The information connecting numerical coordinates to actual locations on the earth.

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Myanmar Datum 2000 information

Does anybody know where I can find the technical details for Burma's latest datum? It's called Myanmar Datum 2000 and I can't find any details online. I need the details to create a custom datum on my ...
3
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2answers
49 views

What is the closest CRS to “Meridiano de Greenwich”

I have a 1906 scanned map that I am trying to georeference in QGIS for Mac. The map has French and English lat-long, indicating them as either "Meridiano de Greenwich" or "Meridiano de Paris." I would ...
2
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1answer
38 views

Geographic Transformations in Alaska Between NAD83 and WGS84

I have done a ton of research on the most accurate transformation to use in mainland Alaska to convert between the NAD83 and WGS84 datums, but I just can't seem to find a definitive answer. ArcMap ...
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1answer
30 views

OpenLayers Projection and Datum Question

I had a conversation with a co worker that was asking about an OL map I am developing. She asked me what the 'projection' was and I said EPSG:4326. She didn't know what that means, so I said it's ...
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31 views

Are ellipsoid and datum the same? [duplicate]

Are the datum and the ellipsoid the same? Please help me. What is a Datum? The Earth is shaped like a flattened sphere. This shape is called an ellipsoid. A datum is a model of the earth that is ...
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2answers
126 views

How to convert from one ellipsoid to another?

Introduction I have the following problem: I want to convert from WGS84 to "Anguilla 1957 / British West Indies Grid" (EPSG 2000). This seems to be straight-forward, as the transformation is a simple ...
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1answer
53 views

datum conversion with GDAL

I run gdaltransform like so: gdaltransform -s_srs nad27 -t_srs wgs84 -104.5 39.5 -104.5 39.5 0 gdaltransform -s_srs wgs84 -t_srs nad83 -104.5 39.5 -104.5 39.5 0 gdaltransform -s_srs nad27 ...
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1answer
59 views

Mapinfo and qgis file's datum problem [closed]

please refer to following link for the explanation of the problem I had. do you have any idea on this? ...
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1answer
142 views

What is the process to calculate Helmert parameters?

I have some double points (the same points in 2 different datums). I'd like to calculate the Helmert parameters but I don't understand how. NOTE: I don't need software. I need an algorithm in order ...
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1answer
86 views

Aligning layers with questionable metadata in SW Ontario

After making my best efforts to read/try everything I can on this forum and elsewhere, I unfortunately have to contribute to the wide literature of "my layers aren't aligning" questions. I am working ...
0
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3answers
112 views

Why does my map look stretched out?

I've decided to give this map design thing a go - I downloaded the USA counties shapefile from National Atlas, exported them to SQLite from QGIS, and then linked the SQLite file in Tilemill, and this ...
2
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1answer
95 views

What do different realizations of the same datum have in common?

Firstly, am I correct in assuming that the process of determining the shape and the size of the spheroid is independent from the process of determining the origin and the orientation? For example, ...
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2answers
62 views

towgs Definition for European Datum 1950

I am new to all things GIS so apologies for a basic questions. I am trying to specify the CRS of a climatic raster layer in R. It is an equal area projection based on Europe Equidistant Conic and the ...
2
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3answers
235 views

“Horizontal” and vertical datums terminology

I have heard people referring to as a horizontal datum to models such as WGS84 and as a vertical datum to geoids. The former is primarily used for determining latitude and longitude but also the ...
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0answers
99 views

Incorrect coordinates when reprojecting NAD27 to NAD83

I have some historic UTM coordinates as NAD27 (556787, 7169250) which I entered into a spreadsheet and have imported into QGIS. I assign them the projection Nad27 / UTM zone 12N (EPSG: 26712) I ...
11
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2answers
270 views

Huge differences between results for 7-param datum transform

I'm trying to transform a WGS84 lat/lon point 11d42'32.10629" E 5d12'56.75371" S in three different software packages (Proj4, GeoTrans and Leica GeoOffice) but I receive very big differences ...
2
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1answer
21 views

IL East 1201 coordinate system

What is the difference between NAD CORS96 (Illinois East 1201) and the "normal NAD1983? We have data that was GPS'ed in CORS96, but data was imported into ArcMap using the "normal" NAD1983? What ...
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1answer
67 views

RFE raster images datum conflict

Im using ArcGIS 9.3. I've downloaded RFE images from FEWSNET. And im trying to load them on ArcMap, to clip them using Mozambique's shape. But as the RFE images related to Southern Africa come with ...
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1answer
58 views

Transform from PSA56 to NAD83

I need to transform some data from PSA56 to NAD83. It doesn't have to be that rigorous as it's purely for a context map. I'm guessing I will need to go to WGS84 and then to NAD83. If anyone has any ...
5
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1answer
98 views

Is there a way to determine the datum used when all you have is a lon and lat?

I have a dataset of US intersections from 2011 that I'm going to be using in a project together with data based in WGS84. Included in the CSV file is a variety of fields two of which are the lat and ...
1
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1answer
280 views

How do you convert from GPS data in WGS84 to a GIS built in NAD27 in ArcGIS?

I have GPS data that has been recorded in Datum WGS84. The client has a GIS built in Datum NAD27. Having looked into the conversions online I would like to know how to do this rigorously with ...
3
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2answers
150 views

GeometryServer > Project with Datum Transformation

I am facing the problem that when i use the extent in the url and i go from Amersfoort(WKID 4289) to WGS84(WKID 4326) that without the tranformation the point from longitude and latitude is placed ...
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2answers
134 views

Older British Geological Survey geology maps of Kenya; need complete projection information

I have several geologic maps of Kenya produced by the BGS circa 1993. Noted on each map is the following: Projection:-Transverse Mercator Spheriod:-Clarke 1880 (modified) That's great, but that ...
2
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1answer
272 views

OpenLayers and custom Proj4 Projection

ok so I'm a newbee in using OpenLayers. I try to map some planetary data on my webMap server using OpenLayers. I defined a proj4 projection as follow: Proj4js.defs["MYDATUM"] = "+proj=longlat ...
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1answer
579 views

How to adjust online basemap to Arcmap

How can I adjust the online basemap imagery file to our existing ArcMap data. Below are steps I perform to add the basemap data. I Added basemap from "Add Data From GIS Online" in the file menu and ...
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0answers
96 views

How to find out what projection my data is using?

I have a set of data that I created from gps locations of images. The locations are in decimal. I don't know what projection was used when the data was captured. I used QGIS to display the data with a ...
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1answer
55 views

looking for datum to georeference maps of 19th century Maine

I am trying to georeference 3 (1840, 1844, and 1877) northern Maine maps. I really am not able to find which datum to use. Can anyone point me to a list of historic and regional datums? thanks
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1answer
31 views

Datums in compound CRSs

Is there some specific constraint regarding vertical and geodetic datums within a compound Coordinate Reference System (CRS)? E.g. if the ellipsoid model should be the same or not, or if the vertical ...
3
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0answers
236 views

How to set GDAL/cs2cs/proj to use NTv2 grid shift file when using EPSG codes?

I am using the GDAL API for Python for a script that takes only EPSG codes for inputs to specify source and target coordinate systems. While the cs2cs command seems to handle quite well ...
1
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2answers
179 views

define a datum and meridian in a CRS in QGIS

I have a shapefile defined by the source as: "The layer is in geographical (lat-long) coordinates (GCS_Clarke_1866; Datum: D_Clarke_1866; Prime Meridian: 0)." opening the shapefile in QGIS 1.8 the ...
9
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2answers
281 views

How do I perform a 3 parameter geotransformation and projection in Sql Server 2012?

I have a table with latitude longitude (NAD27) columns in it. I compute two other columns, X and Y, representing Web Mercator (WGS84) location. Currently I'm using a Arcmap to do this, by applying ...
3
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2answers
368 views

Where is list of Geographic Transformations in ArcGIS, and their areas of applicability?

I have some data in Provisional South American Datum 1956, and I need to project it to Web Mercator with WGS84 as the datum. When I use the project tool in ArcGIS desktop, it requires a Geographic ...
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1answer
115 views

Modify CRS to match boundaries of shapefile

I have boundary data in WGS'84 lat/long and data in a custom generated CRS. The data in the generated CRS appears to be offset by a particular vector compared to WGS'84. I want to attempt to match the ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

Error in Min. Bounding Geometry results

I'm getting consistent, weird results from using Minimum Bounding Geometry to make circle polygons. I'm not sure if a datum issue, but I'm leaning more towards something wrong with Minimum Bounding ...
3
votes
1answer
886 views

ArcGIS 10.0/10.1 - arcpy - automate projection tool with different datum or projection

I am getting stuck with a task that is slightly different from the posts I found so far on this same website. Assumption: all layers have a defined coordinate system Problem: I would like to ...
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1answer
1k views

How to reproject a raster file in QGIS with datum transformation?

I want to reproject a tiff raster file from projection A (ETRS89/UTM Zone 32) to projection B (DHDN/Gauss-Kruger zone 2). The two projections have a different datum so I have to use a datum ...
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2answers
1k views

What do I need to change to get scale bar units other than degrees?

Measurements done in QGIS on my project are done properly using whatever unit is set in: Settings > Options > Map Tools > Preferred measurements units but the scale bar decoration and scale bar in ...
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1answer
1k views

How to Project shapefile from NAD 1983 UTM Zone 12 to WGS 1984 UTM Zone 13N?

I have a question and I have a shapefile that is in NAD UTM Zone 12 and Datum is North American Datum of 1983. What I would liket to reprojection it to NAD 1983 UTM Zone 13N and change the Datum to ...
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0answers
285 views

Possible to do a datum shift using dotSpatial?

I was hoping to be able to use Reproject.ReprojectPoints to achieve a datum shift between lat/lon values in NAD27 and NAD83. I'm able to correctly reproject from NAD27 lat/lon to NAD27 UTM and from ...
2
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3answers
335 views

Datum transformations, do we use wgs84 as an intermediate common reference?

I was transforming some data the other day using the 7 param helmert transformation and it got me thinking. I have a set of transformation parameters, but these only describe the transformation from ...
11
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3answers
310 views

Does Earth's magnetic field affect any datum definition?

I had an interview last week. One very interesting question was "does earth's magnetic field affect any datum definition?" I was sure it does not for geocentric datums. But I thought maybe the ...
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1answer
104 views

How to determine Earth co-ordinates?

I just read about latitudes and longitudes. I read latitudes are imaginary lines that run around the earth and longitudes are lines that run around from top to bottom. Using this system: 1. ...
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1answer
125 views

Tool For Generating Formula for Projection

I am using Proj4Js for northing,easting to lat,long transformation. My Datum is "AGD84" and projection is "Transverse Mercator". While doing so I found that if I don't specify "+proj" parameter in ...
23
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2answers
1k views

How accurate is approximating the Earth as a sphere?

What level of error do I encounter when approximating the earth as a sphere? Specifically, when dealing with the location of points and, for example, the great circle distances between them. Are ...
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0answers
300 views

Conversion From Transverse Mercator To Longitude & Lattitude

I have to transform (7-parameters datum transformation) coordinates from northings & eastings to lattitude & longitude. Following are details of source coordinate system(i.e. northings & ...
18
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1answer
3k views

Is WGS84 itself a Coordinate Reference System?

I was wondering the difference between WGS84 and EPSG:4326 (see this). Can then WGS84 on its own be defined as a Coordinate Reference System? Or is it just a datum so that a Coordinate System must ...
3
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1answer
1k views

How to perform datum transformation in ArcGIS server REST API exportmap

I have a ArcGIS server 10.0 mapcontext in one projection (swedish grid sweref99 TM) which uses its own datum, also named Sweref99 . When I use the REST API's map service export function I want to ...
6
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1answer
2k views

Characteristics of different methods to convert ECEF to LLA

I'm trying to convert ECEF (Earth Centered, Earth Fixed) coordinates, which are defined in X,Y,Z, centered at (0,0,0) to LLA (Latitude, Longitude, Altitude). There are a couple of methods I found on ...
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2answers
3k views

Converting from British National Grid (27700) to WGS84 (4326) to Web Mercator (102100)

I'm developing a web application that uses ESRI ArcGIS to display a map using JavaScript. We are holding all our data in MS SQL Server 2008 as Easting/Northing against the British National Grid. ...
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1answer
313 views

What datum (reference ellipsoid) does Nasa Worldwind use?

What datum (reference ellipsoid) does Nasa Worldwind use? I can't seem to find where Nasa Worldwind tells explicitly what datum they use. I need some sort of valid link.