GRASS GIS (Geographic Resources Analysis Support System) is a free, open source geographical information system (GIS) capable of handling raster, topological vector, image processing, and graphic data.

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55
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6answers
26k views

How to build effective heat-maps?

Using ArcGIS, QuantumGIS, Grass, and/or GVSIG What are some of the tools and processes involved in building effective heat maps? What are the plugins involved? What are the major data requirements? ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views

Viewing .las format LIDAR data in QGIS?

Is there an easy path to visualizing this LIDAR data? I have QGIS, and some USGS LIDAR data in (.las) format downloaded from http://lidar.cr.usgs.gov/ . This means I have both the (.las) and ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

Dissolve ploygons in QGIS or Grass to new polygons of defined population sizes

I have a shapefile with 3800 polygons representing the smallest administrative areas in Ireland. Many of these, in rural areas, have tiny populations, under 100 people. In urban areas, all would have ...
5
votes
5answers
3k views

How to calculate distances in a point sequence?

I'm looking for help calculating the distance between a sequence of points that are in a single Shapefile in QGIS. Below is what my data look like and a blank distance column I've added to show how ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

How to create a point along a line given distance

I have been given a non-spatial database which contains the names of lines which I have a shapefile for. The database also has names of points and the distance of each point from the origin along the ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

How to generate a DEM from a contour Shapefile?

I want to create a DEM from depth contours (shapefile) in QGIS. I've been trying to work out how to do this based on this previous question, notably from this link from that page, however I'm stuck, ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I find vector line bearing in QGIS or GRASS?

How can one extract the bearings from a set of lines in a vector file? I'm trying to find the bearings of several straight vector line segments (simplified contour lines, actually) and can't figure ...
25
votes
4answers
6k views

How to smooth a DEM?

I have a SRTM DEM and I want to create a shaded relief from it. I created the shaded relief in GRASS and the result is very nice, but a little rough becouse the area is near flat and the DEM is 90m in ...
15
votes
3answers
4k views

Visual Impact Assessment in QGIS or GRASS

Is it possible using QGIS or GRASS to perform a Zone of Visual Impact assessment? E.g. where can a 100m high structure be seen at a viewing height of 1.8m within 30km, taking into account elevation ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

Code to calculate elevation profile along line from a DEM

Given a DEM (Digital Elevation Model) say in and a line (x1,y1) --> (x2,y2) (paired coordinates (x,y)), how can one calculate the elevation profile or cross-section projected on that line ? I am ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How to interpret GRASS v.kernel results?

GRASS manual reads: v.kernel - Generates a raster density map from vector points data using a moving 2D isotropic Gaussian kernel ... Ok, but how do I interpret the results? I understand that ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How to compute parameters for QGIS Affine transformation?

I have a vector floorplan (DXF) that I've added to a blank project in QGIS using the Dxf2Shp plugin. I've been reading tutorials and StackExchange threads, but I can't seem to find out how to ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a way to automate the preprocessing of LANDSAT data?

I'm currently enrolled in a remotesensing course, using LANDSAT data. Part of my course is about standardizing the scenes based on radiance values. I assume that because this is such a tedious task, ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

How to calculate difference in altitude along lines using GRASS?

Using SRTM altitude information and OpenStreetmap roads, I want to calculate altitude differences (sum of meters uphill and downhill separated = two values) per road element. What would be the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to color-balance false-composites of pan-sharpened Landsat images in GRASS?

Whenever I try to pan-sharpen composites of some Landsat images in GRASS using i.pansharpen, i.fusion.brovey or the IHS sharpening method, the output will have some or all of the following ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

How to correctly install QGIS with plugins and GRASS-integration from source?

I'm running a Sabayon GNU/Linux (based on Gentoo) at my home desktop system and I want to install Quantum-GIS. I'm currently using the qgis-1.7.0-package from the repositories. But this is somehow ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I split polygons into line segments?

How can I split my polygon file into "segements"? The lines should be broken up like this picture shows:
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Rubber sheeting in GRASS or QGIS

We are in the process of getting our property boundaries corrected and a side effect of this is that we need to move any assets that have been drawn relative to the property boundaries, so they are ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

How do you use GRASS's v.kernel?

I am flummoxed on how to use GRASS's v.kernel. I have a vector layer of around 2.5 million points. I want to make a heat map using v.kernel to show concentrations, since I have variable instances ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Converting Shapefile to MySQL?

I have used Grass GIS imported a .shp file; I now want to export this file to MySQL. I understood that MySQL will contain the function of all three the files necessary in a Shape file system (.shp - ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

QGIS GISBASE specify location

I am just a beginner at this QGIS and GRASS and I am using this QGIS 2.0.1 Dufour which throws a error at the startup that "QGIS couldn't find your GRASS installation. Would you like to ...
2
votes
0answers
231 views

Problem loading output layer QGIS

Every time I run operations with temporary file output from the graphical modeler, I get the following error message: Oooops! The following output layers could not be open CLIP: ...
-3
votes
1answer
850 views

How to extract drainage line network from GRASS GIS and QGIS [closed]

Giving DEM as input is there any way to get drainage network? I am newbie to GRASS and QGIS ,provide any working examples in GRASS GIS and QGIS with procedure.
18
votes
5answers
1k views

How to simplify a routable network?

I have a network graph that I need to simplify in the sense of reducing the number of edges. The idea would be to merge nodes that are located close together and remove the connecting short edges. ...
12
votes
5answers
1k views

Large shapefile to raster

I have a large shapefile (1 gb) and need to rasterise it. I have tried the following already. 1.) Import it into GRASS using v.in.ogr this failed with the error message: ERROR: G_realloc: unable to ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

creating a raster of the residuals of a regression between two rasters

I am trying to create a raster of the residuals of a regression between two rasters. i.e. I would like to carry out a regression of one raster against another of the same extent and plot the residual ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Create filled contour map with GRASS

Background I'm trying to make contour/isoline/isochrone maps to show what areas are within walking distance to schools for my pet project to help with the Safe Routes to School program. I followed ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

How to convert a point grid to a raster?

If I load the original .csv file, I then have a map of the African continent represented by 14069 data points covering it at 40x40km resolution. Each data point shows solar radiation means across the ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How to identify line intersection in QGIS when I have more than 2 lines?

I am trying to identify where overlaps exist between multiple shapefiles. I would use the intersect tool, but it only allows me to intersect two layers. I have over one hundred individual line ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

GRASS Geoprocessing in Python Script

I´m trying to get some GRASS geoprocessig tools running in a python script outside GRASS. I´m able to import grass.script, but I´m not able to get the tools running yet. Does anybody know what I´m ...
1
vote
2answers
958 views

install GRASS Addon in with QGIS

Win 7 QGIS 2.0 GRASS 6.4.3 Hi everybody, I want to install some GRASS-Addons to use them in QGIS. Therefore I run GRASS-Plugin in QGIS an open the GRASS-Shell type: g.extension GRASS opens then i ...
0
votes
3answers
487 views

splitting a lines layer using points

I'm looking to accomplish a similar task to this thread: How to split a line at point positions? Using QGIS and the Processing and GRASS toolboxes available, I'm looking to split a vector layer ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How to use GRASS module to delineate watershed area?

Update#1:I changed to work under qgis 1.8, I only input the DEM file and run the r.watershed module, and I got this: I have a DEM file of one specified region, and I take the following steps to ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it possible to manually correct a raster DEM (OpenSource)?

Is it possible, to correct a raster DEM by changeing the raster-cell-values manually, like by "painting"? My DEM (ASTER) have one small error where the elevation is about 300m below the actual ...
9
votes
1answer
655 views

Kriging on GRASS+R - cannot allocate vector of size 146.5 Mb

I'm trying to do a groundwater elevation map with an Ordinary Kriging on R, but always resulting on the lack of memory cannot allocate vector of size 146.5 Mb allocation (windows xp 32bit). ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

New QGIS install can't find GISBASE

At QGIS startup I get the message: "QGIS couldn't find your GRASS installation. Would you like to specify path (GISBASE) to your GRASS installation?" (Windows 7) No amount of rooting around the ...
4
votes
2answers
960 views

Is there a Focal Statistics (spatial analyst) tool in ArcGIS equivalent in QGIS?

I'm attempting to use QGIS v2.0.1 to accomplish the same tasks that I can do using ArcMap v10.1 and I'm running into some trouble finding equivalent tools. In ArcMap I am using the Focal Statistics ...
4
votes
1answer
498 views

Is it possible to use GRASS GIS in Python stand alone scripts?

I am trying to find a least cost path script for Python. I came across r.drain from GRASS GIS. Is it possible to use GRASS GIS in a Python stand alone script? If so where can I download the bindings?
3
votes
2answers
597 views

Using 'gdalwarp' in Python script for Grass

I'm writing a Python script that aims to re-project various LANDSAT tiles into a common projection and then import the tiles into Grass. The script at present is shown below: #!/usr/bin/python ...
3
votes
1answer
486 views

How to get the Flow or directional raster map using GRASS?

Aside from using r.fill.dir in GRASS, is this the script to produce the Flow or directional raster map? Is this the output for the script ...
2
votes
3answers
435 views

Raster map in different zone () than region ()

I am new to QGIS (just installed QGIS 2.0.1) and am having problems running any spatial analysis tools. I followed the instructions on how to call GRASS tools into QGIS, but when I try to run the ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Qgis map composer shows a huge red cross

I can show this best by a picture: This cross also shows when I export it as raster or pdf. What is it and how can I get rid of it? I am using Qgis 2.4 and the map was done with the help of the ...
0
votes
1answer
558 views

GRASS in QGIS not working (windows XP)

I am unable to use GRASS algorithms in QGIS 2.0.1 (on windows xp). I've already configured the GRASS path. The algorithms seems to work correctly (I cannot see errors in the log), however in the end ...
8
votes
1answer
546 views

How to generate a DEM from isolines and spot heights?

I have two shape files containing height information of a certain area and I need to create a raster DEM with GRASS using them. file 1 consists of height information in contours (isolines) file 2 ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

How to smooth large vector polygons from Raster

I have a landuse classification raster file (6 classes) of a large area. But I need it in vector polygons so I vectorised it. No problem so far, but the result is - of course - that every pixel is ...
8
votes
2answers
262 views

Migrating from ArcGIS to gdal

I would like to collect a table of equivalent or close enough gdal based functions to replace ArcGIS functions (esp in spatial analyst). Are there functions available using gdal to perform the ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

R: Download a large DEM, change projection, and adjust to smaller scale

This is a process that takes just a few seconds in GIS software. My attempt to do it in R uses a large amount of memory then fails. Is there something wrong in my code, or is this just something R ...
4
votes
3answers
16k views

Converting a .jpg map into a shapefile

I have a .jpg map of a set of U.S. counties that were affected by a tornado. The map shades where the tornado passed through, resulting in some counties only partially experiencing the tornado. I ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

1'' DHM: Hillshade is too rough - how to “generalize”?

I got this hillshade from my DHM (I used the hillshade-module from qgis). For my purpose there is too much relief detail (roughness). How can I get rid of this in QGIS or GRASS? Thanks! Martin
13
votes
4answers
4k views

Shaded relief from DEM in GRASS and QGIS

I have been trying to get a good looking shaded relief model out of GRASS and Qgis for a day or so now and just can't seem to get it. The biggest problem I'm having is the valleys look like ...