The measure of separation between two entities or locations that may or may not be connected, such as two points.

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1answer
36 views

Calculate point location with direction and range

I have a latitude and longitude coordinate pair and I want to find another point location (returning lat and long) but only have the angle/direction and distance from the first point. How can I find ...
1
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2answers
301 views

Cost-Distance Tool not producing logical answer

I am working on creating a cost catchment based on Tobler's equation in ArcGIS10.1. I feel confident in my cost surface; it produces a raster where each cell equals the time in hours that it would ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Measure shortest distance around polygon

How do I measure the shortest distance between two points (1 and 2) with respect to a polygon? So the shortest way around the polygon from 1 to 2.
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2answers
37 views

How to create for each point feature an Euclidian Distance raster in ArcGIS

I need some comment on how to create an Euclidian distance raster for a point dataset of about 100 features in ArcGIS. I need to create a raster for each single point. My question is, if there is a ...
1
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0answers
80 views

Google Maps Distance Matrix API - Queries per second?

I'm pretty familiar with Google's Distance Matrix API, but I'm unsure about one aspect of the Usage Limitations. The documentation states that you have access to 100 elements per query (element = ...
1
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1answer
31 views

Is it possible to use ArcGIS to define a boundary around a self-constructed 3D feature?

I am creating a 3D rendering of a future building and would like to know the distance from which this building would be visible from. Is it possible to use ArcGIS to define a boundary that delineates ...
3
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1answer
62 views

What is the real distance between positions?

I'm trying to figure out what gives me the most accurate distance between positions: Measuring distance directly (using Geod.inv)? Measuring distance in 2D (after transforming to a known projected ...
1
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1answer
50 views

GeoDjango and PostGIS distance query efficiency concerns [closed]

For example, if I want a query that says "show me all houses within 50km from here and order them from nearest to furthest", these are the questions and concerns I have: Assuming we are using EC2 ...
7
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2answers
107 views

Creating a point on edge of closest polygon

My project is looking at a grid in the ocean. I want to capture each ocean point's distance to the nearest coastline as a weight, and then use buffer to capture the sum of nightlight data within a 1 ...
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2answers
454 views

Distance between points along polyline ArcGIS for Desktop?

I'm using ArcGIS 10.3 (Desktop), and I'm trying to measure the distance between points following a path determined by a set of polylines. Hand measurement is not a viable option-- there are ~7500 ...
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0answers
59 views

Extend line to specific distance or a line

I want to extend my polyline to a given distance. How can I do this. I have attached image to clear my specification. I am using .net in ArcMap . I am also using python in the image, I want to ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Distance in meters between two geographic coordinates

I want to determine the distance in meters between two geographic coordinates. The points are: Lat (deg) Lon (deg) A: -33.3930906 -70.5452765 B: -33.3993212 -70.5468767 So if i calc the ...
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2answers
35 views

Points proximity to polygons in ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a point feature class with 1725 records (spread out over NYC) and a polygon feature class with 13 records (also spread out over NYC). What tools or processes can I use to figure out what ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

Buffer from Point or Polygon with Information from Raster

The intent of this work is to define a buffer around a point or polygon based on information from a raster. For instance if a polygon representing a city and the raster defines how long it takes to ...
0
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0answers
46 views

Select points greater than a certain distance from related points based on shared foreign key id

I have a PostGIS-enabled PostrgeSQL db, using QGIS, with data using EPSG:4326, and projected as EPSG:29903. I have a table with points with pk point_id and a table with images with fk point_id. I want ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

Average value of polygons within a set distance from a point

I have two vector layers: one polygon and one point layer. The polygon layer has a value from 1 to 10. I am trying to find the average value for all polygons within or partly within a 1-mile radius of ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

How to calculate the distance to the nearest water source?

I have a polygon hydro layer of my study area and am trying to calculate the distance to nearest water bodies from my site. Since my site are 2km*2km grids I am not sure how to calculate it? Whether ...
2
votes
1answer
243 views

Calculate road distance between GPS points

I am working on tracking system that track location of vehicles on the map and tell their total distance from the beginning till today. I have device_id, timestamp and GPS location in the table like ...
4
votes
2answers
66 views

Get the 2 points immediately before and after a given point in PostGIS

In the picture below: The given point is C, I would like to select A and B, but not Z (which is closer to C than B but it's not immediately after in the LineString). Note that C is always ON the line ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

ST_Distance loop

I want to create a postgresql function which calculates the distances between random points who are stored in one table. For the Table: CREATE TABLE s_1( id bigserial primary key, the_geom geometry, ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

Postgis ST_Distance query returning inaccurate results

I am using the following query to retrieve records from a postgresql DB @services = Service.select("*, ST_Distance(services.lon_lat, ST_GeomFromText('POINT (lat lon)', 4326)) as ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

using a linear solver to get a “centre of gravity” of a set of points

As a programmer, if I have a linear solver available. How can I formulate the following problem as a set of constrains / decisions / goals for the linear solver? I have a matrix of say 10*10, so 100 ...
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0answers
84 views

How to calculate multiple distances between set of points and vector grid in PostGIS?

My set contains the following input data: A set of points and a hexagonal (vector) grid. For each cell in the grid, I want to calculate the driving-distance to each point. I thought this would be a ...
1
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1answer
52 views

Create a line from an array and measure its length with PostGIS (ST_MakeLine, ST_Length)

do I understand it correctly that it is possible to create a line out of an array with the function ST_MakeLine()? I would like to create a line from several points (more than two) and then calculate ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

PostGIS point distance from polygon not 0 when on edge

I have a pretty simple problem: SELECT * FROM ST_Distance(ST_GeographyFromText('POLYGON((70 -40,70 -39,71 -39,71 -40,70 -40))'), ST_GeographyFromText('POINT(70.48 -39)'), False) returns ...
3
votes
3answers
762 views

Need to get distance matrix for large set of points on-the-fly

I do not know much about GIS and I do not know much of the jargon. Hopefully you can help me a bit here because I am really unaware of the services and software available. My problem is as follows: ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Divide line by length with QGIS [duplicate]

I'm a newbie using QGIS 2.12 and I'm trying to split a line in QGIS and place points every x meters. There is a tool in ArcGIS (divide by length add in). How to achieve this in QGIS?
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0answers
76 views

How to measure nearest neighbor in miles or kilometers between two point layers using QGIS?

I have tried to look for an answer to this question, but cannot find an adequate solution. I have two point layers. One is of locations by lat/longs of homes in Louisiana. The other is a layer of ...
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0answers
27 views

Measuring large distances when all layers are in decimal degrees using QGIS?

I just developed a distance matrix between various points across Canada in QGIS. The distances produced are in decimal degrees, and I would like to view them in metric. I am unsure how to do this.
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Find nearest road distance between two points for over 1000 points

I'm extremely new to QGIS and am learning the material on my own. I have two CSV files with latitudes and longitudes, one has school address information and the other has fast food restaurant ...
6
votes
1answer
775 views

Measuring Right of Way in ArcGIS Desktop?

I'm helping bring CAD people into ArcGIS so that everyone throughout the company is on the same page and there is one database for everything. Right now, one of the biggest hurdles is making sure all ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

How to calculate shortest path from points in one layer to points in another layer via roads, in QGIS

I'm a new user of QGIS (and have experience using ArcGIS but zero programming skills) and I'm looking for a way to calculate the shortest path from addresses to subway stations via a network of roads. ...
2
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0answers
35 views

How can I measure the distance between many polygon features and either another polygon or a line in QGIS?

I often have to manually measure the distance between a single site and other sites around it, but obviously this can get long-winded and I feel like there must be a much more efficient way of doing ...
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6answers
24k views

How to generate random locations nearby my location?

I am trying to create random locations nearby my location. What i want is to create random latitude/longitude pairs inside a 200 meters circle surrounding my location. This is the formula i came up ...
1
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0answers
31 views

Extracting distances along a line from postcode a centroid to the nearest point (bus stop)

I'm looking to measure the distance from postcode centroids (point file) in a city to the nearest bus stop (point file) along the road network (line file). In Qgis I can calculate the distance but ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Calculating distance of points along route using ArcGIS Desktop? [closed]

I am struggling with the calculation of the distance between points along a stream (points are located 0-20m away from the stream) in ArcGIS 10. The points are simple xy-data in UTM. I created a ...
2
votes
1answer
250 views

GeoDjango and Google Maps

I try to calculate distance between two cities and I'm in big confusion because the results are wrong. I have a model in geodjango like this: class Address(geo_models.Model): coordinates = ...
3
votes
2answers
121 views

Projection for Calculating Distances in Continental United States?

TL;DR Question: I want to calculate distance from point to edge of nearest polygon for 2,000 points in Continental United States. What is the best projection to use? Full Question: I have two ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Obtaining road distances between each pair of points in point feature class using ArcGIS for Desktop?

In Calculating attribute for network distance between multiple points in ArcGIS Desktop?, an explanation has already been given how to find road distances from a certain point to each point in another ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Copying point features along line features by predetermined distance

first post here. I searched the forum for this issue but other cases were slightly different. Anywho... I have points in a feature class. Each point has its centroid on a unique line feature in a ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Best formula for calculating short distances in UTM?

I'm fairly new at calculating distances with precision, but I wanted to know what is the best formula for calculating short distances in UTM coordinates. The distances that I'am calculating are all ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Find points within X distance with a specific variable

I am trying to use QGIS to find points within 5 meters of each other that all have a value of <50% for a given parameter that has been loaded through a CSV file. I looked in to doing it with a ...
20
votes
7answers
34k views

Calculating Lat/Lng X miles from point

I am wanting to find a latitude and longitude point given a bearing, a distance, and a starting latitude and longitude. This appears to be the opposite of this question (Distance between lat/long ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Calculating distance to a fixed point on a map

I have a point with latitude 40.7127837 and longitude -74.00594130000002 I have imagined this point on a plane like this Latitudes run from West to East and longitudes run from North to South Can ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

How to use ST_DWithin to query features from one table within a distance of a specific feature or features in another table

I'm pretty new with PostGIS. I have a parcel layer and a census block layer in a postgres database, and I would like to be able to query out all census blocks within a specified distance of a specific ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

How to find records using a distance filter, in a table of Points?

My table fields are: POSIC (id, geom, dt_inclusion). DB is PostGIS. Data comes from a GPS Source, then i can create a route ordening the points by Date_Inclusion. So, lets say i have registries A,B,C ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Calculate The Minimum Distance from Polygon Centroid to Edge

I am looking to calculate the minimum distance from the Center of a polygon (A crescent shaped polygon would have a center inside the polygon) to its edge. I have parcel data and I am trying to ...
0
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0answers
16 views

OLS regression Analysis

I want to use distance to major roads for census block groups as an independent variable for my model. So I was told to do a Spatial join with census blocks groups to get a distance field, however ...
0
votes
1answer
394 views

Distance between a Point and Linestring: PostGIS/GEOS vs. Boost

I am currently using the GEOS library through OGR and data from a PostGIS database to work with geospatial data. I now found myself in the need to use some of the algorithms Boost.Geometry and ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Calculating distance from points to different class in raster using ArcGIS Spatial Analyst?

I am looking for some advice on how to calculate the distance from a point to a different class of a raster. Specifically, I have observations (points) of animal use overlaid on land cover data. ...