The measure of separation between two entities or locations that may or may not be connected, such as two points.

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167 views

Calculating distances in Geographic Coordinate System using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I work in a Geographic Coordinate System and using the "Generate Near Table" tool in ArcGIS 10.2 for Desktop. I want to calculate the distances that each feature of the point layer has to the closest ...
4
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1answer
3k views

Calculating distance scale factor by latitude for Mercator

This was really inconvenient topic to google out - so I'm asking for clarification, did I understood things correctly. I'm talking about measuring short distances in Mercator projection (3857). You ...
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1answer
47 views

Distance between coordinates

I placed some cones on a sports playing field and estimated their locations using latitude/longitude coordinates. An example pair of estimated latitude/longitude coordinates is 54.96975, -1.51407. On ...
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0answers
29 views

Creating a distance overlay that is computed by the distance of points/lines and recalculated on zooming

I created a fictional map and visualized it with d3. Now I would like to show a scale/rule so that the user can see which distance (kilometers,meters) he is currently using. I was thinking about ...
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1answer
54 views

Calculating distance between many users of a handful of facilities, a small hangup

I am trying to calculate distance between thousands of people and a handful of facilities. I know the ArcGIS ROUTENAME issue has been addressed many times in forums. I have scoured them and am hung ...
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1answer
67 views

A bit of help using Google maps

I have 1000 or so points on a map, (I have GPS coordinates. I would like to use google maps to find the shortest distance using roads, between pairs of points. I would like to measure all pairs within ...
3
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1answer
159 views

Method to compute and visualize the closest set of facilities from OSM data

I want to use OSM to extract a set of facilities e.g. school, park, hospital inside a given region. from that, transform the area in grid and for each cell in a grid compute its score mixing the ...
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1answer
84 views

Calculating distance between previous and current addresses for large file

Hoping to get help with this. I'm a fairly new QGIS user and trying to solve the following problem: Let's say I have a large dataset (5000+ records) of customer addresses, previous and current, and I ...
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2answers
614 views

Measuring Continuous Distance of GPS track in ArcGIS Desktop

I am looking for a way to quickly measure the distance covered of GPS tracks of foraging Seabirds. A tool that could give accumulative distance of point to point from the long and lat coordinates ...
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3answers
891 views

Calculating all distances from single points to multiple polygons

I have two layers: a point layer defining properties (95 objects), and a polygon layer defining plots of land associated with the properties (211 objects). Each point relates to one or more polygons. ...
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2answers
83 views

distance between paired points in separate shapefiles (paired by attribute data)

I have a point layer with site_code attribute data. I have another layer of points in different locations but with the same site_code data. How can I find the linear distance between points that are ...
2
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0answers
581 views

GeoTools - Find distance in meters between point and path in lat/lon

I need to find distance in meters between some point with given latitude and longitude and line (on Earth) defined by several points with lat/lon coordinates. I read this questions: first second ...
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1answer
15 views

How to set a polyline length as per a given Image

I have an image of a map representing the road networks. I have converted these road networks into a shapefile with only polylines. I want to set a distance to this road network. For e.g I know from ...
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3answers
141 views

Computing distance from points to coastline

I have a shapefile with the nodes of a grid I have applied, for the purposes of interpolation, and I want to compute the euclidean distance that each grid node (it is a point vector) has to the ...
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0answers
45 views

QGis measure tool does not continue to measure within point symbol

We are using QGIS more and more, however, today a colleague noticed something strange when using the measure line tool. We have point features and different symbols of different sizes and colors are ...
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0answers
416 views

Finding and selecting locations in database near 10 km distance from path

In the Google Maps API, I have this Javascript. It is finding and showing user the shorter path between two cities. <!--////// \\\\\\\--> <style> #panel { position: ...
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0answers
426 views

Trilateration using 3 x,y points and 3 distances, all in cm [closed]

I want to find out the position (x,y) of a given point, knowing the distance from 3 x,y points. Below you can view the x,y coordinates and their given distances in cm. B1x = 795 B1y = 332 B1d = ...
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0answers
41 views

Get latlong at a distance on a path

I have 2 decimal point in lat/lon. I want to divide the line drawn by lat/lon into parts each at a specified distance, lets say 'x' -- all except the last segment will be of length x -- and I need the ...
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3answers
2k views

Comparing two point shapefiles that contain lat/longs and compute distance using ArcGIS Desktop?

I have 2 sets of point shapefiles in ArcGIS Desktop (group A and B), each set has around 1000 entries that contain lat/long. What I want to do is compare Group A against Group B and figure out for ...
2
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1answer
139 views

am I setting up data from google geocoding correctly for ST_DWithin search?

Sorry to ask a basic question, but I have not been able to find this laid out entirely anywhere. I am mostly relying on this SO post: What Spatial Reference System do I store Google Map's Lat/Lng ...
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1answer
598 views

postgis calculate distance between point & polygon/circle

By basic requirement is to find the nearby fences to a particular point(user lat long alt) within a N meters. I have list of polygon/circle in DB with 900913 srid ...
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0answers
103 views

Using the accCost() function in R: questions regarding the transition layer

I am trying to use the accCost() function from the gdistance package in R. I load my cost raster using the raster()function from the raster package. According to the documentation, I need first to ...
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0answers
303 views

Calculate Euclidean distance to raster WITHIN multiple polygons

I am using ArcGIS 10.1 on a Windows x64 system. I am working in a study area where I have 360 000 locations of about 50 territorial animals. I have a shapefile containing 125 sometimes overlapping ...
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267 views

Trilateration Calculation Issue

edit I was able to do this following partially from this solution: How to calculate the intersection of 2 Circles? I broke it up into 3 groups of intersections AB, AC and BC. Once I had those I took ...
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1answer
111 views

R: distance from one point to many polygons

OK so I have a spatial polygons data frame, and I have a point of interest. I want to add a row to the SPDF that contains the distance from the centroid of each polygon to this given point. How do I ...
2
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1answer
523 views

geotools Linestring distance in meters

I want to use geotools for working with gis data. I'm most concerned about distance calculations, not so much about drawing a map. What I still couldn't figure out is how to make distance calculations ...
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2answers
756 views

minimum distance from the shore (how to retrieve the “shore vertices”)

I am student of Statistics, this is my first time using GIS., I am sorry for the stupidity of the question but I browsed online and could not find a satisfactory answer. I have some spatial data in ...
4
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1answer
215 views

Identifying south facing mountain land, above an elevation, within a slope range, less than fixed distance from major roadways

This odd question comes from believing that such an analysis is plausible in a GIS system. Only, I don't how to accomplish the various discrete steps implied from the Title, nor where to get a topo ...
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0answers
199 views

Calculate the distances between n geographical points

First of all, I'm sorry if my question is stupid, but I'm totally new to the world of GISs and geographic measurements. I would like to calculate the distances between N (an arbitrary number, but ...
2
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1answer
485 views

Finding and using data on population density files

I'm attempting to replicate this map for the state of Nevada in QGIS: source: http://www.bostonfed.org/commdev/c&b/2014/spring/map-distance-to-closest-snap-outlet.htm (A SNAP outlet is just a ...
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0answers
108 views

Finding census block with highest pop. value within the census tract

In QGIS, I'm trying to plot a centroid of only the census block with the highest population within each census tract. So there should only be one point per tract- that of the block with the greatest ...
2
votes
2answers
487 views

Is there an R equivalent of NEAR in ESRI ArcGIS?

I have 54 points in one data set A I have 300+ data points in a dataset B. I wish to find the distance for each point in dataset-set B, to points in dataset A. Nearest Neighbor packages appear to ...
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3answers
5k views

How do I determine the center point of several features in OpenLayers?

I have several polygons being drawn on a map, usually representing a country or province or state. Depending on some chosen data, different regions may be selected, so what I was hoping is that ...
2
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2answers
135 views

Calculating sum of distances between multiple points in ArcMap?

I am using ArcMap 10.2. I have two layers- one is around 2,000 geolocated ballot boxes while the other is around a dozen geolocated facilities. I would like to calculate the total distance between ...
0
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1answer
132 views

How to select all polygons where neighbor vertex points are below a distance threshold in arcmap

I have a shapefile with over 100k polygons (some of them have holes in them but apart from that they are simple polygons - no multipart). I want to loop through all of these polygons and select only ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Create Archimedean spiral with geographic coordinates

I don't know if this is the right place to ask but here it his. I want to create an Archimedean spiral based in some location. Lets say I have this set of geographic coordinates (48.860770, ...
2
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0answers
182 views

Get Distance between two point on linestring using mysql Spatial

I have a linestring and two point on this linestrin according to my picture i want distance between two point as base of linestring please hellp me
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2answers
10k views

How to calculate new point coordinates from distance and angle using ArcGIS SDK for iOS?

I want to calculate the coordinates of a new point. What I have: The source point coordinates, the distance (meters) and the angle For example: I want to create a point within 100 meters and 45 ...
2
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1answer
357 views

using PostGIS to calculate distance of a route over a large area

I'm new to PostGIS and looking to measure the distance of the Pacific Crest Trail which spans western North America from Canada to Mexico. I have a data set containing the lat lon and dates from GPX ...
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3answers
405 views

Why is pgrouting driving distance skipping edges?

I have a road network where I do a driving distance operation through pgrouting. This is my SQL: SELECT * FROM driving_distance('SELECT gid AS id,source,target, cost FROM ...
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1answer
183 views

Why do classic google maps and the modern google maps show different types of driving times?

As I am currently working on a project, where driving times are quit important, I've noticed that classic google maps and modern google maps show different types of car driving times. While the ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What is difference between ST_DWithin and ST_Distance for proximity search in PostGIS?

I have records stored in a table with latitude/longitude coordinates stored in a geometry field. I want to find all records nearby a user supplied reference point. Note "nearby" probably means less ...
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0answers
29 views

PostGis: find distance if closer than X. For huge sets [duplicate]

I have two tables (that can have different geometry: point, line, polygons, ecc...) and I have to find distances: for all features in table A, for all features in table B, if feature is closer ...
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1answer
75 views

Visualisation of “dominant” point in each location

I had an idea for a kind of visualisation, and I'd like to know if it's been done before, what it's called etc. Basically it would visualise a single numerical quantity that varies greatly, at ...
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1answer
193 views

ERROR 000989 Issue with Python Script and Field Calculating distance between two long lat points

very new to scripting and I have been struggling with my script for a while. I'm not sure why it doesn't work in field calculator. I am trying to calculate a list of distance between two long lat ...
2
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2answers
285 views

Measuring distance between two points?

I have two shapefiles and I would like to know the distance between each point on File1 and each corresponding point on File2 (one to one relationship). I have been using the Ruler and manually ...
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2answers
557 views

cross track distance to great cicle line and rhumb line

How to calculate cross track distance to great cicle line and rhumb line? For great circle line, I've tried this formula, but it is not accurate while the distance is less than 0.1nm. For rhumb ...
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1answer
75 views

Compute nearest points to other points using GRASS

I have a layer of address points and a layer of polling stations. My task is to determine the three closest polling stations to each address on the street network. I think that the answer is in ...
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1answer
51 views

Creating random location within a network from a given location and a given distance

For a habitat selection study, I am trying to identify availability. My species lives along waterbodies and I could assess distances moved between two consecutive locations using the network analyst ...
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2answers
139 views

Calculate nearest feature with a barrier

I have three shapefiles: a) polyline with rivers and streams (also as polygon available to me), b) polylines of highways and roads and c) point file with locations in the riparian vegetation. I want ...