For questions about Digital Elevation Models (DEM), Digital Terrain Models (DTM) and Digital Surface Models (DSM)

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6
votes
3answers
2k views

Determining bare earth from unclassified LAS file?

I have data in LAS format with RGB values created from Aerial photogrammetry using a UAV. I am trying to find a solution to extract the bare earth to create my DTM from the DSM. I have tried SAGA, ...
12
votes
4answers
9k views

Using SRTM Global DEM for Slope calculation?

I have downloaded SRTM GDEM (~90 km resolution). I am using ArcGIS 10. I have tried to use spatial analyst to compute for slope. However, I can not compute for the slope. The output values has ...
60
votes
7answers
85k views

What is the difference between DEM, DSM and DTM?

I am listing some of the acronyms used in our work and had to stop to think about whether to list these together or separately: DEM: Digital Elevation Model DSM: Digital Surface Model DTM: Digital ...
7
votes
2answers
961 views

Normalizing point cloud data

How I can get Digital Height Model (only object heights, DSM - DTM = DHM)? Many applications can do this, but they convert it to GRID or TIN format. I was wondering if it was possible to keep the ...
21
votes
4answers
18k views

Creating DEM from contours in QGIS?

Is it possible to make a DEM from contours in QGIS? I have a shp file (contours) and their heights, can I use QGIS for produce a DEM without using GRASS? I found this creating a dem from contours ...
7
votes
4answers
11k views

Viewing LIDAR data (.las) in QGIS?

Is there an easy path to visualizing LIDAR data in QGIS? I have some USGS LIDAR data in .las format downloaded from http://lidar.cr.usgs.gov/. This means I have both the .las and metadata in .xml ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Colouring areas between (vector) contours?

Is it possible to colour areas between (vector) contours without making it a DEM first? Joshdoe seems to have done so in Create filled contour map with GRASS but does not say how.
9
votes
2answers
3k views

How to build an artificial 'dam' across a river?

I have a DEM. Created all files related to watershed including accumulation, direction, streams etc... I'm stuck creating a dam. I request you to please let me know how to build an artificial 'dam' ...
13
votes
4answers
4k views

Calculating elevation profile along line from a DEM?

Given a DEM (Digital Elevation Model) and a line (x1,y1) --> (x2,y2) (paired coordinates (x,y)), how can one calculate the elevation profile or cross-section projected on that line? I am looking for ...
9
votes
7answers
42k views

Extracting raster DEM elevations to vector attribute tables in ArcGIS Desktop?

I have an ArcMap 10 project with multiple layer groups. One layer is a raster DEM, another layer group is a bunch of vector shapefiles (including points, lines and polygons). The client wants all ...
8
votes
3answers
9k views

How to generate a DEM from a contour Shapefile?

I want to create a DEM from depth contours (shapefile) in QGIS. I've been trying to work out how to do this based on this previous question, notably from this link from that page, however I'm stuck, ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Workflow for determining stream gradient?

As far as data goes, I'm working with NHD .shp files, 10m DEMs, and some LIDAR data. My goal is to determine gradient for 100m segments of a network of streams. I'm already able to do this, but I ...
12
votes
4answers
3k views

Comparing two Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) from LAS files?

I have two Lidar las files, one is original let's say with X points. And the other is copy of the first las file but with Y points, where Y is less than X. Now, I want to compare how the Digital ...
32
votes
7answers
24k views

Choosing colour-ramp to use for elevation?

This is maybe rather subjective as it concerns style, but I would like to have a few decent colour ramps for my DEM when it is layed over my hill-shading. I have created the Swiss hillshade model as ...
32
votes
5answers
11k views

How to smooth a DEM?

I have a SRTM DEM and I want to create a shaded relief from it. I created the shaded relief in GRASS and the result is very nice, but a little rough becouse the area is near flat and the DEM is 90m in ...
10
votes
1answer
22k views

creating a dem from contours

I have a large set of contours that I received broken down into several different subsets. I have merged most of the subsets together creating a larger set of contours in three different files. I have ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How to get the subbasin area of each specified river segment?

I have a DEM file of one district, and I have used those following tools in spatial analyst tools in ArcGIS 10.1 to get files related to the original DEM file: Fill Flow direction Flow accumulation ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Python Script for getting elevation difference between two points

I have several stream segments 1000 Km long. I need to find the elevation difference between two consecutive points of distance 1 Km starting from the upstream to downstream. How can I get the ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Programmatically download (seamless) NED tiles?

I used to download 1/3 arcsecond elevation geotiffs from extract.cr.usgs.gov using web services. But a few days ago, that stopped working, probably because USGS reorganized their site. I tried ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Partially updating raster (DEM)?

How to update an .img DEM in ArcView 9.3? I do have DEM which need to be updated only if few parts. The area to be updated has been produced in separate DEM with Spline Interpolation with Barriers. ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

How to calculate te area between contour lines on a DEM with QGIS 1.8?

Does anyone know how to calculate the area in km² for each altitudinal band (between 100 and 200, 200 and 300...) based on a DEM? I added the contour lines with a distance of 100 metres but could not ...
2
votes
2answers
334 views

Is there any way to 'clean' up ASTER v2 DEM data?

I downloaded all the tiles I needed, then plotted them to find that they don't all seem to have the same quality. Basically, you can see all the edges of a lot of the tiles. Is there any way to clean ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I find least cost path over a DEM based on slope magnitude and direction?

What sort of algorithms can I use to find a least cost path through a DEM where it costs more to traverse a cell going downhill or uphill than it does to follow the contour of the land? All the ...
6
votes
2answers
835 views

How to de-noise a DSM

I have created a DEM, DSM, and nDSM from a LiDAR Point Cloud using SAGA-GIS. I extracted the appropriate returns from the point cloud, then converted to grid, and then closed gaps to fill in any ...
7
votes
4answers
318 views

Extracting Values to Points without ArcGIS Spatial Analyst?

I have a raster DEM & multiple points. I want to determine the DEM elevation at each point. Other than manually examining the DEM at each point, (very time consuming with lots of points) is ...
7
votes
2answers
9k views

Creating DEM from point data in CSV files using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a lot of csv files which contain point data containing height, aspect and slope measurements at a resolution of 12,5 meters. I need to create a dem from this data and have ArcGIS 10 with ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

How to create contour lines from point data using QGIS?

I'm using QGIS 2.4.0 and I have a shapefile of points with elevation data and X and Y coordinates. I'm using windows 7 OS. The idea is to create a contour line SHP using my point data. My question ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Exporting DEM-derived rasters to CSV from QGIS?

I have been able to import into QGIS a set of raster topographic maps and the associated DEM raster maps. It registered the two for me. From there I have calculated the associated slope raster map. ...
4
votes
1answer
284 views

Converting LAS 1.4 to 1.2

LIDAR files were released for major part of Slovenia few months back in zlas format. Decompressed LAS format is 1.4 version. I have tried many options how to generate DEMs and had some success in ...
2
votes
1answer
471 views

qgis2 slope analysis from NED data gives crazy histogram

I'm attempting a simple slope analysis in QGIS2 using the plugin at Raster -> Terrain Analysis -> Slope. The slope output layer has a very strange histogram, basically spikes at 0 and at 89.9098 with ...
-4
votes
1answer
3k views

How to extract drainage line network from GRASS GIS and QGIS [closed]

Giving DEM as input is there any way to get drainage network? I am newbie to GRASS and QGIS ,provide any working examples in GRASS GIS and QGIS with procedure.
4
votes
2answers
925 views

What is the source of horizontal and vertical striping in USGS DEMs?

When processing 30m and 10m DEM data downloaded through the National Map Viewer from the National Elevation Dataset, we noticed horizontal and vertical striping not only in the produced results, but ...
4
votes
2answers
978 views

Comparing two TINs created using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have the following two files: LiDAR las file1 Let's give it a name LiDAR las file2, contains the same file1 data, where number of points randomly removed. So if file1 contains X number of points,...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Standardising DEM raster for a MCE

I'm trying to complete a Multi-Criteria Evaluation for an MSc assessment and am in the process of standardising my factor maps. Unfortunately, my DEM layer (ASCII file) keeps changing from this: ...
3
votes
1answer
956 views

Calculating mean upslope aspect from each cell in DEM using Python?

I am trying to write a python script to calculate the mean aspect upslope from each cell in a DEM. I have the general workflow down, but my final output is restricted to angles between 0 and 90 ...
3
votes
2answers
377 views

Creating DEM from las file without using Lastools

I want to create a ground model from a *.las file. The LAStools are available in QGIS but limited in use (generation of black diagonal in result file), so I can't use this. In the GRASS tools I can ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

Adding items to DEM in QGIS

Working with QGIS and Grass I would like to produce a ZTV. I have the bare land DEM happily ready to go but would like to add buildings and woodland to the calculation. Can anyone please point me in ...
14
votes
3answers
601 views

Account for bridge overpasses in a ground DEM to allow for water flow under the overpass

I have a bare earth DEM made from lidar data (A). It works well and has passed all accuracy tests. It is used in storm surge models. The problem we are having is on underpasses. I need to allow water ...
10
votes
4answers
4k views

Definitive source for downloading DEM data

USGS has been moving towards serving data through The National Map Viewer. They have several WMServices through their website that serve elevation data to the public (hillshade & DEM). The ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Can shaded relief be “blended” with DEM colour ramp in ArcGIS to produce a more visually dramatic result?

Not being able to use true transparencies with ArcGIS colour ramps where only solid colours are allowed has me always wondering about how to improve the look of the surface in my maps without ...
15
votes
10answers
33k views

Converting XYZ files (with regularly spaced xy) to ESRI GRID format?

Normally consultants (LiDAR survey) provide me with data to my specifications; already in ESRI GRID or ASCII GRID format. This way LiDAR data can be easily used with ArcGIS. This time I only have xyz ...
11
votes
4answers
9k views

Burning stream network into DEM layer using ArcGIS Desktop?

I am working on a DEM that in an area where there is little relief. I would like to 'burn' the river network into the DEM so I can calculate flow accumulation and flow length accurately. I am ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Splitting raster into smaller chunks using GDAL?

I have a raster (USGS DEM actually) and I need to split it up into smaller chunks like the image below shows. That was accomplished in ArcGIS 10.0 using the Split Raster tool. I would like a FOSS ...
13
votes
5answers
928 views

Dikes extraction from DEM

I do have DEM of 1x1 meter and original LiDAR point cloud in .las, that DEM is made of. I need to extract river dikes (highest points of the dikes) to vector feature (point, polyline). Any idea for ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Create DEM from stereo pairs using ArcGIS for Desktop or Open Source GIS?

Does ArcGIS Desktop or any of its native extensions allow me to create DEMs from stereo pairs (acquired by satellite, GeoEye 1)? If the answer is a clear no, brownie points will go to an answer that ...
10
votes
1answer
27k views

Calculating elevation profile for a polyline in ArcGIS 10?

My elevation data is a floating point tif. I have a road for which I need to calculate the elevation profile, but I can't see the tools to do this. Can I do this with ArcGIS, with spatial analyst/3D ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Generating TIN from DEM using MacOSX/Unix tools?

I'd like to generate a 3d terrain model moving from a DEM dataset (currently in shp and GeoTIFF format). As far as I understand it, the first step of the better path would be generating a TIN, but I ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How to create a catchment from a point using a DTM raster in QGIS?

I need to find a better way to delineate a catchment from a given point on a watercourse using a DTM - currently I am either using FEH, or if the catchment is too small using contours to draw manually....
7
votes
3answers
783 views

Filtering out canopies and buildings from DSM to have a bare earth elevation

Can anyone suggest methods in filtering out trees and buildings from a DSM so as to come up with a reliable DEM? What I have is a grid from a LIDAR data (.tif file, with 1m resolution). I was going ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

How to change DEM's gradient colour?

I'm a newbie about GIS. I'm from Italy and I've got a *.tif file of my region. I've loaded it has raster but I have a question: The dem has a gradient colour magenta. How change this colour to ...