A reference framework consisting of a set of points, lines, and/or surfaces, and a set of rules, used to define the positions of points in space in either two or three dimensions.

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2
votes
2answers
155 views

How do I set a CRS when it isn't listed in QGIS? (Mac, not PC)

I want to work with a shapefile that is in a Coordinate System that I can't locate in QGIS for Mac. When I load this shapefile data, it shows up fine, on-the-fly has generated the CRS data most likely ...
2
votes
1answer
280 views

Open Layers and OSGB 1936 (CRS 27700)

I've been working with loads of shapefiles projected according to OSGB 1936 (CRS 27700). THe project CRS is set to 27700 and "On the fly reprojection" to 27700 is set (I keep this as a default as I ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Capturing GPS coordinates on the ground in Boliva?

Assuming no cellular or internet connection, what is the best way to capture GPS coordinates on the ground in Boliva? Preferably a free approach. For example, are their any android apps that can do ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

How to reproject Network Dataset from GCS_WGS_1984 to Web Mercator?

I need to know how to change the coordinate system of my feature dataset with its network dataset from GCS_WGS_1984 to Web Mercator. Once I know how to do this, I would like to make a tool in Python ...
4
votes
2answers
117 views

Why is it not advisable to perform spatial analysis on layers with source datasets having same datum but different projections?

I have read that it is not advisable to perform spatial analysis on two layers with source datasets having the same datum but different projections loaded in ArcMap. Since the second layer should ...
1
vote
1answer
895 views

Using a Select By Location in Python and Calculating a field based on what State Plane a point falls in

Here's what I have so far. Do I need to make another feature layer based on the selection? import arcpy arcpy.MakeFeatureLayer_management(r"PATH TO THE POINT", "point_lyr") ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Pseudo-Mercator projection with Decimal Degrees?

Hope this isn't a duplicate, did some searching but none seemed quite the same. Projection I want: WGS84/Pseudo-mercator. Selected. Looks Great. Canvas units I want: Decimal Degress. Selected. ...
1
vote
1answer
195 views

How to reproject from Clarke_1880_RGS_Lambert_Conformal_Conic to ETRS_1989_LAEA?

I am unable to reproject Marseille shapefiles from Clarke 1880 RGS_Lambert_Conformal_Conic to ETRS_1989_LAEA. I know that Clarke is a geographic coordinate system and it has no datum. I have tried ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Trasformation from ECEF to ENU

I am trying to transform a local vector rECEF from ECEF coordinate system to ENU coordinate system (rENU) where ECEF = earth-centered earth-fixed coordinate system ENU = East, North, Up coordinates, ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What formula is used for distance between 2 points in Google Maps?

What formula is used by Google Maps for calculating the shortest distance between 2 points (having their Lat, Lng coordinates)? Is it purely based on Haversine? Or is it something different? Is there ...
2
votes
3answers
762 views

How to calculate Polyline length in kilometres without changing projection from WGS84 (using ArcObjects)?

I have Road (polyline) feature class and I wish to find those roads whose length are greater than 500 kilometre. The feature class projection is in GCS_WGS_1984 and I do not want to change the ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Create Geographic Reference for X,Y Coordinates [closed]

I have a set of x,y data that do not have any sort of geographic reference. I have lat/longs (WGS 84) for a small set of those points. How can I calculate lat/long for the remaining points so I can ...
6
votes
1answer
323 views

How do I change an existing srs in QGis?

I am showing postgis data with srid 28992 (Amersfoort / RD New). But when I plot the geospatial data on a map (with openlayers plugin), the data is shown a hunderd meters off because the datum shift ...
3
votes
2answers
167 views

Convert data to another Coordinate Reference System

Assuming I've a point like this : POINT (751318 9760879) This point is in EPSG:27700 coordinate reference system. How do I convert the point to display in a map with EPSG3857 coordinate ...
0
votes
2answers
95 views

How to choose spatial reference for GPS data?

We received GPs data from the vendor. I want using ArcGIS software to create XY event table and create a point feature class. What the spatial reference would be for the GPs data? Is it something I ...
-1
votes
1answer
395 views

How to project geographic coordinates to cartesian with the least possible error? [closed]

I need to convert geographic coordinates (in decimal degrees) to cartesian with the least possible error? I searched a lot on the internet but it seems that the conversion is not exact. Could you ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

How does Arbitrary Coordinate System in QGIS work?

I have got the drill hole data, which needs to be geo-referenced based on non-earth coordinates system (with no datum, ellipsoid information defining through Custom CRS). Could any one explained me ...
2
votes
2answers
592 views

QGIS DXF file projection match

I need to use this file on a map but I am not able to match the projection with the others I have, primarily data downloaded from OSM (city of Boston). I read many articles, I have repeatedly tried to ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

WGS84 CRS without elipsoid

What's the difference between using CRS defined as +proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +no_defs and a CRS defined as +proj=longlat +ellps=WGS84 +datum=WGS84 +no_defs Will using one or the other pse any ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

ArcGIS giving measured distances and the scalebar incorrectly

I am currently using ArcGIS 10.1 and am struggling to be able to measure distance or set a scale bar correctly. Its currently giving me absurd results orders of magnitudes to small (0.5m etc). All my ...
2
votes
0answers
516 views

Which of EGM96 geoid or WGS84 ellipsoid fits the earth better?

ImageCredit Question If we separately add up |H| and |h| over the earth surface, which of the sums come out smaller? Background There is a phrase in the tag description of "ellipsoid" that says ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

What do different realizations of the same datum have in common?

Firstly, am I correct in assuming that the process of determining the shape and the size of the spheroid is independent from the process of determining the origin and the orientation? For example, ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

How to convert 6 & 7 digit coordinates to degrees latitude & longitude

I'm a bit new to the whole GIS world, and though I am making great headway drawing polygons and such in Bing Maps, I am currently stuck. In our SQL spatial data, I came across MULTIPOLYGON data, where ...
4
votes
2answers
108 views

towgs Definition for European Datum 1950

I am new to all things GIS so apologies for a basic questions. I am trying to specify the CRS of a climatic raster layer in R. It is an equal area projection based on Europe Equidistant Conic and the ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How to display WGS 1984 Web Mercator (Auxiliary Sphere) services in Google Earth?

The basemap services provided by Esri (on ArcGIS Online, Data and Maps for Sever, and the Data Appliance for ArcGIS) use the WGS 1984 Web Mercator (Auxiliary Sphere) spatial reference (WKIDs 102100 or ...
1
vote
2answers
529 views

Predefined Coordinate Systems missing in QGIS 2

in QGis 1.8 were lots of predefined coordinate systems (national projections). Where have they all gone in qgis 2.0? I specifically need the Gauß-Krüger-Projections Zone 1 to 5. Is there any plugin ...
0
votes
1answer
170 views

How to create shapefiles with z coordinate with QGIS

I'm working with QGIS, and I want to create a shapefile with the elevation coordinate, I can't find something similar to what I was used to do in Arcgis, can you help me? Thanks for your help Luís
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Description CRS EPSG:6372

does someone know where could I find a description of CRS EPSG:6372. I searched in the EPSG page but seem not to find something that quick.. Any help would be really appreciated. Regards!
1
vote
2answers
84 views

Why does my gpx layer go to the wrong spot even if they have the same CRS?

Help! I am a QGIS beginner with a big problem! I am trying to load a gpx file from Garmin into my map. The project CRS is WGS 84, and the incoming data is in CRS WGS 84. When I look at the bottom of ...
1
vote
1answer
534 views

Get a spatial reference object by name from a saved string

I am creating an ArcMap 10.2 extension is VS 2012 and C#. I want to give the user the option to select a spatial reference to be applied to a layer - planning to use the Dialog for that. But then, ...
1
vote
1answer
225 views

Problem changing CRS to enable clip function

I have two layers, one point file and one polygon. The point file is in WGS 84 and polygon in NAD83-UTM10. The project CRS is NAD83-UTM10. They project fine with on-the-fly projection turned on. I ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

My Coordinate Reference System listing is in the wrong language

I just installed QGIS Desktop 2.0.1 on a desktop (Windows 8-64). All the menus are in English-US (as they should be), but the CRS listings -- when I try to change them for a project are a layer -- ...
3
votes
4answers
428 views

what is the suitable projection coordinate system for Iran

I am doing analysis for province wise Iran. I am using WGS1984 as my geographical coordinate system, and I do not know which is suitable Projection coordinate system for entire Iran. I feel the UTM ...
1
vote
2answers
249 views

Coordinates values change for ArcGIS

I have received thousands of location information like below. X= 10°52.579 Y= 078°38.473 I don't have idea in which format is this, please let me know what is the format of this location and ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

escape the cut of western/eastern hemispheres

I am very new to QGIS and GIS in general, so I am struggling with the following: when I do a map of Russia, I get the part next to Alaska being drawn far left from Europe, as it lies behind 180o... I ...
4
votes
1answer
393 views

Cannot compute area of shapefile in field calculator of QGIS?

This shapefile represents the counties of NM. I am trying to compute the area of each polygon (yes, I know there is an area field, but this is a simpler example of a problem I'm having which doesn't ...
2
votes
1answer
246 views

Viewshed analysis and coordinate systems ArcGIS 10.1

I am trying to run a viewshed analysis and I've downloaded DEM data from the UK ordnance survey (Landform-panorama). Since the data is in ASCII format I have created a seamless raster mosaic (and used ...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

How to convert projected coordinates to lat/lon using Python?

I assume this is a basic question but I can't seem to find or recognize the solution. This site returns Point: X: -11705274.6374 Y: 4826473.6922 when you searching with the first key value of 000090 ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Coordinate conversion - Lat Long to State Plane, ArcServer-Silverlight

I am trying to project a Lat/Long value I get from a table to a x/y value that I can use to plot a graphic. I have seen one way to do this may be to use something like this: feature.Geometry = ...
2
votes
1answer
438 views

Qgis OSM and layer projection problem

I am using QGIS 2.1.0, and trying to import my vector layer(parcels) with OpenStreetMap layer. My vector layer (parcels) use EPSG 31277 coordinate system. This is the definition for EPSG 31277: ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Custom tiles in local CRS

I want to achieve the following: Create an OpenLayers map, that runs totally in a local CRS. The basic layer would be a raster tile layer. The tiles will be generated by us once for each project ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

QGIS 2.0.1. missing Google Mercator CRS

I've downloaded the latest QGIS version and I cannot add basemap. I installed OpenLayers plugin and while adding any map from list QGIS crashes. I tried to enable Google Mercator CRS first, yet it's ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

How to get projected centroids in QGIS?

I am trying to get a centroid for several polygons on a global scale, in a way that it would correctly represent the common centre of all the polygons, taking Earth's curvature into account. The ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

coordinate system for calculating distance at the nation scale

I want to use ArcGIS 10.1 to calculate the straight (euclidean) distances from zip codes to their nearest city centers in about 300 U.S. metropolitan areas. I have two point shpfiles: one includes the ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Question about quantum gis, and importing csv point data

I'm trying to add some point data from a csv file (it's in decimal degree lat lon) and overlay over road data that I already have added. The problem is that I can't get it to line up. I'm sure I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
248 views

In arcpy, if I subclass the arcpy Spatial Reference class, what is the object argument I would use in the subclass definition?

I want to do something like the following: class SubClassOfSpatialReference(arcpy_spatial_reference_object): def __init__(self, input_data): ... etc. Can I even do this? If so, what exactly ...
3
votes
2answers
95 views

Mixing coodinate systems

I'm planning to create an online map with openlayers (2 or 3) or leaflet. I have to show some points/markers (~30.000), polygons (~500) and lines in an area of ~10x10 kilometers in several layers. ...
2
votes
2answers
183 views

Set projection/CRS in map and shapefile to produce buffer

I simply want to create a buffer of a specific size, around a single point. When I create a buffer it uses degrees/ or radians, or whatever, and the buffer is created that covers the whole screen. I ...
1
vote
1answer
226 views

Difference between Geographic and Projected coordinate systems?

What is the difference between a geographic coordinate system and a projected coordinate system?
4
votes
1answer
828 views

In ArcObjects, how do I change the spatial reference of a Map (Data Frame) in an existing MXD?

I need to change the spatial reference of an existing MXD programmatically. In ArcMap UI, I would take the following steps: 1) Open the data frame properties and go to the Coordinate System tab; 2) ...