The measure of separation between two entities or locations that may or may not be connected, such as two points.

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2
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1answer
57 views

How to calculate which zip code is closer to which in USA using C#?

I'm not living in USA, and I'm doing a small project for a company based in USA. The point is that, there are businesses and each of them have their address and zip code. Then, I have a form where ...
2
votes
1answer
558 views

Create raster distance around a single point feature class

Okay, so I'm relatively new to ArcMap and I'm trying to use the Fuzzy membership for suitability test. I have a single point feature class that I want to use for this analysis. I know that in order to ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

WGS point to WGS line segment (great circle) distance

How would I go about resolving this in C#? I have a line segment (great circle distance) defined by two Lon-Lat pairs (call them points A and B). A third point somewhere on the Earth sphere. The ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

How to calculate the shortest geographical distance between a line and a point? [duplicate]

I'm trying to calculate the shortest distance between a line (described as a pair of [lat, long]s) and a point (lat, long) accurately. I've read many Wikipedia pages, but I'm new to the topic. I've ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

QGIS distance from points to nearest line

How can I get the distances from each point at a shapefile to the nearest line from another? I've tried to follow the directions from Measuring the distance between lines and points in QGIS and ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Distance from centre point to other points using QGIS?

I have a question of something I actually thought was pretty simple...I have a few points around a centre point. Now I want to know the distance from each point to the centre point. Is it possible to ...
6
votes
2answers
776 views

Get shortest distance between two geometries in ArcPy

I'm using ArcPy and using a cursor to step through one polygon feature class. For each of these 'source' polygons, I am creating a SearchCursor to find all polygons in a second feature class that ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

PostGIS: Get closest point between geometry and Multipoint

I think my question is not that difficult for GIS professionals, but i didn't found an answer to my problem (even not in other questions). Problem: I have given two tables (table1,table2) with Points ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Finding areas with high POINT density from PostGIS table using Python

I have a PostGIS table with thousands of POINT objects and I want to find areas that have a high density of points. I have the DBSCAN clustering algorithm implemented in Python which does exactly ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

The ratio Pixel distance to geographical distance?

I have had this problem for several days and I have no idea to solve it. The problem is that I am trying to find out the length and width of ships from a Bing map. I got the location point (lon, ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Calculation size limit to creating distance matrix using QGIS?

I have a shapefile of postal code for a city (Montréal). I would like to calculate the distance between all postal code. I tried to run the distance matrix after converting all postal code to a ...
2
votes
3answers
80 views

Find point close to points from postgis table

I have a postgis point table with a large list of cities. I need to find duplicates in it, but only if they are 10km close each other, which means that is the same city. For example, I have 5 points ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Performing Point Distance analysis using Basic level license of ArcGIS for Desktop?

I am using ArcView Version 10.1 and I need to perform a point distance analysis like: What is the distance from A to B-Z, B to A-Z, C to A-Z, etc? What are the steps that I take to do this?
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Calculating Distances between coordinates

I have perused through the other questions that are very similar to mine but am still having some trouble. I have 75 coordinates in WGS84 that I brought in from an Excel table. They are now on my ...
6
votes
1answer
100 views

Statistics: Estimating U.S. population-weighted average temperature from 100+ daily airport station measurements

I have recently signed up for a developer's key for the Census API (http://www.census.gov/developers/) and will be using a Python wrapper class to access the Census database. My goal is to find the ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

<#> doesn't give a useful distance [duplicate]

I'm new to postgresql/postgis and trying to measure a distance. So st_distance() may be the most accurate, it's the slowest too (as I've read). I read that one can use geometric (instead of ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Measuring Continuous Distance of GPS track in ArcGIS Desktop

I am looking for a way to quickly measure the distance covered of GPS tracks of foraging Seabirds. A tool that could give accumulative distance of point to point from the long and lat coordinates ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Calculating distances from points to the centre of cells

I am using QGIS 1.8.0 (using older version because I need the Qmarxan plugin which is not available for 2.4.0). I have a study area that has a vector laying of "planning units", or cells over the top ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

How to calculate distance from point to polygon with a time frame?

Using the Near tool, I knew that I can just calculate the distance of each house to the nearest fire. However, I only want to keep fires that happened in the past 7 years for each house. For example, ...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

What is an efficient Algorithm to draw a straight line from points?

I have some cross section survey data, which is like this: X Y Z pt_dt 2970969.635 359725.0088 83.4242 1-x 2970968.278 359722.2182 83.2591 1-x 2970941.771 359670.127 83.0655 1-x 2970961.369 ...
2
votes
0answers
134 views

Create circles around a point on a map measuring the radius in hours

Disclaimer: I am not experienced in GIS and hope this question fits in this category. I was wondering whether it is somehow possible to create a circle* around a city, using Google Maps or the like, ...
2
votes
3answers
102 views

How to measure correct distances in a project with OpenLayers background?

I have 3 lat/long points as follows: A = {35.257246,139.721256} B = {35.256541,139.721491} C = {35.256326,139.7203271} 1) Measurement result by Movable Type Scripts: By using the distance ...
20
votes
6answers
12k views

Trilateration using 3 latitude and longitude points, and 3 distances

I want to find out an unknown target location (latitude and longitude co-ordinates). There are 3 known points (latitude and longitude co-ordinate pairs) and for each point a distance in kilometers to ...
9
votes
4answers
9k views

How to generate random locations nearby my location?

I am trying to create random locations nearby my location. What i want is to create random latitude/longitude pairs inside a 200 meters circle surrounding my location. This is the formula i came up ...
8
votes
3answers
761 views

What kinds of line segments/edges require high accuracy in a true surface-of-the-ellipsoid representation?

I've been musing (and doing prototype coding) for a 'projection free' geographic codebase with your basic point, line & polygon primitives. Rather than dealing with all the sacrifices that come ...
5
votes
2answers
258 views

Is there a way to calculate closest distances to a point without using Near Analysis?

I frequently get asked to calculate distances from a specific point (A drilling well in the middle of the sea for example) to a number of Environmental layers (Protected Areas, Pipelines, Other wells ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Calculate distance for point to point based on value in field of first point

I am trying to figure out the best way to calculate the distance for each student from the school they attend. We have 2 shapefiles - the student locations with a field identifying the school they ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

How to properly utilize DWITHIN Spatial Filter in OpenLayers

Given the following code: var points = []; points.push(new OpenLayers.Geometry.Point(-110, 38)); points.push(new OpenLayers.Geometry.Point(-108, 40)); var lineString = ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

Calculate distances between polygon centres in QGIS

Is there a practical way to calculate distances between polygon centroids in QGIS? I have a UK city region map divided into administrative units (1 ward = 1 polygon). I want to represent their ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

How to show average walking distance to closest point in census tract in ArcMap?

Given a map layer of point locations, and a second map layer of census tract polygons for the same area, how would you create a map layer that shows the average walking distance to the closest point ...
-1
votes
1answer
32 views

Buffering algorithm [closed]

Does anyone know the algorithm of buffering? I had difficulty in drawing buffers. So I tried many values to acquire 1km buffer. I found value 0.008966 produces 1km buffer. Then I calculated inverse ...
7
votes
1answer
225 views

How do I calculate Manhattan distance with PostGIS?

I am using the ST_Distance function to calculate the distance between two geometries (a train station and a building) Since I know that all buildings and all train stations are in Chicago, which has ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Scale on map requires correction coefficient. But why?

I am computing the distance of a map I am getting from ArcGIS' REST services by using a calculator as provided by this answer. In a nutshell, it uses a GeodeticCalculator for distance computation ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

How to calculate the average distance among set of points as measure of closeness

I have three series (or tables) of points in PostGIS which I want to compare. I would like to know how "close" each series is when compared to the other two. In other words I would need some measure ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

How to set a defined distance between nodes to digitize in qgis?

Using QGIS (by now I have the 2.4 version) I would like to set some parameter (I don't know if such exists) that would impose a definite or maximal distance between nodes when digitizing a polyline or ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Distance Between Two Points vs Length of Linestring

So I have two points that I want to calculate the distance between. If I use: SELECT ST_Distance_Spheroid(point_a, point_b, 'SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101]') / 1000 FROM ( ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

GeographyFromText and ST_SetSRID+ST_MakePoint different results?

Why am I getting different results? SELECT ST_DISTANCE( ST_GeographyFromText('SRID=4326;POINT(13.401111 52.383343)'), --berlin ST_GeographyFromText('SRID=4326;POINT(9.997559 53.533778)') ...
3
votes
2answers
187 views

How to calculate the distance of sites to riverways

How do you calculate the distance of about 10 sites scattered across a region to bodies of water (rivers and lakes) using ArcGIS 10.1? I have the lat/lon coordinates of the 10 sites as a point ...
0
votes
0answers
122 views

How to calculate distance between point feature to multiple polyline features in ArcGIS

I have a GPS track which is basically a point layer. I have different route networks such as - train, tram and bus routes. I want to calculate the distance between each point to nearest features ...
2
votes
0answers
85 views

GeoDjango order_by('distance') not working as expected?

Using GeoDjango, I am trying to sort a list of users based on the distance from a point. It does generate a list, but its not ordered by distance, though I specify that in my query. This is the query ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Calculating distances between consecutive points along rivers (polygon) using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have radio-tracking locations of semi-aquatic mammals. Now, I would like to calculate the distance between the consecutive locations using the river as the animals would swim (opposite to as the ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Calculate distance in point collection algorithm

I've got collection of points which are sorted by x,y and distance between n and n+1 (array of objects [{x:0,y:0},{x:1,y:1}....] I would like to calculate distance between all points (point 1 distance ...
2
votes
0answers
86 views

FME - calculating distance to points along a line

I am new to FME, and trying to get my head around what should be pretty straightforward issues, but I find myself going around in circles Basically I want to determine the distance (chainage) to a ...
3
votes
2answers
111 views

Determining closest representation of polygon as collection of points+radii

Have a bit of a tough question, which I realize there may not be an easy solution to. Figured what better place to ask. I'm attempting to transform a polygon into a series of arbitrary points with ...
0
votes
3answers
97 views

Calculate distance using 2 sets of lat/long values in the same record

I have a point layer with over 90K records in it. For each record I have lat/long field for incident, and lat/long for engine location. Is there a way to find the distance between Incident point and ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Splitting lines automatically at specific distances using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have a set of polylines which I need to split at varying distances from their starting points. In general, I'm looking for a something similar to the SPLIT function within the editor tool. There ...
1
vote
1answer
268 views

Calculating distance between two sets of Decimal Degree coordinates?

I have coordinates in decimal degrees e.g: point A:Lat,Lng(5.317101667,-2.023303333) and point B:lat,lng(5.317093333,-2.023318333). The altitude in Meters at Point A is 11m and the altitude and Point ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Devising measure of vertical distance from spring line?

I am building a model (using Logistic Regression) to explore the relation between a binary categorical dependent variable (parcels agricultural production quality) and several predictors, among which ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Distance from rivers, taking into account terrain elevation

I am interested in building a raster of the distance from rivers in a territory under study. I have digitized the course of the rivers in ArcGis 10.1. I have used the 'Euclidean Distance' tool to ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Calculate distance between point and linestring, save the distance as table and represent that on QGIS? [duplicate]

I have loaded my data with osm2pgrouting and I have my network with ways (Linestring) and nodes (Point). The problem is : I have a database of doctors addresses (point) and I should calculate the ...