(1) abstract geometry; (2) storing geographic data in projected coordinates; (3) a generic ESRI term for vector features; a class for "geometry" objects.

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110 views

How to choose data type and SRID, for coordinates from different sources, in a medium size zone

I'm developing an application. In the database I need to store coordinates for many places, in the north-east of Italy, but the area could expand in the future. This coordinates will come from some ...
-1
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1answer
114 views

How to choose a SRID and what is its meaning? [duplicate]

I'm new to GIS, in PostGIS, and I'm struggling with the SRID concept. How do you choose a SRID for a database column? This is making me crazy. Why do I need to choose a SRID? What's its meaning? ...
2
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1answer
61 views

Difference between: join, merge and group

Suppose it is desired to make polygons A and B, and their respective attributes to be one unique polygon C. What is this GIS operation called? Is there any difference in GIS terminology about ...
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2answers
86 views

How can i change the geometry of an existing layer?

I work with Qgis, v. 2.0.1. I have a point layer in which I have structures that could be represented as lines or polygons, but at the moment they are represented as a group of points. I know I can ...
6
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3answers
284 views

How to measure similarity of SpatialLines objects

I created two SpatialLines objects in R: . These objects were created this way: library(sp) xy <- cbind(x,y) xy.sp = sp::SpatialPoints(xy) spl1 <- sp::SpatialLines(list(Lines(Line(xy.sp), ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Python library for geometrical calculations using with GRASS GIS?

I have to do some geometrical calculations in 2D(point, lines, line segments and intersection points) in Python, and then use it in GRASS GIS. What is the best library to use for it? I'm trying with ...
3
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1answer
59 views

How Does One Calculate Angular Defect?

If I were to draw a 1km square on the earth what would the angles of the corners be? Obviously they would be a little greater than 90-deg but how would I calculate the angle exactly?
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2answers
939 views

Why do I get wrong length using STLength on MultiLineString?

I have 2 MultiLineString representing the a route (first is driving there and the second is the return way) . MULTILINESTRING ((34.787315938035292 31.318235314177119, 34.788431415005249 ...
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3answers
400 views

Fastest way to join points table to polygons tables in ORACLE

I have two tables in 11g oracle db, one with points geometry, one with polygons. Currently I need to enrich the points table daily with the name of the polygon (country) that the point is inside, but ...
15
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5answers
2k views

How can one compare two geometries in arcpy successfully?

I am trying to compare two separate feature classes to identify differences between them (sort of a diff function). My basic workflow: I extract the geometries using a SearchCursor Save the ...
4
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5answers
3k views

How to fix quickly a lot of geometry validity errors in QGIS?

I am working on ownership data at a US county level. I have one shapefile per county that contains thousands of tax parcels. I need to dissolve the polygons representing parcels owned by the same ...
0
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1answer
108 views

Getting GPS coordinates perpendicular and parallel to AB

I already posted this question here And I got the solution thanks to Fang but the problem is that the coordinates I need to use are GPS coordinates and apparently GPS needs a different formula than ...
2
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1answer
549 views

How to perform SQL query using .STContains in MS SQL Server

I have a table that stores polygons and a table that stores points with a value field. Both sets of data are stored using the Geometry type in MS SQL Server. I have a simple requirement - I need to ...
0
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2answers
129 views

add featureset in graphics layer without iterating

I have a geoprocessing service that returns a large amount of features (featureSet). I want to attach them in a graphics layer, but I dont wont to iterate over all them. I tried using the ...
1
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1answer
105 views

Cover a polygon with fixed size squares

Can you please advice me of an algorithm (which I can implement in a Java) to cover some polygon (not exact cover) with squares of certain size (aXa squares)? The cover doesn't have to be exact - ...
1
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2answers
105 views

How to disable “Simplify geometry” via Python?

After I've loaded a layer from a table in my db I'd like to disable the 'Simplify geometry' (found in Layers/Properties/Rendering) programatically using Python. I've tried several versions of ...
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0answers
28 views

Is there a way of converting polygon vertices to points using GDAL python? [duplicate]

I have an ArcGIS standard license and I want to convert polygon vertexes to points in a script. Since I don't have a good enough ArcGIS license I've been using ET Geowizards to get the points. The ...
3
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1answer
184 views

How to convert a line to points?

I'm working with QGIS and I want to convert a line into many points, does someone know how? Thanks.
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1answer
155 views

How to create postgresql triggers to calculate geometry from x,y and vice versa at the same time

I have a postgis table with point geometry which looks like this CREATE TABLE mypoints ( gid serial NOT NULL, coordid integer, geom geometry(Point,4326) ); And a table with coordinates ...
8
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6answers
1k views

Real-world example of Affine Transform?

From the Wikipedia article: In geometry, an affine transformation or affine map or an affinity (from the Latin, affinis, "connected with") between two vector spaces (strictly speaking, two affine ...
4
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1answer
189 views

how to compare geometries (contains, within) in arcpy?

I am trying to use 2 geometry objects to check if a line is within a (rather complex) polygon. The geometry check always fails, even if the line is clearly within the polygon. I use the following ...
36
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4answers
9k views

What are the pros and cons of PostGIS geography and geometry types?

My company uses geometry (the_geom) data type for storing geospatial data. I've recently been acquainted to the concept of geography (the_geog) data type which, as I understand it, stores the SRID ...
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2answers
147 views

MS Sql Server 2012 UnionAggregate geometry fails in ArcMap

I have following two geometries. Geometry 1 (G1): MULTIPOLYGON (((148.134707676 -34.1519003565, 148.143738823 -34.1540810687, 148.14648294 -34.1396863245, 148.143196834 -34.1392361445, 148.140859243 ...
4
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1answer
808 views

Radius of curvature for curves in road segments for entire road network

I have a road network shapefile for a US state and I am trying to derive the radius of curvature for road segments in this shapefile. I need to be able to perform this task within just a few functions ...
9
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2answers
596 views

What is the precision of SELECT DISTINCT on PostGIS geometry column?

I wonder what the precision of the SELECT DISTINCT operator is on a PostGIS geometry. On my system, the following query gives me a count of 5, which means that the inserted points are considered equal ...
3
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1answer
36 views

How to save shape file as type 1 point file in Qgis?

QGIS saves point shapefiles as type 8 - Multipoint as default. I need QGIS to save as type-1 Point file. How?
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2answers
303 views

Ensuring SRID on geometry column in PostGIS

I am using a table that has a geometry type column called "wkt". Its definition in the table looks like this: create table sometable ( ... wkt geometry not null, ... ); I want to change it ...
15
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6answers
7k views

Converting between Esri Geometry and WKT using ArcObjects?

It seems like there is no means of converting an ArcObjects geometry to the Well-Known Text representation (and vice versa) in ArcGIS ArcObjects API. The only thing I was able to find is conversion to ...
2
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2answers
1k views

How to convert Geometry type column to degree Minutes Second in SQL Server 2008 R2

I have shape column of type geometry and I want to convert X and Y coordinates into Degree Minutes Second format using SQL query and i am using sql server 2008 R2. Currently I got Lat and long using ...
2
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1answer
146 views

ArcGis label last vertex Z value

Is it possible to label a feature in ArcMap using geometry values? In this instance I want to label features (polylines) with the Live Z value of the last vertex obtained from the Shape. However ...
2
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1answer
127 views

QGIS crash when I try print geometry

I do (it works): from osgeo import ogr inputds = ogr.Open(r'c:\temp.shp') inputlyr = inputds.GetLayer() for i,feature in enumerate(inputlyr): print i, feature.GetGeometryRef() Output: 0 ...
0
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0answers
94 views

Array to Feature Class and XYZ to Table Issues

I am trying export vertices of a line to a point feature class using the code below. I am using ArcGIS 10.2.2 and do not have access to Spatial, 3D, or Network analyst. I used ET GeoWizards to export ...
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1answer
49 views

Why are my points offset when using the Go to XY tool?

I am creating points in ArcGIS 10.1 to add to a GPS so I can navigate to them in the field. I add my points by editing an empty shapefile created in ArcCatalog. I then Add Field: Lat and Long as ...
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1answer
96 views

How to save changes in Feature-Geometry with GDAL/OGR and Python? (Segmentation fault)

I have a problem with my code: driver = ogr.GetDriverByName('ESRI Shapefile') dataSource = driver.Open('merge.shp', 0) if dataSource is None: print 'Could not open file' sys.exit(1) layer = ...
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1answer
49 views

Defining polygons based on thickness maps using ArcGIS for Desktop? [closed]

I want to find and create polygons that demarcates three different inflection points in a thickness raster: where the thickness start to increase, where the thickness is at its max and where it starts ...
0
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1answer
75 views

Convert geography to geometry in H2GIS?

In H2GIS, geometry can be converted to geography with function "ST_Transform" For example: SELECT ST_Transform(ST_GeomFromText( 'POINT(584173 2594514)', 27572), 4326); -- Answer: ...
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1answer
84 views

How to calculate distances in QGIS field calculator?

So I'm using qgis 2.6.0 and I have a csv (converted into a .shp) with two geometry columns, I want to create a new column with the distance between the two geometry: shot.lat shot.lon haul.lat ...
0
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1answer
58 views

Adding geometry.type circle

I have to amend the following code so that on the map it's possible to draw a second circle graphic as well as a line, polygon and point. I've tried to add an else if statement much like the polygon ...
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14answers
23k views

What are Definition, Algorithms and Practical Solutions for Concave Hull?

Convex Hull A convex hull of a shape is defined as: In mathematics, the convex hull or convex envelope for a set of points X in a real vector space V is the minimal convex set containing X ...
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0answers
30 views

Metrics of change between vector datasets

I have an old and a new set of parcel data which I'm looking to compare. I'm looking to compare changes in individual parcel geometries, so boundary/corner adjustment. Currently each parcel we have ...
2
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1answer
145 views

Use arcpy to check whether feature class geometry has ZM

I am looking for a programmatic way using arcpy to determine whether or not a feature class (FC) has Z and/or M geometry. It's easy enough to get the geometry type using the code below, but this just ...
1
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1answer
47 views

Is averaging the points for lines and multilines a valid method of getting the centroid?

I'm working with a SqlGeometry SqlServer DB and am a novice to GIS. I'm tasked with getting the centroid of a series of geometries from C#'s SqlGeometry object. This is fine as it has a GetCentroid ...
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1answer
158 views

How to import geometry data from csv file to postgres?

I have geometry file in *.xls file, but when I save in *.csv it say "some feature in your workbook might be lost if you save it as CSV (Comma delimited)" however I keep that file anyway and when I ...
0
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1answer
228 views

Get the vertices on a LineString either side of a point (Sql Server 2008)

I have a point that sits on top of a LineString, both Sql Geometry types. POINT('0.5 0.5') LINESTRING('0 0 NULL 1, 1 1 NULL 1') I want to find the vertices of the LineString that lie either side ...
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0answers
32 views

Needing to find parent zip code of a bunch of missing zip codes in the US

We're using MapPoint to export zip code / territory combinations. Unfortunately, the export doesn't include PO Box zip codes which mean that we're missing a lot of zip codes The PO Box zip codes are ...
0
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1answer
46 views

table update w/ cursor geometry conflict

I'm creating a table using arcpy with a list of results (stored in 2d lists) following an update to some features. This can sometimes include geometry, so I've attempted to substitute those for a ...
3
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0answers
78 views

What is the area that OGR extracts from the (geometry) shp files for polygons?

The ESRI July 1998 technical documentation for polygon shapefiles at page 10 makes no mention of either area measures or length measures (apart from byte/record-layout matters). Yet OGR enables me to ...
3
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1answer
121 views

Gaps and overlaps appear after cutting a previously topologically clean shapefile?

I'm using QGIS 2.2 and I have a polygon shapefile which was created by someone else. I have managed to get the shapefile to a topologically clean state by running v.clean but when I tried to cut the ...
3
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3answers
180 views

Drawing some points in QGIS 2.4 using Python

I'm new to PyQGIS so here goes: Give a new QGIS project, how can we draw some Points on the map? I tried the following but nothing showed up. Should they be placed in a Vector layer before they can ...
0
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2answers
208 views

How to store lat/long in PostGIS database? [duplicate]

I have a bunch of points in a text file that are represented using lat long (116.3158516 39.9748016). I import them into my GIS enabled database and create trajectories using st_makeline() as ...