Tagged Questions

Digital Elevation Model (DEM), which could be a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) or a Digital Surface Model (DSM).

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4
votes
2answers
6k views

Viewing .las format LIDAR data in QGIS?

Is there an easy path to visualizing this LIDAR data? I have QGIS, and some USGS LIDAR data in (.las) format downloaded from http://lidar.cr.usgs.gov/ . This means I have both the (.las) and ...
2
votes
0answers
485 views

GDAL tiling DTED (dt2) dataset as gdal2tiles for 3D Maps

i am searching some webgl technologies to create 3d map with digital elevation data. for web tech. i have found ReadyMap SDK to create 3d map from TMS... in ReadyMap for elevation data it uses sth ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

How to convert raster data into regularly sampled points?

I am wondering if there's another way to convert raster data (ex: DEM) into regularly sampled points. I've used Raster to Point under ArcToolbox previously, but if the raster data is huge, that's a ...
8
votes
4answers
5k views

How to 'burn' a stream network into a DEM layer in ArcGIS 10?

I am working on a DEM that in an area where there is little relief. I would like to 'burn' the river network into the DEM so I can calculate flow accumulation and flow length accurately. I am using ...
2
votes
2answers
502 views

batch create DEM from contour maps (open source)

I have around 100 shapefiles of contours (1m interval) that I need to turn into DEMs; Is there a way to batch create these mde from contour lines? Using open source preferably.
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How to use NASA Digital Elevation model data?

I've heard it is possible to use NASA elevation model to determine approximate elevation at (lat;lng) point. This might be really useful for my upcoming project since Google Elevation API has weird ...
14
votes
5answers
9k views

Is it possible to make a DEM from contours in QGIS?

Is it possible to make a DEM from contours in QGIS? I have a shp file (contours) and their heights, can I use QGIS for produce a DEM without using GRASS? I find this creating a dem from contours but ...
5
votes
1answer
348 views

How do I get the upstream distance to all points in a DEM from a single downstream point?

I want to get the upstream distance to all points in a DEM from a single downstream point. The goal is to create a "downstream distance to a point grid". This then would allow me to create "distance" ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How to build an artificial 'dam' across a river?

I have a DEM. Created all files related to watershed including accumulation, direction, streams etc... I'm stuck creating a dam. I request you to please let me know how to build an artificial 'dam' ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

Finding Two locations with a conditional search on DEM

I want to find two locations H difference in elevation between two locations on a DEM. Ex: point A and B are my output after search on DEM. conditions are (1)buffer R distance around point A and (2) ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Extract the area of a DEM above where 60% of the region lies?

I have a DEM of a mountainous region. I'd like to extract the areas of the DEM above which 60% of the total DEM area lies. So, essentially I'd like to extract the areas representing upper portions of ...
6
votes
1answer
350 views

Problems creating TIN from British Columbia DEM data

Is anyone familiar with creating a TIN using ArcGIS9.3 and British Columbia DEM data (.GEN files)? I can't figure out how to get the breaklines to work during the creation of the TIN. Using ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Converting ASCII grid/NTF to SRTM/DEM

I want to use the Ordnance Survey Land-Form Panorama product in some software called Maperitive, which can read custom SRTM DEM files. The data is provided in the following formats: DXF [Contours] ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

Can I convert ESRI Grid (DEM) raster to USGS DEM?

There is a tool for DEM to Raster in ArcGIS but I need to convert my ArcGIS DEM rasters (mostly LiDAR) into USGS DEM. The idea is to import this DEM into Sketchup and create a "sandbox" TIN surface ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Good practice for generating contours from a DEM

We have just received a large set of DEMs at work and I would like to generate contours from them. The DEMs have a resolution of 1m and a size of 1kmx1km. Output from gdalinfo: Driver: ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

How to use SRTM Global DEM for Slope calculation?

I have downloaded SRTM GDEM (~90 km resolution). I am using ArcGIS 10. I have tried to use spatial analyst to compute for slope. However, I can not compute for the slope. The output values has only ...
6
votes
2answers
877 views

FOSS method to split raster into smaller chunks

I have a raster (USGS DEM actually) and I need to split it up into smaller chunks like the image below shows. That was accomplished in ArcGIS 10.0 using the Split Raster tool. I would like a FOSS ...
4
votes
1answer
641 views

Obtaining a contour as a single polygon in ArcGIS?

I have a DEM that I want to retrieve a single contour polygon from at a given elevation. I can use the Contour tool to obtain a series of polylines at a given elevation by setting the contour interval ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How to find the elevation differences between adjacent pixels in ArcGIS?

Is there a way to determine what the difference in elevation is between two adjacent pixels? I am using an SRTM DEM to map faults. I am using the vertical error (>16m) as a criterion for the ...
24
votes
3answers
5k views

How to smooth a DEM?

I have a SRTM DEM and I want to create a shaded relief from it. I created the shaded relief in GRASS and the result is very nice, but a little rough becouse the area is near flat and the DEM is 90m in ...
5
votes
1answer
356 views

How to find upstream - lateral and downstream zones around urban areas?

I've a DTM and a shapefile of built-up areas. For a fire risk model, I've to find (within a defined buffer zone) two zones around built-up areas: one that is above/higher and lateral and the other ...
2
votes
1answer
573 views

Read .DEM (USGS) FIles with C#

I have a huge number of .DEMs and have been investigating how to process them into something useful. Does anyone know how, or even if it is possible to read coordinates and elevation data from ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Detrending DEMs? - Removing the elevation trend over sloped surfaces (diagram included)

Is there a known methodology for removing the trend from a DEM surface? For example, if I had a DEM of a river, that river would flow from high elevation (upstream) to lower elevations (downstream). ...
4
votes
1answer
597 views

Is it possible to reverse the trend/values of a raster?

For example - if I have a raster DEM covering a stream with higher elevations in the west (up river) and lower elevations in the east (down river) is it possible to reverse this trend so that the east ...
8
votes
5answers
673 views

How to calculate the total ascent along a path

I am working on a series of footpath routes and have been asked if it possible to calculate the total ascent that a walker would have climbed if the travelled along each route? I know that it is ...
8
votes
1answer
10k views

creating a dem from contours

I have a large set of contours that I received broken down into several different subsets. I have merged most of the subsets together creating a larger set of contours in three different files. I have ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

How to aquire a topographical map of Britain?

First of all, let me say that I know next to nothing about GISs. I'm trying to find / make / aquire a topographical map of britain. I want to use it as a height map in Dwarf Fortress so it needs to ...
5
votes
1answer
332 views

When merging two DEMs, do they have to be in the same pixel bits?

I have a simple question. I have 2 different Digital Elevation Modeling (DEM). One is the state DEM and has 30m and has 16 pixel bit. I have a couple of smaller DEM that has 30m but they have 32 pixel ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

DEM problem in ArcGIS

I have a 32 bit DEM with resolution 0.5 * 0.5 and range of elevation is 1299 to 1489. When I want to export or use copy raster tool or create fill in Arcgis, the results are elevation between ...
1
vote
1answer
450 views

Importing ERDAS-processed GTOP030 dem data into ARCGIS

I have two GTOP030 DEM images. After downloading them, I have imported into ERDAS and mosaiced them. Then I have exported it to .tif file in order to open it in ARCGIS. But when I tried to open it in ...
3
votes
1answer
698 views

Solar radiation calculation from GTOP030 DEM image

Can you help me to calculate solar radiation from GTOPO30 DEM image at the 30 m spatial resolution. I'm trying to do this many times using spatial analysis solar radiation calculation tool in ArcGIS. ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Translating grid to USGS .dem in C# via GDAL

I am attempting to translate ArcInfo binary grids to USGS DEM format (.dem). I have installed the GDAL .NET bindings thru this build installer. I can get to GDAL in my C# add-in I am working on. ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I know if the DEM has z values?

How do I know if the DEM contains z-values ? By looking at the DEM's layer properties and it does not mention the z values. I then add it to the ArcScene and tried to find it..nothing... It only ...
2
votes
1answer
334 views

Command r.sunmask in GRASS

I have hypsometric model of relief, and I need to visualize shadows. I was suggested to use GRASS command r.sunmask, so I tried to set time values and run command, but it gives me an error "ERROR: ...
8
votes
2answers
621 views

Elevation profile sample point algorithm

In generating an elevation profile, samples from the underlying raster must be taken. If the objective is to create a profile of maximum quality, how should the locations of sample points be ...
6
votes
2answers
703 views

What's a good toolchain to reproject some PNGs in plate carre to UTM?

I have some PNGs produced from Canadian DEM data. They're 1201px by 1201px heightmaps. Each one represents one quarter of a degree latitude and one quarter of a degree longitude. But I want to work ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Workflow for determining stream gradient?

As far as data goes, I'm working with NHD .shp files, 10m DEMs, and some LIDAR data. My goal is to determine gradient for 100m segments of a network of streams. I'm already able to do this, but I ...
2
votes
1answer
675 views

Combine DEM raster with vector data. in ArcScene 9.3

Ive have a raster layer of earthquake data that includes depth. I also have a DEM file. The problem is that I need to plot earthquake depth relative to the DEM file rather than sealevel in order to ...
5
votes
3answers
925 views

getting from a DEM to points that could be used for a TIN

I have a DEM, and would like to create a set of points that I can use to make a mesh for a 3d modeling program, such as Maya, Blender, or SketchUp. If I were to make a TIN from a DEM in ArcGIS, ArcGIS ...
0
votes
1answer
396 views

How to transform a DEM to a cartesian coordinate system?

I am using the script r.inund.fluv. I run the script with all the required parameters and it produced a lot or errors. I emailed the author of the script and he said that "I think you are not ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

Watershed Delineation

I am trying to delineate just the catchment area of some lakes, and am wondering the correct way to do this. I already have a filled DEM, along with a flow direction and a flow accumulation raster. Is ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

River drainage basin boundary

I'm looking for a set of outlines of the river basins in the UK - I don't need a particularly detailed or highly accurate map - just a map saying point X will drain into the Thames or point Y will ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Is there an online tile-based elevation service?

I am working on an application that requires the elevation at a given lat/long coordinate for lots of closely spaced coordinates along any given irregular path. (The path is a trace of a ...
5
votes
3answers
416 views

Is there a DTM available for free somewhere?

To go a little bit further than the semantic question regarding DEM/DTM/DSM, I'd like to know if there is a free (of charges and use) DTM datasets? And what about resolution? As far as I know,only ...
37
votes
7answers
38k views

What is the difference between DEM, DSM and DTM?

I am listing some of the acronyms used in our work and had to stop to think about whether to list these together or separately. In some circles they are synonymous, in others they have distinct ...
4
votes
2answers
664 views

Comparing two TINs created using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have the following two files: LiDAR las file1 Let's give it a name LiDAR las file2, contains the same file1 data, where number of points randomly removed. So if file1 contains X number of ...
7
votes
1answer
915 views

Partially updating raster (DEM)?

How to update an .img DEM in ArcView 9.3? I do have DEM which need to be updated only if few parts. The area to be updated has been produced in separate DEM with Spline Interpolation with Barriers. ...
6
votes
1answer
629 views

Interpolation: irregular shape, merging DEM's

my problem is quite complex, though I hope that solution may be simple or at least possible. I do have .img DEM 0.5x0.5m. DEM consists of river bed, river valley and adjacent areas (it is strip of ...
3
votes
1answer
522 views

Where can I find USGS SRTM 3 index grid or what procedure should I employ to select tiles?

I would like to download all USGS SRTM 3 tiles for Ontario, Canada from the USGS site: http://dds.cr.usgs.gov/srtm/version2_1/SRTM3/North_America/ Where can I obtain the index that will assist me in ...
4
votes
1answer
275 views

Extra lines in Sketchup DTM when using stamp tool

I have a DTM in Sketchup. I am trying to use the stamp tool to make a level area on which to build a building. However, when I use the stamp tool lots of extra lines appear on the DTM seemingly at ...