The hypothetical, natural, surface of mean sea level for the whole Earth. An equipotential gravitational surface. The datum for orthometric heights.

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What is Considered in Geoid?

I found contradictory sources for what's considered in geoid and can't decide on either side because the sources seem about equally reliable. In particular, the question I'm asking is whether ...
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1answer
102 views

Vertical Datum conversion of a raster with gdal

Is there a tool available in gdal to do vertical datum conversion of a raster DEM? I'm looking for a single command line to execute the vertical datum conversion of a raster like the las2las of Liblas ...
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25 views

What geoid does WGS 72 use?

I see from the WGS Wikipedia article: Currently, WGS 84 uses the EGM96 (Earth Gravitational Model 1996) geoid, revised in 2004. I see there is an older EGM84 geoid but I couldn't find anything ...
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53 views

Convert EGM96 gps elevation to WGS84 ellipsoid elevation.

I have GPS elevation data (300k points) in EGM96. These points are located on the East US coast. I realise i need to work out the difference between the EGM96 and WGS84 ellipsoid in this region to ...
3
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1answer
130 views

Find gravity normal by ECEF or GPS coordinate of point

How to find gravity normal by ECEF or GPS coordinate of point? Is it the same as normal to elipsoid? Is this ordinary way to calculate normal to ellipse? I'm not quite sure which altitude is ...
2
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1answer
50 views

How to georeference city data set with geoid and objectid as only location data

I am new to Cartodb and ran into my first hiccup. I was trying to import a data set of walkable food access in Philadelphia that is available from Open Data Philly. I can't figure out how to ...
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27 views

Valid Range of Geoidal Separation in GNS and GGA sentences

I haven't seen any information about valid ranges of geoidal separation in GGA and GNS sentences. I am using Nema Studio Simulator to simulate GPS receiver. In there Geoidal Separation can be set to ...
3
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1answer
651 views

How to convert the SRTM DEM orthometric to ellipsoidal heights using ArcGIS or others GIS?

Recently I got the SRTM DEM from Cgiar,which based on WGS84/EGM96. and I merged the tiles to one tiff file. I want to get the WGS84 ellipsoidal heights. According the steps from the Arcgis Help 10.2 ...
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52 views

How can I calculate the intersection of a line and the geoid (EGM96)? [closed]

I have a known line (point and vector) described in ECEF (Earth-Centered, Earth-Fixed) coordinates and I need to find where it intersects the geoid (Earth Gravitational Model 1996). Is there existing ...
3
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1answer
85 views

Is there a method to tell which hemisphere a point belongs to, in WGS84 geoid, where the equator is an arbitrary ellipsis?

I use the WGS84 geoid (because I'm working with a GPS chip). I define an ellipsis that splits the surface in two parts, lets name these 'A' and 'B'. This ellipsis is defined by two points 'a' and 'b'...
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2answers
457 views

What programs would allow for the mapping of a geoid in 3d?

I would like to find a method for plotting an exaggerated geoid (e.g. topography): I primarily use R for my work but would be interested in other open source software options (e.g. QGIS w/ GRASS). ...
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2answers
1k views

How do you convert SRTM HGT elevations from WGS84 into meters above sea level?

I am building a JavaScript script that reads binary HGT files - as generated by the SRTM - and converts the data into bitmaps viewable in your browser. You can try out the script and view the source ...
1
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1answer
59 views

Is it due to irregularity of geoid, we cannot convert the height between spherical datum and local datum by cs2cs?

Is it due to irregularity of geoid, we cannot convert the height between spherical datum and local datum (which uses locally defined geoid and height) by cs2cs? What I mean is that, by using cs2cs, ...
2
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1answer
915 views

Which of EGM96 geoid or WGS84 ellipsoid fits the earth better?

ImageCredit Question If we separately add up |H| and |h| over the earth surface, which of the sums come out smaller? Background There is a phrase in the tag description of "ellipsoid" that says "...
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4answers
1k views

“Horizontal” and vertical datums terminology

I have heard people referring to as a horizontal datum to models such as WGS84 and as a vertical datum to geoids. The former is primarily used for determining latitude and longitude but also the ...
4
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477 views

Can GDAL Perform Vertical Transformations?

Can GDAL perform vertical transformations? If the answer is yes, please indicate which amongst these listed pages can explain how exactly to accomplish vertical transformations? If there is some ...
2
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0answers
98 views

How do you compute vertical transformations in QGIS?

How do you compute vertical transformations in QGIS? Ideally, the procedure / plugin will allow the loading of sundry geoid models.
2
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0answers
227 views

Height of the geoid in ECEF coordinates

I know that the relationship of geoid height N and ellipsoid height h to orthometric height H is defined by H = h - N, but what if I have some position in Earth-Centered-Earth-Fixed (ECEF) coordinates?...
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3answers
653 views

Are ellipsoids a mathematical necessity?

The literature usually just tells us that the Geoid is complex to describe mathematically and that we therefore fit different Ellipsoids to approximate it. Are these Ellipsoids mathematically ...
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3answers
2k views

Specification for US Census GEOID?

I'm writing a program that needs to generate GEOID values from 2000 and 2010 Census data, to link the census data to TIGER/Line records. I'm starting with the state, county, region block, etc, values ...