Digital Elevation Model (DEM), which could be a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) or a Digital Surface Model (DSM).

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3
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2answers
656 views

Creating DSM and DTM from a LAS using a freeware solution

Is it possible to export a surface and terrain model files from an aerial, LiDAR point cloud (LAS) set? I am using SAGA GIS for very basic operations, but I couldn't find this option (and I have a ...
0
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0answers
54 views

r.shaded.relief plugin on a DEM layer

I loaded a raster digital elevation map from the DEM explorer website. I defined the projection and created a mapset. I then loaded the raster file into GRASS with the r.in.gdal plugin to create a DEM ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Adding a Z Unit [duplicate]

I'm struggling with the Z Unit conversion of some data. Both the NHD data and my DEM are in a GCS with Decimal Degrees. These data sets project perfectly on the fly, but after I adjust the Z Unit of ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Adjusting Z Units on a DEM

I am learning how to use ArcHydro and attempting to change the Z Units because I get a warning message saying the Spatial Reference Doesn't Match. The DEM was in Meters, and I adjusted the Z Unit to ...
7
votes
7answers
3k views

Open source tool to convert a DEM to a 3D model

I would like to convert a DEM (Digitial Elevation Model) file (e.g. from SRTM) into a 3D model that I can then edit with regular 3D modeling tools (e.g. Meshlab/Blender/etc.). However I'm using Ubuntu ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Creation of drainage ditch in ArcGIS - Line with a certain slope

I have a digital terrain model and a list of problematic points, in which water accumulates. It's not important how I obtained these points (by observing or some algorythm). I would like to use these ...
2
votes
2answers
386 views

Create Contours From a DEM without 3D or Spatial Analyst

I'm wondering if there is a way to create contours from a DEM using ArcGIS without 3D or Spatial Analyst Extensions. I know that there are a few questions out there pertaining to this (How to create ...
2
votes
2answers
246 views

How to produce a CSV file from .tif file with elevation data? [duplicate]

just want to ask, I have a .tif file that contains all the elevation of a country. How can I convert that to a CSV file that contains x,y,z values where x and y are the latitude longitude respectively ...
4
votes
2answers
883 views

how do you identify ridges on an elevation raster?

I was wondering whether anyone might be able to tell me in layman's terms how to extract or differentiate between ridges and hilltops from 10m elevation data using ArcGIS 10.1? Any advice would be ...
2
votes
2answers
161 views

Terrain Accessibility map using GIS (ArcGIS or QGIS)

I need to make an accessibility map showing the walking distance based on the terrain and availability of road networks, could anyone point me in the right direction where i could learn to do so. ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

QGIS export DTM with x.000 coordinates

I'm new at QGIS and would like to solve the following problem: I import points and breaklines and interpolate this data. Afterwards the generated DTM is exported to a new file (this works). Now I ...
5
votes
3answers
184 views

What are the most efficient Geographic Weighted Regression packages?

What are the most memory efficient open source packages for calculating a geographically weighted regression (GWR)? I am in a situation where I need to do a geographically weighted regression on a ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

GDAL - least cost path analysis height data

I would like to use Pythons GDAL bindings to find the least cost path through an array and then show the route on top of the original array. I am using DEM data and would like the slope to be taken ...
1
vote
2answers
205 views

DEM/Raster Peak and Valley identification and/or elimination (non-generalization)

I am an curious is there is a tool or process that can identify and/or eliminate obvious peaks and valleys in a DEM. I have looked into smoothing but I am interested in keeping the original sharpness ...
8
votes
2answers
821 views

DEM Elevation Units

I'm fairly new to the GIS world, and have a quick question. I'm currently using 10.1. I do not know much about rasters, so does transforming a DEM from one projection to another automatically convert ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

When to use IDW vs Kriging Interpolation for DEM creation?

I'm trying to create a DEM using point data spaced very regularly about 10m apart. The area I am interpolating is an educational facility with many flat parking lots and football fields but still has ...
0
votes
0answers
126 views

Display DEM in WPF application

In my application which is based on .net4/C#/wpf, I need to display a decent sized terrain file (eg. GeoTiff). It is an elevation file which should be viewed in 3D. The user should be able to draw ...
0
votes
0answers
111 views

Estimating sunlight hours from slope, aspect, and latitude

I'd like to estimate annual sun hours (or insolation, or solar radiation) for 4 points, 1 each on the four sides of the summit of a hypothetical flat-sided mountain. I have slope and aspect for each ...
1
vote
1answer
812 views

How to Create Cost Surface Raster for Least Cost Path Analysis?

I have a DEM raster and would like to carry out a cost path analysis. Among other factors such as slope, proximity rivers etc. I would also like to take elevation into consideration. According to ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

generate subcatchment starting from a DTM [duplicate]

I would like to know if there is a plug-in in Quantum GIS, which can help me to generate subcatchments starting from a DTM. Thank you very much!!!
3
votes
1answer
251 views

Create DEM from cartosat stereo pairs?

I have two carstosat stereo pair images. All i need to do is to extract DEM from those. So, i tried it doing with OSGeo4W. but i didn't succeeded in it. So IS there any other softwares or opensource ...
4
votes
1answer
497 views

Drawing irregularly shaped boundary polygon around set of LAS points using ArcMap?

I am working with a set of LAS data which is irregularly shaped, picture a starfish as the point coverage, surrounding the starfish may be water on one side, may be more land elsewhere but no points ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

NASA ASTER DTM - what is its datum? What are the elevations relative to?

I have downloaded some data from http://asterweb.jpl.nasa.gov/gdem.asp I would like to relate the elevations to some coastal data which is estimated to a specific ordnance dataum. Can anyone tell ...
7
votes
3answers
480 views

How to get the subbasin area of each specified river segment?

I have a DEM file of one district, and I have used those following tools in spatial analyst tools in ArcGIS 10.1 to get files related to the original DEM file: Fill Flow direction Flow accumulation ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

qgis - slope from DEM - errors due to projection and oversimplified 'z factor' [duplicate]

I'm trying to generate a slope raster from a DEM raster. It seems there is a pretty significant error due to the 'z-factor' option. I'm fairly new to this, but some other posts and responses ...
0
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0answers
72 views

determine the catchment area from dem or hillshade [duplicate]

I want to determine the catchment area of river from hillside. Is there a plugin that I can use in qgis ?
1
vote
1answer
84 views

How to: script convertion from SRTM to 3D printable file?

Given a STRM3.tiff file as input. How to convert this STRM.tiff file into a 3D printable file ? which I may load into most 3D printers' sofwares. My objective is to print some terran, lunar, or ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

How to generate GML by extracting heights from DEM?

I am trying to generate GML using satellite images for geometries of various objects, and I propose to use DEM of the corresponding area in order to extract heights. I already have a piece of ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Change slopes derived from DEM

I have a DEM for a region over which I want to simulate an ecological process. I would like to run several simulations for the same region but I want to alter the topography for the simulations. ...
1
vote
1answer
480 views

Creating Random Points in ArcGIS 10.1

I would like to create random points across my study area (which is a DEM raster) using the Feature Class> Create Random Points. However, I need to select/copy/move/delete these points and re-arrange ...
0
votes
2answers
82 views

Two r.mapcalc calculations return a much bigger raster cell size than the input raster

I tried the following calculations with a GeoTiff sample, having a cell size of 25m: Calculating the togographic exposure (TOPEX) and estimating the mean topographic curvature Both, the resulting ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Whats the best way to create bathymetric contour lines?

I have a raster dataset with both Topographic and Bathymetric stored in it. What is the best way to create exact contours of the lake-bed? This becomes tricky when I want to make the contour for depth ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

Where to obtain LiDAR Data for Romania?

I need LIDAR Data for realizing a urban hydrology study (Romania areas), whence I can get this data? There is a chance to obtain data for this area (Cluj-Napoca city)? I'm PhD student are chances to ...
0
votes
2answers
185 views

How to identify valleys on DEM in ArcGIS 10.1 [closed]

First, What is the best and easiest way to identify valleys in a DEM raster? Second, how do you create a least-cost pathway for each valley in a region based on low angle slope and proximity to ...
1
vote
2answers
792 views

Cropping Geotiff with gdalwarp

I downloaded a geotiff from the recently published 25m-DEM of the European Union (see: http://courses.neteler.org/eu-dem-new-digital-surface-model-at-25m/). One tile has about 5GB so I would like to ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

qgis2 slope analysis from NED data gives crazy histogram

I'm attempting a simple slope analysis in QGIS2 using the plugin at Raster -> Terrain Analysis -> Slope. The slope output layer has a very strange histogram, basically spikes at 0 and at 89.9098 with ...
1
vote
2answers
261 views

How to calculate peaks in a DEM

How could I extract all peaks from a DEM (large mountainous area)? Peak means something like: a pixel which is sourrounded by other pixels with smaler elevation numbers in a area arround the ...
5
votes
2answers
99 views

How to automate creation of toe of slope from DEM?

I was looking for an automated process to "identify" the toe of a slope from a DEM and ran across this ESRI thread and technique: I am at Step 7 but have no idea how this is accomplished. I get it is ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

calculate least cost pathways for a region and create distance rasters to rivers [duplicate]

How do you calculate all the least cost pathways that exists for a region? I would like the output map to display all routes (and was wondering whether this can be done in one set of operations). I ...
0
votes
0answers
178 views

converting vectors to raster (burning streams)

I converted my stream vector to a raster file (using polyline to raster conversion tool). I anticipated that I would get a No Data row in the raster file attribute table, so that I could use a ...
3
votes
1answer
726 views

How to perform a Cost Path analysis in ArcGIS 10.1?

Is it possible to model the easiest pathway through a landscape between many points (rather than just two)? I want to carry out a cost-path analysis, I would like to display the easiest pathways ...
21
votes
2answers
2k views

Proper workflow for LAS to DEM conversion

I regularly come across LiDAR (.LAS) files with elevation data. When I do, I always struggle to find a way of converting them to a DEM for hydrological analysis. I have developed several workflows, ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Viewshed analysis and coordinate systems ArcGIS 10.1

I am trying to run a viewshed analysis and I've downloaded DEM data from the UK ordnance survey (Landform-panorama). Since the data is in ASCII format I have created a seamless raster mosaic (and used ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Choosing the right parameters to interpolate a DEM from contours

This is my first question on the forums, so be gentle :) I have a 5 meter interval contour lines feature class which I would like to interpolate to a DEM. I am well aware of at least 2 tools ("tin ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

What is the 'water retention capacity' tool and how is it used?

In the latest version of QGIS, I found a geoalgorithim in the processing toolbox that will generate 'water retention capacity.' I am familiar with DEM-based hydrologic modeling tools in QGIS, but I ...
4
votes
1answer
598 views

How to create contours from smoothed DEM instead of using Terrain to Raster?

I'm fairly new to working with lidar and have been assigned the task of creating 2ft contours for the entire county using USGS-provided lidar tiles. Is there a significant difference in the accuracy ...
1
vote
0answers
158 views

Strange gdaldem hillshade artifacts

I've downloaded 9 chunks of 1 arc-second NED in IMG format from the National Map. I'm trying to create a hillshade from them. I'm using: GDAL 1.10.0, released 2013/04/24 First, I combine them and ...
5
votes
2answers
318 views

How to de-noise a DSM

I have created a DEM, DSM, and nDSM from a LiDAR Point Cloud using SAGA-GIS. I extracted the appropriate returns from the point cloud, then converted to grid, and then closed gaps to fill in any ...
2
votes
1answer
571 views

How do I run the nvis tool in QGIS GRASS?

I am trying to follow this workflow: [How to generate a DEM from a countour Shapefile?] and it's running fine, and when I hit view output or view results I end up with a flat raster with shading ...
3
votes
1answer
323 views

How to create DEM from contours without ArcGIS Spatial Analyst licence?

I'm trying to create a 3d DEM/DTM from a flat contour shapefile which has height data attached to each contour, but I'm not sure how to do this? I've found this post, on creating a dem from contours ...