The measure of separation between two entities or locations that may or may not be connected, such as two points.

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29 views

Find Distance within each Raster contiguous cell block

I was asked to find for each Individual Contiguous Forest Block the distances INSIDE of each where it would be the farthest (aka the most isolated) from each forest cell block's respective edges. I ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Excel Distance Calculation

Is there a way (preferably in Excel) to calculate the distance (based on lat, lon) between two lists of points? My end goal would be, for example, to have a list of Starbucks and a list of McDonald's, ...
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1answer
144 views

Cut polylines at intersections in QGIS (or how many km road for each country)

I want to measure how many km a road stand on each country it intersect (i.e. how many km of the european road "E45" stand on Italy, Austria, Germany, and so on). I have a polyline-shapefile with the ...
2
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3answers
1k views

Distance between a line layer and several other line features (arcGIS 9.3 Arcview Licence)

I have a "Drain" line layer (with 150 lines) that I need to calculate the distance from lines to all objects within 120m. I've tried doing a spatial join and its great but I need more than just the ...
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0answers
44 views

Is there any GRASS command to measure the distance between a point in rastermap and another in vector map?

I have a question about WinGRASS 6.4.3. Is there any GRASS script command to measure the distance between a point in rastermap and another in vector map? I have a raster map and a vector map. Raster ...
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1answer
68 views

Adding Distance (KM and Miles) to a Map using ArcGIS 10.1

Using ArcGIS 10.1, how do you add and show the distance in mile / km markings alongside the marked trails(KM and miles) while using the aforementioned 10.1?
3
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2answers
86 views

Distance calculation PostGIS

I've got the following task to solve: I've got two tables; one contains buildings (houses) as points and the other contains train-stations (at_bhf_classified) as points. I need to find out the ...
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1answer
356 views

Calculate distance of points along a route QGIS

I have a line layer and a point layer, I need the distance between the first and the last point measured along the line. How can I do that using QGIS? Do I need to know linear reference? I don't ...
3
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1answer
135 views

How to calculate distances between several points along network?

I have several points (bicycle share hubs), and I want to calculate the distance between each of them using a network. I want a CSV/XLS that has three headers: hub_id1, hub_id2, distance. I've ...
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4answers
9k views

How do I calculate the bounding box for given a distance and latitude/longitude

Hi need to be able to calculate a bounding box or circle for a Given WGS84 latitude and WGS84 longitude, and distance but have no Idea where to start! The distance from the start lat Lon would be 10KM ...
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1answer
44 views

How to select polygons by distance to a single polygon in another layer?

I have a shapefile A with a group of polygons, lakes. Now I want to select the polygons(lakes) that are within a specific distance to a polygon in a second shapefile, B, with the polygon a city. In ...
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2answers
52 views

Distance from one point to many polygons

I'm using ArcMap 10.1 and have a shape file of polygons of municipalities. I also have the coordinates of the centroids of the polygons (if I need to use them). I want a column in my attributes table ...
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4answers
6k views

How to cluster spatial data in R?

I am very new to R, so please bear with me : > I have bunch of data points with latitude and longitude. I want to use R to cluster them based on their distance. I have already taken a look at this ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

How to find nearest point for each point in current layer?

I have a point layer and want to know the distance of nearest point of current layer for each point in the layer. I found some tools in ArcToolbox about it , but they need two layers for input and ...
3
votes
2answers
38 views

Average Proximity Metric

I'm looking for a metric that gets at average distance to a given feature. For example, for a point in the water, how far, on average, is the land or to what extent is the point surrounded by land. ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

R: distance from one point to many polygons

OK so I have a spatial polygons data frame, and I have a point of interest. I want to add a row to the SPDF that contains the distance from the centroid of each polygon to this given point. How do I ...
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1answer
49 views

ArcGIS 10.1 Cost Distance Calculations

I have a study area that is a polygon feature class, and am running the Cost Distance Tool on it in ModelBuilder. However, everytime I run the tool, it only calculates a cost distance and cost ...
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0answers
35 views

classify lines in shapefile by distance to other lines in same shapefile

I'm using ArcGIS 9.3 (and have XTools Pro). I need to classify each line in a shapefile by how close it is to other lines in the shapefile (ie less than 475 ft, less than 450 ft, less than 425 ft) ...
4
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2answers
972 views

What's the difference between vincenty and great circle distance calculations?

Python's geopy package features two distance measurements techniques: Great Circle and Vincenty's formulae. >>> from geopy.distance import great_circle >>> from geopy.distance ...
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0answers
258 views

How to approximate point to segment distance on sphere?

I would like to approximate the distance of a line segment from a reference point on the map (coordinates are gives as lat/lon). In the Cartesian coordinate system I would simply find the closest ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

GeoDjango: read geometry column in geography field

I have a Django application that needs to work with an existent PostGIS database, apart from its own database. I've configured multidatabase support, created a database router, created models for the ...
5
votes
1answer
623 views

calculate {minimal} distance between polygons in R

I have calculated the surface area of species distributions (merging polygons from shapefiles), but since this area can be comprised of quite distanced polygons, I would like to calculate some measure ...
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1answer
28 views

Determine when a route enters and leaves a polygon

I have all of the segments of a route from White Horse, YK to Miami, FL. Now I want to determine how many miles I travel in each State / Province. I have Polygons for each State and have been able ...
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2answers
1k views

What formula is used for distance between 2 points in Google Maps?

What formula is used by Google Maps for calculating the shortest distance between 2 points (having their Lat, Lng coordinates)? Is it purely based on Haversine? Or is it something different? Is there ...
3
votes
1answer
546 views

How to create points at shortest euclidean distance to other points?

So, I have a lot of points, and I need to site three new points so they will be at the shortest euclidean distance between all of the other points. In other words, these three new points that I need ...
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3answers
198 views

Computing distance of a georeferenced .jpg to each polygon (town) in a shapefile

I have a .jpg that is a highway that spans multiple towns, and a shapefile with boundaries of these towns. I have georeferenced the .jpg so that it is aligned with the shapefile of the towns. My ...
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0answers
31 views

QGIS - identifying polygons and distances along the edges of a superset

I have two layers of polygons. layer A is a superset of dissolved polygons from my other layer, B. Using QGIS, how can I determine polygons in B, that lie along the edges of A? There would be some ...
2
votes
1answer
615 views

ArcGIS giving measured distances and the scalebar incorrectly

I am currently using ArcGIS 10.1 and am struggling to be able to measure distance or set a scale bar correctly. Its currently giving me absurd results orders of magnitudes to small (0.5m etc). All my ...
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1answer
453 views

Creating Random Points in ArcGIS 10.1

I would like to create random points across my study area (which is a DEM raster) using the Feature Class> Create Random Points. However, I need to select/copy/move/delete these points and re-arrange ...
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0answers
112 views

Calculating distances between boundaries of polygons with Python

I have two sets of shape-files which have to be worked on within a Python Script. Those two Shape Files might differ from each other (same thematic content, but 2 different epochs). If there occurred ...
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vote
2answers
1k views

Calculate distance in kilometers between two points

I have a few questions regarding the calculation of the distance between 2 postal codes. Take a look at the following code. ### # load the different packages we need ### require("rgdal") ...
5
votes
1answer
427 views

Proximity search: ST_DWithin vs ST_Distance?

I have records stored in a table with latitude/longitude coordinates stored in a geometry field. I want to find all records nearby a user supplied reference point. Note "nearby" probably means less ...
27
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2answers
2k views

How accurate is approximating the Earth as a sphere?

What level of error do I encounter when approximating the earth as a sphere? Specifically, when dealing with the location of points and, for example, the great circle distances between them. Are ...
5
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1answer
140 views

Optimize the locations of 2 additional restrooms on a trail (ArcGIS 10.2)

In the image below, the line is a trail and the point is an existing restroom. I would like to find the rough locations of 2 additional restrooms that minimize the maximum distance along trail from ...
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1answer
138 views

Calculation of Euclidean Distance [closed]

What is the best way to calculate the euclidean distance between the elements of two point vector layers, without rasterising the layers? Thanks
2
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2answers
358 views

Variation of algorithms to find point from another point with bearing and distance

There are several algorithms to calculate distance between two latitude/longitude points. Haversine Hubeny Lambert-Andoyer Vincenty's formulae for inverse problem But there are not so many ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

mile distance around each feature ArcGIS

I have a school layer information and a route map layer. In ArcMap, how can I show the x mile distance around each school base on route information. I did some research and I found different ...
0
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1answer
124 views

calculate least cost pathways for a region and create distance rasters to rivers [duplicate]

How do you calculate all the least cost pathways that exists for a region? I would like the output map to display all routes (and was wondering whether this can be done in one set of operations). I ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

Equidistant projection for northern Delaware

I'm just getting started on a long-term project involving northern Delaware. Most of my distances will use great circle distances from the lat/lon, but for a few applications I'll wind up using ...
0
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1answer
161 views

Manipulating distances in python. Problem with ShapeLength

I have a question more than a problem. I'm getting the distance of a line using python with arcpy.da.SearchCursor or FeatureClassToNumPyArray. The result I get is a double. Example: ...
0
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1answer
129 views

How to find features within a distance? [duplicate]

I insert the values from lat/long into the points. Those users move around and send me new Lat/long and of course , I made an update of the position. I need to find people that are in a distance ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

coordinate system for calculating distance at the nation scale

I want to use ArcGIS 10.1 to calculate the straight (euclidean) distances from zip codes to their nearest city centers in about 300 U.S. metropolitan areas. I have two point shpfiles: one includes the ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

How to find least-cost paths including tunnels (where slopes are too steep)?

I'm currently working on a road path finding project for a motorway in ArcGIS 10. One criterion is obviously the slope angle. What I would like to do is to create a new cost surface which finds ...
2
votes
1answer
534 views

PostGIS: Calculate the length of just the portion of linestring that intersect with a polygon

I want to calculate the portion of the linestring that lies within the limits of a polygon. Better with an image What is the length of the portion of linestring within Province A? and within ...
2
votes
2answers
705 views

Postgis, get the points that are x meters near another point, in meters

I'm trying to find the points within a certain distance, in meters, from another point. I'm using the function ST_Buffer, but I don't get how to express the distance in meters. I'm trying with ...
3
votes
2answers
162 views

Calculate distance in QGIS, wrong geographic projection?

I'm trying to do the following: I have 2 shapefiles, one containing all the public schools in NY, another one containing the hotspots in NY (both in points form). Now what I'm trying to do is ...
0
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2answers
438 views

Find longitude for point between two coordinates with pyproj?

I've written a function to get the longitude of a point of known latitude between two known points (might not be working correctly yet), but I feel like there must be a better way of using pyproj to ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Road Miles Calculation without Google Maps

We have two ZIP codes we want to calculate the road mile difference. Google maps states you cannot use their API if you do not show a map. Is there another service that provides this type of ...
4
votes
2answers
336 views

How to calculate the azimuth of a line of a multilinestring in PostGIS?

I have two spatially enabled tables in PostgreSQL with a geometry in each: First table is with POINT type, second is with MULTILINESTRING. I need to calculate the azimuth of the LINESTRING part of a ...
4
votes
1answer
200 views

How to find Closest Facility (euclidean distance)?

I have some facilities and incidents, and I want to find the closest facility for each incident. I've done it via Network Analyst (with a network dataset) but I'm wondering if you can do it with just ...