For questions about Digital Elevation Models (DEM), Digital Terrain Models (DTM) and Digital Surface Models (DSM)

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2
votes
0answers
45 views

Drawing boundary through DEM of glacier valley using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I want to calculate/draw the boundary extent in Glacier valley with the help of DEM. Can you please guide me which is the best tools in ArcGIS and steps to calculate.
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Inverting color ramp in legend

I have inverted the color ramp to display land surface elevation, now when I add a legend in print composer it shows the lowest value at the top and the highest at the bottom. See below: It is more ...
5
votes
1answer
294 views

Shapefile and DEM: check rivers behaviour

I'm working with shapefiles representing rivers (rivers.shp), and DEM for the terrain elevation (terrain.tif). Basically, I want to check that my rivers (stored as polylines in my shapefile) behave ...
1
vote
1answer
177 views

Reclassification of raster surface using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a raster surface with values ranging from 0 -100. I want to create a categorical classification (percentage categories of 5%, e.g. 0-5%, 6-10%...) and reclassify my surface into these ...
5
votes
1answer
738 views

When computing flow direction, the D8 algorithm is used - are there major differences if others are used?

I am a student working with Hydrological models. Within these models we can route water across a DEM (within a delineated watershed or just within an un-delineated DEM) using many different flow ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Solar radiation calculation from GTOP030 DEM image

Can you help me to calculate solar radiation from GTOPO30 DEM image at the 30 m spatial resolution. I'm trying to do this many times using spatial analysis solar radiation calculation tool in ArcGIS. ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Buffering/extrusion of a dem surface

I have a surface representing a DEM and i would like to add it some thickness. If i simply duplicate the surface and translate it down by my thickness, i get non uniform thickness, ie thinner where ...
1
vote
1answer
633 views

Stretched raster symbology not working in ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have some DEM rasters (from the same data source so I think they're uniform in all file specifications) that I'm symbolizing using the same stretched color ramp. I set the stretch type to min-max, ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

QGIS vector layers do not match DEM?

I have a DEM (saved as a .tif) and, using QGIS, I want to clip the DEM using a vector mask. The function will not work. Am I missing critical step?
6
votes
2answers
888 views

Normalizing point cloud data

How I can get Digital Height Model (only object heights, DSM - DTM = DHM)? Many applications can do this, but they convert it to GRID or TIN format. I was wondering if it was possible to keep the ...
14
votes
3answers
573 views

Account for bridge overpasses in a ground DEM to allow for water flow under the overpass

I have a bare earth DEM made from lidar data (A). It works well and has passed all accuracy tests. It is used in storm surge models. The problem we are having is on underpasses. I need to allow water ...
7
votes
2answers
223 views

Reducing elevation from DEM using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I am so curious how would I strip off elevation from the DEM. I don't know how I would explain it further but I have attached an image to clarify this. I wanted to eliminate the area shaded with ...
-3
votes
1answer
3k views

How to extract drainage line network from GRASS GIS and QGIS [closed]

Giving DEM as input is there any way to get drainage network? I am newbie to GRASS and QGIS ,provide any working examples in GRASS GIS and QGIS with procedure.
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Where is it possible to download a DEM for the Romanian east carpathians? [duplicate]

I'm quite new to GIS and have only done a few small tasks for Projects at University and the required data has always been provided. I am now struggling to find the specific DEM I need. Also other ...
3
votes
0answers
659 views

How to calculate Solar Radiation falling on vertical surfaces using DEMs and ArcGIS?

I am using ArcGIS10 Area Solar Radiation tool to calculate irradiation on horizontal surfaces (building roofs) but need to do the same for vertical surfaces (building facades). Any ideas on how to do ...
4
votes
1answer
827 views

Topographic Index - Why is upslope contributing area divided by downslope contour width and not upslope contour width?

In the Topographic Index calculation, a is the upslope contributing area per unit contour length. Is the "unit contour length" calculated from examining the contour widths of the downslope cells that ...
2
votes
1answer
404 views

shapefile to gmt format

I have an ESRI shapefile of the contours of my study area, and I want to convert it into a format that is acceptable by GMT, so I can make an elevation map of my study area. Is that even possible? ...
4
votes
2answers
969 views

Comparing two TINs created using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have the following two files: LiDAR las file1 Let's give it a name LiDAR las file2, contains the same file1 data, where number of points randomly removed. So if file1 contains X number of points,...
6
votes
3answers
764 views

DEM generation from ASTER L1B imagery using FOSS

Is there any (photogrammetric or other) FOSS package to support the generation of a DEM from ASTER L1B products (i.e. combining the spectral bands 3N and 3B)? Are there any practical examples or/and ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

DEM error when trying to do topographic correction in GRASS

I'm new to GRASS gis and I'm trying to do a topographic correction (i.topo.corr) of 9 ASTER bands using SRTM dem. I keep getting this error message: ERROR: Illumination model is of CELL type Is ...
2
votes
2answers
324 views

Is there any way to 'clean' up ASTER v2 DEM data?

I downloaded all the tiles I needed, then plotted them to find that they don't all seem to have the same quality. Basically, you can see all the edges of a lot of the tiles. Is there any way to clean ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Colouring areas between (vector) contours?

Is it possible to colour areas between (vector) contours without making it a DEM first? Joshdoe seems to have done so in Create filled contour map with GRASS but does not say how.
1
vote
0answers
142 views

Contour command in Spatial Ecology's GME

Has anyone been successful using the contour command from GME (Geospatial Modelling Environment)? I'm trying to create contours out of a DEM. I know you can do it in ArcGIS with 3D or Spatial Analyst ...
2
votes
2answers
271 views

How can you create a depth raster from a DTM and a polygon in QGIS?

I have a DTM raster and a flood outline in polygon format - how do I create a depth raster for the flood outline (i.e. flood level minus DTM level)?
6
votes
5answers
3k views

Calculating Runoff / Streams using DEM in ArcGIS

I am just curious about the workflow that many of you use for runoff/stream analysis using a DEM and create a "water network" from the results in ArcGIS 10.1? I know the average rainfall for different ...
7
votes
1answer
682 views

Ditch Extraction using LIDAR DTM (1m resolution)

I'm trying to extract ditches using the LIDAR DTM using the software eCognition but I am actually having a hard time since the paper where I based my workflow entitled "Ditches’ network extraction and ...
1
vote
1answer
282 views

How to use ArcMap for HydroPower Potential

I am trying to determine the sites for small hydropower. I have a elevation dem, rainfall data, Curve number data (from soil and landuse shapefiles). I have already used the DEM to fill sinks, find ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to create a catchment from a point using a DTM raster in QGIS?

I need to find a better way to delineate a catchment from a given point on a watercourse using a DTM - currently I am either using FEH, or if the catchment is too small using contours to draw manually....
8
votes
1answer
575 views

River boundary (bank) extraction from LiDAR

Is there any way to extract a river boundary (bank) from LiDAR data and its products (DEM, intensity image and slope) automatically? Digitizing is very time consuming.
26
votes
2answers
8k views

Proper workflow for LAS to DEM conversion

I regularly come across LiDAR (.LAS) files with elevation data. When I do, I always struggle to find a way of converting them to a DEM for hydrological analysis. I have developed several workflows, ...
6
votes
1answer
600 views

Interactively determining upslope and downslope areas on DEM?

I know SAGA GIS can be used to interactively generate maps of upslope and downslope areas for a cell within a DEM, but the output is pretty ugly. An upslope area is defined as all cells (for a ...
-1
votes
1answer
513 views

Automatic Lineament Extraction from satellite images using ENVI? [closed]

Can you tell me the steps of automatic lineament extraction from satellite images? Can ENVI perform edge detection and the lineament extraction?
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Grid-like artifact visible in contour layers?

I am creating contours from an Aster DEM in ArcMap 10.1 I see a grid pattern appearing, particularly in areas of dense contours: I see the same artifact if I create a Hillshade layer so presumably ...
0
votes
0answers
203 views

Striping Artifact in Aster DEM Mosaic

I'm working with SRTM and ASTER data for a university project. My goal is to delineate watersheds and evaluation of these with ArcGis 10 and ArcHydro. But a striping error occurs with the flow ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

How to extract elevation data from ASTER/SRTM? [duplicate]

I just want to know if there are any other tools available in QGIS apart from the Point Sampling tool to extract elevation data from ASTER/SRTM/CartoDEM (for India) data? When I convert these images ...
0
votes
2answers
143 views

TIN to Raster - specify raster's origin

How could I specify raster's origin, while using arcpy.TinRaster_3d?
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How to drape a simple jpeg image over dem of some area?

How can we drape a simple jpeg image which doesnot have any geo referencing information over the digital elevation model in order to visualize it in 3D in QGIS?
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Is it possible to reveal the relief parameters “slope inclination” and “slope exposure” by dint of ASTER GDEM?

I’m trying to find information in technical and scientific articles – is it possible to reveal the relief parameters “slope inclination” and “slope exposure” by dint of ASTER GDEM? Or we can define ...
2
votes
1answer
258 views

Rasterizing Contours - How to remove 0 values

I want to convert vector contours to a DEM. From other posts, I wanted to utilise the Grass r.surf.contours tool. Initially I converted the vector contour layer to a rasterized contours using the "...
3
votes
0answers
710 views

Creating one DEM from multiple ASC files

I am struggling with this several days and now its time to ask how to do it in QGIS. I have very detailed 27 ASC grid files with overall size of 9 GB created from 1m contours of large area (600 m2). ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Algorithm behind custom tool of ArcGIS for Desktop called xyz2grid21?

I am a researcher from Romania and I have used xyz2grid21 ArcGIS tool (by Min-Lang Huang) in order to convert xyz files (LIDAR data) to ASCII and ESRI grid in order to obtain a DTM. I need to know ...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Is SRTM 3 second arc free of non-terrain features?

I made an elevation map of my study area in Macapa, Brazil. But the region has the average elevation lesser than 30 m as I can see from my map derived from SRTM 3 second arc. According to my ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Query DEM Elevation at Point in QGIS

I'd like to be able to pull up a DEM (or create a mosaic of them) and simply query the elevation at points I click. Is this possible using QGIS?
4
votes
1answer
593 views

How to extract DEM (Digital Elevation Model) from 3D model

How can I extract a Digital Elevation Model from a 3D model of a building, made with SketchUp, using Blender,qgis or any other software?
2
votes
2answers
590 views

How to use OS Terrain 50 in QGIS

I am new to GIS and I wish to perform view shed analysis of wind turbines from a DEM. I have downloaded OS Terrain 50 and the data is contained within numerous zipped folders. I am using a Mac with ...
3
votes
1answer
197 views

Highest DEM pixel in polygon

I'm working with QGIS and have a big DEM raster layer with height information and a vector layer with many polygons, representing 1 x 1 degree tiles. Now I want to find for every polygon the highest ...
4
votes
1answer
766 views

Generate channel network (rainwater run off) - which algorithm is the best?

I want to compute DEM for a whole country (cca 79 000 sqr. km) and I need to be hydrologically correct as much is possible. After, for this correct DEM I need to compute drainage lines of surface ...
1
vote
0answers
201 views

Correlation between point feature (disease) and elevation

I have a problem! How can I calculate the correlation between point feature and Dem raster? Hypothesis: disease prevalence in high altitude is more than low altitude. I must do this in ArcGIS 10 and ...
2
votes
1answer
400 views

How to convert ASCII in x,y,z format using gdal_grid?

I have a map saved in (AFAIK) Arc/Info ASCII format and I would like to convert it with gdal grid but I am getting errors. My data (p.csv) is in the following format: 319053.25,319301.12,544.28 ...
4
votes
1answer
153 views

In which way is height information stored in a DEM?

I'm struggling with different DEM data, because I don't know how to convert the height information in meters. When I load ASTER and SRTM tifs in QGIS, it shows me the spectrum of the grayband (0 to ...