The measure of separation between two entities or locations that may or may not be connected, such as two points.

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4
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1answer
99 views

How to calculate average distance from points to points?

I have a point layer of 400,000 voter residencies and a point layer of 500 polling places. I am trying to find the average distance it takes voters to get to their polling location. Distance by road ...
3
votes
3answers
281 views

Why is sum of st_length() of segments 20% too big?

I'm running a query to return the total length of some bike paths, from OpenStreetMap. Compared to the known actual length of these paths, they're all a bit too big - something like 10-30%. I know it ...
1
vote
1answer
269 views

QGis creating shape file of several points out of two Excel sheets

I am about to create a Qgis file on which it should be visible which companies are working together. As source I have got two Excel Tables. Table = Distribution Centers Table = Point of sales I ...
0
votes
0answers
300 views

Bearing Distance to Line tool from dBASE table only draws one line in ArcGIS 10

I am using the Bearing Distance To Line tool to draw geodesic lines to points defined by a bearing and distance. This is an aside, but I will then use the Feature Vertices To Points tool to convert ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

windows function with points in a mixed (multipoint/point) table

I have a table comprising multipoints (tracks) and points (stops between tracks). there can be several consecutive multipoints. now, i want to merge any points lying very closely to each other ...
1
vote
1answer
790 views

Distance between DB field and Point using PostGIS

I'm using Postgresql 9.0 with PostGIS 2.0 extension. I've got the table and geographic field location: =# SELECT * FROM geography_columns; f_table_catalog | f_table_schema | f_table_name | ...
4
votes
2answers
497 views

ST_Distance is not delivering right results

I want to calculate the distance between lat/lon points. I tried the following queries: Select ST_DISTANCE(ST_GeomFromText('POINT(-73.97923 40.75571)', 4326), ST_GeomFromText('POINT(-73.974509 ...
5
votes
2answers
293 views

How to create a point along a line given a distance from another point

I'm trying to figure out a point(D) on B-C that is a specific distance from A. I really don't have any idea on how to proceed with the ellipsoidal math so I figured I'd ask here. How would I figure ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Asp code for distance in SQL sever

I've looked around but I can't find the answer anywhere and im getting kinda frustrated now. I'm using sql server and what im trying to do is to find apartments within a 0.5km radious of a said ...
8
votes
1answer
248 views

How to automatically reduce polygon size?

I am working with two polygon layers (counties & states) which I will 'intersect' to find which counties are within which states. Due to data inaccuracies I have to change all county polygons and ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Point to point distance over specified distance

I need to calculate the distance between neighbouring points which conform to a staggered line. I have two point datasets, one being the baseline and another the monitor. The points typically reside ...
0
votes
2answers
409 views

How to determine average distance from points to line?

I have a polyline road dataset and a study area (polygon) covering the the road dataset. I want to determine the average distance for every given point within the study area to the nearest road. i ...
4
votes
1answer
169 views

How to find Closest Facility (euclidean distance)?

I have some facilities and incidents, and I want to find the closest facility for each incident. I've done it via Network Analyst (with a network dataset) but I'm wondering if you can do it with just ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Does IDistanceOP.EucDistanceFull require a projected coordinate system?

I have designed an implementation of ArcObjects' IDistanceOP.EucDistanceFull. It takes its input as a feature class and converts it to a GeoDataset with which EucDistanceFull can work with. It works ...
2
votes
1answer
413 views

Create raster distance around a single point feature class

Okay, so I'm relatively new to ArcMap and I'm trying to use the Fuzzy membership for suitability test. I have a single point feature class that I want to use for this analysis. I know that in order to ...
4
votes
1answer
356 views

How to access the road graph plugin in python?

I am developing a few scripts in Python for QGIS 1.8 to automate some geo-tasks and one of them would be to calculate the shortest distance from a hospital to each building in a town. I would like to ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Get the total distance from a point to the end of a linestring

I have a list of GPS coordinates that make up a bus route: busRoute = [(x1, y1), (x2, y2), ... (xn, yn)] I also have a point that may not be exactly on that route (due to GPS error): ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

What is the preferable value for setting tolerance for selecting a feature

I know it's really a basic question. But I am really confused about this. For selecting a point feature by mouse click, we need to set a tolerance value to create the envelope. And here is the problem ...
1
vote
1answer
859 views

postgis distance calculation between points with lat, long coordinates

Team, I am new to postgis, but a postgres user for quite a while. I would like to compare the geospatial capabilities between postgresql and mongodb. I have the lat.lon, zip code of US locations; ...
3
votes
1answer
235 views

What formula does SQL Server 2008 use in STDistance?

I am analyzing the accuracy of the STDistance function for geographical objects in SQL Server 2008, in order to understand its behaviour better I need to find the underlying formula. Does anyone ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the approximate error of the Pythagorean Theorem vs. Haversine Formula in measuring distances on a sphere at various scales?

Many people when first trying to calculate distances between two longitude / latitude pairs ask if Pythagorean theorem works as an appropriate distance function. Most often people answer "no, the ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

error in estimate distance?

i do some experiment place two sensor node between them 4 meter as distance. then i get these GPS information: node1: Latitude: 32, 33.255 , Longitude: 36, 0.6632 node2: Latitude: 32, 33.228 , ...
3
votes
1answer
307 views

How can I make a Postgres/PostGIS ST_Distance_sphere query more efficient?

Within Postgres/PostGIS I have written an SQL query to get the closest distance for each element within a point coordinate table from a polyline table. The query comes back and works correctly, but ...
1
vote
1answer
366 views

Accurate and fast nearest neighbour, which distance function should I use and how to it speed up? [duplicate]

I am solving the following problem: I have a map with many points in it and I need to find the nearest point to given location. Each point carries information about it's latitude and longitude. This ...
3
votes
1answer
480 views

How to create points at shortest euclidean distance to other points?

So, I have a lot of points, and I need to site three new points so they will be at the shortest euclidean distance between all of the other points. In other words, these three new points that I need ...
3
votes
1answer
463 views

Pivot a polyline at vertex or distance using ArcObjects C#

I hope you can help me with that one. I'm using ArcObjects with C# trying to rotate only one part of a polyline at a vertex or distance along the polyline. The polyline is zAware and has values at ...
0
votes
0answers
136 views

Offset a Polygon defined in Lat Lng points by a given distance of miles or km

I am trying apply a positive offset/buffer (enlarge a shape equally from the borders) to a polygon that is made up of a series of latitude/longitude coordinates by a distance that is defined in either ...
3
votes
1answer
312 views

Find projection of a point to a line

I have a segment defined by 2 LatLon points(A and B) and a third LatLon point (C). I need an alghorithm, formulae, or some code to find the projection point of C on the segment AB (call this point D) ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Distance from rivers-Zonal Statistics [duplicate]

I am using arcgis 10.1 I am trying to calculate euclidean distance from each feature using this large rivers shapefile http://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=44e8358cf83a4b43bc863646cd695945 . And ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

How to set the length of a line using openlayers

I'm trying edit a polygon by changing the length of some lines by code. Found this method to calculate based on the bearing. But I didn't find anything on how to calculate the bearing, before I start ...
2
votes
1answer
292 views

Correct coordinate systems, but trustworthy distance between points?

I have limited GIS experience with projections and I have some questions about trying to accurately display point data from two different sources in ArcGIS 10.1 in order to do a proximity analysis. ...
9
votes
1answer
238 views

Measuring distances between simultaneous points

I am working with GPS data and so I have UTM's with DATE/Time information. I have 2 groups of species (moose and wolves). I want to join the information from moose to wolves that match in time. So, ...
1
vote
1answer
513 views

Get the distance from a point on a polyline to polyline's from point

I have a polyline and a point on the polyline. I need to find the distance from the from point of the polyline to that point. ICurve.QueryPoint method does the opposite thing. It gives a point ...
2
votes
1answer
469 views

Trilateration 3D - Vincenty's Formula

with reference to Trilateration using 3 latitude and longitude points, and 3 distances. The accepted answer was votes as shown in wikipedia at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trilateration in ...
4
votes
1answer
192 views

Distance from waterways

I have an sdc file with water bodies, i.e. oceans-rivers-lakes. I want to combine it with a shapefile with the boundaries of countries all over the world and produce two measures: 1) The average ...
0
votes
2answers
231 views

Road network Analysis

I have a Road layer and Point features of some Bus stops from the same area.I want find the Road distance between the Bus stop.Please help me find it. I have QGIS,ArcGIS,and FME. Thanks, RKM
1
vote
0answers
325 views

Get the distance between 2 WGS84 GEOSGeometries

I currently want to check if 2 given GEOSGeometry objects of type Point are within 100m of each other. (length flexible) Looking at previous asked questions on this topic, most of the answers were ...
3
votes
2answers
710 views

Calculating the distance from each point in one layer to the nearest point in another layer

I am trying to find the average distance from several points in a layer to points in another layer. I am using ArcMap Basic - I know there is a way to do this using the Advanced version of ArcMap but ...
7
votes
4answers
484 views

How to calculate the “depth” of a linestring using postgis

I have linestring features, which look like bent linestrings, hemicycles or convex or concave linestrings. In the moment I can select the distance between the startpoint and endpoint of each feature. ...
3
votes
2answers
458 views

Calculating the distance between points and multiple lines

I have a point shapefile of about 100 points and a polyline shapefile of about 200 lines and I am interested in finding the distance between every point and each individual polyline. My polyline ...
4
votes
1answer
291 views

How to measure the distance of multiple points to a line

I have two shapfile in QGIS to which I am trying to find the distances between. I have a shoreline which is a vector line and then I have hundreds of data points in the ocean. What I am trying to find ...
3
votes
1answer
226 views

Python - OGR: Distance different than in ArcGIS

I want to determine the shortest distance between a point and a line. I use the following Python script to do so. If I compare the result of the script with the result of ArcMap's Near Analysis, I get ...
8
votes
2answers
535 views

How do I group near points with GPS positions?

I'm an IT person so I don't know too much about projections and so on, I hope you can help me. I have made an application for Android that collects a GPS position, so I have the latitude and the ...
1
vote
1answer
248 views

Rasterize vector with gdal

"I would like to calculate the Euclidian distance from a residence to a public service of interest e.g. the distance from a residence to a green space (as the crow flies) in QGIS. After browsing the ...
0
votes
1answer
441 views

QGIS, Euclidean distance analysis [duplicate]

i wanna generate euclodian distance map for my road data. I 'll use it for multi criteria analysis. I can get it by using Arcgis Euclodian Distance tool but i wanna generate it in QGIS environment. I ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

How to find features within a distance? [duplicate]

I insert the values from lat/long into the points. Those users move around and send me new Lat/long and of course , I made an update of the position. I need to find people that are in a distance ...
2
votes
3answers
890 views

Calculate min distance between points in PostGIS

I have point layer in PostGIS database. Help please with query which add for each points in layer distance in attribute table between this point and another nearest point. Thanks! Update Calculate ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Allocate places according to distance

I've asked this over on Stack Overflow but thought that someone may have a GI point of view that may help: As an over-simplified example I have a list of events that have a maximum attendance: ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Calculate distance between X/Y coordinates by individual in R

In R, I'd like to calculate the straight-line distance between each capture of an animal in my dataset - no need to take into account the curvature of the earth. I have a dataset that looks like ...
8
votes
1answer
441 views

Calculating distance from points to different class in raster

I am looking for some advice on how to calculate the distance from a point to a different class of a raster. Specifically, I have observations (points) of animal use overlaid on land cover data. For ...