A reference framework consisting of a set of points, lines, and/or surfaces, and a set of rules, used to define the positions of points in space in either two or three dimensions.

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4
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1answer
308 views

Can I say WGS84 is more accurate than NAD83 in terms of their reference ellipsoids?

Other than its application, can we say the reason of common adoption of WGS84 is due to its accuracy?
6
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1answer
422 views

Coordinate system in aerial imagery

I am calculating WGS84 coordinates of points in an aerial image, given the WGS84 coordinates of the center of the image and the ground distance width and height (calculated from altitude and lens ...
9
votes
1answer
736 views

How can I see the coordinate transformation parameters in QGIS?

How can I see (and edit if possible) the transformation method and parameters used by QGIS for "on-the-fly" transformation, and then for saving data in another CRS? Like in ArcGIS? Here is the ...
5
votes
1answer
194 views

How do I make the scalebar accurate when I am working with a google satellite image in QGIS?

I start a project in QGIS. I set the CRS to anything (in this case I use EPSG=26918 a NAD83 datum). I also enable on the fly projection. Then I import a vector. In this case a kml, which I believe is ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Converting geographic coordinate system in R

I have points in geographic coordinate system and I wanted to convert them to swiss grid (CH1903+). Sample data: id lon lat 2 7.173500 45.86880 3 7.172540 45.86887 4 7.171636 ...
5
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1answer
562 views

How to Display the World Map in Projected Coordinate Systems

I am trying to create a simple presentation map and I download the global level country boundaries shapefile from http://www.diva-gis.org/Data. The layer coordinate system is in Geographic Coordinate ...
5
votes
1answer
169 views

Where is the Spatial reference ID stored in SpatiaLite?

I have loaded a shapefile into a SpatiaLite Database using the spatialite-gui. In which table is the Spatial reference ID or EPSG code (of the stored data)stored in SpatiaLite?
1
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1answer
389 views

QGIS 1.8.0 - Define shapefile as UTM 15 NAD83 Feet

I have a shapefile which the .prj file says it is ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Nearest point on a line ( Spherical / Mercator projection )

I have a line (Ax,Ay - Bx,By) over a mercator projection (google maps) and a random point (Cx,Cy) nearest to that line, i would to know the closest point (transparent blue on the image) over that line ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views

Convert X,Y State Plane coordinates to decimal degrees

I have 1000's of data point I need to convert from North Central Texas 4202 into Lat/Long decimal degrees. Can someone give me a conversion equation so I can quickly convert using excel? I have only ...
2
votes
1answer
698 views

Reprojection from WGS to Slovenian Gauss Kruger in QGIS

I have gpx file (track) in WGS84 (EPSG: 4326) coordinate system from Garmin GPSMAP 62 which is right projected in BaseCamp and MapSource. When I save track as *.GPX and import it to QGIS and use ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

SRID 4326 and geometry conversion

From this line: SELECT ST_AsEWKT(geom) FROM buildings LIMIT 1; I get this result: "SRID=4326;MULTIPOLYGON(((404269.308014269 4543087.6184561,...)))" I'm wondering if the coordinations are ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

What are the geometric principles and GIS techniques that I can use to generate a postcode coverage of my city at street scales?

Postal codes of Brazil and another countries are oriented to distribution logistics, and improvement of reliability in writing the postal addresses; but without much concern for the spatial ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Why does Find_SRID return zero?

using SELECT Find_SRID('public', 'myTable', 'myColumn'); I get zero as the result, what does it mean? Regards,
2
votes
2answers
575 views

What can go wrong in UTM to WGS1984 conversion (shifted data)

I try to convert .shp files to OSM data with shp2osm and ogr2osm but the output data is shifted. Semi-Cross-Posting Warning: I have already asked a questions on the OSM help site, but this questions ...
7
votes
2answers
144 views

Which SRS to use for global distance queries?

I have a database with a lot of points in WGS84. Now I am building an cache that performs NN and points in range queries using a KDtree. The point [sic] is that the search radius will be provided in ...
0
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0answers
99 views

How do I determine programmatically what values to add to the proj4js constructor for a CRS or SRS such that I can iteratively render proper overlays

I think this is primarily a GIS based question as far as for example: var crs = L.CRS.proj4js('EPSG:2154', '+proj=lcc +lat_1=49 +lat_2=44 +lat_0=46.5 +lon_0=3 +x_0=700000 ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Coordinate system of a raster file to be introduced for transformation

I am working on raster data using GDAL. When I extract coordinate system information of the files I got this: PROJCS["Geostationary_Satellite", GEOGCS["GCS_Unknown datum based upon the custom ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

ArcGIS Length and Area Calculation Scenarios

Trying to get a handle on how length and area are calculated in different scenarios in ArcGIS. I don't know why I can't find a answer on the feature class fields, but I can't find a precise answer, ...
1
vote
0answers
207 views

Adding X,Y data and viewing with existing shape file

Excuse me for a simple question. I have CSV files of X,Y data (in decimal degrees) that I want to add to a map and view with a shapefile of level III ecoregions that I downloaded from the USGS ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to add points in degrees + decimal minutes to QGIS?

I try to add geocaches with x,y coordinates in a xls-table to qgis and convert to shp.file. Usally geocach-coordinates are like this: N 51° 29.440' E 011° 56.430' (WGS84) (in german its called ...
5
votes
2answers
838 views

Describing a coordinate system in arcpy

I have a python script in ArcGIS 10.1 which takes in a few inputs from the user. One of the inputs is a coordinate system. I would like to test whether the coordinate system the user chose was ...
2
votes
2answers
306 views

How to calculate the surface using Lambert correction?

i'm using lambert conformal conic , so we have distortions along any given parallel , i would like to get the area used to solve this distortion. I have calculated the area using Shoelace formula , ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Problems with CRS in Qgis [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Raster incorrectly reprojected to OSGB(27700) The crs is clearly off when the gridlines run straight and the map lines run at an angle. I have set the crs to match the ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

keeping the coordinate system of raster files in the resulting raster file after operation with numpy

I'm trying to read as array two raster files using ReadAsArray in GDAL/python, perform some map algebra operation on it using numpy and then write the resulting raster file in GTiff format using ...
4
votes
1answer
609 views

Raster incorrectly reprojected to OSGB(27700)

Ubuntu 12.04, QGIS 1.8.0, GDAL/OGR 1.7.3, GEOS 3.2.2 Open a Spatialite db with OS Mastermap poly layer (EPSG:27700); Add OpenLayers Plugin (1.0) from QGIS offical repository; Add a Google Satellite ...
2
votes
2answers
357 views

Problems aligning layers digitized from Google earth into ArcMaps10

I'm a PhD student new to ArcGIS. I'm digitizing features from Google Earth to use in ArcGIS (I work in India, where the mapping in GIS is at best scanty). I drew along a river in Google Earth, saved ...
3
votes
1answer
574 views

Coordinate system of a MODIS file to be introduced in GDAL for transformation

I am working on MODIS data using GDAL. When I extract coordinate system information of the files I got this: Coordinate System is: PROJCS["unnamed", GEOGCS["Unknown datum based upon the custom ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Latitude and Longitudes are replaced with zeros when importing excel 2007 worksheet into personal geodatabase

I am trying to import an Excel 2007 data set into a personal geodatabase so I can convert coordinate systems. The data set includes point locations in Decimal Degrees. When I import the Excel ...
4
votes
1answer
251 views

extracting pixel value from a table in postgresql

I have a table in postgresql that contains ID, row number, column number, pixel value and centroid of the pixel in WGS84 lat-lon system(4326). How could I extract the pixel value by giving a point in ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

Taking a 'custom' map and transforming its x/y co-ordinates to 'real' long/lat co-ordinates?

I was wondering if someone could help me out with a little project I'm working on. I'll try to describe what I'm trying to achieve - if it doesn't make sense, please let me know. I have in front of ...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

What coordinate system is this?

I just found a dataset of trees in San Francisco, but I'm unable to determine the system used for the coordinates. Here are some samples: 5998894.045593,2119007.035323 ...
3
votes
1answer
331 views

Cannot select a feature using ArcObjects because coordinate systems differ

I'm using ArcMap 10 and Bing Maps Road as base map. Then we have our adding which is programmed using C#. What I'm trying to do is to select a feature (A) that intersects another feature (B, from a ...
2
votes
0answers
202 views

Coordinate systems conversion

I have the following task. This is my sample data. WGS84 datum (longitude/latitude): -123.75 36.59788913307022 -118.125 40.97989806962013 Spherical Mercator (meters): -13775786.985667605 ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Library design: Layer coodinates/origin

I am working on a vector map library where you can add plain image and vector layers to a map. The map itself consists of an infinite coordinate system and each layer is a coordinate system of it's ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

Coordinate system for map downloaded Digimap?

I have download a 1: 25000 map from Digimap. It came as a tif file along with a tfw file. When I try to import the tif file as a raster layer, I get the following message: 'this layer appears to have ...
2
votes
1answer
294 views

How to programmatically determine whether a spatial reference factory code is valid?

I am using the following code segment to create a spatial reference. spatialReferance = arcpy.SpatialReference() spatialReferance.factoryCode = spatialReferanceFactoryCode ...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

If the Earth was flat, what unit of measurement would distances between geographic points be represented as?

A whole lot of abstraction- given two longitude/latitude points given from a GPS, I'm using the Pythagorean distance formula to find the distance between them. What unit of length would the distance ...
0
votes
0answers
157 views

In Geoserver, Using as a Data Store the Web Feature Server option, but I have a serious problem

I’m using as a Data Store the Web Feature Server option, but I have a serious problem, because Geoserver needs to know what Coordinate Reference System of my data. This information is used for ...
3
votes
1answer
545 views

QGIS custom CRS for map of manufacturing shop floor

I'm working on a web app that shows a map of a manufacturing plant's shop floor. I've built it in Inkscape and QGIS, but when I try to load it into Tilemill, I get a CRS error. Specifically, it ...
5
votes
2answers
718 views

Identify the latitudinal and longitudinal point directly beneath an object in space

Given the azimuth and altitude / latitude and longitude from the observer to the satellite, how can I accurately find the latitude and longitude of the point of intersection directly under the ...
1
vote
1answer
348 views

ogr: how to use epsg database for RD New projection?

I'm trying to assign this EPSG projection to my newly created shapefiles using ogr. The OGR Projections Tutorial says: ...any geographic coordinate system in the EPSG database can be set by it's ...
4
votes
4answers
240 views

How to measure without coordinates?

My current Project is to "map" a turntable in qgis. I know, very unlikely but that's what my teacher wants. My teacher also wants me to measure something in this project (Very specific, isn't it?). ...
1
vote
2answers
992 views

shape file coordinate system

I added a shape file of Iran to Qgis. 'Tehran' has 35.6833° N, 51.4167° E coordiantes, however Qgis shows Tehran with 4772860,31296767. How i can view coordinates of a city or location in latitude ...
2
votes
2answers
686 views

How to use the coordinate system in arcgis 10?

I have a favor to ask. I have a few layers. The layers have been made by a different company. So how do I combine them all together so that they have the same coordinate systems? If there are any ...
1
vote
2answers
485 views

UTM coordinate conversion to Geographic coordinates

I have about 500 separate files containing GPS points in UTM coordinates from multiple zones. I am looking for a simple and fast python or Php script that i can use to carry out a batch conversion ...
4
votes
1answer
440 views

How to specify coordinate reference system (CRS) for scalebar that is different to project CRS?

Is it possible to specify a coordinate reference system (CRS) for the scalebar that is different to the project CRS? For example, my project CRS uses geographic coordinates (lat/long), the reason ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is my .prj file not being read by QGIS?

First off, I am new to GIS. I am using qgis (1.8.0), and have been given a shapefile containing .shp, .prj, .shx, .dbf, however qgis will not load the .prj file stating an invalid data source. ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Problem with spatial reference system / shapefile projection

I am new to using QGIS and having some problems getting some shapefiles to project correctly. I am using publicly available shapefiles for New York City municipal boundaries found here: ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Local Coordinate to Geocentric

The ultimate question, I need a transformation matrix to take a point in local space representing a roughly 500m x 500m place in New Mexico centered at -108.619987456 long 36.234600064 lat. The final ...