Digital Elevation Model (DEM), which could be a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) or a Digital Surface Model (DSM).

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6
votes
3answers
4k views

Global DEM to Slope calculation

I have downloaded SRTM GDEM (~90 km resolution). I am using ArcGIS 10. I have tried to use spatial analyst to compute for slope. However, I can not compute for the slope. The output values has only ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to build an artificial 'dam' across a river?

I have a DEM. Created all files related to watershed including accumulation, direction, streams etc... I'm stuck creating a dam. I request you to please let me know how to build an artificial 'dam' ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Code to calculate elevation profile along line from a DEM

Given a DEM (Digital Elevation Model) say in and a line (x1,y1) --> (x2,y2) (paired coordinates (x,y)), how can one calculate the elevation profile or cross-section projected on that line ? I am ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Viewing .las format LIDAR data in QGIS?

Is there an easy path to visualizing this LIDAR data? I have QGIS, and some USGS LIDAR data in (.las) format downloaded from http://lidar.cr.usgs.gov/ . This means I have both the (.las) and ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

comparing two DEMs

i have two Lidar las files, one is original let's say with X points. And the other is copy of the first las file but with Y points, where Y is less than X. Now, i wanted to compare how the Digital ...
11
votes
5answers
6k views

Is it possible to make a DEM from contours in QGIS?

Is it possible to make a DEM from contours in QGIS? I have a shp file (contours) and their heights, can I use QGIS for produce a DEM without using GRASS? I find this creating a dem from contours but ...
7
votes
3answers
182 views

How to get the subbasin area of each specified river segment?

I have a DEM file of one district, and I have used those following tools in spatial analyst tools in ArcGIS 10.1 to get files related to the original DEM file: Fill Flow direction Flow accumulation ...
7
votes
1answer
770 views

Partially update a raster (a DEM)

My todays question is: How to update an .img DEM in ArcView 9.3? I do have DEM which need to be updated only if few parts. The area to be updated has been produced in separate DEM with Spline ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to generate a DEM from a contour Shapefile?

I want to create a DEM from depth contours (shapefile) in QGIS. I've been trying to work out how to do this based on this previous question, notably from this link from that page, however I'm stuck, ...
5
votes
1answer
839 views

Python Script for getting elevation difference between two points

I have several stream segments 1000 Km long. I need to find the elevation difference between two consecutive points of distance 1 Km starting from the upstream to downstream. How can I get the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Exporting DEM-derived rasters to CSV from QGIS?

I have been able to import into QGIS a set of raster topographic maps and the associated DEM raster maps. It registered the two for me. From there I have calculated the associated slope raster map. ...
3
votes
2answers
556 views

Is it possible to colour areas between (vector) contours?

...without making it a DEM first? Joshdoe seems to have done so ("Styled in QGis") here but doesn't say how. Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
269 views

Programmatically download (seamless) NED tiles?

I used to download 1/3 arcsecond elevation geotiffs from extract.cr.usgs.gov using web services. But a few days ago, that stopped working, probably because USGS reorganized their site. I tried ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

qgis2 slope analysis from NED data gives crazy histogram

I'm attempting a simple slope analysis in QGIS2 using the plugin at Raster -> Terrain Analysis -> Slope. The slope output layer has a very strange histogram, basically spikes at 0 and at 89.9098 with ...
1
vote
1answer
346 views

Calculating mean upslope aspect

I am trying to write a python script to calculate the mean aspect upslope from each cell in a DEM. I have the general workflow down, but my final output is restricted to angles between 0 and 90 ...
36
votes
7answers
28k views

What is the difference between DEM, DSM and DTM?

I am listing some of the acronyms used in our work and had to stop to think about whether to list these together or separately. In some circles they are synonymous, in others they have distinct ...
6
votes
3answers
858 views

Generating a TIN from a DEM without ArcGIS

I'd like to generate a 3d terrain model moving from a DEM dataset (currently in shp and GeoTIFF format). As far as I understand it, the first step of the better path would be generating a TIN, but I ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

How to 'burn' a stream network into a DEM layer in ArcGIS 10?

I am working on a DEM that in an area where there is little relief. I would like to 'burn' the river network into the DEM so I can calculate flow accumulation and flow length accurately. I am using ...
7
votes
1answer
7k views

creating a dem from contours

I have a large set of contours that I received broken down into several different subsets. I have merged most of the subsets together creating a larger set of contours in three different files. I have ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How to change DEM's gradient colour?

I'm a newbie about GIS. I'm from Italy and I've got a *.tif file of my region. I've loaded it has raster but I have a question: The dem has a gradient colour magenta. How change this colour to ...
6
votes
1answer
530 views

How to calculate te area between contour lines on a DEM with Qgis 1.8?

Does anyone know how to calculate the area in km² for each altitudinal band (between 100 and 200, 200 and 300...) based on a DEM? I added the contour lines with a distance of 100 metres but could not ...
4
votes
2answers
920 views

Translating grid to USGS .dem in C# via GDAL

I am attempting to translate ArcInfo binary grids to USGS DEM format (.dem). I have installed the GDAL .NET bindings thru this build installer. I can get to GDAL in my C# add-in I am working on. ...
4
votes
2answers
559 views

comparing two TINs

i have the following two files: 1) LiDAR las file1 2) Let's give it a name LiDAR las file2, contains the same file1 data, where number of points randomly removed. So if file1 contains X number of ...
1
vote
2answers
231 views

How to find upstream and downstream villages along a river

I have a DEM extract of river and village centroid. How do i create an attribute table that shows which village is upstream of other or downstream to another. Can someone guide me the correct tools in ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Adjusting Z Units on a DEM

I am learning how to use ArcHydro and attempting to change the Z Units because I get a warning message saying the Spatial Reference Doesn't Match. The DEM was in Meters, and I adjusted the Z Unit to ...
22
votes
3answers
4k views

How to smooth a DEM?

I have a SRTM DEM and I want to create a shaded relief from it. I created the shaded relief in GRASS and the result is very nice, but a little rough becouse the area is near flat and the DEM is 90m in ...
12
votes
2answers
428 views

PostGIS interpolation / triangulation options

I'm looking for an open source workflow to automate DEM construction. We have a series of sites that fall within a LIDAR dataset. We want to create site specific DEM's for each site, and we're ...
14
votes
13answers
21k views

How to a convert LiDAR XYZ files to DEM / DSM?

Normally consultants (LiDAR survey) provide me with data to my specifications; already in ESRI GRID or ASCII GRID format. This way LiDAR data can be easily used with ArcGIS. This time I only have xyz ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Can shaded relief be “blended” with DEM colour ramp in ArcGIS to produce a more visually dramatic result?

Not being able to use true transparencies with ArcGIS colour ramps where only solid colours are allowed has me always wondering about how to improve the look of the surface in my maps without ...
10
votes
2answers
986 views

Surface distance on DEM between two coordinates

Given two coordinates on a digital elevation model (DEM), how do I compute the actual distance traveled between the two locations, assuming a straight line route? How will changing the resolution of ...
6
votes
2answers
653 views

What's a good toolchain to reproject some PNGs in plate carre to UTM?

I have some PNGs produced from Canadian DEM data. They're 1201px by 1201px heightmaps. Each one represents one quarter of a degree latitude and one quarter of a degree longitude. But I want to work ...
3
votes
6answers
2k views

shadow simulation from buildings

is it possible to use hillshade function in ArcMap to calculate shadow areas of buildings or simulate shadows of buildings, using DSM of the buildings and the sun angle and azimuth?
12
votes
4answers
3k views

Shaded relief from DEM in GRASS and QGIS

I have been trying to get a good looking shaded relief model out of GRASS and Qgis for a day or so now and just can't seem to get it. The biggest problem I'm having is the valleys look like ...
8
votes
3answers
848 views

Create DEM from stereo pairs?

Can ArcGIS Desktop (or any of its native extensions) allow me to create DEMs from stereo pairs (acquired by satellite, Geoeye 1)? If the answer is a clear no, brownie points will go to an answer that ...
8
votes
3answers
10k views

How to extract raster DEM elevations to vector attribute tables in ArcGIS 10?

I have an ArcMap 10 project with multiple layer groups. One layer is a raster DEM, another layer group is a bunch of vector shapefiles (including points, lines and polygons). The client wants all ...
8
votes
2answers
557 views

Elevation profile sample point algorithm

In generating an elevation profile, samples from the underlying raster must be taken. If the objective is to create a profile of maximum quality, how should the locations of sample points be ...
6
votes
1answer
514 views

How do I find least cost path over a DEM based on slope magnitude and direction?

What sort of algorithms can I use to find a least cost path through a DEM where it costs more to traverse a cell going downhill or uphill than it does to follow the contour of the land? All the ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a way to clip a raster using a vector polygon without having Spatial Analyst?

I have ArcView 10 and I'm trying to clip a DEM (TIFF) to a wilderness boundary (polygon). I know ArcView won't let me do this without Spatial Analyst, but I don't have $2500. I tried exporting my ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Definitive source for downloading DEM data

USGS has been moving towards serving data through The National Map Viewer. They have several WMServices through their website that serve elevation data to the public (hillshade & DEM). The ...
4
votes
1answer
195 views

DEM local adjustments - terraforming

I'm looking for software that can perform local adjustments in DEMs with tools similar to paintbrushes used in graphics editing programs but streamlined to respect geomorphology. To give you an idea ...
3
votes
1answer
321 views

Watershed extraction using different DEM tiles

I would like to extract the watersheds for a particular area using QGIS. However, I only have Aster 30m DEMs to work with, each tile covering one degree square. The problem is that I need to use ...
3
votes
5answers
1k views

Batch processing DEM rasters in QGIS/GDAL

I am attempting to add relief shading to map using .asc raster files, following this tutorial. It works well, but I have only tried it on single tile of raster data which is 20x20km. I want to ...
3
votes
4answers
543 views

Is there a way to programatically force RGB (3 bands) in a raster with arcpy?

I'd like to include conversion to a 3 band RGB raster in a script to prepare multiple DEMs for image processing. The input files are rasters extracted from a raster mosaic. The manual option is to ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Replacing Raster Values in Ras1 with Ras2

I have two rasters Ras1 and Ras2. I want to change the Ras1. In Ras1, there are few areas, lines, points I am interested having nodata cells and wrong data cells.(limited to interested areas only ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

Can I convert ESRI Grid (DEM) raster to USGS DEM?

There is a tool for DEM to Raster in ArcGIS but I need to convert my ArcGIS DEM rasters (mostly LiDAR) into USGS DEM. The idea is to import this DEM into Sketchup and create a "sandbox" TIN surface ...
10
votes
2answers
746 views

Is it possible to manually correct a raster DEM (OpenSource)?

Is it possible, to correct a raster DEM by changeing the raster-cell-values manually, like by "painting"? My DEM (ASTER) have one small error where the elevation is about 300m below the actual ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to compare two DEMs and show their difference?

I want to compare my DEMs (ASTER GDEM2 and SRTM4.1). I know, that the GDEM has some extreme "holes" with totaly wrong elevations (I found 3 of them in my working area). Now I need to know, if there ...
5
votes
1answer
321 views

When merging two DEMs, do they have to be in the same pixel bits?

I have a simple question. I have 2 different Digital Elevation Modeling (DEM). One is the state DEM and has 30m and has 16 pixel bit. I have a couple of smaller DEM that has 30m but they have 32 pixel ...
5
votes
3answers
798 views

getting from a DEM to points that could be used for a TIN

I have a DEM, and would like to create a set of points that I can use to make a mesh for a 3d modeling program, such as Maya, Blender, or SketchUp. If I were to make a TIN from a DEM in ArcGIS, ArcGIS ...
5
votes
2answers
15k views

Merge several DEM into one in ArcGIS 10

Is there any ArcGIS 10 tool to merge several DEM into a single one?