Digital Elevation Model (DEM), which could be a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) or a Digital Surface Model (DSM).

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340 views

How to remove pixel values below 0 in Digital Elevation Model in ArcGIS?

I made a DEM layer from LAS file (LiDAR).Now for showing a map I have a map like the image below! I wonder how can I remove black area? They have the value -2 to 16! How is possible to set the value ...
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1answer
94 views

Viewshed calculation using SQL

Can i calculate viewshed in MS-SQL server? Viewshed analysis is Raster operation. I have elevation value vector observation as point vectors. Are there any methods to calculate Viewshed (using ...
1
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1answer
229 views

Find minimum elevation along a polyline and return xy or point?

Using ArcGIS 10.1 and Python IDLE 2.7.2... I'm trying to find the minimum value of a polyline with a raster layer and turn that LOCATION into a point. I put everything together in model builder, but ...
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0answers
41 views

How do I split a DEM at a certain elevation?

I have a DEM that includes bathymetry and terrain elevation and I would like to split it at the coastline. Ideally, I would end up with one tif that's land and one tif that's bathymetry. I have ...
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3answers
171 views

Calculate Number Of Pixels Visible From Pixel

I am looking for a way in which to take an input DEM and create an output raster whose pixel's value is the count of pixels "visible" from that location. I use ArcGIS with Spatial Analyst, but also ...
3
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1answer
247 views

How to give elevation information to a polygon feature class using existing TIN file ? (geological mapping)

I'm an ArcGIS 10.1 user. My issue: I have a printed form of a map which depicts geological bodies being surface rock occurence. Additionaly, there are elevation contour lines. I digitized the map by ...
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0answers
171 views

What steps does SAGA GIS take when calculating Topographic Wetness, specifically when handling depression filled (by ArcMap) DEM

I am a grad student involved with hydrological modeling. In the model I work on, we are calculating the Topographic Index (TI; without transmissivity - or set to 1) using Quinn's MFD algorithm. We do ...
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1answer
600 views

QGIS DEM (Terrain models) Mode Slope creates wrong data [duplicate]

I have a DEM raster file downloaded from the USGS site. The file can be downloaded here. I am trying to create a slope raster in percent with the DEM tool in QGIS. The GDAL command is the following: ...
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2answers
507 views

How to create 3D water depth with ArcScene?

I was trying to visualize flood depth in 3D using ArcScene. What I had for this purposes are: high-resolution DTM of the valley orthophoto and Raster with flood depth information. I have draped ...
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2answers
1k views

FOSS method to split raster into smaller chunks

I have a raster (USGS DEM actually) and I need to split it up into smaller chunks like the image below shows. That was accomplished in ArcGIS 10.0 using the Split Raster tool. I would like a FOSS ...
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2answers
80 views

What are the ways we can control the quality of a DTM?

I imagine that for DTM obtained from Stereoscopic procedures or interpolation from a set of topographic points a comparaison with the original data can help, but what for DTM obtained from Remote ...
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0answers
60 views

Define uphill side of roads and buildings

I have a big raster of a mountain region and I need to extract the uphill side of roads and buildings, from these elements to the pick of mountains. For a road I know the uphill side changes in ...
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5answers
11k views

Is it possible to make a DEM from contours in QGIS?

Is it possible to make a DEM from contours in QGIS? I have a shp file (contours) and their heights, can I use QGIS for produce a DEM without using GRASS? I find this creating a dem from contours but ...
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1answer
136 views

How determine data type of points in geotiff DTM?

I have some DTMs in geotiff files. I need to read them in C# and I've decided to use libtiff for that purpose. After some investigations, I've found that there are tiled tiffs, so I use ReadTile ...
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2answers
655 views

Focal statistics to calculate saddle points from DEM

I have a conundrum with Focal Statistics and kernel files. I am been trying to identify saddle points in DEMs. I am attempting to rewrite this (thanks whuber) in a python script for 10.1. I have ...
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1answer
62 views

DEM difference looks like a hillshade

I wanted to find the elevation difference between 2 DEMs. When I got the data, I had to georef one image and had to aggregated it too because their cell values do not match. I also tried to resample ...
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0answers
257 views

converting vectors to raster (burning streams)

I converted my stream vector to a raster file (using polyline to raster conversion tool). I anticipated that I would get a No Data row in the raster file attribute table, so that I could use a ...
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0answers
74 views

r.shaded.relief plugin on a DEM layer

I loaded a raster digital elevation map from the DEM explorer website. I defined the projection and created a mapset. I then loaded the raster file into GRASS with the r.in.gdal plugin to create a DEM ...
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0answers
17 views

Adding a Z Unit [duplicate]

I'm struggling with the Z Unit conversion of some data. Both the NHD data and my DEM are in a GCS with Decimal Degrees. These data sets project perfectly on the fly, but after I adjust the Z Unit of ...
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1answer
169 views

Adjusting Z Units on a DEM

I am learning how to use ArcHydro and attempting to change the Z Units because I get a warning message saying the Spatial Reference Doesn't Match. The DEM was in Meters, and I adjusted the Z Unit to ...
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2answers
1k views

how do you identify ridges on an elevation raster?

I was wondering whether anyone might be able to tell me in layman's terms how to extract or differentiate between ridges and hilltops from 10m elevation data using ArcGIS 10.1? Any advice would be ...
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7answers
5k views

Open source tool to convert a DEM to a 3D model

I would like to convert a DEM (Digitial Elevation Model) file (e.g. from SRTM) into a 3D model that I can then edit with regular 3D modeling tools (e.g. Meshlab/Blender/etc.). However I'm using Ubuntu ...
2
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2answers
542 views

Create Contours From a DEM without 3D or Spatial Analyst

I'm wondering if there is a way to create contours from a DEM using ArcGIS without 3D or Spatial Analyst Extensions. I know that there are a few questions out there pertaining to this (How to create ...
2
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2answers
534 views

How to produce a CSV file from .tif file with elevation data? [duplicate]

just want to ask, I have a .tif file that contains all the elevation of a country. How can I convert that to a CSV file that contains x,y,z values where x and y are the latitude longitude respectively ...
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2answers
452 views

How to de-noise a DSM

I have created a DEM, DSM, and nDSM from a LiDAR Point Cloud using SAGA-GIS. I extracted the appropriate returns from the point cloud, then converted to grid, and then closed gaps to fill in any ...
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2answers
6k views

How to create a digital elevation map?

I am very new to Quantum GIS, I want to create a digital elevation map a particular region, I would very much appreciate if some one gives me a step by step procedure. Thank you edit by Martin: I ...
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2answers
2k views

1'' DHM: Hillshade is too rough - how to “generalize”?

I got this hillshade from my DHM (I used the hillshade-module from qgis). For my purpose there is too much relief detail (roughness). How can I get rid of this in QGIS or GRASS? Thanks! Martin
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1answer
506 views

How to create a profile with profile points at discrete altitude intervalls, e.g. each 10 m

In both SAGA and QGIS theres a profile-from-line-function that does a nice job of creating profiles. But there's no way to control the altitude spacing. Any ideas for workflows that would allow me ...
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2answers
2k views

How to use SRTM DEM files for shaded relief in ArcMap?

I would like to create a nice shaded relief for France using SRTM3 data. Most of the threads on the subject are from awhile ago, when ArcMap was not able to import these without changing the file ...
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2answers
1k views

Cropping Geotiff with gdalwarp

I downloaded a geotiff from the recently published 25m-DEM of the European Union (see: http://courses.neteler.org/eu-dem-new-digital-surface-model-at-25m/). One tile has about 5GB so I would like to ...
8
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2answers
1k views

DEM Elevation Units

I'm fairly new to the GIS world, and have a quick question. I'm currently using 10.1. I do not know much about rasters, so does transforming a DEM from one projection to another automatically convert ...
9
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1answer
4k views

When to use IDW vs Kriging Interpolation for DEM creation?

I'm trying to create a DEM using point data spaced very regularly about 10m apart. The area I am interpolating is an educational facility with many flat parking lots and football fields but still has ...
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0answers
152 views

Estimating sunlight hours from slope, aspect, and latitude

I'd like to estimate annual sun hours (or insolation, or solar radiation) for 4 points, 1 each on the four sides of the summit of a hypothetical flat-sided mountain. I have slope and aspect for each ...
1
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1answer
1k views

How to Create Cost Surface Raster for Least Cost Path Analysis?

I have a DEM raster and would like to carry out a cost path analysis. Among other factors such as slope, proximity rivers etc. I would also like to take elevation into consideration. According to ...
3
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1answer
1k views

How to perform a Cost Path analysis in ArcGIS 10.1?

Is it possible to model the easiest pathway through a landscape between many points (rather than just two)? I want to carry out a cost-path analysis, I would like to display the easiest pathways ...
0
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1answer
54 views

generate subcatchment starting from a DTM [duplicate]

I would like to know if there is a plug-in in Quantum GIS, which can help me to generate subcatchments starting from a DTM. Thank you very much!!!
3
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1answer
328 views

Create DEM from cartosat stereo pairs?

I have two carstosat stereo pair images. All i need to do is to extract DEM from those. So, i tried it doing with OSGeo4W. but i didn't succeeded in it. So IS there any other softwares or opensource ...
7
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3answers
792 views

How to get the subbasin area of each specified river segment?

I have a DEM file of one district, and I have used those following tools in spatial analyst tools in ArcGIS 10.1 to get files related to the original DEM file: Fill Flow direction Flow accumulation ...
2
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1answer
130 views

NASA ASTER DTM - what is its datum? What are the elevations relative to?

I have downloaded some data from http://asterweb.jpl.nasa.gov/gdem.asp I would like to relate the elevations to some coastal data which is estimated to a specific ordnance dataum. Can anyone tell ...
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1answer
103 views

How to: script convertion from SRTM to 3D printable file?

Given a STRM3.tiff file as input. How to convert this STRM.tiff file into a 3D printable file ? which I may load into most 3D printers' sofwares. My objective is to print some terran, lunar, or ...
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0answers
72 views

determine the catchment area from dem or hillshade [duplicate]

I want to determine the catchment area of river from hillside. Is there a plugin that I can use in qgis ?
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0answers
40 views

qgis - slope from DEM - errors due to projection and oversimplified 'z factor' [duplicate]

I'm trying to generate a slope raster from a DEM raster. It seems there is a pretty significant error due to the 'z-factor' option. I'm fairly new to this, but some other posts and responses ...
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2answers
323 views

Where can I programmatically download SRTM_V4.1 data?

SRTM v4 is an effort by the folks at CIAT-CSI to scrub, polish, and remove gaps in the raw SRTM data released by NASA (SRTM 3). One userfriendly interface : http://dwtkns.com/srtm/ provides ...
0
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1answer
70 views

Change slopes derived from DEM

I have a DEM for a region over which I want to simulate an ecological process. I would like to run several simulations for the same region but I want to alter the topography for the simulations. ...
3
votes
1answer
879 views

Programmatically download (seamless) NED tiles?

I used to download 1/3 arcsecond elevation geotiffs from extract.cr.usgs.gov using web services. But a few days ago, that stopped working, probably because USGS reorganized their site. I tried ...
3
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5answers
2k views

Batch processing DEM rasters in QGIS/GDAL

I am attempting to add relief shading to map using .asc raster files, following this tutorial. It works well, but I have only tried it on single tile of raster data which is 20x20km. I want to ...
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2answers
96 views

Two r.mapcalc calculations return a much bigger raster cell size than the input raster

I tried the following calculations with a GeoTiff sample, having a cell size of 25m: Calculating the togographic exposure (TOPEX) and estimating the mean topographic curvature Both, the resulting ...
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1answer
662 views

Creating Random Points in ArcGIS 10.1

I would like to create random points across my study area (which is a DEM raster) using the Feature Class> Create Random Points. However, I need to select/copy/move/delete these points and re-arrange ...
1
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1answer
468 views

How to run a shortest path analysis for DEM-derived streams and pour points?

I have a .shp for streams and another for pour points. Those features were extracted from a DEM by using the Hydrology package from the Spatial Analyst Tools of ArcGIS 10. I want to know the distance ...
0
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2answers
264 views

How to identify valleys on DEM in ArcGIS 10.1 [closed]

First, What is the best and easiest way to identify valleys in a DEM raster? Second, how do you create a least-cost pathway for each valley in a region based on low angle slope and proximity to ...