GRASS GIS (Geographic Resources Analysis Support System) is a free, open source geographical information system (GIS) capable of handling raster, topological vector, image processing, and graphic data.

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318 views

Can I split up v.in.ogr into multiple v.clean commands?

I'm trying to load a large set of polygons into GRASS with "v.in.ogr" and am running out of memory at the "Break Boundaries" stage. I'm wondering if I can break into steps all of the different things ...
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5answers
1k views

Elevation correction ASTER GDEM2 (+10m)

My ASTER GDEM2 has a average elevation error of -10m for my area. (I testet it using 90 defferential GPS reference points and compared it with old Topo25, SRTM, and GoogleMaps). I would like to ...
4
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3answers
405 views

How to install GRASS on Linux Mint?

I'm trying to figure out an error in GRASS network analysis, for several days now. I started to suspect that it has something to do with my OS, namely Windows 7. Hence I installed Linux-Mint 14 ...
4
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3answers
18k views

Converting a .jpg map into a shapefile

I have a .jpg map of a set of U.S. counties that were affected by a tornado. The map shades where the tornado passed through, resulting in some counties only partially experiencing the tornado. I ...
4
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3answers
372 views

LiDAR data density, returns per square meter

How can I compute a raster showing the number of return points per square meter using SAGA GIS or other open source software? My goal is to obtain a mask which would show me the places (cells) ...
4
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2answers
1k views

How to delete a map from the GRASS interface?

I want to delete a map that I generated from GRASS. I tried removing a map from the "Map Layers for each display" tab in the GRASS GIS Layer Manager, but it only removed the map from the list and not ...
4
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3answers
116 views

Is there a workaround for GRASS i.maxlik 'class' being a keyword in Python?

I am running i.maxlik in python - attempting to automate a processing chain. I use the command: grass.run_command('i.maxlik', group= group, subgroup=subgroup, class='classification', sigfile = ...
4
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1answer
2k views

How to create a Digital Elevation Model

How to create a DEM starting from layers shapefile "contour lines" and "shares"? which module of GRASS I need to use? thanks for yours responses....
4
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3answers
2k views

How to open/display and extract NetCDF files info?

I am working with NetCDF files using R & Matlab and I would like to know if the GIS community is using them. I know that ArcGIS can open & display, however most of the times the results are ...
4
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5answers
671 views

How to save a raster and vector into a single PNG file in GRASS?

I am trying to save a raster and vector into a PNG file. The vector is overlayed on top of the raster map. I was only able to save the raster file into a png using r.out.png but without the vector.
4
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1answer
172 views

How to calculate “water accumulated in each cell” using QGis?

I create channel network and catchment area from a DEM with SAGA GIS. I know that flow is starting from a cell to an other cell. Firstly, a cell is filled with water and then it is starting to flow ...
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2answers
7k views

Viewing .las format LIDAR data in QGIS?

Is there an easy path to visualizing this LIDAR data? I have QGIS, and some USGS LIDAR data in (.las) format downloaded from http://lidar.cr.usgs.gov/ . This means I have both the (.las) and ...
4
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2answers
937 views

How can I calculate the vertical distance to the nearest water?

Summary: I would like to create a raster where each cell contains the vertical distance to the nearest water (a decent approximation would be acceptable). The problem is that I'm not sure how to go ...
4
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3answers
834 views

How to get the elevation of the areas in a raster file from SRTM?

I have an SRTM elevation map. How do I get the elevation of each point in the map? I am using GRASS. Is there a GRASS script to do such?
4
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1answer
334 views

How to properly open an ASTER data?

Yesterday i downloaded an Aster L1B image from USGS's website. If i load it in QGIS, it doesn't get displayed properly(location wise). Even after i've enabled "On the fly" option, it's not reading the ...
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2answers
1k views

Is there a Focal Statistics (spatial analyst) tool in ArcGIS equivalent in QGIS?

I'm attempting to use QGIS v2.0.1 to accomplish the same tasks that I can do using ArcMap v10.1 and I'm running into some trouble finding equivalent tools. In ArcMap I am using the Focal Statistics ...
4
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1answer
384 views

GRASS 6.5 or 7.0 - Need Help with Loop Script

I am new to Python and scripting in general. This is also my first time a posting question. My overall goal is to create a script that I can cycle through all the raster maps in a mapset and then ...
4
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2answers
537 views

Is it possible to use GRASS GIS in Python stand alone scripts?

I am trying to find a least cost path script for Python. I came across r.drain from GRASS GIS. Is it possible to use GRASS GIS in a Python stand alone script? If so where can I download the bindings?
4
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1answer
123 views

Export Region definitions - GRASS GIS

I use two different Landsat datasets in different computers. But the region settings I work is the same. Is it possible to export the region settings in the form of a file in GRASS?
4
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2answers
791 views

How to create isochrones from streets with distance values?

I have made isochrone lines using GRASS and QGIS, as shown. The lines show various distances to fire stations on a street network. Now I would like to turn these lines into polygons that look like ...
4
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3answers
542 views

query raster cell values by point

I have a binary raster (0s and 1s) that I need to query given a set of point coordinates. This is easy enough to do with gdal (gdallocationinfo), but where it get's complicated is that I also need to ...
4
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2answers
278 views

How to do a looping to Interpolate a huge Rainfall Time-series in GRASS GIS or R

In GRASS GIS I have access to a table in PostgreSQL Database with this structure: Table Name: rainfall_time_series Columns: id | year | month | day | value_mm | x | y | gauge_code Setting g.region ...
4
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2answers
486 views

Network distance computations using GRASS

I'm an ArcGIS user who's interested in learning to use GRASS. Can anyone point out resources that will help me in learning how to obtain network distances between (1) residential locations (points) ...
4
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2answers
1k views

How do I split polygons into line segments?

How can I split my polygon file into "segements"? The lines should be broken up like this picture shows:
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2answers
295 views

How to select a subset of separate bands in GRASS GIS?

As you know landsat data has separate files for different bands. Creating a subset is a wise option to work on region of our interest. Therefore, I used this method to subset my image - d.zoom || ...
4
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1answer
386 views

How to know contents of column names in GRASS?

I am using GRASS to extract a specific area from a vector map. Here is the script that I am running: v.extract PHL_map out=makati where="AREA_NAME = 'Makati" The problem is, I don't know what are ...
4
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2answers
5k views

How do you Turn on the GRASS plugin in Quantum GIS?

I downloaded and installed Quantum GIS 1.5.0 with GRASS using the OSGeo4W installer on my Windows XP machine. Unfortunately, when I go to Plugins>Manage Plugins I cannot find the GRASS plugin. When ...
4
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1answer
177 views

Convert downloaded LiDAR info to DEM in GRASS

I have downloaded LiDAR information as a .asc file and a .tif file, and even though I have tried multiple methods to convert them to a dem I am having no luck. Grass GIS says there is an invalid ...
4
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2answers
531 views

Merge two rasters with no data value

I have two rasters: Raster A and B. Raster A has has only values of 0. The white area in Raster B are No Data values. I want to merge them to one raster (Raster C). So basically I want all pixels in ...
4
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2answers
4k views

How to convert a point grid to a raster?

If I load the original .csv file, I then have a map of the African continent represented by 14069 data points covering it at 40x40km resolution. Each data point shows solar radiation means across the ...
4
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2answers
754 views

Altitude Above channel in GRASS 6.4

i'm fairly new to the GIS world and GRASS (come from econometric background), i would like to do some species distribution modeling using R and GRASS. So i started to read the book of Tomislav Hengl ...
4
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2answers
597 views

How to enable GRASS plugin in QGIS 1.8.0 (Linux Mint 13 - 64 bit)?

Every time I enable GRASS plugin in QGIS (Plugins -> Manage Plugins -> GRASS), I got a message: Exception - G_getenv(): Variable GISDBASE not set. I googled and found some information here but don't ...
4
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4answers
2k views

Where can I find a tutorial for installing an addon to GRASS GIS that a six-year-old could understand?

I want to use the r.stream.distance addon in GRASS GIS 6.4 on ubuntu 10.04 (64 bit). I've installed grass from the repositories and that works fine but I can't seem to figure out how to install this ...
4
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1answer
757 views

How to extract features from a vector layer?

I have a vector file containing the river lines of an area. I want to extract a specific water line from the vector. I used: v.db.select but it only displayed: ...
4
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2answers
143 views

3d vector and geometry operations in open-source GIS

There is some really good open-source software available to work with 2D vectors. For example QGIS has operations like buffer / clip / dissolve / select by location / join attributes by location... ...
4
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1answer
86 views

How to choose a GRASS kernel density function?

I'm starting to use the Grass module on QGIS, and I want to do a heatmap, so, I'm creating a new surface using the kernel function. But, GRASS come with 7 types of kernel functions, how do I know ...
4
votes
1answer
447 views

R gridding and contouring options

I want to make an interactive web mapping application, which will grid and contour user data. My plan is to implement R scripts with Shiny, but the only R package I can find to do this is gstat. And ...
4
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2answers
5k views

How to generate a DEM from a contour Shapefile?

I want to create a DEM from depth contours (shapefile) in QGIS. I've been trying to work out how to do this based on this previous question, notably from this link from that page, however I'm stuck, ...
4
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1answer
646 views

How to repair and clean contours from high data resolution (lidar)?

I'm unsuccessfully trying to make a bathymetric map with contours extracted from Lidar data at 1 m resolution. The extracted contours have a lot of artifacts like dangles and islands. First I used ...
4
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1answer
398 views

Topology problems with QGIS/GRASS

*edited file links below I'm working on several NGO projects at the moment, all of which are reliant on being able to use a district level map with some 490+ features, and I am running into some ...
4
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1answer
194 views

Programmatic raster-vector calculation

I currently use GRASS' r.mapcalc to find the difference between vector and raster data using a loop and temporary files and layers. Is it possible to do the core calculation between raster with a ...
4
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1answer
3k views

Importing shapefile in grass

I have very simple shapefile, which consists of couple of polygons, and I wanted to snap boundaries automatically. Unfortunately qgis doesn't have such function, but grass has according this answer: ...
4
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1answer
343 views

Multishading: bring them together to one Raster-Image

I made a multi-hillshade with 4 different light-directions and colors and stacked one above the other, each with its own transparency. Now I want to "save" the result in one raster-image. Whats the ...
4
votes
1answer
423 views

Snap points to line and calculate chainage using Open source GIS

I have a line layer (representing a pipeline) and a points layer (representing valves) and I would like to calculate the chainage of the valves along the pipeline. I assume that I would first need ...
4
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2answers
288 views

Autocorrelated DEM with QGIS or Grass

I was wondering if there is a way to make an Autocorrelated DEM within QGIS or Grass. I am looking to do this with stereo aerial photography. I am able to do this with a number of COTS tools, but I ...
4
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1answer
293 views

How can I avoid reprojection gaps when merging DEM rasters?

I have two raster DEMs in same resolution I want to bring together. I was using the merge-function in SAGA, GRASS and QGIS but I always get the following result: What do I need? Where could the ...
4
votes
1answer
196 views

Help installing add-on in GRASS, I get an error message

My Grass gives me this error message, Grass_info_error(4816,1):'make' required. Please install 'make' first. This happens when I attempt to fetch an add-on (r.viewshed). What am I doing wrong? and ...
4
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1answer
119 views

How are r.horizon results aligned?

I used r.horizon to calculate horizon on a raster every 10° without any offset. I have got 36 files now. Is the first file from 0° to 10° (then centered on azimuth=5°) or is it centered on 0°, in ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Convert shapefile lines to a polygon in GRASS

I have a shapefile of a map that is the outline of a number of islands. I would like to convert the lines into polygons (ie all islands filled in) using GRASS. I searched on how to do this with GRASS ...
4
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0answers
65 views

What Does the Cell Value in a Composite Raster Mean?

When I make a composite raster in QGIS using the GRASS r.composite tool and then click on a certain cell I get these values in the blue/green/red/composite rasters: blue = 124 green = 124 red = 172 ...