# Tagged Questions

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### Calculating distance of polygons from coastline using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a series of polygons representing parcels of land. I would like to calculate the distance of each polygon from the coastline. I also have a polygon of the entire region of interest, i.e. an ...
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### Joining two polygon layers based on distance?

I'm new to GIS so this question may be an obvious one. I have one polygon layer of urban land use and another polygon layer of swamps. How do I join the two layers so that I get a column in the ...
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### calculate distance between points crossing the antimeridian

How can I calculate the distance between two points (lon/lat) if any of the points exceeds the antimeridian (+-180 longitude)? Im using the distVincentyEllipsoid {geosphere} to calculate the shortest ...
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### Calculating distance between borders when one polygon inside another polygon?

I am brand new to ArcGIS and having some trouble. I would like to calculate the distances between the border of one polygon to another polygon. However, these polygons overlap. Thus when I use the ...
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### Calculate distances between polygon centres in QGIS

Is there a practical way to calculate distances between polygon centroids in QGIS? I have a UK city region map divided into administrative units (1 ward = 1 polygon). I want to represent their ...
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### Distance from one point to many polygons

I'm using ArcMap 10.1 and have a shape file of polygons of municipalities. I also have the coordinates of the centroids of the polygons (if I need to use them). I want a column in my attributes table ...
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### calculate {minimal} distance between polygons in R

I have calculated the surface area of species distributions (merging polygons from shapefiles), but since this area can be comprised of quite distanced polygons, I would like to calculate some measure ...
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### Calculating distances between boundaries of polygons with Python

I have two sets of shape-files which have to be worked on within a Python Script. Those two Shape Files might differ from each other (same thematic content, but 2 different epochs). If there occurred ...
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### PostGIS: Calculate the length of just the portion of linestring that intersect with a polygon

I want to calculate the portion of the linestring that lies within the limits of a polygon. Better with an image What is the length of the portion of linestring within Province A? and within ...
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### Finding points along a path

I am unsure of the best approach to this problem. I can think of some ways of doing it which I will list below but I am looking for the best and most efficient way of doing this. Problem Given a ...
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### Determining closest representation of polygon as collection of points+radii

Have a bit of a tough question, which I realize there may not be an easy solution to. Figured what better place to ask. I'm attempting to transform a polygon into a series of arbitrary points with ...
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### How do I find the average distance within a polygon to a point?

For my purposes, I can assume a homogeneous distribution of points within the polygon. What I want to find is the average distance from points within a polygon to a specified point. I don't know where ...
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### How to automatically reduce polygon size?

I am working with two polygon layers (counties & states) which I will 'intersect' to find which counties are within which states. Due to data inaccuracies I have to change all county polygons and ...
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### Offset a Polygon defined in Lat Lng points by a given distance of miles or km

I am trying apply a positive offset/buffer (enlarge a shape equally from the borders) to a polygon that is made up of a series of latitude/longitude coordinates by a distance that is defined in either ...
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### Calculate 'Rectangle' Coordinates Given 2 Points and width [closed]

I want to create a rectangular polygon using two points as guides. So let's say a journey starts in Egypt and ends in London, my polygon should have 4 points: 10 miles further from London than Egypt ...
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### How to make a minimal distance matrix for polygons using QGIS?

I have a set of polygons and I want to find minimal distances between the edge of each pair of them. It's similar task as in this question: How to find the minimum edge to edge distance of polygons? ...