For questions about Digital Elevation Models (DEM), Digital Terrain Models (DTM) and Digital Surface Models (DSM)

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

-4
votes
1answer
3k views

How to extract drainage line network from GRASS GIS and QGIS [closed]

Giving DEM as input is there any way to get drainage network? I am newbie to GRASS and QGIS ,provide any working examples in GRASS GIS and QGIS with procedure.
1
vote
1answer
115 views

DEM error when trying to do topographic correction in GRASS

I'm new to GRASS gis and I'm trying to do a topographic correction (i.topo.corr) of 9 ASTER bands using SRTM dem. I keep getting this error message: ERROR: Illumination model is of CELL type Is ...
1
vote
1answer
659 views

Stretched raster symbology not working in ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have some DEM rasters (from the same data source so I think they're uniform in all file specifications) that I'm symbolizing using the same stretched color ramp. I set the stretch type to min-max, ...
2
votes
2answers
337 views

Is there any way to 'clean' up ASTER v2 DEM data?

I downloaded all the tiles I needed, then plotted them to find that they don't all seem to have the same quality. Basically, you can see all the edges of a lot of the tiles. Is there any way to clean ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

How to calculate an Illumination raster for fire ignition danger analysis?

I am doing a fire ignition danger analysis using this equation that I found in Millington (2012) http://www.jmecology.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/33-42-MILLINGTON.pdf IR = 4H + 3V + 2I – E Where: ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

How to create contour lines from point data using QGIS?

I'm using QGIS 2.4.0 and I have a shapefile of points with elevation data and X and Y coordinates. I'm using windows 7 OS. The idea is to create a contour line SHP using my point data. My question ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How to create a catchment from a point using a DTM raster in QGIS?

I need to find a better way to delineate a catchment from a given point on a watercourse using a DTM - currently I am either using FEH, or if the catchment is too small using contours to draw manually....
7
votes
1answer
713 views

Ditch Extraction using LIDAR DTM (1m resolution)

I'm trying to extract ditches using the LIDAR DTM using the software eCognition but I am actually having a hard time since the paper where I based my workflow entitled "Ditches’ network extraction and ...
1
vote
0answers
146 views

Contour command in Spatial Ecology's GME

Has anyone been successful using the contour command from GME (Geospatial Modelling Environment)? I'm trying to create contours out of a DEM. I know you can do it in ArcGIS with 3D or Spatial Analyst ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Mosaic to New Raster tool fail

I'm trying to merge 24 DEM files, after applying the tool (Mosaic to New Raster) only 11 out of the 24 merged. All the original files are in the same projection, pixel type, band, etc. I also ...
8
votes
1answer
595 views

River boundary (bank) extraction from LiDAR

Is there any way to extract a river boundary (bank) from LiDAR data and its products (DEM, intensity image and slope) automatically? Digitizing is very time consuming.
7
votes
2answers
968 views

Normalizing point cloud data

How I can get Digital Height Model (only object heights, DSM - DTM = DHM)? Many applications can do this, but they convert it to GRID or TIN format. I was wondering if it was possible to keep the ...
6
votes
2answers
481 views

Simplified flood “model” / estimation from elevation data

The goal is to present an estimation of potential flooded area. But still keeping it simple. I know this will not be accurate. The question is: will it be good enough for at gestimate / rough ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

Finding DEM/HIllshade sources California

Creating watershed maps for schools. I want to color ramp the elevation to show low and high points. What kind of files do I need and where to find them?
6
votes
1answer
638 views

Interactively determining upslope and downslope areas on DEM?

I know SAGA GIS can be used to interactively generate maps of upslope and downslope areas for a cell within a DEM, but the output is pretty ugly. An upslope area is defined as all cells (for a ...
2
votes
1answer
850 views

Extract elevation data from Landsat / MODIS imagery?

Just curious, have anyone tried to extract elevation data from LANDSAT or MODIS imagery? So far, I came across one journal by Toutin who did so using adjacent LANDSAT 7 imageries. Results seem pretty ...
2
votes
2answers
293 views

How can you create a depth raster from a DTM and a polygon in QGIS?

I have a DTM raster and a flood outline in polygon format - how do I create a depth raster for the flood outline (i.e. flood level minus DTM level)?
-1
votes
1answer
538 views

Automatic Lineament Extraction from satellite images using ENVI? [closed]

Can you tell me the steps of automatic lineament extraction from satellite images? Can ENVI perform edge detection and the lineament extraction?
0
votes
0answers
205 views

Striping Artifact in Aster DEM Mosaic

I'm working with SRTM and ASTER data for a university project. My goal is to delineate watersheds and evaluation of these with ArcGis 10 and ArcHydro. But a striping error occurs with the flow ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

Grid-like artifact visible in contour layers?

I am creating contours from an Aster DEM in ArcMap 10.1 I see a grid pattern appearing, particularly in areas of dense contours: I see the same artifact if I create a Hillshade layer so presumably ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

How to extract elevation data from ASTER/SRTM? [duplicate]

I just want to know if there are any other tools available in QGIS apart from the Point Sampling tool to extract elevation data from ASTER/SRTM/CartoDEM (for India) data? When I convert these images ...
2
votes
1answer
911 views

Converting LAS file to .asc DSM? [duplicate]

I want to count trees in SAGA GIS and I am trying to follow the steps described in Counting trees using segmentation and vectorization in SAGA Gis from dominoc925.blogspot.com (05th, March, 2012). ...
0
votes
2answers
146 views

TIN to Raster - specify raster's origin

How could I specify raster's origin, while using arcpy.TinRaster_3d?
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Is it possible to reveal the relief parameters “slope inclination” and “slope exposure” by dint of ASTER GDEM?

I’m trying to find information in technical and scientific articles – is it possible to reveal the relief parameters “slope inclination” and “slope exposure” by dint of ASTER GDEM? Or we can define ...
8
votes
2answers
179 views

What is a good metric for mapping accuracy

I have recently received a dataset that supposedly mapped the altitude a given region (a DEM). I would like to determine the accuracy of the new map by comparing it with a previously generated DEM. ...
2
votes
1answer
266 views

Rasterizing Contours - How to remove 0 values

I want to convert vector contours to a DEM. From other posts, I wanted to utilise the Grass r.surf.contours tool. Initially I converted the vector contour layer to a rasterized contours using the "...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Algorithm behind custom tool of ArcGIS for Desktop called xyz2grid21?

I am a researcher from Romania and I have used xyz2grid21 ArcGIS tool (by Min-Lang Huang) in order to convert xyz files (LIDAR data) to ASCII and ESRI grid in order to obtain a DTM. I need to know ...
3
votes
2answers
152 views

Is SRTM 3 second arc free of non-terrain features?

I made an elevation map of my study area in Macapa, Brazil. But the region has the average elevation lesser than 30 m as I can see from my map derived from SRTM 3 second arc. According to my ...
3
votes
0answers
753 views

Creating one DEM from multiple ASC files

I am struggling with this several days and now its time to ask how to do it in QGIS. I have very detailed 27 ASC grid files with overall size of 9 GB created from 1m contours of large area (600 m2). ...
4
votes
1answer
619 views

How to extract DEM (Digital Elevation Model) from 3D model

How can I extract a Digital Elevation Model from a 3D model of a building, made with SketchUp, using Blender,qgis or any other software?
5
votes
2answers
271 views

Sun azimuth on shaded relief LiDAR maps

I have a LiDAR map and want to change the view so that the ground shadow is manipulated (looking for archaeological anomalies). I think it is the sun angle that I need to alter but I don't know how. ...
2
votes
2answers
626 views

How to use OS Terrain 50 in QGIS

I am new to GIS and I wish to perform view shed analysis of wind turbines from a DEM. I have downloaded OS Terrain 50 and the data is contained within numerous zipped folders. I am using a Mac with ...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

Highest DEM pixel in polygon

I'm working with QGIS and have a big DEM raster layer with height information and a vector layer with many polygons, representing 1 x 1 degree tiles. Now I want to find for every polygon the highest ...
4
votes
1answer
789 views

Generate channel network (rainwater run off) - which algorithm is the best?

I want to compute DEM for a whole country (cca 79 000 sqr. km) and I need to be hydrologically correct as much is possible. After, for this correct DEM I need to compute drainage lines of surface ...
1
vote
0answers
203 views

Correlation between point feature (disease) and elevation

I have a problem! How can I calculate the correlation between point feature and Dem raster? Hypothesis: disease prevalence in high altitude is more than low altitude. I must do this in ArcGIS 10 and ...
7
votes
3answers
793 views

Filtering out canopies and buildings from DSM to have a bare earth elevation

Can anyone suggest methods in filtering out trees and buildings from a DSM so as to come up with a reliable DEM? What I have is a grid from a LIDAR data (.tif file, with 1m resolution). I was going ...
2
votes
1answer
425 views

How to convert ASCII in x,y,z format using gdal_grid?

I have a map saved in (AFAIK) Arc/Info ASCII format and I would like to convert it with gdal grid but I am getting errors. My data (p.csv) is in the following format: 319053.25,319301.12,544.28 ...
0
votes
0answers
118 views

QGIS DEM Output cell size does not match DEM input cell size

As my first post I offer a humble apology if this is such a basic question as to make any of you cringe. I feel like I have exhausted my search skills and read through the QGIS documentation ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Query DEM Elevation at Point in QGIS

I'd like to be able to pull up a DEM (or create a mosaic of them) and simply query the elevation at points I click. Is this possible using QGIS?
4
votes
1answer
159 views

In which way is height information stored in a DEM?

I'm struggling with different DEM data, because I don't know how to convert the height information in meters. When I load ASTER and SRTM tifs in QGIS, it shows me the spectrum of the grayband (0 to ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Converting DEM data to height information in meters using QGIS? [duplicate]

I'm relatively new with QGIS and currently I'm working with ASTER and SRTM DEMs. The goal is to create vector heightcontours with labeling in meter. Can you tell me how I can convert the grayband ...
7
votes
3answers
598 views

Is there a difference between the Planchon & Darboux and Wang and Liu depression filling algorithms? Other than speed?

Can anyone tell me, based on actual analytical experience, if there is a difference between these two depression filling algorithms, other than the speed at which they process and fill depressions (...
4
votes
1answer
499 views

Flow direction generated for river is incorrect

I am trying to generate a hydrologic model and I can not really proceed on the next processes. I have this problem on generating flow direction. I have already executed fill sinks and the next is flow ...
4
votes
2answers
930 views

What is the source of horizontal and vertical striping in USGS DEMs?

When processing 30m and 10m DEM data downloaded through the National Map Viewer from the National Elevation Dataset, we noticed horizontal and vertical striping not only in the produced results, but ...
0
votes
4answers
911 views

Using Arcpy, how can I determine min and max elevation from a raster DEM layer within my current extent?

Using Arcpy, how can I determine min and max elevation from a raster DEM layer within my current extent? I'm currently using Data Driven Pages to centre the layout on each feature extent. I need to ...
5
votes
0answers
361 views

Has anyone used ArcGIS for 'automatically' detecting lineaments from a high-resolution (1m) DEM? [closed]

I have a set of DEM's produced from LIDAR data. I am wondering if anyone is familiar with or knew of any published research papers which looked at (semi-)automatically detecting lineaments /or ...
2
votes
1answer
453 views

How to handle “illegal data type (Float64)” error when trying to convert .tif to .bil?

Each time I try to convert (in QGIS 2.2) an elevation model from .tif to .bil format a get this error: ERROR 1: Attempt to create ESRI .hdr labelled dataset with an illegal data type (Float64). ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Getting Negative Topographic Wetness Index (TWI) values in SAGA GIS?

I am getting negative topographic index wetness values in SAGA GIS - anyone else every get this? Not all negative values, but the minimum of the TWI range is negative for some steep watersheds we are ...
4
votes
1answer
871 views

Topographic Index - Why is upslope contributing area divided by downslope contour width and not upslope contour width?

In the Topographic Index calculation, a is the upslope contributing area per unit contour length. Is the "unit contour length" calculated from examining the contour widths of the downslope cells that ...