For questions about Digital Elevation Models (DEM), Digital Terrain Models (DTM) and Digital Surface Models (DSM)

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2
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1answer
3k views

Spatially join large raster to polygon shapefile

I have a large raster file with elevation data. From this raster, I would like to infer the average ruggedness for different geographic zones (like countries). I have the "countries shapefile" as a ...
2
votes
0answers
148 views

Displaying DEM raster in QGIS

Using Raster>Analysis>DEM to display hillshade produces the message "gdaldem.exe had stopped working" so I asked the community. I'm new to QGIS, and I now realise after a little experimentation that I ...
2
votes
1answer
584 views

How do i convert STDS file to ASCII DEM?

I've downloaded several 7.5 minute DEM files from USGS and they have file names like: 1661629.DEM.SDTS.TAR On MAC these decompress into a folder with serval files having the extension '.DDF'. Is ...
2
votes
3answers
161 views

Working with GB SRTM Digital Elevation Model (DEM) 90m

I have downloaded the freely available DEM file from sharegeo open. I would like to know for a set of points at what elevation they lie. I have imported the DEM file into ArcGIS but it seems strange; ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

How to set waste water gravitational flow direction using DEM automatically?

I have a Geometric Network of Waste Water and I need to set line digitize direction according to the gravitational flow direction using a DEM. I'm trying to avoid flipping manually 1000 Km of ...
0
votes
1answer
803 views

How to calculate surface area of highland region using DEM with ArcGIS (ArcEditor)? [duplicate]

Am shyaka from Rwanda. I use GIS tools and have all required data to perform or calculate surface area from the polygons that have been given by GPS (Trimble) with ArcPad 8. I originate from a high ...
3
votes
3answers
722 views

What DEMs does QGIS support? + DEM data sample

I am working on QGIS rasters. I want to know about DEM file formats supported by QGIS. I know that QGIS can read the GDAL supported formats. but what is GDAL supported format ? Does QGIS support the ...
0
votes
0answers
245 views

How to merge raster quadrangle tiles in qgis?

I've downloaded some dem tiles from here http://www.granit.unh.edu/data/search?dset=dem/dem174, which I'd like to merge into a single smooth digital elevation model usinq QGIS. So far I've tried ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

How do I determine the subsidence of land in Manila, Jakarta and Bangkok?

Can I set how these cities have lost elevation using digital elevation models? Is there a digital elevation model which data are updated? Or are there other methods? Thanks.
3
votes
2answers
1k views

gdal doesn´t support my *xyz file

I have just exported a tif DEM to XYZ format with SAGA GIS. When I check this with gdalinfo it states that the format is unsupported? Seeing as I converted this with saga gis which used gdal I find ...
1
vote
0answers
958 views

How do I redefine the projection of a DEM?

I have a DEM that was exported from AutoCAD civil 3D 2013 but it's in the wrong projection. I'm using an area specific projection that was not provided as an option in CAD DEM export dialog box. I ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Global DEM and country borders

I am trying to split up the world into 2 categories based on elevation (below 2000m and above 2000m) while still including a country identifier. So in the end, I would like to have 2 types of units ...
2
votes
0answers
802 views

How to limit a specific area in order to have a topographic 3D map using MatLab?

I am using MatLab, I want to build a topographic 3D map, I am following this guide, I have been doing the steps listed on the section Draping Geoid Heights over Topography, and I do not have any ...
2
votes
1answer
876 views

How to find area of Digital Elevation Model above/below a reference plane?

I am using ArcGIS10. I need to find the out the area which is below 5000 and above 5000 from the Digital Elevation Model which is available to me. How can I find out this ? My DEM ranges from 8848 to ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

About getting area from DEM below 5000 and below 3000 m elevation? [duplicate]

I want to get the area from the DEM which is below 5000 and 3000. Actually I need those two areas for my Regression Model to calculate the discharge. In that case, how can I find out using python. I ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Floodplain generation given river section polylines, flood level elevation points and a DEM of the land surface [closed]

I am looking to generate flood plain polygons to represent 20 and 100 year flood zones, in the most accurate and efficient way possible, given the following datasets: 1) River cross section polylines ...
13
votes
1answer
647 views

Creating nanoscale DEM with GDAL

A bit of a strange question perhaps, but let me give you a breif explanation of the background before my actual questions: Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a method that, in short (and to my limited ...
1
vote
1answer
473 views

Overland flow modeling Help

I would like to determine the surface flow network, this based on the spatial analysis of DEM data and the creation of separate layers for surface ponds and preferential surface flow pathways. More ...
1
vote
1answer
516 views

Volume of Land Below Sea Level

How could one use a GIS (or other appropriate system) to calculate the change in mean ocean levels across the world if all the land below sea level were flooded (Death Valley, Caspian Depression, Afar ...
4
votes
2answers
181 views

How to create a single contour defining the boundary between sea and land

Hello! I am still learning so forgive me if my question is very simple... I am trying to create a map with ArcGIS. The area I am working on is a seasite and I found that in some parts the cells appear ...
1
vote
0answers
291 views

Error Message Orthorectifying ASTER Imagery in ArcMap 10 with DEM

I am trying to orthorectify ASTER imagery (VNIR, 15m resolution) in ArcMap using an ASTER DEM that I have downloaded from the GDEM website. The area is in the Andes, there are very high elevation ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Zonal Statistics for Polygons with R

I'd like to do zonal statistics / terrain analysis with polygon overlays - I achieved to get min / max like so: library(raster) library(rgdal) alt <- getData('alt', country = "AT") gadm <- ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to calculate the volume of several DEMs to obtain elevation and volume changes?

I am trying to calculate the volume of several DEMs in order to obtain elevation and volume changes. I have pixels of 1x1 each one associated to an elevation. I used several methods but non of them ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Qgis nightly build - DEM error

I installed Qgis 1.8 several months ago. It's been working like a charm. Earlier today, I decided to check out the latest nightly build. Installed GDAL 1.10 (already had 1.9 installed) and SQLite ...
1
vote
2answers
737 views

How to find upstream and downstream villages along a river

I have a DEM extract of river and village centroid. How do i create an attribute table that shows which village is upstream of other or downstream to another. Can someone guide me the correct tools in ...
0
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0answers
185 views

QGIS 1.8.0-Lisboa error message when converting DEM to Contours

I am trying to convert a small DEM (1 megabyte) into contours. When I go to - Extraction - Contour- and run it I get the following message: "ERROR 1: CPLRealloc(): Out of memory allocating 416 ...
3
votes
1answer
322 views

Does NASA DEM contain objects?

Following an answer to my previous question I am planning to work with NASA ASTER GDEM global dataset. I am trying to download it according to instructions given here for a couple of days now. ...
1
vote
2answers
333 views

How to intersect shape files with elevation models?

I have a high resolution digital elevation model (DEM) and a line shape file displaying a bycicle track. The DEM has 1 meter resolution. The line shape is something like 25 km long. What I need is a ...
0
votes
1answer
6k views

Creating Digital Elevation Model (DEM) from Google Earth Image? [duplicate]

I am very new to GIS and given the task to create DEM's of agricultural area. I have studied the advantages of DEM in agriculture now i just want to know how i should start to develop the DEM's ? How ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

Should only a “bare-earth” DEM be used when calculating CTI?

I have 50-meter DTM and 20-meter DSM data available to choose from to use for calculating a compound topographic index (CTI). While the 20-meter resolution is more attractive, logic tells me that when ...
2
votes
2answers
506 views

A library/software to create DEM from a topographic map

In one of my projects I need to digitize video clips showing some natural landscape. Specifically I need to know distances between different areas and elevation levels. I have a topographic map of ...
1
vote
0answers
176 views

DEM data - Central Europe - noise in heights

I have downloaded DEM data from this page: http://www.viewfinderpanoramas.org/dem3.html. I have written simple program in C++ that takes "bricks" and build resulting height map. Hovewer, I have ...
0
votes
0answers
924 views

Manually edit cell value in DEM in Arcmap10?

Is there any chance that I could manually pick a group of cell in DEM, then edit the value of them in Arcmap 10? I know about the Aris Grid Editor for Arcmap but it requires licence and it's too ...
4
votes
2answers
360 views

Autocorrelated DEM with QGIS or Grass

I was wondering if there is a way to make an Autocorrelated DEM within QGIS or Grass. I am looking to do this with stereo aerial photography. I am able to do this with a number of COTS tools, but I ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Obtain all elevations points from a raster DEM

I need to obtain all elevation grid points from a raster DEM. I see the steps required as: Read in raster DEM (Arc Info Binary Grid format). Create subset area using Points2One (see triangle area ...
3
votes
1answer
299 views

Digital Elevation Model Algorithms

Can anyone suggest best Suitable Algorithm for Digital Elevation Model Generation? Currently I am working on Literature survey of DEM creation so i need to show comparison of 3-4 Algorithmic Methods ...
9
votes
1answer
26k views

How to calculate an elevation profile for a polyline in arcgis 10 with spatial analyst/3D analyst?

My elevation data is a floating point tif. I have a road for which I need to calculate the elevation profile, but I can´t see the tools to do this. Can I do this with ArcGIS? yours, Rob
3
votes
2answers
378 views

Hillshade for 30m NED at continental scale

I'm new to terrain analysis. I have a 30m NED DEM (.tif) for the conterminous US. I would like to generate a nice looking hillshade for the US, but it looks bad - as in pixelated and rough (See ...
0
votes
0answers
298 views

catchment delineation

I am trying to use qgis to delineate between three sub-sub-catchments. I have contour shape file of 20 meter height. Sub-catchment is about 12 square kilometers area but consist of three ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Extract the area of a DEM above where 60% of the region lies?

I have a DEM of a mountainous region. I'd like to extract the areas of the DEM above which 60% of the total DEM area lies. So, essentially I'd like to extract the areas representing upper portions of ...
2
votes
1answer
9k views

No. of Bands in the input Raster

I have downloaded a 7.5 min DEM . Now while I am trying to mosaic them it gives me an error saying "Input and target dataset should have the same number of bands" . How can I figure out the number of ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

ArcGIS Raster Symbology - Break contour at 0

In ArcGIS 10, how can I break raster symbology (stretched) at a particular value (i.e. 0). For example, I have a DEM representing both topography and bathymetry and I want a break at the 0 m contour ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Python Script for getting elevation difference between two points

I have several stream segments 1000 Km long. I need to find the elevation difference between two consecutive points of distance 1 Km starting from the upstream to downstream. How can I get the ...
3
votes
1answer
976 views

TMS or WMS source(s) for DEM data tiles?

I'm spinning my wheels trying to find an existing, free source for TMS or WMS elevation data that doesn't involve a long-winded clickabout or an emailed url. This question has a similar purpose, but ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

How to transform GPX-tracks into elevation-tracks with any GIS?

I have a GPS track in GPX format available from a recent bike tour and I need and want to do some analysis on the tracks. I'm wondering whether there is any way to transform the GPX data into an ...
6
votes
2answers
671 views

Problem Visualizing 3D Terrain Model - USGS DEM

I recently downloaded a GeoTIFF 1 arc second from the USGS National Map Viewer. I added the raster to ArcScene and attempted to visualize the data in 3D. I set the Base Height to Floating on a ...
3
votes
1answer
221 views

Compute global DEM topographic indices and compromise projections

I would like to compute global topographic indices based on SRTM elevation data. These indices are computed along river/channel networks extracted from a DEM and are a functions of both local slope ...
3
votes
1answer
760 views

Watershed extraction using different DEM tiles

I would like to extract the watersheds for a particular area using QGIS. However, I only have Aster 30m DEMs to work with, each tile covering one degree square. The problem is that I need to use ...
0
votes
0answers
152 views

gdal_merge.py aligns incorrectly at the seam of two GeoTiffs

I am trying to merge four GeoTiffs from the National Elevation Dataset (EPSG: 4269) into a 2x2 DEM using gdal_merge.py. For some reason, when it merges the upper two NED rasters, gdal produces a seam ...
2
votes
1answer
538 views

Compare two Digital Elevation Model (DEM)

I would like to know what's the best method(s) to compare two DEMs without using any GUI soft like QGIS or ArcGIS. I'd like to do it in Python or C++, with GDAL or other similar lib. Does calculating ...