The measure of separation between two entities or locations that may or may not be connected, such as two points.

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1answer
33 views

Calculate distance between two coordinates along lines

I have a map with two layers: a map of the streets of Montevideo, and a map of shops with the lat long location. I would like to calculate the distance between each shop and the nearest one, along the ...
2
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1answer
38 views

After how much distance does the x,y coordinate system become noticeably distorted?

I'm working with maritime sensors that give information of moving objects it detects, in azimuth, range and elevation, and we convert it to x,y coordinates for our application to be able to process ...
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2answers
40 views

Maximum distance to polygon edge

I have a point feature class and a polygon feature class, and each point is located within one polygon. Is there a way to programmatically calculate the distance from each point to the farthest ...
1
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0answers
13 views

Query all Object within n kilometer Radius with Hibernate Spatial?

I use hibernate spatial attach a geolocation to a car. My card domain class looks like this: import com.vividsolutions.jts.geom.Point class Card { String name Point location } My program is ...
0
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1answer
27 views

CartoDB (PostGIS) near function (distance) points to polygons

I have a CartoDB map here: Link: https://dms2203.cartodb.com/viz/78db6c02-3148-11e5-a42f-0e018d66dc29/public_map I'm trying to find the distance of the points to the polygon. If the points are ...
0
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1answer
15 views

NNJoin, MMQGIS and Nearest Neighbor QGIS failed to measure shortest distance

I have two layers, one point and one line. I need the distance to the closest line from the point layer. Not NNJoin, MMQGIS nor the distance hub in QGIS provided accurate measures. Any ideas?
0
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1answer
31 views

Projection For Measuring Distances

Is it the case that when I use Arc GIS to compute nearest distance from a point to a poly-line/polygon, I need to project them both in an equidistant projection? Note: I am using the near tool. What ...
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0answers
26 views

How to obtain an euclidean distance raster from a vector file in QGIS?

I'm trying to obtain a raster of Euclidean Distances from a vector layer I have of a river in Spain. I did it very easily with ArcMap using Euclidean Distance, but I don't know how to do it in QGIS. ...
0
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1answer
44 views

How to measure distance between two coordinate pairs taken from NMEA file?

In order to measure momentary speed, first I need to measure the distance between two pairs of coordinates. That's where my lack of knowledge stops me. I have example data in NMEA format: ...
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1answer
39 views

Calculating Distance and Time on a network without the use of ArcGIS Network Analyst

I'm trying to calculate a distance and time for walking commuters (about 30,000 records) on a street network (NYC Lion). I have a starting and ending address for each record that have been geocoded. ...
5
votes
1answer
878 views

Calculating distance in WGS84 (MySQL and Geoserver)

Here is the environment in which I work: An application using geo-referenced data Database MySQL 5.5, storing georeferenced points A Geoserver server, connected to the MySQL database Here is the ...
40
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6answers
11k views

Why is the 'straight line' path across continent so curved?

This is the result of mapping the straight line path from a point in US to Poland using Distance Measurement Tool. Also, planes from Asia to US would travel almost over North Pole. Why is the path ...
1
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0answers
167 views

How to set the length of a line using openlayers [duplicate]

I'm trying edit a polygon by changing the length of some lines by code. Found this method to calculate based on the bearing. But I didn't find anything on how to calculate the bearing, before I start ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

How to find the distance from a point to a polygon, via another point, in R

I am trying to calculate the distances between a central point, and the edge of a polygon, along straight lines drawn between the central point and another set of points (where necessary extended ...
11
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6answers
6k views

Which tools and methods can be used to create isochrones?

I'd like to get an idea for what's involved in creating isochrones for a series of sites, with a reasonable degree of accuracy to the estimates. A general outline would be great, though my scenario ...
3
votes
3answers
695 views

QGIS spatial join, calculating distance from polygon to point layer

I am trying to perform a kind of 'spatial join' in Arcgis, joining to a polygon layer atributes of the closest feature of a point layer, as well as distance. But 'spatial query' doesn't offer an ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

QGIS distance from points to nearest line

How can I get the distances from each point at a shapefile to the nearest line from another? I've tried to follow the directions from Measuring the distance between lines and points in QGIS and ...
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9answers
20k views

Calculating Lat/Lng X miles from point

I am wanting to find a latitude and longitude point given a bearing, a distance, and a starting latitude and longitude. This appears to be the opposite of this question (Distance between lat/long ...
4
votes
2answers
660 views

clustering points in postgresql to create contour map

UPDATE: To try to make this a little more simple, is it possible to create a query which selects a group of points such that each point in the group is at most X units away from at least one other ...
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2answers
4k views

How to find nearest point for each point in current layer using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a point layer and want to know the distance of nearest point of current layer for each point in the layer. I found some tools in ArcToolbox about it , but they need two layers for input and ...
3
votes
2answers
148 views

Identifying the side of a point from the closest polyline in ArcMap 10.0

I have a set of polylines (a network of streams and rivers) with information on the left and right side of the streams on riparian structure. I also have locations (points) of either side of the ...
28
votes
2answers
3k views

How accurate is approximating the Earth as a sphere?

What level of error do I encounter when approximating the earth as a sphere? Specifically, when dealing with the location of points and, for example, the great circle distances between them. Are ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Need to get distance matrix for large set of points on-the-fly

I do not know much about GIS and I do not know much of the jargon. Hopefully you can help me a bit here because I am really unaware of the services and software available. My problem is as follows: ...
2
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0answers
24 views

QGIS: distance matrix different outputs

In one of my plugins I would like to use the distance geoprocessing algorithm. When running this algorithm from the menu Vector->Analysis Tools->Distance Matrix I get a different output than running ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Problem with distance in QGIS

I start a new project with base on OpenLayers plugin but if I check the distance on QGIS with distance tool (I choose a straight road) I view 5.466m on QGIS and 4.300m on google (by walking). How is ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Distance regression in ArcGIS

I have layer of point data of aid projects in Tanzania between 2000 and 2012, and a layer of point data for 42 villages where a survey was conducted in 2003, 2006,2009, and 2013. Within the survey ...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

Calculate nearest distance in ArcView, XY coordinates

Okay, so basically I am really lost and struggling because I have never used an Arc system before. Basically, I have two datasets. One with house locations, and the other with investment locations- ...
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vote
2answers
142 views

Cost-Distance Tool not producing logical answer

I am working on creating a cost catchment based on Tobler's equation in ArcGIS10.1. I feel confident in my cost surface; it produces a raster where each cell equals the time in hours that it would ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Dissolving polygons by attribute within certain distance using ArcGIS Desktop?

In a FeatureClass I have a lot of polygons which contain attributes of different landuse-types. Now I am trying to dissolve those polygons of the same landuse-type, but only if the distance between ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Search radius for some intermediate distance

ArcMap on my laptop runs very slowly. So it can take a long time for a near table to run. Is it possible to use a search radius for some intermediate distance? For example, the search radius only ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

How to draw contour lines with exact distance?

I am not a professional GIS user so am desperately trying to draw contours with exact distances around my samples (points). I have 67 samples and I would like to draw contours around these points. ...
2
votes
1answer
317 views

How to calculate which zip code is closer to which in USA using C#?

I'm not living in USA, and I'm doing a small project for a company based in USA. The point is that, there are businesses and each of them have their address and zip code. Then, I have a form where ...
21
votes
6answers
17k views

Trilateration using 3 latitude and longitude points, and 3 distances

I want to find out an unknown target location (latitude and longitude co-ordinates). There are 3 known points (latitude and longitude co-ordinate pairs) and for each point a distance in kilometers to ...
1
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0answers
27 views

Calculating the distance between a set of UTM coordinates [duplicate]

I would like to calculate the distance between several GPS points, these data are projected into UTM Zone 30. I am using Postgresql 9.3 but I am happy to see results with any software or website such ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

How to measure the distance between multiple points and multiple polygons?

I'm trying to find a quick and accuarate way to measure the distance between 3 survey sites and all the designated sites within 10km. The survey sites are on a point vector layer and the designated ...
4
votes
1answer
466 views

How can I make a Postgres/PostGIS ST_Distance_sphere query more efficient?

Within Postgres/PostGIS I have written an SQL query to get the closest distance for each element within a point coordinate table from a polyline table. The query comes back and works correctly, but ...
0
votes
2answers
470 views

Measure average distance between two lines with common endpoints

I have two shapefiles, each with a set of lines generated from start and end points. One shapefile has the straight lines generated from the XY To Line tool, while the other has lines generated from a ...
1
vote
1answer
169 views

How to convert distance in meters(EPSG:28406) to EPSG:900913 with OpenLayers?

For point I use OpenLayers and transform(): numZona = Math.ceil(parseFloat(lon)/6)); Proj4js.defs["EPSG:28406"] = '+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0='(parseInt(numZona)*6-3)+' +k=1.000000 ...
2
votes
3answers
571 views

Draw line between points from multiple datasets

I have 2 point datasets and want a tool or script to draw a line between all points in one dataset to all the points in the 2nd dataset. Is it possible? I have tried ESRI "Point Distance" and ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

CartoDB: Calculating distance between points in two tables and including the name of the second point in infowindow

I am plotting community gardens in CartoDB and want to show the nearest subway entrance in the infowindow. I have two tables with the location of the gardens and the subway stations. I am able to get ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Hex grid on 4326 globe (for use in leaflet)

Im looking for a way to evenly distribute a hexagon grid (x,y,z) on the 4326 globe. Knowing this is not mathematically possible im accepting the following limitations: Poles doesnt need coverage - ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

coordinate system for calculating distance at the nation scale

I want to use ArcGIS 10.1 to calculate the straight (euclidean) distances from zip codes to their nearest city centers in about 300 U.S. metropolitan areas. I have two point shpfiles: one includes the ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Obtain minor distance given am array of points

I have built a query to obtain the minor distance given a point. SELECT name, city, region, Distance(GeometryFromText('POINT(-56.237076563852 ...
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0answers
34 views

Distance sampling bearing new coordinates

I am working on population density of white tailed deer in Peru, using distance sampling. I am stuck trying to find a way to calculate the deer coordinates. I have the observer coordinates who travel ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

nearest point distance in Arc Map

How do you calculate the nearest distance from one XY coordinate to another XY. I'm using Arc Map 10 I went into Arc tool box -> proximity -> then I only have 2 buffering options. But under buffer ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Convert length in decimal degrees to feet

I've got attributes for a length that the Near tool calculated, and it gave them to me in decimal degrees. I need them in feet. Is it possible to do this with the Calculate Field tool? I tried ...
1
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0answers
11 views

Set of intersection points in trilateration / multilateration [duplicate]

Like in this post I will get a set of points (3 or more) with latitude, longitude and distance (in KM) information to find out the target location. A distance could be about 500 KM. The circles ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

How to create a raster of equidistant points with distance in meters using QGIS?

I need a set of equidistant points (like a raster) each in a 1km distance to the next over a certain area, in my case Germany. I know the feature "regular points" in QGIS where I can do just that but ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

How do I measure the distance between two points within a country arcmap

I have two shapefiles with points distributed over the whole world. I would like to measure the distance (like the crow flies in km) from each point in shapefile 1 to the closest point from shapefile ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Calculating offset distances perpendicular to parallel lines in shapeile with results written to table using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a line shapefile with sets of parallel lines (or sticks on the map) representing the map view of horizontal gas wells that were drilled. I'm looking for tool or Python script to measure the ...