A reference framework consisting of a set of points, lines, and/or surfaces, and a set of rules, used to define the positions of points in space in either two or three dimensions.

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3answers
5k views

Change number of decimal digits for features in ArcGIS 10?

I am editing vertices in polygons and points in ArcMap 10, and realised that they only hold 3 decimal digits for the X, Y coordinates, but I would like at least 6 decimal digits. Even if I type in ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

Set projection/CRS in map and shapefile to produce buffer

I simply want to create a buffer of a specific size, around a single point. When I create a buffer it uses degrees/ or radians, or whatever, and the buffer is created that covers the whole screen. I ...
2
votes
2answers
551 views

Custom Coordinate System

We have a number of custom local coordinate systems at work. I'm trying to create a well known text coordinate system for each of them however I'm stuck on how to define these systems they . Some ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Why is shapefile not drawing in expected location after (or before) using Define Projection tool? [duplicate]

I have downloaded this zipped shapefile of bus routes from the City of Houston data portal. I then performed these steps in ArcGIS Desktop 9.3.1: Extracted the shapefile from the *.zip Added this ...
2
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3answers
96 views

Geodesic measurements for short distances throughout US?

My ArcGIS experience has been limited to working on large-scale maps with planar projections. I'm moving to a project in which I want to calculate the distance between pro sports facilities throughout ...
2
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2answers
983 views

What Spatial Reference System do I store Google Map's Lat/Lng in

I am new to PostGIS, Spatial Reference Systems and projections and want to store lat/lng coordinates retrieved from Google Maps and Openstreetmap and its services like the Geocoder/Nominatim. I'm ...
2
votes
3answers
354 views

Coordinate System (Malaysia RSO Projection) not lining up in QGIS and ArcGIS for Desktop?

I am using QGIS 1.9.0 on Linux Mint; and I am new to (Q)GIS I have three layers (2xshapefiles, 1xopenlayer[Bing Maps]) that I am trying to line up located in peninsular Malaysia. Shapefile_1 is a ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Converting geographic coordinate system in R

I have points in geographic coordinate system and I wanted to convert them to swiss grid (CH1903+). Sample data: id lon lat 2 7.173500 45.86880 3 7.172540 45.86887 4 7.171636 ...
2
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1answer
284 views

How to programmatically determine whether a spatial reference factory code is valid?

I am using the following code segment to create a spatial reference. spatialReferance = arcpy.SpatialReference() spatialReferance.factoryCode = spatialReferanceFactoryCode ...
2
votes
1answer
617 views

How to move SHP to gdb with ArcView license?

What I need to do is move all the files into an mxd to a newly created gdb, chechking prj, and update mxd reference. I have ArcGIS 10 SP4, license ArcView I studied a bit of Python and get familiar ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Projecting shapefile with transformation using OGR in python

I want to change coordinate system of a shapefile from British National Grid to WGS84 (in order to be able to convert it to KML later on). To get the best results of projecting I would like to use ...
2
votes
1answer
6k views

Export list of coordinates in a points layer to spreadsheet?

This is similar to my previous question, but I would like to ask it for ArcGIS, instead of QGIS. If I am supposed to somehow merge the questions, please let me know. With an existing point feature ...
2
votes
3answers
779 views

extract lat/long from screen when using British National Grid projection

Using ArcGIS 10, is it possible to click anywhere on the map (projected to British National Grid), but return the coordinates in WGS84 lat long? Alternatively, when will Streetview work with OS ...
2
votes
1answer
375 views

What is the process to calculate Helmert parameters?

I have some double points (the same points in 2 different datums). I'd like to calculate the Helmert parameters but I don't understand how. NOTE: I don't need software. I need an algorithm in order ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

In arcpy, if I subclass the arcpy Spatial Reference class, what is the object argument I would use in the subclass definition?

I want to do something like the following: class SubClassOfSpatialReference(arcpy_spatial_reference_object): def __init__(self, input_data): ... etc. Can I even do this? If so, what exactly ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Mixing coodinate systems

I'm planning to create an online map with openlayers (2 or 3) or leaflet. I have to show some points/markers (~30.000), polygons (~500) and lines in an area of ~10x10 kilometers in several layers. ...
2
votes
2answers
785 views

which is the suitable Geographical Coordinate System and Projected Coordinate System for India

I want to create a spatial data for entire India, usually I use WGS84 as GCS and UTM zones for PCS in the places in India, but when I have to create the spatial data for entire India, I get confuse ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Why do edits made in attribute table not show in associated layer? QGIS 1.8.0

I have compiled a heat map layer to display over a background raster map. I discovered that the heat map layer was incorrectly positioned because I had made an error in the coordinate entry fields of ...
2
votes
1answer
533 views

How do I get the coordinates of my data frame always in long/lat?

I want to determine the coordinates of my current data frame. To do so I wrote this script: def DataFrame (): mxd = arcpy.mapping.MapDocument("CURRENT") df = ...
2
votes
2answers
370 views

Python script to read coordinate system of an input feature class? [duplicate]

How to read the coordinate system of an input feature class in python script. How we can use "Describe()" function and tool validator for that purpose
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Does the Load Data function in ArcCatalog automatically re-project the data?

If I have a feature class within a dataset in one coordinate system and using the Load Data function, load that data into a feature class of a different dataset that's in a different coordinate system ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Why does a raster in Gauß-Krüger has a little offset to a shape in UTM?

I have raster data (TIFF files) where I think it's spatial reference is in Gauß-Krüger ("DHDN_3_Degree_Gauss_Zone_3") and some shape files in UTM ("ETRS_1989_UTM_Zone_32N_8stellen"). As you can see in ...
2
votes
2answers
190 views

Data points Imported into QGIS are in the middle of ocean

I'm new to QGIS and tried importing some GTFS data in the CSV format (stops.txt). The project CRS, base map CRS and GTFS CRS have all been set to Google Mercator, but the points that are supposed to ...
2
votes
1answer
661 views

Reprojection from WGS to Slovenian Gauss Kruger in QGIS

I have gpx file (track) in WGS84 (EPSG: 4326) coordinate system from Garmin GPSMAP 62 which is right projected in BaseCamp and MapSource. When I save track as *.GPX and import it to QGIS and use ...
2
votes
2answers
550 views

What can go wrong in UTM to WGS1984 conversion (shifted data)

I try to convert .shp files to OSM data with shp2osm and ogr2osm but the output data is shifted. Semi-Cross-Posting Warning: I have already asked a questions on the OSM help site, but this questions ...
2
votes
2answers
666 views

How to use the coordinate system in arcgis 10?

I have a favor to ask. I have a few layers. The layers have been made by a different company. So how do I combine them all together so that they have the same coordinate systems? If there are any ...
2
votes
2answers
281 views

Ordnance Survey osgb:BNG spatial reference system not recognized by PostGIS

I'm trying to load an Ordnance Survey GML file into PostGIS using the ST_GeomFromGML function. The problem is that the spatial reference system that is used in the file, osgb:BNG, is not recognized by ...
2
votes
1answer
329 views

How to translate coordinates on the earth

I am trying to translate coordinates. I have a set of coordinates for city A which I need to map to city B, given a point P1 in city A maps to P2 in city B. How do I do this? This problem would be ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Code to convert WGS84 coordinates to British National Grid Easting/Northings

I'm looking for some code, ideally C#, to convert a WGS84 coordinate to British National Grid Easting and Northings. Does anyone have this to hand? I tried converting the Javascript code here: ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Defining projection, reprojecting, and wrong area values [duplicate]

Apologies for duplication--this was mentioned in a previous post, but was suggested that this specific problem should be posted separately. My data: http://water.usgs.gov/GIS/dsdl/aquifrp025.tar.gz ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Which projected coordinate system should be used for mapping the US?

I'm on a project requires integrating data for all states in the US. It means I have two roadway datasets and I'm going to assign the attributes of roadways in one dataset to the same roadways in the ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

How to get the Measure Line in Yards (not Feet)

I'm using Qgis Dufour 2.0.1 and the Openlayers Plugin for images. I'm working on a golf course project where everyone thinks in yards. I've tried different CRS (now working the State Plane Missouri ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

How to align an HDF layer

Forgive me, but I am completely new to GIS. I am using QGIS. I have a raster layer (HDF format) that does not align with other layers. All layers are projected WGS84 (EPSG:4326) and still the problem ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

Calculating distance scale factor by latitude for Mercator

This was really inconvenient topic to google out - so I'm asking for clarification, did I understood things correctly. I'm talking about measuring short distances in Mercator projection (3857). You ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Can you create a CRS of superseded NSW Datum

I want to use a superseded projection (NSW integrated survey datum - referred to as ISG) because my main client utilises it. The projection is based on AGD66. We regularly receive survey files in this ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

File representing extents of coordinates systems and their wkid

I'm looking for a file that represents the major coordinate systems throughout the world, and the extent that they cover. Ideally they'll also have the wkid as an attribute. Something like the ...
2
votes
3answers
191 views

What are the differences between 81989 and 27700 CRS for the British National Grid?

We are using applying Oracle Spatial to run point in polygon queries in Great Britain using Ordnance Survey MasterMap and point data. MasterMap is on British National Grid (BNG) and has the ...
2
votes
1answer
348 views

ArcGIS giving measured distances and the scalebar incorrectly

I am currently using ArcGIS 10.1 and am struggling to be able to measure distance or set a scale bar correctly. Its currently giving me absurd results orders of magnitudes to small (0.5m etc). All my ...
2
votes
2answers
231 views

Stereo 70 where is it?

I have ortho photos of Romania in Stereo 70 and GPS data in WGS84 of the same country : I want to associate the two series of data. At the moment, I can't find Stereo 70 in the list of CRS : does it ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

What is the range of numbers for coordinates in geographical coordinate systems

Up to now I thought the range of values in the geographic coordinate systems was: Latitude (S-N): -90 to +90 Longitude (W-E): -180 to +180 I have set the coordinate system of my ArcGIS data ...
2
votes
1answer
212 views

Transformation from WGS1984 to ITRF2008

We are using Projected Coordinate System: Ain_el_Abd_UTM_Zone_39N (Transverse_Mercator) in our GPS Devices and have valuable Coordinate data. Can I change the projection of this data this to WGS 1984 ...
2
votes
1answer
247 views

Confused about reprojecting Google Maps (latlong) to Irish Grid TM65

Trying to transform points taken from Google maps (as latitude and longitude) to Irish Grid TM65 using the spTransform in R, and I'm confused on something. Everything I find on the net tells me ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

Why does QGIS 1.8.0 crash when I try to set up CRS on Win XP?

I have a problem with my qgis 1.8.0. When I click on any button that set CRS or try to set the coordinates on the fly, qgis crash. I try to uninstall the program and re-install it again using ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

QGIS mixing up CRS

I´ve just started working with QuantumGIS for my thesis. I ordered shapefiles with the CRS: ETRS 89 UTM Zone 33N, but QGis layer properties now shows the layer has a different CRS (namely SWERE99 TM) ...
2
votes
2answers
301 views

How to calculate the surface using Lambert correction?

i'm using lambert conformal conic , so we have distortions along any given parallel , i would like to get the area used to solve this distortion. I have calculated the area using Shoelace formula , ...
2
votes
2answers
341 views

Problems aligning layers digitized from Google earth into ArcMaps10

I'm a PhD student new to ArcGIS. I'm digitizing features from Google Earth to use in ArcGIS (I work in India, where the mapping in GIS is at best scanty). I drew along a river in Google Earth, saved ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is my .prj file not being read by QGIS?

First off, I am new to GIS. I am using qgis (1.8.0), and have been given a shapefile containing .shp, .prj, .shx, .dbf, however qgis will not load the .prj file stating an invalid data source. ...
2
votes
2answers
429 views

How do I set custom spatial reference/coordinate sys to my shapefile

I have a python code which converts JSON text file to a shapefile. I have to set coordinate system to this shapefile created. I do not want to access the .prj file from my computer as this code will ...
2
votes
2answers
638 views

How to set right coordinate system?

I have shapefile (points) which I got from adding xy data in ArcMap from Excel table. I had Latitude/Longitude data. It is area of northern Australia. For example (5 points): Longitude 136.882 ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Populate planet with data

i have a game that described a planet and is a sphere. on the client side, the world is separated to tiles (images) and i mapped it follow by this and this, so now when the user is zooming / dragging ...