The measure of separation between two entities or locations that may or may not be connected, such as two points.

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3
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2answers
90 views

Distance calculation PostGIS

I've got the following task to solve: I've got two tables; one contains buildings (houses) as points and the other contains train-stations (at_bhf_classified) as points. I need to find out the ...
1
vote
1answer
413 views

Calculate distance of points along a route QGIS

I have a line layer and a point layer, I need the distance between the first and the last point measured along the line. How can I do that using QGIS? Do I need to know linear reference? I don't ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

How to calculate distances between several points along network?

I have several points (bicycle share hubs), and I want to calculate the distance between each of them using a network. I want a CSV/XLS that has three headers: hub_id1, hub_id2, distance. I've ...
9
votes
4answers
10k views

How do I calculate the bounding box for given a distance and latitude/longitude

Hi need to be able to calculate a bounding box or circle for a Given WGS84 latitude and WGS84 longitude, and distance but have no Idea where to start! The distance from the start lat Lon would be 10KM ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

How to select polygons by distance to a single polygon in another layer?

I have a shapefile A with a group of polygons, lakes. Now I want to select the polygons(lakes) that are within a specific distance to a polygon in a second shapefile, B, with the polygon a city. In ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Distance from one point to many polygons

I'm using ArcMap 10.1 and have a shape file of polygons of municipalities. I also have the coordinates of the centroids of the polygons (if I need to use them). I want a column in my attributes table ...
15
votes
4answers
7k views

How to cluster spatial data in R?

I am very new to R, so please bear with me : > I have bunch of data points with latitude and longitude. I want to use R to cluster them based on their distance. I have already taken a look at this ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

How to find nearest point for each point in current layer?

I have a point layer and want to know the distance of nearest point of current layer for each point in the layer. I found some tools in ArcToolbox about it , but they need two layers for input and ...
3
votes
2answers
43 views

Average Proximity Metric

I'm looking for a metric that gets at average distance to a given feature. For example, for a point in the water, how far, on average, is the land or to what extent is the point surrounded by land. ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

ArcGIS 10.1 Cost Distance Calculations

I have a study area that is a polygon feature class, and am running the Cost Distance Tool on it in ModelBuilder. However, everytime I run the tool, it only calculates a cost distance and cost ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

classify lines in shapefile by distance to other lines in same shapefile

I'm using ArcGIS 9.3 (and have XTools Pro). I need to classify each line in a shapefile by how close it is to other lines in the shapefile (ie less than 475 ft, less than 450 ft, less than 425 ft) ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between vincenty and great circle distance calculations?

Python's geopy package features two distance measurements techniques: Great Circle and Vincenty's formulae. >>> from geopy.distance import great_circle >>> from geopy.distance ...
1
vote
0answers
312 views

How to approximate point to segment distance on sphere?

I would like to approximate the distance of a line segment from a reference point on the map (coordinates are gives as lat/lon). In the Cartesian coordinate system I would simply find the closest ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

GeoDjango: read geometry column in geography field

I have a Django application that needs to work with an existent PostGIS database, apart from its own database. I've configured multidatabase support, created a database router, created models for the ...
5
votes
1answer
735 views

calculate {minimal} distance between polygons in R

I have calculated the surface area of species distributions (merging polygons from shapefiles), but since this area can be comprised of quite distanced polygons, I would like to calculate some measure ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Determine when a route enters and leaves a polygon

I have all of the segments of a route from White Horse, YK to Miami, FL. Now I want to determine how many miles I travel in each State / Province. I have Polygons for each State and have been able ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What formula is used for distance between 2 points in Google Maps?

What formula is used by Google Maps for calculating the shortest distance between 2 points (having their Lat, Lng coordinates)? Is it purely based on Haversine? Or is it something different? Is there ...
3
votes
1answer
582 views

How to create points at shortest euclidean distance to other points?

So, I have a lot of points, and I need to site three new points so they will be at the shortest euclidean distance between all of the other points. In other words, these three new points that I need ...
0
votes
3answers
201 views

Computing distance of a georeferenced .jpg to each polygon (town) in a shapefile

I have a .jpg that is a highway that spans multiple towns, and a shapefile with boundaries of these towns. I have georeferenced the .jpg so that it is aligned with the shapefile of the towns. My ...
2
votes
1answer
755 views

ArcGIS giving measured distances and the scalebar incorrectly

I am currently using ArcGIS 10.1 and am struggling to be able to measure distance or set a scale bar correctly. Its currently giving me absurd results orders of magnitudes to small (0.5m etc). All my ...
1
vote
1answer
518 views

Creating Random Points in ArcGIS 10.1

I would like to create random points across my study area (which is a DEM raster) using the Feature Class> Create Random Points. However, I need to select/copy/move/delete these points and re-arrange ...
0
votes
0answers
117 views

Calculating distances between boundaries of polygons with Python

I have two sets of shape-files which have to be worked on within a Python Script. Those two Shape Files might differ from each other (same thematic content, but 2 different epochs). If there occurred ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Calculate distance in kilometers between two points

I have a few questions regarding the calculation of the distance between 2 postal codes. Take a look at the following code. ### # load the different packages we need ### require("rgdal") ...
27
votes
2answers
2k views

How accurate is approximating the Earth as a sphere?

What level of error do I encounter when approximating the earth as a sphere? Specifically, when dealing with the location of points and, for example, the great circle distances between them. Are ...
5
votes
1answer
141 views

Optimize the locations of 2 additional restrooms on a trail (ArcGIS 10.2)

In the image below, the line is a trail and the point is an existing restroom. I would like to find the rough locations of 2 additional restrooms that minimize the maximum distance along trail from ...
-1
votes
1answer
167 views

Calculation of Euclidean Distance [closed]

What is the best way to calculate the euclidean distance between the elements of two point vector layers, without rasterising the layers? Thanks
2
votes
2answers
407 views

Variation of algorithms to find point from another point with bearing and distance

There are several algorithms to calculate distance between two latitude/longitude points. Haversine Hubeny Lambert-Andoyer Vincenty's formulae for inverse problem But there are not so many ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

mile distance around each feature ArcGIS

I have a school layer information and a route map layer. In ArcMap, how can I show the x mile distance around each school base on route information. I did some research and I found different ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

calculate least cost pathways for a region and create distance rasters to rivers [duplicate]

How do you calculate all the least cost pathways that exists for a region? I would like the output map to display all routes (and was wondering whether this can be done in one set of operations). I ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Equidistant projection for northern Delaware

I'm just getting started on a long-term project involving northern Delaware. Most of my distances will use great circle distances from the lat/lon, but for a few applications I'll wind up using ...
0
votes
1answer
184 views

Manipulating distances in python. Problem with ShapeLength

I have a question more than a problem. I'm getting the distance of a line using python with arcpy.da.SearchCursor or FeatureClassToNumPyArray. The result I get is a double. Example: ...
0
votes
1answer
136 views

How to find features within a distance? [duplicate]

I insert the values from lat/long into the points. Those users move around and send me new Lat/long and of course , I made an update of the position. I need to find people that are in a distance ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

coordinate system for calculating distance at the nation scale

I want to use ArcGIS 10.1 to calculate the straight (euclidean) distances from zip codes to their nearest city centers in about 300 U.S. metropolitan areas. I have two point shpfiles: one includes the ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

How to find least-cost paths including tunnels (where slopes are too steep)?

I'm currently working on a road path finding project for a motorway in ArcGIS 10. One criterion is obviously the slope angle. What I would like to do is to create a new cost surface which finds ...
2
votes
1answer
601 views

PostGIS: Calculate the length of just the portion of linestring that intersect with a polygon

I want to calculate the portion of the linestring that lies within the limits of a polygon. Better with an image What is the length of the portion of linestring within Province A? and within ...
2
votes
2answers
842 views

Postgis, get the points that are x meters near another point, in meters

I'm trying to find the points within a certain distance, in meters, from another point. I'm using the function ST_Buffer, but I don't get how to express the distance in meters. I'm trying with ...
3
votes
2answers
179 views

Calculate distance in QGIS, wrong geographic projection?

I'm trying to do the following: I have 2 shapefiles, one containing all the public schools in NY, another one containing the hotspots in NY (both in points form). Now what I'm trying to do is ...
0
votes
2answers
483 views

Find longitude for point between two coordinates with pyproj?

I've written a function to get the longitude of a point of known latitude between two known points (might not be working correctly yet), but I feel like there must be a better way of using pyproj to ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Road Miles Calculation without Google Maps

We have two ZIP codes we want to calculate the road mile difference. Google maps states you cannot use their API if you do not show a map. Is there another service that provides this type of ...
4
votes
2answers
370 views

How to calculate the azimuth of a line of a multilinestring in PostGIS?

I have two spatially enabled tables in PostgreSQL with a geometry in each: First table is with POINT type, second is with MULTILINESTRING. I need to calculate the azimuth of the LINESTRING part of a ...
4
votes
1answer
211 views

How to find Closest Facility (euclidean distance)?

I have some facilities and incidents, and I want to find the closest facility for each incident. I've done it via Network Analyst (with a network dataset) but I'm wondering if you can do it with just ...
7
votes
4answers
561 views

How to calculate the “depth” of a linestring using postgis

I have linestring features, which look like bent linestrings, hemicycles or convex or concave linestrings. In the moment I can select the distance between the startpoint and endpoint of each feature. ...
8
votes
2answers
734 views

How do I group near points with GPS positions?

I'm an IT person so I don't know too much about projections and so on, I hope you can help me. I have made an application for Android that collects a GPS position, so I have the latitude and the ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Spatial distance analysis in QGIS

I'm quite new to QGIS and trying to figure out how to analyze the following problem. I have three layers: settlements point layer with 253 entries waste treatment facilities point layer with 24 ...
0
votes
2answers
559 views

How to determine average distance from points to line?

I have a polyline road dataset and a study area (polygon) covering the the road dataset. I want to determine the average distance for every given point within the study area to the nearest road. i ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

QGIS proximity raster with extent beyond original coverage?

I need a raster coverage of distances from points outside the geographic region of interest, and am having trouble doing this with QGIS. Questions like this one (Calculating distance to points in ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How can I calculate the distances between my points in sequence automatically?

I have a rookie problem (again). I am trying to measure distances between points and writing the calculated measure between these points in the attribute table. The points represents a vehicle's ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Can distance be calculated to a destination feature based on an attribute in the source?

All, Is it possible to specify which destination point to calculate distance to based on an attribute in the source? STDistance will give me the distance each student (point) is to their closest ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Point to point distance over specified distance

I need to calculate the distance between neighbouring points which conform to a staggered line. I have two point datasets, one being the baseline and another the monitor. The points typically reside ...
3
votes
0answers
180 views

converting a distance to a map distance

I have a point and a polyline. I need to find the perpendicular distance between each segment of the polyline and the point. By each segemnt of the polyline I mean that, each polyline may contain more ...