Digital Elevation Model (DEM), which could be a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) or a Digital Surface Model (DSM).

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6
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3answers
5k views

How to use SRTM Global DEM for Slope calculation?

I have downloaded SRTM GDEM (~90 km resolution). I am using ArcGIS 10. I have tried to use spatial analyst to compute for slope. However, I can not compute for the slope. The output values has only ...
12
votes
5answers
8k views

Is it possible to make a DEM from contours in QGIS?

Is it possible to make a DEM from contours in QGIS? I have a shp file (contours) and their heights, can I use QGIS for produce a DEM without using GRASS? I find this creating a dem from contours but ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Viewing .las format LIDAR data in QGIS?

Is there an easy path to visualizing this LIDAR data? I have QGIS, and some USGS LIDAR data in (.las) format downloaded from http://lidar.cr.usgs.gov/ . This means I have both the (.las) and ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How to build an artificial 'dam' across a river?

I have a DEM. Created all files related to watershed including accumulation, direction, streams etc... I'm stuck creating a dam. I request you to please let me know how to build an artificial 'dam' ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Colouring areas between (vector) contours?

Is it possible to colour areas between (vector) contours without making it a DEM first? Joshdoe seems to have done so in Create filled contour map with GRASS but does not say how.
9
votes
4answers
3k views

Code to calculate elevation profile along line from a DEM

Given a DEM (Digital Elevation Model) say in and a line (x1,y1) --> (x2,y2) (paired coordinates (x,y)), how can one calculate the elevation profile or cross-section projected on that line ? I am ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Workflow for determining stream gradient?

As far as data goes, I'm working with NHD .shp files, 10m DEMs, and some LIDAR data. My goal is to determine gradient for 100m segments of a network of streams. I'm already able to do this, but I ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

How to generate a DEM from a contour Shapefile?

I want to create a DEM from depth contours (shapefile) in QGIS. I've been trying to work out how to do this based on this previous question, notably from this link from that page, however I'm stuck, ...
2
votes
3answers
159 views

How to determine bare earth from unclassified LAS file

I have data in LAS format with RGB values created from Aerial photogrammetry using a UAV. I am trying to find a solution to extract the bare earth to create my DTM from the DSM. I have tried SAGA, ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Comparing two Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) from LAS files?

I have two Lidar las files, one is original let's say with X points. And the other is copy of the first las file but with Y points, where Y is less than X. Now, I want to compare how the Digital ...
7
votes
3answers
356 views

How to get the subbasin area of each specified river segment?

I have a DEM file of one district, and I have used those following tools in spatial analyst tools in ArcGIS 10.1 to get files related to the original DEM file: Fill Flow direction Flow accumulation ...
7
votes
1answer
903 views

Partially updating raster (DEM)?

How to update an .img DEM in ArcView 9.3? I do have DEM which need to be updated only if few parts. The area to be updated has been produced in separate DEM with Spline Interpolation with Barriers. ...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

qgis2 slope analysis from NED data gives crazy histogram

I'm attempting a simple slope analysis in QGIS2 using the plugin at Raster -> Terrain Analysis -> Slope. The slope output layer has a very strange histogram, basically spikes at 0 and at 89.9098 with ...
37
votes
7answers
36k views

What is the difference between DEM, DSM and DTM?

I am listing some of the acronyms used in our work and had to stop to think about whether to list these together or separately. In some circles they are synonymous, in others they have distinct ...
24
votes
3answers
5k views

How to smooth a DEM?

I have a SRTM DEM and I want to create a shaded relief from it. I created the shaded relief in GRASS and the result is very nice, but a little rough becouse the area is near flat and the DEM is 90m in ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Python Script for getting elevation difference between two points

I have several stream segments 1000 Km long. I need to find the elevation difference between two consecutive points of distance 1 Km starting from the upstream to downstream. How can I get the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Exporting DEM-derived rasters to CSV from QGIS?

I have been able to import into QGIS a set of raster topographic maps and the associated DEM raster maps. It registered the two for me. From there I have calculated the associated slope raster map. ...
2
votes
1answer
490 views

Programmatically download (seamless) NED tiles?

I used to download 1/3 arcsecond elevation geotiffs from extract.cr.usgs.gov using web services. But a few days ago, that stopped working, probably because USGS reorganized their site. I tried ...
4
votes
2answers
646 views

Comparing two TINs created using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have the following two files: LiDAR las file1 Let's give it a name LiDAR las file2, contains the same file1 data, where number of points randomly removed. So if file1 contains X number of ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

Is there any way to 'clean' up ASTER v2 DEM data?

I downloaded all the tiles I needed, then plotted them to find that they don't all seem to have the same quality. Basically, you can see all the edges of a lot of the tiles. Is there any way to clean ...
2
votes
1answer
485 views

Calculating mean upslope aspect from each cell in DEM using Python?

I am trying to write a python script to calculate the mean aspect upslope from each cell in a DEM. I have the general workflow down, but my final output is restricted to angles between 0 and 90 ...
-3
votes
1answer
147 views

How to extract drainage line network from GRASS GIS and QGIS [closed]

Giving DEM as input is there any way to get drainage network? I am newbie to GRASS and QGIS ,provide any working examples in GRASS GIS and QGIS with procedure.
21
votes
6answers
8k views

What is the best colour-ramp to use for elevation?

This is maybe rather subjective as it concerns style, but I would like to have a few decent colour ramps for my DEM when it is layed over my hill-shading. I have created the Swiss hillshade model as ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Can shaded relief be “blended” with DEM colour ramp in ArcGIS to produce a more visually dramatic result?

Not being able to use true transparencies with ArcGIS colour ramps where only solid colours are allowed has me always wondering about how to improve the look of the surface in my maps without ...
15
votes
11answers
23k views

How to a convert LiDAR XYZ files to DEM / DSM?

Normally consultants (LiDAR survey) provide me with data to my specifications; already in ESRI GRID or ASCII GRID format. This way LiDAR data can be easily used with ArcGIS. This time I only have xyz ...
8
votes
4answers
5k views

How to 'burn' a stream network into a DEM layer in ArcGIS 10?

I am working on a DEM that in an area where there is little relief. I would like to 'burn' the river network into the DEM so I can calculate flow accumulation and flow length accurately. I am using ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Generating TIN from DEM using MacOSX/Unix tools?

I'd like to generate a 3d terrain model moving from a DEM dataset (currently in shp and GeoTIFF format). As far as I understand it, the first step of the better path would be generating a TIN, but I ...
7
votes
1answer
9k views

creating a dem from contours

I have a large set of contours that I received broken down into several different subsets. I have merged most of the subsets together creating a larger set of contours in three different files. I have ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Is there a way to clip a raster using a vector polygon without having Spatial Analyst?

I have ArcView 10 and I'm trying to clip a DEM (TIFF) to a wilderness boundary (polygon). I know ArcView won't let me do this without Spatial Analyst, but I don't have $2500. I tried exporting my ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How to change DEM's gradient colour?

I'm a newbie about GIS. I'm from Italy and I've got a *.tif file of my region. I've loaded it has raster but I have a question: The dem has a gradient colour magenta. How change this colour to ...
6
votes
1answer
717 views

How to calculate te area between contour lines on a DEM with Qgis 1.8?

Does anyone know how to calculate the area in km² for each altitudinal band (between 100 and 200, 200 and 300...) based on a DEM? I added the contour lines with a distance of 100 metres but could not ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Where to acquire elevation data for UK?

I'm looking for digital elevation data for UK. Does anybody know if there is a good service providing data for free that are of better accuracy than ASTER-DEM that is around 30m and if not what is the ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Translating grid to USGS .dem in C# via GDAL

I am attempting to translate ArcInfo binary grids to USGS DEM format (.dem). I have installed the GDAL .NET bindings thru this build installer. I can get to GDAL in my C# add-in I am working on. ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Correlation between point feature (disease) and elevation

I have a problem! How can I calculate the correlation between point feature and Dem raster? Hypothesis: disease prevalence in high altitude is more than low altitude. I must do this in ArcGIS 10 and ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Adjusting Z Units on a DEM

I am learning how to use ArcHydro and attempting to change the Z Units because I get a warning message saying the Spatial Reference Doesn't Match. The DEM was in Meters, and I adjusted the Z Unit to ...
1
vote
2answers
371 views

How to find upstream and downstream villages along a river

I have a DEM extract of river and village centroid. How do i create an attribute table that shows which village is upstream of other or downstream to another. Can someone guide me the correct tools in ...
0
votes
1answer
162 views

Hillshade is block grey ArcGIS

So I am trying to create a hillshade on my DEM because I need to be able to distinguish features which I can't do in its current state (see picture). However, when I add the hillshade, it adds a block ...
8
votes
1answer
383 views

How to generate a DEM from isolines and spot heights?

I have two shape files containing height information of a certain area and I need to create a raster DEM with GRASS using them. file 1 consists of height information in contours (isolines) file 2 ...
12
votes
2answers
570 views

PostGIS interpolation / triangulation options

I'm looking for an open source workflow to automate DEM construction. We have a series of sites that fall within a LIDAR dataset. We want to create site specific DEM's for each site, and we're ...
8
votes
3answers
493 views

How to extract breaklines from a given DEM?

Breaklines are very useful for describing a terrain - for example to build an exact TIN. My question is, how to extract these breaklines from a given DEM? I calculated the curvature (vertical) - ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Good practice for generating contours from a DEM

We have just received a large set of DEMs at work and I would like to generate contours from them. The DEMs have a resolution of 1m and a size of 1kmx1km. Output from gdalinfo: Driver: ...
12
votes
4answers
599 views

Dikes extraction from DEM

I do have DEM of 1x1 meter and original LiDAR point cloud in .las, that DEM is made of. I need to extract river dikes (highest points of the dikes) to vector feature (point, polyline). Any idea for ...
8
votes
5answers
308 views

How to ensure uniform colour for DEMs?

This is a silly question, but one I've been trying to figure out for a while. I have two Aster DEM tiles, one next to the other. How do I ensure uniform colour for both?
8
votes
3answers
14k views

How to extract raster DEM elevations to vector attribute tables in ArcGIS 10?

I have an ArcMap 10 project with multiple layer groups. One layer is a raster DEM, another layer group is a bunch of vector shapefiles (including points, lines and polygons). The client wants all ...
12
votes
4answers
4k views

Shaded relief from DEM in GRASS and QGIS

I have been trying to get a good looking shaded relief model out of GRASS and Qgis for a day or so now and just can't seem to get it. The biggest problem I'm having is the valleys look like ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Surface distance on DEM between two coordinates

Given two coordinates on a digital elevation model (DEM), how do I compute the actual distance traveled between the two locations, assuming a straight line route? How will changing the resolution of ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Create DEM from stereo pairs?

Does ArcGIS Desktop or any of its native extensions allow me to create DEMs from stereo pairs (acquired by satellite, GeoEye 1)? If the answer is a clear no, brownie points will go to an answer that ...
6
votes
2answers
698 views

What's a good toolchain to reproject some PNGs in plate carre to UTM?

I have some PNGs produced from Canadian DEM data. They're 1201px by 1201px heightmaps. Each one represents one quarter of a degree latitude and one quarter of a degree longitude. But I want to work ...
5
votes
2answers
122 views

Is there a difference between the Planchon & Darboux and Wang and Liu depression filling algorithms? Other than speed?

Can anyone tell me, based on actual analytical experience, if there is a difference between these two depression filling algorithms, other than the speed at which they process and fill depressions ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

1'' DHM: Hillshade is too rough - how to “generalize”?

I got this hillshade from my DHM (I used the hillshade-module from qgis). For my purpose there is too much relief detail (roughness). How can I get rid of this in QGIS or GRASS? Thanks! Martin