The measure of separation between two entities or locations that may or may not be connected, such as two points.

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1answer
160 views

Distance between a Point and Linestring: PostGIS/GEOS vs. Boost

I am currently using the GEOS library through OGR and data from a PostGIS database to work with geospatial data. I now found myself in the need to use some of the algorithms Boost.Geometry and ...
1
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0answers
125 views

Trilateration using 3 x,y points and 3 distances, all in cm [closed]

I want to find out the position (x,y) of a given point, knowing the distance from 3 x,y points. Below you can view the x,y coordinates and their given distances in cm. B1x = 795 B1y = 332 B1d = ...
1
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1answer
127 views

How to convert distance in meters(EPSG:28406) to EPSG:900913 with OpenLayers?

For point I use OpenLayers and transform(): numZona = Math.ceil(parseFloat(lon)/6)); Proj4js.defs["EPSG:28406"] = '+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0='(parseInt(numZona)*6-3)+' +k=1.000000 ...
0
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0answers
30 views

Get latlong at a distance on a path

I have 2 decimal point in lat/lon. I want to divide the line drawn by lat/lon into parts each at a specified distance, lets say 'x' -- all except the last segment will be of length x -- and I need the ...
4
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3answers
2k views

Comparing two point shapefiles that contain lat/longs and compute distance using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have 2 sets of point shapefiles in ArcGIS Desktop (group A and B), each set has around 1000 entries that contain lat/long. What I want to do is compare Group A against Group B and figure out for ...
12
votes
6answers
17k views

Calculating Lat/Lng X miles from point

I am wanting to find a latitude and longitude point given a bearing, a distance, and a starting latitude and longitude. This appears to be the opposite of this question (Distance between lat/long ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

am I setting up data from google geocoding correctly for ST_DWithin search?

Sorry to ask a basic question, but I have not been able to find this laid out entirely anywhere. I am mostly relying on this SO post: What Spatial Reference System do I store Google Map's Lat/Lng ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

Geodjango- get the distance between 2 points

What I want to do is quite simple, I have 2 locations defined by gps coords, lat / long like returned by google maps: http://gmaps-samples.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/geocoder/singlegeocode.html I need ...
1
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1answer
175 views

postgis calculate distance between point & polygon/circle

By basic requirement is to find the nearby fences to a particular point(user lat long alt) within a N meters. I have list of polygon/circle in DB with 900913 srid ...
1
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0answers
44 views

Using the accCost() function in R: questions regarding the transition layer

I am trying to use the accCost() function from the gdistance package in R. I load my cost raster using the raster()function from the raster package. According to the documentation, I need first to ...
2
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0answers
119 views

Calculate Euclidean distance to raster WITHIN multiple polygons

I am using ArcGIS 10.1 on a Windows x64 system. I am working in a study area where I have 360 000 locations of about 50 territorial animals. I have a shapefile containing 125 sometimes overlapping ...
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0answers
126 views

Trilateration Calculation Issue

edit I was able to do this following partially from this solution: How to calculate the intersection of 2 Circles? I broke it up into 3 groups of intersections AB, AC and BC. Once I had those I took ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

R: distance from one point to many polygons

OK so I have a spatial polygons data frame, and I have a point of interest. I want to add a row to the SPDF that contains the distance from the centroid of each polygon to this given point. How do I ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

geotools Linestring distance in meters

I want to use geotools for working with gis data. I'm most concerned about distance calculations, not so much about drawing a map. What I still couldn't figure out is how to make distance calculations ...
2
votes
2answers
502 views

minimum distance from the shore (how to retrieve the “shore vertices”)

I am student of Statistics, this is my first time using GIS., I am sorry for the stupidity of the question but I browsed online and could not find a satisfactory answer. I have some spatial data in ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Identifying south facing mountain land, above an elevation, within a slope range, less than fixed distance from major roadways

This odd question comes from believing that such an analysis is plausible in a GIS system. Only, I don't how to accomplish the various discrete steps implied from the Title, nor where to get a topo ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

GeoDjango and Google Maps

I try to calculate distance between two cities and I'm in big confusion because the results are wrong. I have a model in geodjango like this: class Address(geo_models.Model): coordinates = ...
1
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0answers
105 views

Calculate the distances between n geographical points

First of all, I'm sorry if my question is stupid, but I'm totally new to the world of GISs and geographic measurements. I would like to calculate the distances between N (an arbitrary number, but ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Finding and using data on population density files

I'm attempting to replicate this map for the state of Nevada in QGIS: source: http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2014/spring/map-distance-to-closest-snap-outlet.htm (A SNAP outlet is just a ...
1
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0answers
74 views

Finding census block with highest pop. value within the census tract

In QGIS, I'm trying to plot a centroid of only the census block with the highest population within each census tract. So there should only be one point per tract- that of the block with the greatest ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

Is there an R equivalent of NEAR in ESRI ArcGIS?

I have 54 points in one data set A I have 300+ data points in a dataset B. I wish to find the distance for each point in dataset-set B, to points in dataset A. Nearest Neighbor packages appear to ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

How do I determine the center point of several features in OpenLayers?

I have several polygons being drawn on a map, usually representing a country or province or state. Depending on some chosen data, different regions may be selected, so what I was hoping is that ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Calculating sum of distances between multiple points in ArcMap?

I am using ArcMap 10.2. I have two layers- one is around 2,000 geolocated ballot boxes while the other is around a dozen geolocated facilities. I would like to calculate the total distance between ...
3
votes
2answers
121 views

Identifying the side of a point from the closest polyline in ArcMap 10.0

I have a set of polylines (a network of streams and rivers) with information on the left and right side of the streams on riparian structure. I also have locations (points) of either side of the ...
0
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1answer
60 views

How to select all polygons where neighbor vertex points are below a distance threshold in arcmap

I have a shapefile with over 100k polygons (some of them have holes in them but apart from that they are simple polygons - no multipart). I want to loop through all of these polygons and select only ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Create Archimedean spiral with geographic coordinates

I don't know if this is the right place to ask but here it his. I want to create an Archimedean spiral based in some location. Lets say I have this set of geographic coordinates (48.860770, ...
2
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0answers
135 views

Get Distance between two point on linestring using mysql Spatial

I have a linestring and two point on this linestrin according to my picture i want distance between two point as base of linestring please hellp me
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2answers
65 views

Finding point on road network at specifc distance from a specific point

I have road network in a geodatabase. At a certain junction in network (Point A), I want to figure out Point B which is X kilometers away from Point A in certain direction. Summary: Point A: fixed ...
5
votes
2answers
7k views

How to calculate new point coordinates from distance and angle using ArcGIS SDK for iOS?

I want to calculate the coordinates of a new point. What I have: The source point coordinates, the distance (meters) and the angle For example: I want to create a point within 100 meters and 45 ...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

using PostGIS to calculate distance of a route over a large area

I'm new to PostGIS and looking to measure the distance of the Pacific Crest Trail which spans western North America from Canada to Mexico. I have a data set containing the lat lon and dates from GPX ...
1
vote
3answers
333 views

Why is pgrouting driving distance skipping edges?

I have a road network where I do a driving distance operation through pgrouting. This is my SQL: SELECT * FROM driving_distance('SELECT gid AS id,source,target, cost FROM ...
1
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1answer
168 views

Why do classic google maps and the modern google maps show different types of driving times?

As I am currently working on a project, where driving times are quit important, I've noticed that classic google maps and modern google maps show different types of car driving times. While the ...
7
votes
1answer
929 views

What is difference between ST_DWithin and ST_Distance for proximity search in PostGIS?

I have records stored in a table with latitude/longitude coordinates stored in a geometry field. I want to find all records nearby a user supplied reference point. Note "nearby" probably means less ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

PostGis: find distance if closer than X. For huge sets [duplicate]

I have two tables (that can have different geometry: point, line, polygons, ecc...) and I have to find distances: for all features in table A, for all features in table B, if feature is closer ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Visualisation of “dominant” point in each location

I had an idea for a kind of visualisation, and I'd like to know if it's been done before, what it's called etc. Basically it would visualise a single numerical quantity that varies greatly, at ...
1
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1answer
89 views

ERROR 000989 Issue with Python Script and Field Calculating distance between two long lat points

very new to scripting and I have been struggling with my script for a while. I'm not sure why it doesn't work in field calculator. I am trying to calculate a list of distance between two long lat ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

Measuring distance between two points?

I have two shapefiles and I would like to know the distance between each point on File1 and each corresponding point on File2 (one to one relationship). I have been using the Ruler and manually ...
1
vote
2answers
234 views

cross track distance to great cicle line and rhumb line

How to calculate cross track distance to great cicle line and rhumb line? For great circle line, I've tried this formula, but it is not accurate while the distance is less than 0.1nm. For rhumb ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Finding Cooks Distance on ArcGIS

is there a way to find Cooks distance on ArcGis or do I have to use SPSS?
1
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1answer
51 views

Compute nearest points to other points using GRASS

I have a layer of address points and a layer of polling stations. My task is to determine the three closest polling stations to each address on the street network. I think that the answer is in ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Creating random location within a network from a given location and a given distance

For a habitat selection study, I am trying to identify availability. My species lives along waterbodies and I could assess distances moved between two consecutive locations using the network analyst ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

Calculate nearest feature with a barrier

I have three shapefiles: a) polyline with rivers and streams (also as polygon available to me), b) polylines of highways and roads and c) point file with locations in the riparian vegetation. I want ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Calculate Height Data From Three Known Points

What's the best way to calculate "height" (snowfall, actually) data from three surrounding locations? For this example, I'm looking to arrive at a "close enough" snowfall value at point A by ...
7
votes
5answers
4k views

Calculate distance in km to nearest points (given in lat/long) using ArcGIS DEsktop and/or R?

I have two point datasets in ArcGIS, both of which are given in WGS84 lat/lon co-ordinates and the points are spread across the whole world. I would like to find the nearest point in Dataset A to each ...
0
votes
0answers
98 views

How to create shape file and show in map using Python?

I have calculated distance between longitude and latitude by import .csv using python. Now I want to show this points or distance between points in map. So how can i do it by using only python? and ...
2
votes
3answers
4k views

How to calculate how long an arc second is for a given long/lat?

I am wondering what area is covered by a dataset which is one arc second wide.
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1answer
107 views

Cause of KeyError in Python Toolbox of ArcPy?

This question arises from Performing Point Distance analysis using Basic level license of ArcGIS for Desktop?. I basically copied and pasted PolyGeo's answer and formatted it into a python toolbox ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

What does st_hausdorffdistance Actually Compare

Does st_hausdorffdistance just look at discreet points used to construct a line segment or does it compare two line segments as a continuous set of points? Also, the points used to construct my line ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Adding cost from line shapefile using ArcGIS Network Analyst?

I have a network dataset (a road network), and require a matrix of Cost Distances between many points, which works well. I have now added a line shapefile (representing rail lines). I wish to use it ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

How can I find which point is furthest from something?

Here is an example of what I am looking to do: Which town in South Dakota is farthest from a Hospital? Which tool would I use to be able to do this?