GRASS GIS (Geographic Resources Analysis Support System) is a free, open source geographical information system (GIS) capable of handling raster, topological vector, image processing, and graphic data.

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52
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19k views

How to build effective heat-maps?

Using ArcGIS, QuantumGIS, Grass, and/or GVSIG What are some of the tools and processes involved in building effective heat maps? What are the plugins involved? What are the major data requirements? ...
2
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2answers
5k views

Viewing .las format LIDAR data in QGIS?

Is there an easy path to visualizing this LIDAR data? I have QGIS, and some USGS LIDAR data in (.las) format downloaded from http://lidar.cr.usgs.gov/ . This means I have both the (.las) and ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

How to create a point along a line given distance

I have been given a non-spatial database which contains the names of lines which I have a shapefile for. The database also has names of points and the distance of each point from the origin along the ...
9
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4answers
3k views

Code to calculate elevation profile along line from a DEM

Given a DEM (Digital Elevation Model) say in and a line (x1,y1) --> (x2,y2) (paired coordinates (x,y)), how can one calculate the elevation profile or cross-section projected on that line ? I am ...
5
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5answers
2k views

How to calculate distances in a point sequence?

I'm looking for help calculating the distance between a sequence of points that are in a single Shapefile in QGIS. Below is what my data look like and a blank distance column I've added to show how ...
4
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2answers
2k views

How to generate a DEM from a contour Shapefile?

I want to create a DEM from depth contours (shapefile) in QGIS. I've been trying to work out how to do this based on this previous question, notably from this link from that page, however I'm stuck, ...
7
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3answers
1k views

How to interpret GRASS v.kernel results?

GRASS manual reads: v.kernel - Generates a raster density map from vector points data using a moving 2D isotropic Gaussian kernel ... Ok, but how do I interpret the results? I understand that ...
15
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3answers
3k views

Visual Impact Assessment in QGIS or GRASS

Is it possible using QGIS or GRASS to perform a Zone of Visual Impact assessment? E.g. where can a 100m high structure be seen at a viewing height of 1.8m within 30km, taking into account elevation ...
3
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1answer
1k views

How do I find vector line bearing in QGIS or GRASS?

How can one extract the bearings from a set of lines in a vector file? I'm trying to find the bearings of several straight vector line segments (simplified contour lines, actually) and can't figure ...
24
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3answers
4k views

How to smooth a DEM?

I have a SRTM DEM and I want to create a shaded relief from it. I created the shaded relief in GRASS and the result is very nice, but a little rough becouse the area is near flat and the DEM is 90m in ...
6
votes
1answer
836 views

How to calculate difference in altitude along lines using GRASS?

Using SRTM altitude information and OpenStreetmap roads, I want to calculate altitude differences (sum of meters uphill and downhill separated = two values) per road element. What would be the ...
8
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2answers
2k views

How to correctly install QGIS with plugins and GRASS-integration from source?

I'm running a Sabayon GNU/Linux (based on Gentoo) at my home desktop system and I want to install Quantum-GIS. I'm currently using the qgis-1.7.0-package from the repositories. But this is somehow ...
4
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2answers
929 views

How do I split polygons into line segments?

How can I split my polygon file into "segements"? The lines should be broken up like this picture shows:
14
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3answers
1k views

Rubber sheeting in GRASS or QGIS

We are in the process of getting our property boundaries corrected and a side effect of this is that we need to move any assets that have been drawn relative to the property boundaries, so they are ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

How do you use GRASS's v.kernel?

I am flummoxed on how to use GRASS's v.kernel. I have a vector layer of around 2.5 million points. I want to make a heat map using v.kernel to show concentrations, since I have variable instances ...
3
votes
2answers
480 views

QGIS GISBASE specify location

I am just a beginner at this QGIS and GRASS and I am using this QGIS 2.0.1 Dufour which throws a error at the startup that "QGIS couldn't find your GRASS installation. Would you like to ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Problem loading output layer QGIS

Every time I run operations with temporary file output from the graphical modeler, I get the following error message: Oooops! The following output layers could not be open CLIP: ...
13
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2answers
2k views

Is there a way to automate the preprocessing of LANDSAT data?

I'm currently enrolled in a remotesensing course, using LANDSAT data. Part of my course is about standardizing the scenes based on radiance values. I assume that because this is such a tedious task, ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

creating a raster of the residuals of a regression between two rasters

I am trying to create a raster of the residuals of a regression between two rasters. i.e. I would like to carry out a regression of one raster against another of the same extent and plot the residual ...
5
votes
2answers
906 views

How to color-balance false-composites of pan-sharpened Landsat images in GRASS?

Whenever I try to pan-sharpen composites of some Landsat images in GRASS using i.pansharpen, i.fusion.brovey or the IHS sharpening method, the output will have some or all of the following ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Create filled contour map with GRASS

Background I'm trying to make contour/isoline/isochrone maps to show what areas are within walking distance to schools for my pet project to help with the Safe Routes to School program. I followed ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How to convert a point grid to a raster?

If I load the original .csv file, I then have a map of the African continent represented by 14069 data points covering it at 40x40km resolution. Each data point shows solar radiation means across the ...
0
votes
3answers
161 views

splitting a lines layer using points

I'm looking to accomplish a similar task to this thread: How to split a line at point positions? Using QGIS and the Processing and GRASS toolboxes available, I'm looking to split a vector layer ...
0
votes
1answer
822 views

How to use GRASS module to delineate watershed area?

Update#1:I changed to work under qgis 1.8, I only input the DEM file and run the r.watershed module, and I got this: I have a DEM file of one specified region, and I take the following steps to ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

Dissolve ploygons in QGIS or Grass to new polygons of defined population sizes

I have a shapefile with 3800 polygons representing the smallest administrative areas in Ireland. Many of these, in rural areas, have tiny populations, under 100 people. In urban areas, all would have ...
4
votes
1answer
277 views

Is it possible to use GRASS GIS in Python stand alone scripts?

I am trying to find a least cost path script for Python. I came across r.drain from GRASS GIS. Is it possible to use GRASS GIS in a Python stand alone script? If so where can I download the bindings?
3
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2answers
413 views

Using 'gdalwarp' in Python script for Grass

I'm writing a Python script that aims to re-project various LANDSAT tiles into a common projection and then import the tiles into Grass. The script at present is shown below: #!/usr/bin/python ...
3
votes
1answer
391 views

How to get the Flow or directional raster map using GRASS?

Aside from using r.fill.dir in GRASS, is this the script to produce the Flow or directional raster map? Is this the output for the script ...
2
votes
1answer
226 views

Raster map in different zone () than region ()

I am new to QGIS (just installed QGIS 2.0.1) and am having problems running any spatial analysis tools. I followed the instructions on how to call GRASS tools into QGIS, but when I try to run the ...
0
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0answers
117 views

Problems using GRASS GUI (d.rast and r.watershed)

Update#2: I tried the command in the function list above instead in command console, and I got this in command output: and it displayed nothing, showing the same error message in the command ...
18
votes
5answers
972 views

How to simplify a routable network?

I have a network graph that I need to simplify in the sense of reducing the number of edges. The idea would be to merge nodes that are located close together and remove the connecting short edges. ...
8
votes
1answer
347 views

How to generate a DEM from isolines and spot heights?

I have two shape files containing height information of a certain area and I need to create a raster DEM with GRASS using them. file 1 consists of height information in contours (isolines) file 2 ...
11
votes
5answers
999 views

Large shapefile to raster

I have a large shapefile (1 gb) and need to rasterise it. I have tried the following already. 1.) Import it into GRASS using v.in.ogr this failed with the error message: ERROR: G_realloc: unable to ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How to smooth large vector polygons from Raster

I have a landuse classification raster file (6 classes) of a large area. But I need it in vector polygons so I vectorised it. No problem so far, but the result is - of course - that every pixel is ...
4
votes
3answers
9k views

Converting a .jpg map into a shapefile

I have a .jpg map of a set of U.S. counties that were affected by a tornado. The map shades where the tornado passed through, resulting in some counties only partially experiencing the tornado. I ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

R: Download a large DEM, change projection, and adjust to smaller scale

This is a process that takes just a few seconds in GIS software. My attempt to do it in R uses a large amount of memory then fails. Is there something wrong in my code, or is this just something R ...
8
votes
1answer
719 views

How to apply a Majority filter in GRASS GIS?

I was wondering if someone could help me write a majority filter for GRASS GIS. I have this map (see below) which I need to run a filter over to make the red areas a bit more dominant. I know I can ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

Large mosaic process failing - what are the options? software independent only focussed on result

I need to mosaic about 550Gb of tif imagery together and the software I have tried keeps failing. The area has been split into zones so that the smallest has approx 200 tiles. I have used the latest ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

How to find dead-ends in a road network

I'm trying to remove all the dead-end roads in a road dataset (lines) that are less than 100m long. How do I identify roads that are dead-ends (no exit)? The 100m part is easy. I know how to use Arc ...
6
votes
2answers
689 views

What's a good toolchain to reproject some PNGs in plate carre to UTM?

I have some PNGs produced from Canadian DEM data. They're 1201px by 1201px heightmaps. Each one represents one quarter of a degree latitude and one quarter of a degree longitude. But I want to work ...
4
votes
2answers
511 views

Monthly Average Solar Maps (R.Sun) in Grass

I'm trying to create monthly average maps as described in R.Sun in Grass. I have my DSM. In reading the page on OSGEO it mentions that it is possible without showing how. Ideas? I assume I will need ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Where can I find a tutorial for installing an addon to GRASS GIS that a six-year-old could understand?

I want to use the r.stream.distance addon in GRASS GIS 6.4 on ubuntu 10.04 (64 bit). I've installed grass from the repositories and that works fine but I can't seem to figure out how to install this ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

1'' DHM: Hillshade is too rough - how to “generalize”?

I got this hillshade from my DHM (I used the hillshade-module from qgis). For my purpose there is too much relief detail (roughness). How can I get rid of this in QGIS or GRASS? Thanks! Martin
2
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0answers
913 views

Simulate flood to assess Asset inundation footprints

I am trying to evaluate a number of flood gauges to assess at what levels of river height different flood risks would need to be issued. The gauges are currently set to warn of flood a couple of ...
12
votes
4answers
3k views

Shaded relief from DEM in GRASS and QGIS

I have been trying to get a good looking shaded relief model out of GRASS and Qgis for a day or so now and just can't seem to get it. The biggest problem I'm having is the valleys look like ...
5
votes
1answer
432 views

How to call GRASS modules in pyQGIS?

I wish to use a Grass module (v.to.db) in QGis, without the grass toolbox. I tried with the Python console, but to no avail : Using Sextante plugin but obviously it didn't know all the grass ...
4
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3answers
2k views

How do you open/display and extract NetCDF files info?

I am working with NetCDF files using R & Matlab and I would like to know if the GIS community is using them. I know that ArcGIS can open & display, however most of the times the results are ...
3
votes
3answers
366 views

Convert 800 .hdf4 files to Tiff using GRASS/QGIS/SAGA/GDAL/R

I've have MODIS ndvi data (MODIS_Grid_16 days NDVI) from the iberian peninsula, from February of 2000 to August of 2012 (really big data). How do I batch convert about 800 .hdf MODIS files to .tif ? ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to reclassify a float raster?

I have three rasters which represent distance (in metres) from certain things (bus stops, parks, libraries). I would like to reclassify these rasters so that they get integer values based on the ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How to create a Digital Elevation Model

How to create a DEM starting from layers shapefile "contour lines" and "shares"? which module of GRASS I need to use? thanks for yours responses....