The measure of separation between two entities or locations that may or may not be connected, such as two points.

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84 views

Calculate distance between two coordinates along lines

I have a map with two layers: a map of the streets of Montevideo, and a map of shops with the lat long location. I would like to calculate the distance between each shop and the nearest one, along the ...
3
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1answer
132 views

Problem with distance in QGIS

I start a new project with base on OpenLayers plugin but if I check the distance on QGIS with distance tool (I choose a straight road) I view 5.466m on QGIS and 4.300m on google (by walking). How is ...
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1answer
53 views

Distance regression in ArcGIS

I have layer of point data of aid projects in Tanzania between 2000 and 2012, and a layer of point data for 42 villages where a survey was conducted in 2003, 2006,2009, and 2013. Within the survey ...
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1answer
33 views

Search radius for some intermediate distance

ArcMap on my laptop runs very slowly. So it can take a long time for a near table to run. Is it possible to use a search radius for some intermediate distance? For example, the search radius only ...
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0answers
29 views

Calculating the distance between a set of UTM coordinates [duplicate]

I would like to calculate the distance between several GPS points, these data are projected into UTM Zone 30. I am using Postgresql 9.3 but I am happy to see results with any software or website such ...
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1answer
128 views

How to measure the distance between multiple points and multiple polygons?

I'm trying to find a quick and accuarate way to measure the distance between 3 survey sites and all the designated sites within 10km. The survey sites are on a point vector layer and the designated ...
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119 views

CartoDB: Calculating distance between points in two tables and including the name of the second point in infowindow

I am plotting community gardens in CartoDB and want to show the nearest subway entrance in the infowindow. I have two tables with the location of the gardens and the subway stations. I am able to get ...
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1answer
157 views

Hex grid on 4326 globe (for use in leaflet)

Im looking for a way to evenly distribute a hexagon grid (x,y,z) on the 4326 globe. Knowing this is not mathematically possible im accepting the following limitations: Poles doesnt need coverage - ...
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1answer
2k views

Convert length in decimal degrees to feet

I've got attributes for a length that the Near tool calculated, and it gave them to me in decimal degrees. I need them in feet. Is it possible to do this with the Calculate Field tool? I tried ...
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1answer
169 views

nearest point distance in Arc Map

How do you calculate the nearest distance from one XY coordinate to another XY. I'm using Arc Map 10 I went into Arc tool box -> proximity -> then I only have 2 buffering options. But under buffer ...
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0answers
11 views

Set of intersection points in trilateration / multilateration [duplicate]

Like in this post I will get a set of points (3 or more) with latitude, longitude and distance (in KM) information to find out the target location. A distance could be about 500 KM. The circles (...
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2answers
178 views

Calculate nearest distance in ArcView, XY coordinates

I am really lost and struggling because I have never used an Arc system before. I have two datasets. One with house locations, and the other with investment locations- each locating by XY coordinate. ...
2
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1answer
58 views

How to create a raster of equidistant points with distance in meters using QGIS?

I need a set of equidistant points (like a raster) each in a 1km distance to the next over a certain area, in my case Germany. I know the feature "regular points" in QGIS where I can do just that but ...
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1answer
169 views

How do I measure the distance between two points within a country arcmap

I have two shapefiles with points distributed over the whole world. I would like to measure the distance (like the crow flies in km) from each point in shapefile 1 to the closest point from shapefile ...
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0answers
174 views

Calculating offset distances perpendicular to parallel lines in shapeile with results written to table using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a line shapefile with sets of parallel lines (or sticks on the map) representing the map view of horizontal gas wells that were drilled. I'm looking for tool or Python script to measure the ...
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0answers
423 views

Why Haversine formula and Web Mercator give different length between two latlng points?

I am calculating the distance between two points given by latlng. However, Google Maps (i.e., web mercator projection) gives me a longer distance than Haversine formula. Which is the most accurate ...
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1answer
1k views

How to compute distances between points and polygon borders?

I have point data and polygon in vector format. For each point, I want the distance from the point to the border of the polygon. However, if the point is inside the polygon, I want negative distance ...
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1answer
371 views

How to calculate the distance to the nearest coastline from site locations?

I want to calculate the distance to the nearest coastline from my site locations (point shapefile), and possibly the max distance as well. I am using ArcGIS 10.2 and I already have a shapefile of the ...
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0answers
186 views

Distance Measure appears to be wrong in ArcGIS Desktop?

The distances in my shapefile are completely wrong. I got this shapefile online. Does anyone knows what's going on? I attached two pictures. The shapefile is projected as ...
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0answers
119 views

Calculating driving distances from a number of post codes to a number of services using QGIS

I am hoping to calculate the driving distance from a large number of post codes to their nearest service. I have used the RoadGraph plugin but this only calculates the distance and time from one ...
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1answer
46 views

Distance between point layers [closed]

I have a point layer with geographic boundaries of an area and another point layer with road network. I want to calculate the distance of each point of road network layer to the points of the ...
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1answer
82 views

How to delimit point distances in ArcGIS for Desktop per Thiessen polygon

I have 2 shapefiles. The first set contains x,y coordinates for 1100 hospital locations. The second pair contains x,y coordinates of about 7000 villages that are served by the hospitals. This means ...
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0answers
45 views

distance() function in field calculator gives unexpected results

I have two layers both containing points - each point in the first layer has a corresponding point in the second layer (same primary key). One layer has CRS EPSG:27700 and the other layer has EPSG:...
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3answers
338 views

How to convert points to lines?

I want to convert these points to lines, however they are not sorted sequentially along a line (by ID or FID), i.e. the converted lines zig-zag across the obvious trail of points. How can I join ...
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1answer
100 views

Buffering line in ArcMap is creating smaller buffer than expected?

When I buffer a point (red dot on image) by 3 miles, it is 3 miles on all sides. When I buffer a line (blue line on image) by 3 miles, it is more like 2.67 miles on the sides parallel to the line. I ...
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0answers
53 views

Generate Near Table (path distance)

I have a number of points and want to get path distance to all "wetland" polygons within 1km. This is very easy with eucDistance in Generate near table, is there a was to alter this to give path ...
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3answers
612 views

Using GDAL/C++ to calculate distance in meters

I'm using GDAL in C++, with WGS84. I want to calculate distance between two points in meters. The code snippet below tries to find the distance between 25N/75E and 25N/76E. The code, as is, returns 1....
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0answers
18 views

Distance corresponding to fractions of a minute of lat/long [duplicate]

My GPS is set to degrees minutes fractions of a minute. I am trying to determine the distance represented by a single increment on the Lat and Long of fractions of a minute. IE. traveling from N31....
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1answer
1k views

Distance of points to nearest polygon edge in ArcGIS 10.2

I have a point feature class that consists of a systematic grid of points across a landscape. I also have a shapefile consisting of several polygons. For each point in the feature class, I'd like to ...
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1answer
79 views

polygon vertex to vertex distance calculation in arcobjects

I have polygon with multipart (donuts) I want to calculate vertex to vertex distance. I tried to get outer ring vertex to vertex distance and it is working. Could you please tell me how to get inner ...
2
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2answers
122 views

Create buffer along shoreline near sample site

I want to look at the land use on the shoreline of a river relative to a specifc point on the river. I have created a point on the shoreline using the Near tool. Following this I am having trouble. I ...
5
votes
2answers
359 views

Calculating average raster to point distances within census tracts

I have some experience using ArcGIS, but mostly with the field calculator in the attribute table/spatial joins, so I apologize if I say something that doesn't make sense. To provide a bit of ...
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1answer
30 views

Distance to object, taking into account size of object

I have a number of polygon features on the edge of a lake feature. I also have sample points throughout the lake feature. I am looking to add some sort of indicator for these points as to how ...
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1answer
122 views

SQLite db with FDO geometries: how to assign ID of point in layer A to closest point in Layer B with SpatiaLite?

How can I assign ID of point in layer A to closest point in Layer B with SpatiaLite (find nearest neighbors for each point in A)? For each point stored in table fdo_fc1 I would like to select one, ...
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1answer
120 views

How do I generate a distance table using 2 different point files and a line file?

I have two point datasets, one containing multiple transit stops and the other containing multiple schools. I also have a street line dataset. I need to generate a table that gives me the shortest ...
1
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1answer
175 views

Postgis ST_Distance query returning inaccurate results

I am using the following query to retrieve records from a postgresql DB @services = Service.select("*, ST_Distance(services.lon_lat, ST_GeomFromText('POINT (lat lon)', 4326)) as st_distance").order("...
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0answers
234 views

How to calculate the average point spacing for a layer of points in QGIS?

I have a set of points and want to calculate the average point spacing for further analysis. ArcMap has the 3D Analyst Point File Information for this but I'm searching for an alternative in QGIS. ...
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1answer
542 views

QGIS Azimuth and Distance plugin length issue

Relative newbie to QGIS and trying to figure out exactly what I'm doing wrong. A couple days ago I had azimuth and distance working perfectly. I was using it in a different project with different ...
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0answers
123 views

Merging rasters which overlap using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I need to merge two rasters which overlap, both indicate distance values. I need the output of the merge to result in the shorter/lower distance value. I am using ArcGIS 10.1. I hope it is more ...
2
votes
1answer
8k views

Calculating longitude length in miles?

Suppose I have geographic coordinates of "Saratoga, California, USA" as Latitude: 37°15.8298′ N Longitude: 122° 1.3806′ W I know from here that in case of latitude 1° ≈ 69 miles and that ...
2
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1answer
142 views

Calculating Distances Between Geometry Columns of Differing SRIDs

I am attempting a relatively simple task but have been running into trouble. I have two tables, one which has lat and lon points which were geocoded using google (SRID 3857) and another table which ...
3
votes
1answer
209 views

Proof of part of haversine formula?

I'm trying to study how to find the distance between two points if their latitudes and longitudes are given. I have a question about the proof of part of the haversine formula given at Math Forum. ...
3
votes
3answers
939 views

Need to get distance matrix for large set of points on-the-fly

I do not know much about GIS and I do not know much of the jargon. Hopefully you can help me a bit here because I am really unaware of the services and software available. My problem is as follows: ...
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1answer
78 views

How to calculate the shortest path to pass on 7.000 UTM points?

Anyone can give me an advice how to calculate the shortest path with a lot of UTM points? In total I have 7000 points, but it can be grouping 100 or 500. I have knowledges about Java and Python for ...
1
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1answer
140 views

Euclidean distance outside a Polygon (ArcMap)

I got some university coursework to analyse the best potential areas for a residential development project and I'm currently doing multi-criteria evaluation. One of the shapefiles in the dataset given ...
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vote
2answers
708 views

Calculate distance between a set of points: lat and long in QGIS or R

I have shapefiles containing the location of several individuals along several months. Positions were documented with a 30 minutes interval. Tables contain the following data fields: collar (ID), ...
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1answer
131 views

Euclidean Distance between two lines

I have two lines in ArcMap 10.2.2 and was wondering if it is possible to create a raster showing the Euclidean Distance between them. Like to map each cell on one line to its nearest cell on the other ...
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0answers
52 views

Given distance (in meters) what is the angle in geographic reference systems? [duplicate]

In QGIS and other systems sometimes I have a layer in geographic reference system (typically WGS84, EPSG:4326) and I'd like to calculate a buffer of say 5000m around a point. So, given a point ...
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1answer
239 views

'Find your nearest' type function with a large dataset

In a previous employment, I needed to display a "Distance to stockist" on our website. It would get your current co-ordinates (from a postcode or HTML5 geolocate) and then display a list of nearby ...
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2answers
72 views

Distance to, travel only on one surface

Looking to create a distance to wetland raster. However this travel distance must be through the water only. I have tried setting land to a high cost (e.g. 99) however doing so I have to set each ...