A reference framework consisting of a set of points, lines, and/or surfaces, and a set of rules, used to define the positions of points in space in either two or three dimensions.

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3
votes
2answers
45 views

Digital Elevation Model and Shapefile not aligned in openWind

I have a digital elevation model and a shapefile containing point features for the location of wind turbines. These two layers appear to be aligned in QGIS but when I open them in openWind, they are ...
9
votes
2answers
946 views

why do people use geometry to represent geography?

Historically I've mainly worked with simple latitude and longitude coordinates in a SQL Server. I stored them as a geography datatype in SQL Server, and rendered them on a variety of displays ...
4
votes
2answers
79 views

Is there a command line tool for converting projection in .prj and GeoTiff to EPSG codes?

Is there a command line tool to convert a shapefile projection in the .prj file into corresponding EPSG code? I know that there is website http://prj2epsg.org/search for doing this online, but I ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Improving accuracy of mercator meters conversion to lat/lon

My question is an extention to a previous post I had here a couple of weeks ago (converting-mercator-meters-without-utm-zone). While the answer in the previous topic got me so far, I've now come to ...
7
votes
0answers
177 views

Geotransformation for polar stereographic?

I'm currently working to import CANGRID climate data (provided as Surfer Grid ascii, ".grd" files) into ArcGIS. The grid is 95 rows by 125 columns in size.Metadata provides lat/lon of origin (lower ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Choosing country projections

Anyone know of a good reference (either pay or open-web) that details recommended country projections?
3
votes
2answers
91 views

Reprojection of shapefile in R and final extraction of values

I need to extract values from some raster files (stack) using a shape file. to bring both of them in the same CRS, I first transformed the shapefile using the EPSG codes. Opening it in an GIS software ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Adding shadedreliefarchive imagery to QGIS

I'm trying to add some relief imagery that is found at shadedreliefarchive.com Specifically, I'm trying to add the SEAsia one found here. I've tried making a custom CRS to match the details found on ...
2
votes
3answers
187 views

Can I use EPSG:25832 and EPSG:32632 interchangably

up until now we have been using EPSG:25832 (UTM Zone 32N) as our standard Coordinate system. Recently however after we aquired a new project area and consequently new software, I have to display data ...
2
votes
2answers
424 views

What does 1:10m mean related to map resolution?

On Natural Earth they offer maps at various resolutions. What does 1:10,000,000 mean? Does it translate to the number of points per square meter or mile?
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Returning distances in meters from Near (Analysis) tool of ArcGIS for Desktop?

I'm trying to write a python program that returns the distance from each point in a set to the nearest road. Specifically, I was looking for any points within 10 meters of the roads. Both sets of ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Proj4js Problem in converting coordinates from google mercator

I am a really beginner into web-cartography, so sorry if this subject is rudimentary or basic but I truly search for a long time and I am still stick in it. So the problem is: I don't understand why ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Dealing with raster: creating it in projected CRS and exporting it in geographic CRS

When creating a raster from a polygon (the CRS of the polygon is a geographic coordinate system), the raster is created in the projected coordinate reference system of the data frame, which is a ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

Correction spatial reference

Please assist me on how to use ArcCatalog to confirm the spatial reference is correct and adjust if necessary.
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Project a polygon on new spatial reference using ARCGIS API for JavaScript [duplicate]

I've polygon data as POLYGON ((1645481.0939999996 6124506.9885, 1645470.0473999996 6124473.5406, 1645475.7094 6124440.1391,1645481.0939999996 6124506.9885)) in wkid=2193 I want to project ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

QGIS reference system problem

I'm working with Quantum GIS 2.4 and I would like to overlap a DTM (.asc) and a shapefile. The shapefile is a copy from the another, to make some trials, who had WGS84 as original CRS; I saved it by ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

Writing shapefile with projection defined crashes fiona

I've just started trying to use Fiona to write out shapefiles. I found the example code below, which seems to work fine from shapely.geometry import mapping, Polygon import fiona # Here's an example ...
1
vote
3answers
106 views

Project Point using ArcGIS API for JavaScript?

I've to project geometry point Point(1657272, 6100874) with NZTM, WKID: 2193 But, point is shown near Austria, not on NewZealand maps. I've converted above coordinates to geographic, still its ...
2
votes
3answers
450 views

Is GeoServer getting coordinate output in GeoJSON WFS wrong?

When I do a WFS request to GeoServer and specify the SRS like this: http://myserver.com/geoserver/wfs? service=wfs& version=2.0.0& request=GetFeature& ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

How to display distance in meters (km) and not in Decimal Degrees in QGIS 2.4?

I am a GIS beginner, and I have a question about how to get the distance between two points in meters instead of decimal degree. In QGIS 2.4 I have a project with two point layers (in WGS84). From ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Setting raster resolution in meters when working in a Geographic Coordinate System

I work in WGS 84 (Geographic Coordinate System) in ArcGIS 10.1. I need to create a raster specifying its cell size in meters, and output it in WGS84. Is it a good solution (towards a less shape/area ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

How to properly open an ASTER data?

Yesterday i downloaded an Aster L1B image from USGS's website. If i load it in QGIS, it doesn't get displayed properly(location wise). Even after i've enabled "On the fly" option, it's not reading the ...
16
votes
8answers
9k views

ArcCatalog 10.0 complains that spatial references don't match between a feature dataset and a feature class that have the same coordinate system?

I have a feature dataset that is using the GCS_WGS_1984 as the geographic coordinate system. It includes a few feature classes. This feature dataset is itself in a file geodatabase that contains a ...
2
votes
0answers
181 views

ArcGIS WGS84 Web Mercator Vs. WGS84 UTM zone 15N: Very different distance dimensions

I am working in ArgGIS 10.1 with a field (raster layer in tif format) in which I have placed two points (.shp layer). I have two versions of both layers, resulting four layers: one tif+shp set in CRS ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Difference between NAD83 Indiana SPW in QGIS and ArcGIS for Desktop?

It seems ESRI and QGIS don't have the same definition for my most commonly used projection, NAD83 StatePlane Indiana West (US ft). When I create data in an ESRI product the projection shows up in ...
3
votes
2answers
394 views

How to make QGIS recognize EPSG:31468?

I have Shapefiles without a CRS (e.g. without .prj file). I would like to set the CRS (EPSG:31468) before I pass the Shapefiles. I tried the following: Setting a .prj file manually with the string ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

How to add an unknown CRS to QGIS? [duplicate]

I wonder if there is an option to add a CRS to QGIS which is not listed in the internal database of the program. I read that PostGIS allows adding a custom CRS.
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Best Practice for HTML5 Geolocation with ArcGIS for Javascript API

My organization would prefer to use its own basemaps rather than those provided by ArcGIS Online due to the accuracy of information that is represented in them. The area we service is rapidly ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

How to define custom projection EPSG:5714 in QGIS

I have a series of raster files with the CRS EPSG:5714. I need to define this CRS in QGIS but I'm fairly new to this and have no idea how to define the proj4 CRS for this. I searched at ...
4
votes
2answers
91 views

Choosing the right geo reference system - NorthEast Atlantic

I am currently trying to calculate fish stock density for various stocks in the NE Atlantic. My habitat areas are too large to use UTM and I was wondering how I would find the best geo-coordinate ...
5
votes
2answers
95 views

Is there a standard for the specification of .prj files?

We use shape files for data exchange. I've looked at the .prj files: different programs produce different prj files. Is there a standard how the parameters must be specified in a prj file? AFAIK the ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Previous shapefiles do not show in re-opened projects

I have previously drawn a lovely shapefile in a project - all saved...good job. I open the very same project and, although the background raster maps project fine, my shapefile will not show. Zooming ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Converting mercator meters without UTM zone?

I've been attempting to extract track information from Humminbird (Side Imaging Sonar) binary files and have hit a stumbling block with the coordinates it provides. The values are apparently in ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Proper projected coordinate system for Minnesota for measuring areas

I have seen in ArcGIS many different State Plane systems for Minnesota (location coordinates in WGS84: 44,07 lat/-94,61 long) within the Projected Coordinate system group: NAD 1983 (CORS 96) ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

How to calculate area of shapefile with a merged layer

so i have 'save as''d the new project and layer with my new Custom CRS project string being '+proj=laea +lat_0=70 +lon_0=0 +x_0=0 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0 +units=m +no_defs'. ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Accuracy of shape area measurements when GCS shapefile is source of layer in PCS Data Frame?

I would need to deliver a result shapefile in WGS 84 (GCS: Geographic –lat/lon- coordinate system), the shapefile is originally in WGS84; but in the process of creating this result shapefile I need to ...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

Measuring tool shows different measurements for same building in two different map documents?

So I have two map documents with two different Coordinate Systems set for the layers but using copies of the same shapefile. Map 1: Coordinate System: ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Are shapefile coordinates unaffected when layer exported from Data Frame with different CRS?

I would need to deliver a result shapefile in WGS 84 (GCS: Geographic –lat/lon- coordinate system), the shapefile is originally in WGS84; but in the process of creating this result shapefile I need to ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Vector points from csv file wrong location in QGIS

I am using QGIS 1.8 (I know old version), and uploaded a csv file with coordinates. The underlying basemap is from Google, using the Open layers plugin. This basemap uses WGS84-epsg3857, and my vector ...
19
votes
7answers
986 views

Spatial reference for dummies?

Can anyone recommend a good reference or tutorial that explains the principles of spatial references, projections, and coordinate systems? We are a small team of programmers working with GIS ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

What are the geometric principles and GIS techniques that I can use to generate a postcode coverage of my city at street scales?

Postal codes of Brazil and another countries are oriented to distribution logistics, and improvement of reliability in writing the postal addresses; but without much concern for the spatial ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

How can one use Google Maps API to mimic QGIS projection/CRS

I used QGIS to find the extents of a list of features. However, the resulting data auto-generates the CRS and changes it from WSG84 to a custom one. Is there a way to use the autogenerated CRS in ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Difference between source SRS and target SRS in Raster Warp function

Hello I am trying to change a raster layer projections from WGS84 to a custom Lambert layer using 'Raster' --> 'Projections' --> 'Warp' function. I have been asked for source SRS and get SRS. what is ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Determining unknown Coordinate System using QGIS?

I'm trying to figure out the coordinate system of some data I downloaded from a no-longer-maintained USDA website. The data's still accurate, it's just floating in space. I've tried several ...
2
votes
3answers
386 views

Dynamic Text for coordinate system

I would like to change the dynamic script for a coordinate system from "GDA 1994 MGA Zone 54" (Taken from a cut down version of the dynamic text>coordinate system) to "GDA 94 z54" How would I do ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

CRS of QGIS bounding boxes

I used QGIS to find the extents/bounding boxes of a list of features from census data. I used the following method: Vector - Research tools - Polygon From Layer Extent, which creates a new shapefile ...
2
votes
2answers
742 views

Moving all shapefiles (SHP) in MXD to new File Geodatabase (*. gdb) using ArcGIS Desktop?

What I need to do is to move all the shapefiles in an mxd into a newly created gdb, checking prj, and update mxd reference. I have ArcGIS 10 SP4, license ArcView. I studied a bit of Python and get ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

How to overlay two shape files with different coordinate system?

It seemed to be easy but make big problems, perhaps it is a beginner mistake. Anyway I have to ask you: I need to lay two shapefiles over each other to make a spatial query. The coordinate systems of ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Adding point data from text file when coordinates are in OSGB36

I have a text file in which coordinates are in the OSGB36 National Grid reference system used in Great Britain, so the coordinates are not in longitude and latitude (e.g. coordinates look like this: ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Why are my DMS points plotted way off from their true locations?

I'm having a bit of a nightmare plotting some GPS coordinates in QGIS. My coordinates came from a PDF so it took a little wrangling to extract the from the PDF and convert them to a CSV file. I've ...