convert decimal latitude/longitude bounding box to SRID 26910

I have a bounding box specified in decimal latitude/longitude, and need to convert this into a bounding box in the SRID 26910 coordinate system. I've never had to work with different GIS co-ordinate ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Is it safe to store coordinates on NFC tags always in one CRS and rely on conversion for others

I'm involved in NFC (Near Field Communication) standardization of a record structure for geographic point locations. That will allow to put coordinates on NFC memory tags which can be read with a ...
-2
votes
1answer
59 views

Why is it important to ensure that the shapefiles have a spatial reference system when created?

Why is it important to ensure that shapefiles have a spatial reference system when created?
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Calculate length of line across zones with at least m accuracy

I have created lines between multiple points that are across MGA 54 and 55S (EPSG 28355). I am trying to calculate the distance between points but different methods give different answers (~1km ...
1
vote
2answers
196 views

Why does Transverse Mercator projection have scale factor?

Why does the Transverse Mercator projection have a scale factor in ArcGIS and the standard Mercator projection not? In other words what is the difference between these two projections beside being a ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

Define a projection for one point

I'm new to ArcGIS and am using ArcMap 10.1. I wanted to find the distance from a point (lat 36N long 12E) to all the polygons in my shape file. People on this forum helped me out and said that I ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

How do I set the projection and coordinate system for a TIFF file?

I have a topographic map of California (obtained from CAL-Atlas) as a TIFF file. I tried importing it into QGis, but it displays the map using a pixel based coordinate system rather than ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

In Ogr2OGR: what is SRS?

I am trying to understand this command: ogr2ogr -f "MapInfo File" original.tab wgs84.shp -s_srs EPSG:27700 -t_srs EPSG:4326 I don't understand the s_srs and t_srs paramaters. The help file says ...
7
votes
1answer
215 views

Can I just swap out a .prj file to reproject a shape file?

I'm an experienced software developer -- but a GIS noob. I have a shape file that I am trying to turn into a SVG map with Kartograph. When I try to run Kartograph I get this error: ERROR 6: No ...
8
votes
1answer
178 views

Using customized Coordinate System for Archaeological site data

I don't know so much about coordinate systems... In my office we use to deal with spatial data coming from archaeological sites. Each site has its own x-y-z coordinate system (GCS). Three simple ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

How do I set a CRS when it isn't listed in QGIS? (Mac, not PC)

I want to work with a shapefile that is in a Coordinate System that I can't locate in QGIS for Mac. When I load this shapefile data, it shows up fine, on-the-fly has generated the CRS data most likely ...
4
votes
2answers
84 views

Why is it not advisable to perform spatial analysis on layers with source datasets having same datum but different projections?

I have read that it is not advisable to perform spatial analysis on two layers with source datasets having the same datum but different projections loaded in ArcMap. Since the second layer should ...
1
vote
1answer
303 views

Pseudo-Mercator projection with Decimal Degrees?

Hope this isn't a duplicate, did some searching but none seemed quite the same. Projection I want: WGS84/Pseudo-mercator. Selected. Looks Great. Canvas units I want: Decimal Degress. Selected. ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

How to reproject from Clarke_1880_RGS_Lambert_Conformal_Conic to ETRS_1989_LAEA?

I am unable to reproject Marseille shapefiles from Clarke 1880 RGS_Lambert_Conformal_Conic to ETRS_1989_LAEA. I know that Clarke is a geographic coordinate system and it has no datum. I have tried ...
2
votes
3answers
318 views

How to calculate Polyline length in kilometres without changing projection from WGS84 (using ArcObjects)?

I have Road (polyline) feature class and I wish to find those roads whose length are greater than 500 kilometre. The feature class projection is in GCS_WGS_1984 and I do not want to change the ...
6
votes
1answer
143 views

How do I change an existing srs in QGis?

I am showing postgis data with srid 28992 (Amersfoort / RD New). But when I plot the geospatial data on a map (with openlayers plugin), the data is shown a hunderd meters off because the datum shift ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

Convert data to another Coordinate Reference System

Assuming I've a point like this : POINT (751318 9760879) This point is in EPSG:27700 coordinate reference system. How do I convert the point to display in a map with EPSG3857 coordinate ...
-1
votes
1answer
170 views

How to project geographic coordinates to cartesian with the least possible error? [closed]

I need to convert geographic coordinates (in decimal degrees) to cartesian with the least possible error? I searched a lot on the internet but it seems that the conversion is not exact. Could you ...
3
votes
2answers
186 views

QGIS DXF file projection match

I need to use this file on a map but I am not able to match the projection with the others I have, primarily data downloaded from OSM (city of Boston). I read many articles, I have repeatedly tried to ...
4
votes
2answers
74 views

towgs Definition for European Datum 1950

I am new to all things GIS so apologies for a basic questions. I am trying to specify the CRS of a climatic raster layer in R. It is an equal area projection based on Europe Equidistant Conic and the ...
1
vote
2answers
405 views

How to display WGS 1984 Web Mercator (Auxiliary Sphere) services in Google Earth?

The basemap services provided by Esri (on ArcGIS Online, Data and Maps for Sever, and the Data Appliance for ArcGIS) use the WGS 1984 Web Mercator (Auxiliary Sphere) spatial reference (WKIDs 102100 or ...
1
vote
2answers
332 views

Predefined Coordinate Systems missing in QGIS 2

in QGis 1.8 were lots of predefined coordinate systems (national projections). Where have they all gone in qgis 2.0? I specifically need the Gauß-Krüger-Projections Zone 1 to 5. Is there any plugin ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Problem changing CRS to enable clip function

I have two layers, one point file and one polygon. The point file is in WGS 84 and polygon in NAD83-UTM10. The project CRS is NAD83-UTM10. They project fine with on-the-fly projection turned on. I ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Coordinates values change for ArcGIS

I have received thousands of location information like below. X= 10°52.579 Y= 078°38.473 I don't have idea in which format is this, please let me know what is the format of this location and ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Viewshed analysis and coordinate systems ArcGIS 10.1

I am trying to run a viewshed analysis and I've downloaded DEM data from the UK ordnance survey (Landform-panorama). Since the data is in ASCII format I have created a seamless raster mosaic (and used ...
0
votes
1answer
479 views

Coordinate conversion - Lat Long to State Plane, ArcServer-Silverlight

I am trying to project a Lat/Long value I get from a table to a x/y value that I can use to plot a graphic. I have seen one way to do this may be to use something like this: feature.Geometry = ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Qgis OSM and layer projection problem

I am using QGIS 2.1.0, and trying to import my vector layer(parcels) with OpenStreetMap layer. My vector layer (parcels) use EPSG 31277 coordinate system. This is the definition for EPSG 31277: ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

How to get projected centroids in QGIS?

I am trying to get a centroid for several polygons on a global scale, in a way that it would correctly represent the common centre of all the polygons, taking Earth's curvature into account. The ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

Set projection/CRS in map and shapefile to produce buffer

I simply want to create a buffer of a specific size, around a single point. When I create a buffer it uses degrees/ or radians, or whatever, and the buffer is created that covers the whole screen. I ...